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Compilation  ©  2007  LexisNexis  Academic  &  Library  Solutions, 
a  division  of  Reed  Elsevier  Inc.  All  nghts  reserved. 

,aSd  Uoru 


Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Senior  Editor 

Brian  C.  Shipley 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Linda  E.  Endersby 

David  A.  Ranzan 
Indexing  Editor 

Janette  Pardo 
Richard  Mizclle 
Peter  Mikulas 

Paul  B.  Israel 
Director  and  General  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

A  UPA  Collection  from 


7500  Old  Georgetown  Road  •  Bctlicsda,  MD  20814-6126 
Edison  signature  used  with  permission  of  McGruw-Edison  Company 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  2007  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and 
index  or  of  the  microfilm  may  be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  in  any 
form  by  any  means — graphic,  electronic,  mechanical,  or  chemical,  including  photocopying, 
recording  or  taping,  or  information  storage  and  retrieval  systems — without  written  permission  of 
Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  in  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National 
Historic  Site  at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  978-0-88692-887-2 


Director  and  General  Editor 
Paul  Israel 

Senior  Editor 
Thomas  Jeffrey 

Associate  Editors 
Louis  Carlat 
Theresa  Collins 

Assistant  Editor 
David  Hochfeldcr 

Indexing  Editor 
David  Ranzan 

Consulting  Editor 
Linda  Endersby 

Visiting  Editor 
Amy  Flanders 

Editorial  Assistants 
Alexandra  Rimer 
Kelly  Enright 
Eric  Barry 

Outreach  and  Development 
(Edison  Across  the  Curriculum) 

Theresa  Collins 

Business  Manager 
Rachel  Weissenburger 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey  National  Park  Service 

Richard  L.  McCormick  Maryanne  Gerbauckas 

Ziva  Galili  Michelle  Ortwcin 

Ann  Fabian 

Paul  Clemens  Smithsonian  Institution 

Harold  Wallace 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Marc  Mappen 


Robert  Friedel,  University  of  Maryland 
Louis  Galambos,  Johns  Hopkins  University 
Susan  Hockey,  Oxford  University 
Thomas  P.  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Ronald  Kline,  Cornell  University 
Robert  Rosenberg,  John  Wiley  &  Sons 
Marc  Rothenberg,  Joseph  Henry  Papers,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Philip  Scranton,  Rutgers  University/Hagley  Museum 
Merritt  Roe  Smith,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology 


We  thankfully  acknowledge  the  vision  and  support  of  Rutgers  University  and  the 
Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers  Board  of  Sponsors. 

This  edition  was  made  possible  by  grant  funds  provided  from  the  New  Jersey  Historical 
Commission,  National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission,  and  The  National 
Endowment  for  the  Humanities.  Major  underwriting  has  been  provided  by  the  Barkley  Fund, 
through  the  National  Trust  for  the  Humanities,  and  by  The  Charles  Edison  Foundation. 

We  are  grateful  for  the  generous  support  of  the  IEEE  Foundation,  the  Hyde  &  Watson 
Foundation,  the  Martinson  Family  Foundation,  and  the  GE  Foundation.  We  acknowledge  gifts 
from  many  other  individuals,  as  well  as  an  anonymous  donor;  the  Association  of  Edison 
Illuminating  Companies;  and  the  Edison  Electric  Institute.  For  the  assistance  of  all  these 
organizations  and  individuals,  as  well  as  for  the  indispensable  aid  of  archivists,  librarians, 
scholars,  and  collectors,  the  editors  are  most  grateful. 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 
The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 



Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Phonograph  -  General  (E-15-65) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  interoffice  communications,  and 
other  documents  relating  to  the  commercial  and  technical  development  of 
Edison's  cylinder  and  disc  phonograph.  Included  are  letters  pertaining  to  the 
selection  of  talent,  music,  and  musical  instruments  for  recording;  customer 
relations;  and  activities  among  Edison’s  agents  and  competitors.  Many  of  the 
incoming  letters  bear  Edison's  draft  reply  in  the  form  of  marginalia.  Among  he 
documents  for  1915  are  numerous  items  regarding  the  marketing  of  the 
Edison  Diamond  Disc  phonograph.  A  communication  from  Walter  L.  tcKert 
general  auditor  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.,  lists  monthly  expenses  for  recital 
and  demonstration  work  from  September  1914  through  January  1915  There 
are  also  references  to  recitals  sponsored  by  local  phonograph  dealers.  In 
addition,  there  are  testimonial  letters  and  reports  by  demonstrators  in  regard 
to  a  series  of  non-commercial  recitals  at  churches,  hospitals,  schools,  police 
and  fire  departments,  fraternal  lodges,  and  other  organizations.  A  sample  of 
these  documents  has  been  selected. 

Other  items  relate  to  the  Panama-California  Exposition  in  San  Diego 
and  the  Panama-Pacific  Exhibition  in  San  Francisco,  the  preservation  of 
sound  recordings,  and  product  quality  testing.  Also  included  are 
recommendations  of  songs  and  recording  artists,  complaints  about  the 
technical  and  artistic  quality  and  limited  repertoire  of  Edison  recordings  and 
suggestions  for  improvements  in  the  phonograph,  some  of  which  Edison 
referred  to  members  of  the  laboratory  staff  for  consideration  and  comment. 
Several  documents  refer  to  an  attachment  that  would  allow  the  lateral-cut 
records  produced  by  Victor  and  Columbia  to  be  played  on  Edison  Diamond 
Disc  phonographs.  At  the  end  of  the  folder  is  a  72-page  pamphlet  with 
annotations  by  Edison,  entitled  Edison  Retail  Salesman's  Sales  Manual  along 
with  a  promotional  brochure  for  the  Edison  Dictating  Machine  entitled  The 
Goose,  the  Typewriter,  and  the  Wizard. 

The  correspondents  include  George  L.  Babson  and  L.  S.  McCormick  of 
the  Phonograph  Corporation  of  Manhattan  M  M.  I B|acJman  of  ^ 
Phonograph  Co.  (Kansas  City),  Herbert  E.  Blake  of  Blake  &  Burkart,  H.  H. 
Blish  and  George  C.  Silzer  of  Harger  &  Blish,  C.  E.  Goodwin  of  th 
Phonograph  Co.  (Chicago),  and  numerous  other  phonograph  dealers  and 
marketing  representatives.  There  are  several  letters  by  Thomas  P. 

Westendorf,  composer  of  "I'll  Take  You  Home  Again,  Kathleen,"  which 
reportedly  was  Edison’s  favorite  song.  A  letterfrom  investment  banker,  benzol 
supplier,  and  phonograph  enthusiast  Clarence  Dillon  recounts  an  amusing 
anecdote  about  his  six-year-old  son  (and  future  U.S.  Secretary  of  the 
Treasury)  C.  Douglas  Dillon. 

Approximately  25  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
material  not  selected  includes  unsolicited  suggestions  and  inquiries  from 
inventors  and  other  unsolicited  correspondence  receiving  no  substantive  reply 
from  Edison.  Also  not  selected  are  lists  of  phonograph  dealers,  letters  of 
transmittal  and  acknowledgment,  and  daily  and  weekly  reports  concerning 
quality  testing,  sales,  and  other  commercial  matters. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Phonograph  -  General 

July  -  December 

Doar  Mr.  Meadowcrof t : 

The  Edison  Phonograph  arrived 
a  few  days  ago  and  it  was  put  into  opera¬ 
tion  by  the  man  you  kindly  sent.  It 
is  oortainly  a  wonderful  instrument  and 
I  have  greatly  enjoyed  some  of  the  splen¬ 
did  rooords. 

Please  aooept  my  best  thanks 
for  your  kind  interest  in  this  matter. 

Mr.  YJ.  H.  l.toadoworoft , 

Edison  Laboratories, 
Orange ,  H .  J . 


My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  wish  to  express  to  you  my 
best  thanks  for  your  kindness  in  send¬ 
ing  me  the  new  phonograph  and  reoords 
and  particularly  for  the  highly  valued 
dedioatory  plate.  I  have  already 
enjoyed  several  of  the  splendid  reoords, 
among  which  I  have  found  the  Female  Solos 
and  Violin  Reoords  to  be  exceptionally 

I  shall  treasuro  this  gift 
most  highly  and  valuo  it  also  for  the 
friendly  continent  with  whioh  it  was 
convoyed,  as  indicated  by  tho  namo  plate. 

Again  thanking  you  most  sin- 

Thomas  A .  Edison ,  Esq . , 
Orange , 

Hew  Jersey. 

Master  and  Miss  Paradofska 

WJ  at 

^  j  July  6,  1915. 

u  /  -r(^  <P.s^«  '>vt'(  — — nd uer 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison.  .  )  ixurfi*— 

— "•  “• j-  on.  ^  ^  ^  ..-4- 

Dear  Sir:  at^'  "  j 

It  is  with  a  great  degree  of  satisfaction  that 
I  offer  the  recital  of  Master  and pHUs E&r adof ska  r  ^ 

In  these  two  children  we  have  a  jreally  distinctive 
musical  novelty.  Already  they  tove  made  a  place 
for  themselves  here  in  Town,  and  have  been  accorded 
the  recognition  of  the  musical  world. 

I  am  now  hooking  their  Summer  engagements  and  should 
he  very  glad  to  arrange  an  appearance  for  you. 

Yours  faithfully, 

-fcr,«£  <-cc*<n-"'4aS: 



Once  in  a  blue  moon  tbe  musical  ’world  is 
startled  bp  tbe  appearance  of  some  Mouthful  pro¬ 
digy  who,  bp  bis  Voice  or  playing  seems  to  con¬ 
trovert  all  known  rules  and  theories  as  to  study 
and  practice.  Last  Winter  there  arrived  in  New 
York  two  such  musical  phenomena  in  the  per¬ 
sons  of  Master  Alado  and  Miss  Olga  Paradofska. 
They  are  brother  and  sister  and  are  sixteen  and 
fifteen  pears  of  age,  respectively. 

The  boy  has  a  vJonderful  personality  and 
is  a  truly  great  pianist.  He  plays  the  composi¬ 
tions  of  Chopin,  Grieg,  Schumann,  MoszkovJski, 
Bach,  etc.,  vJith  all  the  soul  and  temperament 
and  fire  of  a  master.  He  has  committed  to 
memory  oVer  one  thousand  pages  of^music, 
and  plaps  such  difficult  things  as  the  “Tann- 
hauser  Overture,”  the  “Spanish  Rhapsodp  of 
Liszt  and  the  “Riggoletto  Paraphase”  with 
finished  individuality. 


The  girl  has  a  coloratura-soprano  voice  of 
surpassing  beauty  and  tone.  It  is  permanently 
placed  and  has  a  Wonderful  range.  She  has  a 
repertoire  of  over  thirty  arias  from  grand  opera, 
and  sings  the  “Mad  Scene  from  Hamlet,”  “Vissi 
de  Arte  from  Tosca”  and  the  “Pleading  Song 
from  Robert  le  Diable”  with  the  grace  and  force¬ 
fulness  of  a  Prima  Donna. 

From  a  cultured  family  and  speaking  over 
six  languages,  Master  and  Miss  Paradofska  are  a 
most  picturesque  little  pair.  It  seems  extraordi¬ 
nary  that  at  their  age  they  should  be  able  to  gWe 
a  recital  worthy  of  the  critical  attention  of  the 
most  discerning  music  lover,  and  at  the  same 
time  retain  all  the  sweet  and  simple  ways  of 

Unassuming  and  modest  vjhen  they  appear 
in  public,  their  audiences  are  thrilled  and  aston¬ 
ished  at  the  positive  power  and  musical  expres¬ 
sion  of  these  two  children. 

This  Summer  they  will  accept  a  few  en¬ 
gagements  to  appear  in  private  drawing-rooms, 
and  vJill  furnish  a  complete  surprise  to  those 
who  can  arrange  to  have  them. 

Peter  NevJton. 

Aeolian  Hall, 

New  York. 

Telephone,  Bryant  8538 

July  6,  1916. 

Mr.  Mitchell: 

In  the  minutes  of  the  sixth  engineering  committee 
meeting,  will  he  found  a  memorandum  as  follows . 

"A  test  was  made  to  determine  whether 
the  Edison  Diamond  Grease  which  is  now 
used  in  the  Assembling  Department  could 
he  smeared  on  steel  parts  to  prevent 
rusting.  A  pieoe  of  steel  was  partially 
ooated^with  this  greaie  and  left  e^osed 
out  of  doors  for  several  weeks.  When  the 
grease  was  removed,  the  metal  was  found 
to  ho  in  A-l  .oondition.  0/e  ,, 

this  grease  for  use  for  such  gurposo. 

.  Is:: i  ISr 



^  V  ffn-rrr1-  Kt24  Olivs  St. .  3 1 . Louis.  . 

y®*2S£Sa^  J«U  8.  If  IJ.  J.  Jo  w 

»..  A.  BAUon.-fC  ^ 

Orange,  A  Hi  <vw\ 

N* J-  itr  f  t?  ^^*4 

Bear  Sir.  Heoently>  j  ‘h^'g^jnterr^iew^  ^Lth  Cha^es^Jiankel 
the  composer  who  has  set  helore  theWrld  snesd  “aaterfly 
musical  themes  a^K‘p!S|§pxtl^y  ^  }ff  PJfif 

This  man',1'' ^ ‘feTar  n'^'i e ,, a  'ataunch  friend  of  Philip 

lv*-  «*--■£  ^  *  *" 

Sousa  many  of  whose  Best  compositions  havejjsen  submitted  to 
him  (Kunkel)  for  criticism.  Mr.  Kunkel  egj^Llarge  £®es  for 
his  criticisms  of  other  composer'e  themes. 

This  Kunkle  is  an  admirer  of  the  DIAMOND  DISC  and 
the  object  of  the  interview,  at  hie  own  solicitation,  was  to 

records  and  instrumental  solos.  He  criticises  these  severely, 
not  alone  our  instrument  but  all  reproducing  machines  claiming 
that  these  accompaniments far  from  being  executed  correctly  as 
to  balance  etc.  Ee  informs  me  that  this  Pall  he  intends  negotia¬ 
ting  with  the  Victor  Co.  to  produce  some  "perfect  piano  records" 
and  "perfect  piano  accompaniments  such  as  have  never  been  known 
before".  He  imploys,  he  tells  me,  a' method  ¥hat  renders  the  ree- 
ording  of  the  piano  nearly  perfect  and,  as  relatives  of  his  (one 
a  son)  are  local  representatives  for  the  DIAMOND  DISC  under  the 
name  of  Kunkel  &  Kenkel  he  is  as  willing  to  perfect  these  accom¬ 
paniments  and  produce  piano  records  for  you  as  for  the  Victor  Co. 
if  sufficient  inducements  are  tendered  him. 

Mr. Kunkel' s  address  ie  *2828  Nest  Pine  3oulevard,St. 
Louis.  Very  respeotfully , 

01tc  Ituiuersity  nf  jEttutcanta 

(Enllrgr  of  Srlcitcr.  Sitcralurr.  anil  tljr  Arln 
ffllm  iirnlta 


Mr.  Thomas  AlvaJjt  Edison, 

Elizabeth,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  enclosed  circular  is  self-explana¬ 
tory,  and  X  need  not  dwell  on  the  national  im¬ 
portance  of  the  undertaking.  Permit  me  to  men¬ 
tion,  however,  that  under  no  circumstances  is 
there  any  hope  for  personal  gain  of  any  kind 
whatsoever  connected  with  this  on  the  part  of 
those  who  are  starting  this  enterprise.  We  are 
sending  thi3  letter  to  about  fifty  men  of  na¬ 
tional  standing  with  the  intention  of  using  their 
endorsements  as  an  exhibit  in  our  petition  to  the 
Carnegie  Institution,  and  should  be  very  glad  if 
you  would  consent  to  express  your  approval  by  your 
signature  on  the  enolosed  card. 

Permit  me  to  add  a  request  for  commercial 
advice ,  which  I  ask  you  to  refer  to  the  appropriate 
department.  In  submitting  the  petition  it  will  be 
essential  to  give  an  appropriate  estimate  of  the 
probable  oost  of  the  undertaking.  On  the  basis  of 
collecting  one  thousand  records  a  year — assuming 
one  thousand  to  be  a  minimum  which  could  be  multi- 

piled  as  the  financial  appropriations  may  permit— 
what  would  he  the  cost  of  preparing  these  records 
merely  from  the  technical  side;  that  is,  not  count¬ 
ing  expenses  for  field  work,  correspondence,  and 
similar  matters. 

Trusting  that  you  will  he  willing  to  co¬ 
operate  with  us  in  this  important  scientific  enter¬ 
prise  ,  I  am 


<dn . 

Very  sincerely  yours. 


To  the  President, 
'Jarnegie  ins 

intt  rrusuees  01  me 
Dilution , 

Washington,  J).0. 

I  support  the  petition  for  the  estab¬ 
lishment  of  a  national  Phonogram  Arohivo 
for  the  purpose  of  collecting,  preserving, 
reproducing  and  distributing  records  of 
American  speech,  and  for  the  purpose  of 
preparing  an  American  dialect  atlas. 

July  10th.  1915. 


Here  are  all  the  papers  relating  to  this  invention.  I 
suppose  there  Is  no  such  Immediate  hurry  that  it  cannot  wait  un¬ 
til  1  return  from  vacation.  If  you  think  it  can  wait,  this  memo¬ 
randum  and  these  papers  can  go  to  my  stenographer  and  he  will  file 
them  so  that  I  will  take  them  up  again  on  my  return. 


3  ^ 


$av£ii§omMttSfeQ‘  ? 

Efotam  StfrtrUmtora  Exfluaroelij 

n  JiJUUtUJWUUXi  »  - 

_  /l)  TRAN S APII0NE3 

im  0L1VB  STREET  eomuLMr  1  N  TELESCWBES 

ST.  LOUIS,  MO.  July  12(  1915,  V 

A.  Edison,  \  C  “  ' 

ange ,  N,  J. 

dieon:  Uca> 

We  are  enclosing  herewith  a,  com:  a  ~uJ 

3  V 

M/WWVWV  fcafJMrtWjr 

e  Globe-Demo crav;  one  of  our  leading  da: 

have  forwarded  a  copy  to  all  of 

Thie  series  of  articles  was  gotten  up 
by  our  Ur*  Silverstone  and  published  twice  a  week 

-  Automatic)  Stop  Arm 

Mr.  Edison:- 

A  model  of  this  device,  like  the  attached  photograph, 

has  been  made  and  teeted  out. 

There  many  difficulties  in  the  nay  to  make  it  success¬ 
ful  and  believe  that  the  call  for  it  uould  be  small. 

Advise  that  nothing  further  be  done  uith  it,  and  can 
see  no  objection  to  aliening  Hr.  Pettlbone  to  manufacture  this  de¬ 
vice  as  an  attachment  to  the  phonograph,  if  he  nisheo  to. 

John  P.  Constable. 
Assistant  Chief  Engineer. 

_  k.  wnnTXNO 

jit-ubvjicn  statpje  oticbis* 




'Summer  addrees 
Box  231  :::::: 

Ogunquit  Maine 

Ogunquit, Maine, July  15th  1915 

Bear  Mr, Edison: 

In  one  of  your  kind  letters  you  Bpoke  of 
a  new  series  of  Diamond  Disc  phonographs.  May  I  trouble 
you  once  more, to  aek  if  the  mechanism  of  the  later  instru¬ 
ments  io  "an  improvement"  over  the  present  machines, or 
just  the  same?  As  soon ,as  they  are  ready  my  intention  is 
to  order  another  (my  fifth  order, by  the  way!)  and  thiB  is 
why  I  ask.  I  take  a  sincero  interest  in  the  ӣ(d 
this  afternoon  a  party  of  music-loving  f 
our  bungalow  to  hoar  what  the  diamond  d 
Very  truly  yours, 

Mr.Thos  A. Edison. 

tiU****  2- 

\  (  p  4-t— 1 

Keokuk,  Iowa 

July’ 17,  ISIS . 

.  .  with  off  Ar>  OOO 

Kr.  H.  t .  Miller,  Secretary, 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Dear  Sir,  ^  b(jg  to  ROknowledge  yours  of  the  14th.  inst.  viith  Ar  <  ■ 

th-  invention  that  1  made  for  you.  I  will  accept  on  those  terms  thrft 
tn-  invou  draw  up  your  contracts  at  once  if  you  ffflBn 

proceed  to  Jet  the  asoiSenfmade  over  to  you  exclusively.  > 
can  correspond  to  me  concerning  what  I  should  do,  and  I  will  meet/our 
commands.  / 

As  for  getting  a  patent,  I  think  you  will  have  no  tXble. 

T  .h1nk  that  thisSwill  not  conflict  vith  the  French  patent  i/^lOlas, 
L  5;  os  not  encase  the  speaker  like  the  French  patent  but  i 
filler  of  Rubber  which  is  a  marvel  and  peculiar  to  itself  on  the  2d i- 
son  monograph.  Ijill^end  to  ^ich^you  c^ 

and"sof tness  of  the  tone  is  marvelous  in  the  voices  especially. 

Have  Mr.  Edison  inspect  this  devise  that  I  send  and  Judge  as 
+  n  merits  .  I  sent  the  diaphragm  arm  that  tho  oevise  attached 
tn  T'r  readoweroft,  Mr.  Edison's  assistant.  This  diaphragm  arm 
has  a  feed  nut  of  the  series  #22409  *hich  I  cannot  get  from  the  agen- 
rv  If  “on  can  send  me  a  duplicate  so  that  I  can  preserve  my  machine, 
I  will  remit  on  price  if  it  is  at  your  convenience. 

vou  will  understand  that  any  improvements  that  I  may  be  able 
to  make  at  any  time  will  be  gratis  to  the  ;,d  is  on  Co.,  that  is,  if  it 
is  anything  of  Importance  to  your  corporati  n. 

Yours  respectfully, 


E.  Eo  FITZHUGH  &  CO. 


Waco,  Texas, _ iTvtly  17th  1915 — 

.Thomas  A. Edison  ) 

_ Oronge  N.J. 

r  Sir  -'  Sometimes  a  valuable  idea  strikes  even  an  ordinary  brain 
which  if  followed  up  would  be  of  value-  This  has  probably 
been  worked  out  already- 

The  idea  I  have  is  that  a  contrivance  might  be  invented  by- 
means  of  whioh  a  record  may  be  made  on  a  tablet  or  something 
of  the  kind  in  connection  with  the  telephone  to  record  the 
number  of  the  phono  whence  the  call  eminatos. 

This  would  bo  a  great  convenience  to  the  owner  of  a  phone- 
should  ho  be  absent  from  his  offioe  and  return  and  find  a  rec¬ 
ord  of  the  callB  that  had  been  made,  during  his  absence-  . 
this  would  give  him  the  information,^  to  who  had  called  him. 
Has  anything  of  this  kind  ever  been- tried  out- 
An  answer  would  be  highly  appreciated- 

d.  <£. 

■  ^y^/9  '9/*~ 

~774*-  ^  7*~ ^Oc^C^-y 


OcLu^-lrL*.  zxr£t-*mJL*  •$■  **v+*-A~<4~  #V**-*-<^ 

y"^  3  a£^j- 


<lsv W<.  . 


Frederic  A.  Whiting 


I*'1'  4^1  tJatfa3ti9i5 

I  "hato  awfully"  to  corua  ao 
3oon  with  another  quoation.but  it  io  not 
a  matt  or  of  curiosity  but  deep  intaro  st 
and  musical  enthusiasm. 

About  two  months  ago  you  spots  of  the 
improved  mechanism  of  the  now  phonographs, 
and  the  now  circular  announcements, which 
I  'nave  seen,  speak  of  the  same  feature .  . . 
improved  mechanism.  That  io  vrhat  X  wieh 
to  make  suro  of.  If  there  is  to  be  any 
improvement  in  the  mechanical  construc¬ 
tion  X  wish  to  wait  for  that;  but  if  not 
(ao  you* note  just  received  implies,)  I 
might  as  well  order  my  fifth  "Edisona" 
now.  Your  note  says  "the  improvement 
is  in  the  records. "  Good'.  Maybe  you'll 
oliminate  the  friction  and  noise. 

But-— io  tho  mechanical  construction 
to  remain  unchanged?  That  is  what  I  auk 

I  heartily  approve  the  largo  orches¬ 
tra  and  the  reproduction  of  Boothoven's 
works.  They  will  bo  received  by  music 
lovers  with  enthusiasm.  Some  of  the  bout 
impressions  I  have  made  on  listenors  is 
with  the  oorioua  and  sacred  records. .the 
oimvle  hymns  (such  as  O;  love  that  will 
not  let  ma  go'Caung  so  evenly  and  well, by 
a  well  balanced  quartet; ). .and  when  any 
one  questions  the  supremacy  of  the  "Edi- 
oona"  I  wive  one of  the  bout  Victor  rec- 
ors  -one  of  Yelba's-  and  follow  that  with 
your  #82059 . . or  82525.. or  82076.. or  some 
othor  absolutely  truthful  reproduction 
of  a  perfect  voice. 

The  Canadian  Mutoscope  Co. 


MONTREAL,  CAN . Jm?  81  /  15 

Thomas  A. Edison, Inc, 

Dear  SirB:- 

There  is  a  Big  Demand  for  the  £ 


I  enolose  a  Newspaper  Clipping  from  The  Montreal  Daily  Star. 

You  ought  to  make  a  Record  of  this  Song  by  Manuel  Romain. 
and  get-tout  as  soon  as  possible, 


There  are  Two  Singers  that  you  have  been^Rocords  from  and  putting 
on  good  Songs  and  they  have  been  Killing  them, 

No  One  will  listen  to  the  Songs  they  sing,' even  at  a  Cent  Game, 
these  Singers  are  Frank  X.Doyle  and  Owen  J. McCormack, 

You  should  Cut  them  from  your  Record  Making, for  they  are  Punk, 

another  thing  I  would  like  to  draw  your  attention  to, 

is  the  Blue  Amberol  Records  are  not  near  as  Good  now  as  they  were 

at  First , 

They  Tone  is  not  near  like  what  they  used  to  be, they  have  a  far 
Off  distant  Tone  as  though  the  Singers  were  Singing  Through  a 
Megaohone , 

You  ought  to  look  into  this  matter  and  see  where  the  trouble  is, 

I  Told  Mr  Coleman  of  The  R.S. Williams  &  Sons  Co .Montreal, 
several  Times  about  the  this  defect  in  the  Blue  Amberol  Records, 

I  dont  know  how  you  expect  Dealers  to  Sell  these  Records  @  70^ 
when  the  Public  refuse  to  Pay  One  Cent  to  listen  to  them, 

I  am  speaking  from  the  experience  I  am  having  in  Our  Arcade, 

Your3  very  truly 

262  St  Lawrence  Blvd, 





"When  Irlih- Eyes -Are  Smiling”— an  extremely  catchy  tune  which  is  familiar  to  most 
Londoners— has  to  a  certain  extent ^challenged  .  “Tipperary”  in  popularity  qt  the  front.  .  Its 
.original  melody  and  sirong  -'undercuri-ent  of 'em  otion  appeal  strongly -to .  Tommy’s  fancy.  All 
up-to-date  regiments,  are  humming  -it,  says  the  London  Sphere.  Here  is  the  chorus: 

•  H  .  chorus  '  "  1  .  ;  s'  ’  -  v 

July  23,  1916. 


Hof erring  to  the  attaohod  memorandum  from  Hr. 
Edisoh.  X  thoroughly  agree  that  we  should  he  able  to  place  a 
Diamond  Disc  Phonograph  in  every  good  motion  picture  theatre. 

In  the  past  we  have  made  several  abortive  efforts  in  this 
direction.  The  obstacle  encountered in  the  ordinary  solicitation 
+vn+  +Vi«  i Yin'fc-mmprit .  not  being  ablo  to  ploy  music  cues  for 
the  pictures,  simply  represented  an  added  expense  in  no  way 
neoesBary  to  the  oonduct  of  the  theatre.  It  requires  actual 
demonstration  in  a  motion  picture  theatre  and  proof  that  music 
on  the  Edison  Diamond  DIbc  draws  patronage  to  separate  a  h.  P. 
man  from  his  money.  The  Phonograph  Company,  Kansas  City,  is 
experimenting  in  the  motion  pioturo  field  and  urging  its  dealers 
to** do  so,  hut  as  yot  no  very  satisfactory  plan  of  procedure  has 
been  developed. 

One  plan  of  prooodure  that  we  might  try  is  to  run 
an  ad  in  tho  Kinetogram,  the  Motion  Picture  Division's  house 
organ  whioh  reaches  a  largo  numhor  of  motion  picture oxhj.bivorB. 

In  this  advertisement  we  could  urge  motion  pioturo  theatres  to 
add  the  Diamond  Disc  as  a  special  feature  of  their  program,  and 
suggest  that  thoy  try  tho  experiment  hy  borrowing  an  instrument 
from  the  looalnBdison  dealer.  A  y^y  jfgotlve 
could  he  written  along  this  lino ///that  the  theatre  would  m, 
cmnA  Anal  of  monev  to  have  Anna  Case  oomo  there  and  sing.  ^Jests 
CS  si  that  when  Caso  sings  with  her  Diamond  Di^c  records 

tho  recreation  of  her  voioo  cannot  bo  distinguished  from  the 
original,  eto.,  etc. 

in  the  Phonograph°°tonthlyfetheradvertileSenthwe  run  In  *£®t^t0" 

fheatras^for^the  opportunity^to'demonstrate^hetoer  the  Edison 

SS&3S  S?i 

and  we  would  of  course  invoice  the  co-operation  of  the  Jobbers. 

The  foregoing  is  simple  enough , 

•d)  Should  we  prepare  a  one  sheet  poster  to  he 
state  that  the  artist  is  singing  at  the  theatre? 

Mr.  Hlley  -2- 

(2)  If  a  one  eheot  poster  1b  not  the  thing  for  ub 
to  use ,  should  we  have  oomo  oort  of  placard? 

(3)  Should  wo  prepare  b ample  advertisements  and 
preo8  notices  for  the  theatre  to  uso? 

(4)  Should  we  prepare  slides,  and  If  so,  along 

what  lines? 

I  should  like  it  very  much  If  you  would  have  your 
men,  or  at  least  your  squad  managers,  give  ub  their  suggostions. 




U.  to  Messrs. 
C.  MoChesney 

2-  /  9  /  4  *■' 

7*vu  J-f  slfo-sU^ 

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J  6%. 

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c*s<(r. -i*sf 

A^^,o-CC  a^T ^/U~^(^ 



July  26th.  1910. 

Regarding  the  use. of  the  Amberola  "30"  for  the  International  Corron- 

Same  tine  ago,  when  we  decided  to  make  experiments  on  Eamo  Recording 
fo/^this  machine.  It  was  deoided  to  sell  the  same  equipment,  if  it  was  ssooeosfnl, 
e  International  Correspondenoe  Schools. 

I  enclose  correspondence  from  Ur.  Durand  and  understand  from  him  that 
.  0.  S.,  require  a  two-minute  machine.  For  home  recording  we  axe  working  on 
>! th/e  four-minute  machine  only  and  1  would  like  to  he  advised  as  to  whether  we  want 
to  go  Into  this  matter  for  two-mlnute  machines  ,  which  will  necessitate  a  twoemin- 
ute  Recorder,  a  two-mlnute  Reproducer,  two-mlnute  Feed  Sorew,  and  a  two-ainate  Feed 
Hut,  which  will  he  different  from  the  regular  standard  tohorola  "BO". 

As  I  understand  at  the  time  the  I.  0.  s  were  to  use  our  standard  equip¬ 
ment  for  the  Anfcerola  "BO"  except  the  Recorder  end  Roprodnoer,  and  that  would  he 
standard  for  the  Home  Recording  on  this  machine.  Kindly  . advise  me  on  this 

matter  and  I  will  take  It  up  with  Ur.  Edison,  to  see  what  he  wants  me  to  do  on  the 

Might  report  for  the  present,  that  the  Home  Recording  hoe  been  held  up 
for  some  more  Important  work  vtoloh  Ur.  Kennedy  has  had  to  take  care  of  ftoe  for  lhax 
Mr.  Edison.  Also  that  this  work  shows  progress,  hut  it  will  be  some  houtho  be¬ 
fore  we  will  be  able  to  put  anything  on  the  nniket  for  Home  Recording,  and  that  there 
are  still  a  good  many  difficulties  to  be  overcome. 

John  F.  ConB table. 


j  .  o  Assistant  Chief  Engineer. 

O*  t*-'  -  v*  <F§ 

KRUDKIUO  A.  WBITINO  \{Lp*  ^  .^X'P'^'\  \  eJf  '\  /V 


FBAMINOnAMOENTEtt  ^  -  O*  ^  ^  V\  x/T  .  jfi 


t\)^[  ^pg^uitjMaino, July  28th  191^/r 

My  dear  Mr. Edison:  ■  .  „  _Jk}  &$&v>  f/^Ct 

tiger  •  comas  that  plaguoy  Mr .Whiting  againl 
Tou  floa  I  am  an^disona"  enthusiast,  and  am  studying  my  inatruj^^^  y>J 

°°nwh^ri1«pra8Bed  tha  personal  opinion  thaVthe  inatruuente  of  the 
a ana  number  or  prioe  did  not  give  equal  results, the  agents  in  Boston  \  ^ 

smiladl  Wall,  I  an  constantly  more  sure  of  it, and  there  must  be  a 
reason, and  the  reason  is  important  to  you,  Whatever  it  may  be.  .  J/ux 

•  Yesterday  I  received  the  large  and  impressive  folio  of  kta  the  ^  lA  < 
Aeolian-Vocalion.  It  is  surely  costly  advertising, but  is  very  inter-  iUt^ 

eating  to  real  mueio  lovers, instructive  if  true,and  giving  many  sug-  ^ 
gestions  in  regard  to  phonographs  generally.  Of  course  you  have  seen 
this, but  if  not  by  all  means  send  for  it  to  the  Aeolian  Company,  Hew  York.  /h_i I"/ 
Part  of  it  tends  to  confirm  my  opinion  that  the  construction  of  LJ  v 

the  motor  is  far  from  the  whole.  That  the  box  or  case  has  a  good  deal  ' 

to  do  with  the  result.  Experiments  along  this  line  might  lead  to 
something.  1  ■ 

Aside  from  my  personal  experience  or  ob servation, other sliave  re¬ 
ported  to  me  their  ideas.  Yesterday  a  guest  who  was  delighted  with 
the  little  "80"  we  have  here, was  surprised  to  findit  an  Edison. 

A  friond  and  neighbor  of  hers, at  her  home,had  a  "250"  Edison  and  it 
was  inferior  to  the  Viotrola  next  door.  I  gave  a  son  and  a  daughter 
eacg  a  "250"  Edison.  One  of  the  sane  aiae  was  bought^  a  friend 
(at  Framingham, Mass. )  and  is  inferior  to  the  first  two.  Now  I  realise 
that  this  may  be  partly  owing  to  environment.  The  room  may  be  unfa¬ 
vorable  to  best  re suits; but  I  think  the  instrument  is  not  equalto 
the  others.  I  have  ordered  from  F.H.ThomaaCo. .Boston.thefirst  of 
the  new  series  Model  A-I00,  that  is  received  by  them.  But  this  "80 
I  have  here  is  so  dear, so  free' front defsots  of  tone-reproduotion, 
from  noise  (comparatively,)  that  I  would  not  give  it  up  for  anr 
larger  instrument  unheard..  So  I  am  still  more  convinced  that  the  in¬ 
struments  of  same  sise  vary, and  that  they  cannot  be  turned  out  auto¬ 
matically, like  the  parts  of  a  Ford  Motor. 

You  seo  I  am  a  sort  of  volunteer  and  unreoompensed  preBS  agont 
for  The  Edisona.out  of  personal  enthusiasm  and  admiration,and  also 
gratitude  for  the  pleasure  I  have  realised  and  given  others;  so  I 
can't  feel  it  quite  intrusive  when  "an  idea"  comes  to  me  that  may 
possibly  be  of  value, to  pass  it  along.  Sometimes  oven  .the  Pulpit  may 
get  a  useful  hint  from  the  Pews! 

I  have  taken  a  page  or  two  from  the  Vooalion folio  and  enclose  it 
on  the  mere  chanoo  that  you  may  not  have  seen  it.And  if  I  “*®“  “ 
aive  or  over-persistent, pray  lay  it  to  genuine  and  admiring  interest 
and  not  at  all  to  oritlcism.  __ 

Yours  very  truly,  y 

Ur.Thos  A. Edison; 

(Cc  V'^U.-^  UUW 

<Jr  ^  ^  ' 


#22 u.-*-  "u~-  i  "7^"^ 

«*f- “A  ‘'f^Xor 



I1E  second  great  fenlure  of  The 
Aeolian- Yociilion  is  Ihe  means  it 
offers  for  controlling  tone. 

The  desirability,  if  not  the 
actual  necessity  forsueh  a  feature, 
is  obvious.  That  it  is  recognized 
by  all  manufacturers  is  shown  by 
the  various  methods  provided, 
such  as  doors,  shutters,  mules, 
etc.,  the  use  of  different  toned 
needles,  and  by  dozens  of  inven¬ 
tions  on  record  in  the  Patent  Offices  here  and 

It  may  be  said,  however,  without  fear  of 
successful  contradiction,  that  The  Graduola, 
invented  by  Mr.  F.  J.  Empson  and  used  ex¬ 
clusively  on  The  Aeolian- Yocalion,  is  not  only 
the  most  simple  and  efficient  means  of  phono¬ 
graphic  lone-control  yet  devised,  but  that  it  is 
the  only  device  that  fully  meets  both  scientific 
and  musical  requirements. 

It  will  be  perhaps  just  as  well  before  going  on 
to  describe  the  uses  and  construction  of  The 
Graduola  to  explain  that  it  is  not  an  arbitrary 

Tone-Control  is  no  more  a  necessity  with  The 
Aeolian- Yocalion  than  with  the  ordinary  phono¬ 

Indeed,  the  ability  of  The  Aeolian- Vocalion 
to  render  a  more  perfect  reproduction  of  the 
performances  of  a  great  artist,  renders  tone- 
control  less  necessary  than  with  other  phono¬ 

It  must  be  understood  Unit  The  Aeolian- 
Vocalion  will  play  a  record  without  any  more 
attention  than  other  phonographs  require. 

It  is  only  necessary,  however,  to  hear  The 
Aeolian-Vocalion  played  with  The  Grnduola 

in  use,  to  immediately  grasp  the  enormous 
possibilities  offered  by  this  extraordinary  fea- 

One  listens  with  delight  while  some  favorite 
record  is  played ;  hears  the  masterly  inter¬ 
pretation  of  the  artist  given  delicate  varia¬ 
tions  in  detail  that  impart  to  it  fresh  beauty 
and  interest. 

And  one  realizes  that  at  last  a  method  has 
been  found  to  prevent  these  marvelous  rec¬ 
ords  ever  becoming  monotonous  through  repe¬ 
tition — a  method  for  introducing  just  those 
subtle  and  changing  shades  of  expression  with 
which  the  artists  themselves,  vary  each  per¬ 

If  the  Graduola  could  do  no  more  than  this — 
change  valuable  records  from  stereotyped  per¬ 
formances  into  warm,  living,  personal  renditions 
without  essentially  altering  the  artist'sexpression 
— it  would  be  immensely  valuable  to  both  the 
phonograph  and  to  those  who  buy  it. 

The  Graduola  has  other  vital  functions,  how¬ 
ever.  It  compensates  in  large  measure  for  the 
limitations  of  record  making  by  present  methods, 
and  it  furnishes  a  well-nigh  perfect  means  by 
which  every  music-lover  may  give  expression 
to  his  musical  instincts. 

si  Remedy  for  Faults  in 

As  has  already  been  said,  no  machines  have 
yet  been  made  which  can  record  a  tone-wave 
with  scientific  exactitude. 

While  it  is  perhaps  not  necessary  that  they 
should  do  so  in  every  particular,  there  is  one 
vital  point  where  their  shortcomings  seriously 


u fleet,  the  niusicul  result.  This  is  in  their 
inability  to  record  a  perfect  pianissimo. 

This  defect  is  recognized  by  manufacturers, 
but  is  apparently  impossible  yet  to  overcome. 

The  reason  for  it  lies  in  the  fact  that  if  the 
artist  whose  performance  is  being  recorded  sings 
or  plays  as  softly  ns  he  would  ordinarily,  the 
lone-waves  he  creates  have  not  sufficient  in¬ 
tensity  to  make  a  distinct  impression. 

been  used  by  the  artist  himself  when  ho  made 
the  record. 

Personal  Interpretation 
It  is  probably  safe  to  say  that,  no  one  who  has 
ever  owned  a  phonograph,  has  not  felt  the  desire 
more  or  less  keenly,  to  lake  some  part  in  its 

It.  mny  .be  to  vary  ever  so  slightly  some  of  his 

Hence  in  making  records  the  artist  is  not 

Everyone  familiar  with  music  can  realize  the 
seriousness  of  this. 

The  pianissimo  is  one  of  the  most  important 
as  well  as  beautiful  musical  effects.  Its  absence 
must  definitely  mar  an  otherwise  perfect  per¬ 

Here  the  Crnduola  on  The  Aeolian-' Vocation 
is  invaluable.  Its  marvelous  capacity  for  tone¬ 
shading  permits  it  to  be  used  to  produce  an  ideal 
pianissimo,  and  its  wonderful  construction  is 
such  that  the  most  experienced  ear  cannot  tell 
that  this  delicate  and  beautiful  effect  has  not 

best  records  that  are  becoming  tiresome;  to  give 
a  needed  lone-contrast  to  records  which  entirely 
lack  this  feature;  or  simply  to  grul  ify  the  creative 
musical  instinct  which  every  normal  human 
being  possesses  to  some  extent. 

Whatever  the  desire,  however,  the  Graduola 
furnishes  the  means  to  gratify  it. 

Its  simplicity  and  the  manner  of  using  it  lend 
themselves  to  the  perfect  expression  of  the 
performer’s  musical  taste.  Its  controlling 
motions  are  so  slight  and  the  fact  that  one  may 
stand,  or  sit,  at  an  appreciable  distance  from 
the  instrument,  arid  greatly  to  its  artistic  value 
and  charm. 


Till!  frequency  of  these  vihral  ions  may 
be  very  high,  particularly  in  the  ease  of  the 
upper  notes  of  the  musical  scale.  For  example, 
the  fundamental  of  the  lowest  note  on  a  piano 
(tuned  to  international  pitch)  is  27-2/10  lmek 
and  forth  movements  to  the  second;  that  of  the 
fundamental  of  middle  C  is  258-0/10  to  the 
second,  and  that  of  the  highest  note,  4138-1/10 
to  the  second. 

The  lower  notes  on  the  piano  have  the  greater 
number  of  part  inis  (20  or  more),  while  the 
highest  note  probably  has  no  more  than  1 
partial,  besides  its  fundamental.  JCven  so, 
however,  the  frequency  of  this  1  partial  is  twice 
that  of  its  fundamental,  or  approximately  8270 
movements  to  the  second. 

Marvelous  Delicacj/ 

When  it  is  realized  that  the  reproducing  dia¬ 
phragm  of  the  phonograph  must  definitely  move 
backwards  and  forwards  with  the  frequency  of 
vibration  not  only  of  every  fundamental  in  a 
musical  tone,  but  with  that  of  all  its  partials 
as  well,  the  marvel  appears  that  anything  can 
be  made  so  inconceivably  sensitive  and  delicate. 

And  it  must  be  remembered  that  these  in¬ 
credibly  swift  movements  must  be  transmitted 
from  the  sound-line  on  the  record  to  this  dia¬ 
phragm;  that  they  must  be  taken  up  by  the 
needle,  carried  through  the  needle  and  needle- 
bar  and  so  accurately  impressed  on  the  dia¬ 
phragm  that  it  will  itself  vibrate  and  start  new 
sound-waves  of  the  same  frequency  and 
character  as  the  originals. 

II  will  not  be  necessary  lo  go  further  lo convey 

some  idea  of  the  prof . id  problems  eonneeled 

wi(h  making  a  .scientifically  aeeurate  sound-box. 

While  exact  accuracy  is  not  claimed  for  The 
Aeolian-Vocalion  sound-box,  it  is  claimed  and 
can  be  demonstrated  that  this  feature  comes 
much  closer  lo  scientific  exactitude  than  any 
other  yet  produced. 

It  would  be  impossible  for  any  one  lo  judge 
by  casual  inspection  the  technical  efficiency  ol 
this  new  and  patented  sound-box.  Such  an 
inspection  will  disclose,  however,  the  unparal¬ 
leled  degree  of  care  and  obvious  skill  shown  in 
its  construction. 

Tiik  Tonk  Arm 

The  shape  of  the  tone-arm  used  in  The 
Aeolian-Vocalion  is  absolutely  cylindrical  from 
end  to  end.  It  has  been  demonstrated  by 
experiment  that  this  is  the  most  practical  as 
well  as  satisfactory  design  that  can  be  used. 

This  tone-arm  is  of  novel  construction.  It 
swivels  freely  on  the  neck  of  the  horn  without, 
either  exerting  a  retarding  movement  to  the 
revolving  record  or  affording  any  opportunity 
for  leakage. 

This  latter  defect,  particularly,  is  a  serious 
drawback  to  tone-arms  less  scientifically  con¬ 
structed.  Any  leakage  whatsoever  tends  to 
absorb  from  the  tone-wave  certain  configurations 
that  are  essential  lo  maintaining  its  distinctive 




Tim  Sym  phonetic  Horn 

The  horn  of  the  phonograph  is  used  to  amplify 
the  tones  produced  in  its  sound-box.  It  does 
this  by  increasing  the  energy  and  size  of  the 

of  machine  may  be  very  successful  in  reprodu¬ 
cing  certain  fluidities  of  the  human  voice  fir  of 
certain  instruments,  and  distinctly  inferior  in 
reproducing  other  tones,  while  another  make 
may  be  exactly  the  reverse. 

It  should  be  understood  that  in  the  process 
of  recording  the  original  sound-waves  are  luken 
from  the  air,  as  it  were,  and  translated  into  a 
microscopic  line  engraved  in  wax,  and  that 
undoubtedly  they  are  reduced  both  in  energy 
anti  size  fluring  the  process.  Also  that  when 
the  sound-box  retranslates  this  line  back  into 
waves  they  still  lack  both  their  original  energy 
anti  dimensions. 

The  horn  to  perform  its  function  must  re¬ 
store  these  ami  just  to  the  extent  that  it  is 
capable  of  delivering  a  faithful  counterpart  of 
the  original  wave,  does  it  serve  its  purpose. 

It  is  a  recognized  fact  that  in  spite  of  the 
general  excellence  of  the  horns  used  to-day  on 
the  best  instruments,  all  of  them  present  more 
or  less  serious  faults,  l'or  example,  one  make 

A  knowledge  of  what  it  is  that  constitutes  the 
distinctive  quality  of  any  tone  or  voice,  as  well 
as  the  definite  ell'ccl  the  design  of  the  horn  has 
on  lone-waves,  helps  to  explain  these  irregulari¬ 
ties  of  result. 

Experiment  has  indicated  that  the  distinctive 
string  quality  of  the  violin  is  due  to  the  emphasis 
of  its  3rd  and  nth  partials;  while  that  of  the 
Clarionet  is  due  to  the  emphasis  of  its  7th,  8th 
anti  Olh  partials. 

Preserving'  the  Tone  Quality 

Now,  if  the  emphasis  were  removed  from  these 
partials,  the  3rd  or  olh  of  the  violin,  for  instance, 
the  musical  tone  Would  still  be  heard,  but  it 
would  nt>  longer  be  that  of  the  violin;  might 
indeed  sound  like  that  of  an  entirely  different 


st rail'd  Ilian  l>.v  ils  remarkable  success  in  per-  In  the  order  of  llicir  functioning  these  parts 

feel  ill)?  The  Aeolian-Vocalion.  are  as  follows:  _ 

The  Perfected  Phonoffraph 

Referring  lo  I  he  wave  which  carries  llie  eom- 
plcle  ell'cel,  of  an  orchestra  (shown  on  pages  1‘2 
and  Itl),  it.  will  be  seen  that,  all  the  microscopic 
variations  in  the  contour  of  the  wave,  or  wlnil 
maybe  called  the  sound  line,  are  important,  and 
indispensable  factors.  Kvery  variation  in  the 
sound-line  represents  the  elfecl.  of  partial  tones, 
tile  number  and  character  of  which  absolutely 
determine  the  quality  of  the  lone  and  its  identity. 

Just,  lo  the  extent,  that  a  phonograph  is  able 
to  create  an  exact,  counterpart,  of  the  original 
lone-wave,  it  may  be  said  lo  be  a  perfect  iiislru- 

W’liile  scion  I  ideally  speaking,  no  phonograph 
has  vet  been  able  lo  do  this,  il  is  a  fact  llial  The 
Aeoiian-Yocnlion  conies  far  nearer  lo  it.  than 
anything  hitherto  produced. 

Due  lo  the  unparalleled  conditions  under 
which  this  iiislriimcnl  has  been  constructed,  il  is 
able  to  deliver  an  almost  faultless  reproduction 
of  any  recorded  musical  lone. 

Exclusive  Tonal  Features 

While  not  generally  recognized  il  is  a  fael  that 
every  part  of  a  phonograph  has  a  more  or  less 
definite  elfecl  upon  the  supremely  sensitive 
•  contour  of  a  lone-wave. 

This  being  the  case  il  will  be  readily  seen  how 
vitally  important,  it.  is  llml  every  factor  em¬ 
ployed  in  actually  generating  and  delivering  the 
sound-wave,  from  the  needle  itself  to  the  extreme 
outer  rim  of  the  horn,  shall  be  designed  and  con¬ 
st  rueled  on  strictly  scientific  lines.  Only  under 
these  conditions  can  the  recorded  lone  be  de¬ 
livered  from  the  instrument  without  over 
emphasizing,  minimizing  or  obliterating  certain 
of  ils  pari  mis  and  thus  definitely  changing  its 
finality,  if  110L  its  entire  character. 

In  constructing  The  Aeolian-Vocalion,  each 
of  ils  parts  has  been  the  subject  of  careful 
study,  and  il  is  due  largely  to  this  and  lo  llicir 
perfection  both  as  units  and  as  a  correlated 
whole,  that  the  lone  of  this  instrument  arouses 

THE  Needle 

It  will  be  remembered  that  the  function  of  its 
needle  is  lo  trace  the  sound-line  made  by  the 
cutting-tool,  and  lo  transmit,  its  variations  to  a 
reproducing  diaphragm. 

To  fully  grasp  the  part  the  needle  plays,  it 
should  be  realized  that  the  sound-line  it  traces 
is  micmsmpic.  It  is  imposed  on  tile  side  walls 
of  a  groove  approximately  4/1000  of  an  inch 
deep  and  so  minute,  that  00  of  these  grooves, 
separated  by  relatively  substantial  side-walls, 
occupy  but  one  inch  of  space. 

Now  also  bearing  in  mind  that  this  sound-line 
must  faithfully  reproduce  the  variations  in  a 
tone-wave  conveying  I  he  effect,  of  a  fiill-orchcsl  ra 

—that  is,  a  tone-wave  with  an  almost  infinite 
number  of  definite  variations,  the  necessities  of 
the  case  become  apparent.  The  reproducing 
needle  must  represent  the  most  delicate  balance 
of  adjustment,  just  rigid  enough  lo  respond  to 
and  transmit  even  the  slightest  impress. 

Experience  has  shown  that  among  the  different 
reproducing  points  employed  on  phonographs, 
what  is  known  as  a  stiff  needle  is  most  satis¬ 

This  type  is  the  only  needle  capable  of  trans¬ 
mitting  the  impress  of  all  the  minute  variations 
in  the  sound-line  lo  the  diaphragm  and  hence 
of  generating  a  faithful  reproduction  of  the 
recorded  tone-wave. 


tujcfTf IX.  l*-**y-&  *y  «''*'*■ 

LU  Lt^JiZX,  ^  yM^  ^“f  1<a^”e'ir' 

«,  ^™AB2  dS&HHf  S»?  /t^4- 
^—V-  ,VT  r\,i ^.r-f'-r 

j  j  July  29th.  1915. 

,  1  ]  J  ;  ;  -  1  ; 

Mr.  Kennedy  ;i 

j  !  |  jul  yon  please  j  a  tt  ioh  this  letter 
to  the  correspondence  you  now  have  jin  regard  to 
Saylor,  j  j  i  .  j 



Mechanic  Falls,  Mains’,  July  I0!'* 



I  sand  an  idea  that^may  dr  may  not^e' 

*w  to  ms  and  may  be  to  you.  A-^  *  /  %i  ->  «' 

Dr.  Thomas  A.  Fdison, 
Orange,  New  Jersey 
Dear  Sir 


,  to  ms  and  may  be  to  you.  A.^  ™  J  ^  ' 

The  idea  is  to  use  a  phono "for  (Vtend^d  printed 

works .  (Ut^  .  S 

A  great  many  people  have  trouble  with  their  eyes.  ( 

and  would  ce  glad  to  have  some  one  read  to  them  if  they 
could  o-at  someone :  .but  unless  one  is  wealthy  a  reader 
is  a  luxury.  My  idea  is  to  use  the  phonograph  for  a 

Use  a.cydinder  Machine  with  a  stationary  reproducer 
ana  have  the  long  work  recorded  on  a  continuous, 
flexible  tape' or  film,  made  rfof  a  material  fairly 
durable  and  suitable  for  receiving  a  record  of  vibrations . 
It  is  to  be  wound  on  a  spool  or  bobbin  on  one  side  of 
the  machine,  passed  over  the  cylinder  when  reproduced, 
and  rewound  upon  a  spool  or  bobbin  on  the  other. side. 

I  am  not  a  mechanic,  but  it  looks  to  me  as  though 
such  a  thing  was  practical,  so  I  send  it  to  you  for 
whatever  it  may  be  worth.  I  think  entire  novels  or 
operas  could  bo  recorded.  If  they  could  be  produced 
at  a  reasonable  price,  it  seems  to  me  a  large  sale 
could  be  worked  up  for  them.  It  would  be  a  new 
adjunct  to  the  publishing  business,  and  could  be  used 
in  lecture,  club  or  educational  work. 

Hoping  this  may  prove  of  some  value,  I  am 

Yours  truly, 


yS x-z/’ 

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LO,  a  mighty  nation, 

Standing  for  the  Right,  - 
Justice  .  .  .  Honor  .  .  .  Duty. . . 

Through  the  threatening  night. 
America,  My  Country, 

God’s  glory  shines  on  thee, 

And  patriot  hearts  calling. 

From  the  prairies  to  the  sea. 

All  honor  to  Our  Country ! 

Where  e’er  her  children  be, 

Loyal  hearts  are  calling, 

From  the  prairies  to  the  sea. 

Hark  the  patriot  voices 
Sounding  far  and  near ! 

Glory  to  the  banner 
Of  our  country  dear! 

Warmer  now  the  heart  beats, 

Bend  before  the  prayer 
Of  a  mighty  nation 
Quick  to  do  and  dare. 

All  honor  to  Our  Country  1 
Where  e’er  her  children  be, 

Loyal  hearts  are  calling, 

From  the  praries  to  the  sea. 

.  \ 

Then  onward,  Christian  Nation ! 

Upward  be  your  way, 

Ever  toward  the  glory 
Of  the  Perfedt  Day.  ,, 

Peace  with  Honor  ever 
May  your  watchword  be, 

The  dtars  that  bless  your  banner .  v 
Shining  gloriously. 

All  honor  to  Our  Country ! 

Where  e’er  her  children  be,  r 

Loyal  hearts  are  calling, 

From  the  prairies  to  the  sea. 

—Frederic  A.  Whiting. 

'•  ’’-V. 

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Mr.  Meadowcroft:- 

'<  The  idea  of  put  tin"  an  oil,  or  sreaoe,  pan  under  the  Spiral 
Goar  of  the  "A"  type  motor,  as  per  LIr.  Lininger's  letter,  was  developed  here  and 
the  drawings  issued  to  the  factory  for  this  part,  io  dated  February  13th.  1911. 

A  blue  nrint  of  this  drawing  i3  being  enolosed  with  this  memorandum. 

You  will  note  that  Mr.  lininger  cuggcsts  a  Fan  to  contain  oil. 
Also ,  of  ouch  sice  that  it  covers  the  whole  lower  end  of  the  turn  table  support 

frame  and  extends  under  the  spiral  gear. 

In  my  letter  of  June  7th.,  I  said  that  the  idea  of  putting  oil 
in  the  gear  pan  was  very  good,  which  io  perfectly  trye,  but  we  cannot  uso  oil  in 
this  part  because  of  the  shipping  of  the  phonograph.  We  are  forced  to  use  grease 
to  overcome  the  danger  of  the  oil  opining  out.  Oil  would  he  better  than  grease 

:or  this  part,  but  we  adopted  grease  for  the  foregoing  reasons  and  have  put  this  on 
0.1  "A"  *  type  machines,  except  a  few  of  the  vory  first  ones  shipped  out.  Mr.  I,in- 
.ngor  probably  has  ono  of  those  very  first  machines. 

As  I  have  said,  the  use  of  oil  on  this  part  and  a  properly  de¬ 
signed  pan  would  be  very  good  but  impracticable  from  our  standpoint,  hence  we  have 
seen  using  the  small  drip  pan  filled  with  groaso.  »ia  pan,  as  put  on  our  modele 
Ln  the  past,  ie  not  suited  to  the  use  of  oil,  honoe  I  said,  there  ie  no  objection 
to  his  using  a  special  pan  designed  for  oil.  but  of  course  this  would  be  impracU^ 
for  us  on  account  of  tho  oil  spilling  in  shipment.  '  ^ 

Trusting  that  this  information  will  be  satisfactory,  ' 

r  .  G  John  P.  VtfgVStable 

c  A  blatant  Chief  Engineer. 


TURN  TABLE  im/m'GEm  GMASE  ~BQX.  superseded  BY  — '  Pattern  NDr  /4/ff3 

- - MATERIAL —  "  I  SIZE  OF  STOCK  FOR  OHE  „  ■_  I  ~  QUAHTITY  OF  STOCK  F0R488  1000 

-C.R  STEEL  (SOFTlirn  .Q32VX  g^,"(T.)  .1;  .r'"  1.5B  /g  LBS.  __ 




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than  wonderful — as  ccmoari 
i  other  kinds  of  machines. 

a  with  all  prs 
It  actually  e 

is  nothing  less 
piano  records  c 

the  ring  ana  vibration  of  the  stringy  as  well  as  a. mere  staccata 
rap  on  the  pitch  cf  the  note.  e^irunJ  &•*■*'* 

May  I  suggest  that  a^n^thoi^posiUg^-wh^^- 
not  be  very  satisfactorily  played  *onanyt!uhg  bjut  a  piano  thrpe  j 
of  those  best  liked  by  a  large  number  ^re-^ottsehaife 1  s 

"Ihe  Last  Hope",  Mendelssohn's  "Spring  Song"  ana  Liszt's  "Liefc- 
straum"  (No.c,  Opus  62).  Paderewski '  s  "Minuet  in  G "  and  Cbaminade's 
"Ihe  Flatterer"  are  also  very  popular  numbers  of  this  description. 

I  hope "you  may  find  it  convenient  to  offer  us  some  of 
these  in  the  near  future,  since  the  one  you  have  brought  out  proves 
the  Edison  machine  can  actually  give  a  satisfactory  reproduction 
o'f  the  piano's  swiftly  vanishing  tones. 

Very  truly  yours, 


Montpelier,  Verscnt,  August  12th,  1915. 



Soheneotady,  Hew  York, 
August  14,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange , 

Hew  Jersey. 
Dear  Sir:- 

0<°\  1 


I  have  been  making  a  miorosoopio  study  of 
past  and  present  phonograph  reoordB ,  reoording  and 
reproducing  sapphires,  steel  needles,  eto.,  andvthink- 
ing  that  some  of  these  may  be  of  interest  to  you .have 
pleasure  in  selecting  and  sending  a  few  photographs 
attaohed.  The  pieoe  of  tin-foil  made  on  February  27th, 
1878,  at  the  demonstration  of  the  phonograph  by  Wm.  H* 


■  Priest  (later  Sir  William)  at  meeting  of  Sooiety  of 
Telegraph  Engineers,  London ,  is  the  oldest  reoord  that 
X  have  had  opportunity  to  photograph.  Possibly  you  have 
in  your  poBsdsfiion,  tin- foil  ante-dating  this. 

X  will  appreciate  it  if  you  can  give  me  authen¬ 
tic  information  on  the  various  steps  followOd-on  the  pitoh 
of  your  reoords.  The  1878  London  demonstration  tin-foil  has 
12  lines  per  inoh.  A  small  experimental  tin- foil  phono¬ 
graph  whioh  I  have  before  me  as  I  write,  serial  #  1043, 
property  of  my  friend  Mr.  A.  H.  Eruesi,  worked  at  24  per 
inoh.  The  early  model  of  phonograph  exhibited  for  some 

time  in  window  of  Fifth  Avenue  shop,  appeared  to  he 
about  24  per  inoh,  though  I  did  not  have  ohanoe  to  meas¬ 
ure  this.  I  understand  that  your  wax  oylinders  for  a 
long  time  were  100  per  inoh,  that  the  business  diotat- 
ing  maohines  are  150  per  inoh,  that  the  4-minute  and 
"Amberol"  reoords  are  200  per  inoh  and  Diamond  Diso 
/reoords  150  per  inoh.  Should  I  understand  from  phono - 
i  graph  artiole  in  Enoyolopaedia  Brittanioa  that  oylinder 
1  reoords  working  att  200  per  inoh  were  put  out  a  number 
V  of  yearB  ago  and  then  withdrawn? 

X  would  also  appreoiate  having  authentio  infor¬ 
mation  on  your  standard  speeds  at  the  several  stages  of 
the  development ,  as  the  published  literature  is  weak  in 
this  direotion,  and  .when  studying  or  demonstrating  old 
reoords ,  knowledgeA#  the  speed  at  whioh  the  reoord  was 
made  is  of  oourse  ^sential  for  oorreot  pitoh  and  quality. 

MJfl  ^  V  sf.t 

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_i9hi>  E(jison  Disc  Phonograph 

'  Thomas  A.  Edison  Inc. 

Orange.  N.  J. 

Gentlemen:  - 

To  quote  from  Uncle 

Josh;  ’I  am  so  mad  right  now,  that  if  I  had  have  bitten  my  self,  I 
-would  have  hydrophobia,  and  if  I  was  able  to  put  into  words,  just  what 
I  mean,  you  would  certainly  «nM  investigate  the  present  mode  of  man¬ 
ufacturing  Blue  Amber ol  records.  'I  dont  know  just  how  records  are  made, - 
but  I  do  know  that  the  later  Blue  Amberol  records  are  not  made  like 
they  were  formerly.  It  seems  to  mo  that  they  are  not  originally  wade 
from  the  artists,  but  are  duplicated  fdom  the  Disc  records,  for  I  no- 
tice  that  whertOver  the  same  record  is  on  both  the  Disc  &  Cylinder,  .  fafaat  # 
they  are  exactly  alike,  h<nce  I  draw  the  conclusion  that  you  are  making 
the  double  mistake  of  making  the  Disc  records  short  enough  to  be 

played  to,  and  recorded  by  a  cylinder  recording  Phonograph,  and  by  this 
you  are  probably  saving  some  expense,  but  you  are  turning  out  a  very 
poor  record,  and  the  public  will  not  stand  for  it;  they  will  not  have  A 
them;  we  can  not  sell  them,  and  you  are  fast  killing  the  cylinder  \ 

trade,  for  the  public  impression  is;  'that  you  are  going  to  discon-  .  \ 

tinue  the  manufacture  of  Cylinder  machines  &  records.  .  ' 

I  hope  you  will  take  my  remarks  Well,  and  compare  some  of  the  later 
records  to  some  of  the  older  ones,  for  instance:-  1840  to  2587.  1859 

to  2641.  1712  compared  to  2598.  1550  compared  to  2275  etc.  I  could 

give  you  many  others,  but  if  you  will  compare  those,  you  will  certainly 
note  the  difference  if  you  have  a  musical  ear.  All  of  the  later  records 

are  very  harsh,  and  give  me  and  my  customers  the  head  ache,  while  the 
blue  Amberol  records  up  to  about  #2200,  are  clear  cut  and  pleasing  to  / 
listen  too.  Hoping  that  you  will  investigate  this  matter  for  the  / 
betterment  of  the  Edison  record  trade,  I  am  yours  Truly.  /  1 

C.  J.  Baron.  ^ 


/><  J 

Mr.  Thomas  A. 

^ ss .  August  19.' 

My  Dear  Sir: 



It  iB  wi  tjrma ny~ misgivings 
that  I  send  to  you  the  enclosed  y& ut  I  wiah  to 
express  to  you  my  appreciation^  your  wonderful 
.  personality  and  to  thank  yoy4or  the  many  houra  of 
pleasure  that  I  have  derived  from  your  wonderful 
disc  machine  .  With  my  kindest  regards  I  remain  . 

yours  very  sinoerely 

1  I 


Y/orcester  Mass.  August  19  1915 

The  mine  is  like  a  garden  rich  and  rare.. 

At  first  the  glistening  hud  .  then  beauteous  flower. 
And  many  en  unknown  vine  entwineth  there 
In  weirdly  shapes  o'er  field  and  bower. 

Many  are  the  kinds  within  these  flowery  fields  , 

Many  like  the  little  grainB  on  sanded  shore 
That  look  and  seem  alike  .  Their  modest  yields 
Are  what  kind  nature  planned  for  them  .  Ho  more. 

Many  are  of  weakly  fibre.  Others  more  stately  grow 
With  strength  and  beauty  .  With  natures  naive  finesse 
Wrought  in  her  grandest  moments  .  These  deftly  show 
Their  rarity  by  the  beauties  they  possess  . 


Alone;  among  these  mental  flowers  is  one 
Fashioned  unlike  the  others  by  its  side. 

Standing  preeminent  .  Like  the  glowing  sun 
Whose  stronger  light  the  other  orbs  will  hide  . 

This  the  master  mind,  Nature  gave  him  the  key 
To  her  wondrous  workshop  .  There  through  the  night 
He  pondered  o'er  her  secrets  .  There  worked  he 
And  chenged  the  derkness  to  brilliant  light  . 

And  yet  more  wonders  wrought  .  In  one  volume  found 
As  pege  he  turned  within  that  saored  place  , 
Vibrations  oould  be  made  to  sweetly  sound 
Even  like  the  voice  .  Each  note  and  cadence  traoe. 

And  thus  he  taught  inanimate  things  to  sing 
In  joyous  voice  or  murmurings  Blow  and  sad  . 

The  breath  of  life  he  put  in  wheel  and  Bpring 
As  in  the  soul  .  Both  sorrowful  and  glad  . 

Taught  he  mans  shadow  on  the  wall  to  walk 
Take  mens  excentrio  movements  of  arms  and  feet  , 
pat  soul  and  voice  within  so  it  oould  talk  , 

This  shadow  then,  e  living  man  complete. 

Long  live  the  Magic  King  .  Long  after  the  fire  burns  low 
And  the  flickering  embers  partake  the  hues  of  night 
The  name  of  Edison  will  in  fire  lit  letters  glow 
Even  like  the  starB  in  heaven  .  With  radiant  light  . 

August  2Cth.  191! 

Mr.  John  B.  Taylor, 

23  Lovell  Boad, 

Sohan-oetady.  11.  Y. 

Dear  Sir: 

T  am  in  recall"  of  y°nr  favor  of  the 
14th  instant,  together  with  the  four  photographs 
which  you  have  so  kindly  sent  mo.  This  is  all 
very  interesting  indeed,  and  T  am  glad  to  receive 
them . 

Lot  me  say  in  reply  to  ycur  question  that 
we  dold  CO  ,000,000  phonograph  records  having  200 
threads  to  tho  inch,  and  about  79,000,000  other  rec¬ 
ords  sold  had  100  threads  to  tho  inoh.  Tho  first 
-??phBhograph  was  24  per  inch. 

If  you  are  not  going  to  ptiblish  the  photo¬ 
graphs  which  you  have  sent  mo,  I  would  like  to  have 
your  permission  to  uso  them  in  tho  "Phonograph  Month¬ 
ly"  ,  which  is  a  house  organ  published  by  us. 

Yours  vary  truly. 

tUX  [CvmrM>  if'®.  U-eustit  VlOg 

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b-Uwt  lATU  «  *  *•**  <#■«•»•»•  \* 

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Prescription  Pharmacists 


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Mr.  Edison: 

Referring  to  attached,  Mr.  Hayes  is  undoubtedly  right, 
and  it  is  no  part  of  our  plan  to  use  local  vocalists.  There 
have  been  several  cases  where  this  was  done  in  order  to  attract 
an  audience  to  the  recitals.  Y/e  even  did  it  once  in  East  Orange, 
hut  vocalists  other  than  our  own  talent  (singing  in  unison  with 
their  own  records)  have  no  part  in  tone  test  recitals.  The  only 
use  of  local  artistB  that  we  have  in  mind  is  of  instrumentalists 
to  show  that  the  Diamond  Disc  reproduces  the  true  tone  of  the 
various  instruments. 

While  we  cannot  absolutely  control  all  dealers  in 
this  tone  test  work,  I  think  Mr.  Puller  will  be  able  to  exercise 
sufficient  control  to  get  most  of  them  to  carry  out  the  work 
along  approved  lineB. 


Aug. 23, 19X5. 

Mr.  Prank  B.  '’.'aite, 
'"oroeater  ,  Mass. 
Dear  Sir:- 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of 
your  favor  of  the  19th  inst.,  together  with  the 
verses  you  enclosed  therewith.  You  need  not  have 
had  any  misgivings  about  sending  them  to  ne ,  for 
I  have  enjoyed  reading  them  and  appreciate  them 
very  much  as  'well  as  the  kindly  sentiment  which 
prompted  the  writing  of  them.  I  beg  to  ask  that 
you  will  kindly  accept  my  thank3  for  them. 

If  there  are  no  objections  on  your 
part  I  should  be  glad  to  have  the  privilege  of 
publishing  these  verses  in  our  Monthly  House  Organ 
called  "The  Phonograph  Monthly. 


Yours  very  truly , 


t^tTL^scy«*  fMM-i-to 

»-  “■^•xXii.^irtl'sasn  cf  ^ 

Y  bean  longing  for  the  advent  of  real  pianol  racorda.  ^s. 

7  The  Victor  racorda  I  have, by  the  moet  famous  plan-  .  a 
iota, are  only  satisfying  in  technique. They  soubd  ““‘"•g 
ao  if  played  on  antiquated  planou, ready  for  the 
tin  to  tone  and  vibration. 

After  trying  repeatedly  I  have  at  last  obtained  £ 
<p  your  record  83063—a  wonderfully  impreooive  violin  I 

f  aolo  (Avo  Maria)  in  which  the  piano  accompaniment  t 

in  sweat  and  liquid  with  no  hint  of  tinny  tono.  It 
is  fine.  Evory  listener  exclaims. .  .and  if  there,  " 

’why  not  entire  piano  records?  (X  havo  sent  for  your 

ti /  50200  but  not  yet  received  it.)  W 

J  Yesterday  Sydney  Lloyd  Wrightson.of  Washington,  \ 

£"Va  pupil  of  Wm  Shakespeare, London,  dined  with  us. He 
^  is  at  the,  head  of  instructors^  the  singing  and 

I>  l 


^  apeaking  voico.  Ho  thought  82053  the  finest  record 

Lho  ever  heard, and  he-  is  eloquently  converted  *“ 
the  Edison, tho  ho - 

“'method  a 

....  .„  _ victrola.  His  voice  and 

of  the  highest  ordor,and  would  make  offect- 

,  ive  records.  I  asked  him  if  ho  would  Bing  for  r 
~  orda  and  hs  naid  ho  would  bo  glad  to  if^the^oelec- 
f  tions  were  such  as  ho  would 
fied  with.  Hs  was  impreused  s 
bolanco  of  your  80168,0 

would  bo  glad  to  if  the  oslec-  j 

io  would  bo  glad  to  bo  idonti-  / 

npreused  ae  we  are  by  the  porfoct-YUk 
58, and  made  notos  from  both  Pv  VJ 

<=)  vowfe 

***~sift  s/  1&~ 

those  by  Frank  La  Forgo  t 

a  for  t 

j  boot—  frooat  Iron 

tho  tin-panny  tono.  The  two  I  tried  are  70065  and 
60048, and  thoy  aro  much  truer  than  much  higher  pried 
recordo  by  tho  high  priced  artisto;  and  yet  thoy  are 
without  tho  sweat, true, liquid  tono  of  the  piano  1? 
your  beautiful  Carl  Flesch  record,#  82063. 

Tho  Wrightsona  have  .asked  bo  to  build  a  bungalow 
lor  thon  on  our  estate  this  is  whoro  they  pass 
thoir  suiuuora— until  Octobor, 

Pardon  my  long  ocrood— bom  of  enthuaiaaa  for  your 
"Edisona".  , 

Yours  vory  sincerely. 

Ur. Thou  A. Edison, 
Orango ,  N .  J . 

fit-  fetch -t 

A.C  Cce>  ii  I  J  , 

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^vxA^VAsJl  U  ap>C  ^SUCJ^cK^  cro^v 

Cr^  yU  "  Oo'JW*-  ^  ^WtiJLs.  '  C  cui/vY-^o— 

{^otr<--®~^-ci-Xk.  Oo  -  A  O  Oua-'vyj  . 

>Ccmv-o-«a  ^'-'A-Wr 

C  ^  &a5$IjvvvJ.  ,  (^v-a^rr^^ 

CWjtxaJi  *Po^val  vTcoJt. 

^tr  Jv  Cal^, 

Mr.  Edison: 

In  accordance  with  your  suggestion  I  am  collecting 
material  for  a  booklet  to  contain  typical  exclusive  phonograph 
stores,  also  statements  of  profits.  This  proposed  booklet, 
together  with  the  history  of  the  experimental  store  in  East 
Orange,  should  make  pretty  good  ammunition  for  the  solicitation 
of  dealers. 



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/£*  *!Cx>  •'i-^lX. 

tt*-  <*  *?— 

•*  2S&:  s^€-L__  &~yi~tda^ 

your  very  oourteoue  and  kindly  acknowledgment  end  was 
'  delighted  to  learn  that  the  verses  were  acceptable 
to  you  .  If  you  think  that  they  have  sufficient 
merit  to  werrsnt  giving  them  a  place  in  the  Phonograph 
Monthly  it  will  give  me  additional  pleasure  to  comply 
with  your  wishes  .  T/ith  much  esteem  I  am  . 

Yours  very  sincerely 




>:s~*  Tij^J-kTi'^r  *'/ 

(  r  OUt'  /' 

IcUv  ,.-h  f  w.««- 



■puritan  Cifr  Slurutranrr 


Ilium-  Ottki-  I’rov iilcncc.  K.  I. 



Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
(feat  Orange,  N.J. 

ear  Sir:  U  U  ( \zZ\~l.*dL  1 

Aa  I  am  an  owner  of  your  most  excellent  phonograph,  you  will  ^  ^  ^  (^ft 

lard.n ,  I  know,  a  suggestion,  the  adoption  of  which  I  personally 

'ould  add  much  to  the  efficiency  of  filing  records.  / 

Why  would  it  not  be  a  good  idea  to  have  printed  In  white 
.otters  similar  to  the  numbers  which  now  appear,  the  subject  of  the  re-  / 

•otd  itself  on  the  circumference  of  the  record.  It  would  seem  that  this 
,ould  be  done  very  easily  because  of  the  thickness  of  the  Edison  Disc. 

If  this  were  done,  the  records  could  be  filed  in  your  cabinet 
,1th  the  name  visible  on  the  top  and  there  would  be  no  need  of  any  Index 
whatever ,  as  Is  necessary  with  all  other  mohines. 


e&L  9*  vru:  oUvm  ^  f-  ^  ^ 

-*■*  LO-Ci .<*£  X  AA*.“Cr-.W'— <»  ^  c^‘ 

loi  (v 


«-» "  ,  i^c 



August  27,  1915* 

Mr*  Edison:  /  dated  August  :^5tli, 

X  am  in  receipt a  letter  from  Captain  Hurd, 

the  Brooklyn  Hard,  from  wh*4  1  quote  as  follows: 

•■yesterday  I  Heard  Hr. /Wricks  play  for  records  at  the 
recording  studio.  He /d  not  know  the  maximum  or  minimum  ti. 
Ximit  and  some  of  the  pieces  that  he  played  were  too  long  a: 
-  -o  short.  However,  he  had  one  that  appeared  to  he  of 

proper  length  and  sounded  weii  when  played  with  the  reproduce: 
in  the  studio.  This  was  the  first  that  I  have  heard  a  reprodu< 
the  original  wax  and  no  douht  it  sounds  quite  differ 

3 cord  will  give  out. 

3  I  cannot  say  what 

I  think  of  Ur.  Fredericks'  record.  However,  he  told  me  that  he 
is  to  go  away  on  a  concert  tour  on  September  8th,  and  hoped  that 
a  decision  would  he  given  as  to  his  records  before  he  left. 

Does  nr.  Edison  pass  on  all  these  records  personally? 

I  read  in  the  Herald  this  morning  that  Hr.  Edison 
narrowly  escaped  a  serious  accident  yesterday,  and  it  made  my 
hair  stand  on  end  to  think  wh?t  might  have  happened. 

I  suppose  it  is  impossible  to  keep  him  from 
taking  risks  and  we  will  have  to  trust  to  his  good  luck  to  keep 
him  from  being  injured.  I  certainly  am  thankful  that  it  was  no 

3  above  for  your  infoimatioi 


August  31st,  1915. 

Miss  Ala  S'.  Gardiner, 
Portland,  Maine. 

Dear  Miss  Gardiner: 

T  mi,q 4*  oak  vou  to  kindly  arouse  the  long 
delay  in  aoknoKing  t J  Ifmffime 

letter  of  appr eolation.  ®°rv^y  largely  to  my  new 

^emSaf SStf^d  X6tefe  been  obliged  to  allow  my 
c orre s pondenoe  t o  loll  into  arrears. 

Your  letter  £**«■„■£  Xigb^thrown 
upon  it  by  Mr.  Meadoworoft  Bel  myself,  a 

has  given  me  si*°er< ^mSio  my  OTathies^  are  with  those 
great  lover  J00*XravooMtaiitinoentive  through  my 

of  the  same  mind,  ana  wy  oons^  hon  raph  has  been  to 

many  years  of  hard  worK  on  p  really  fine  musio.  It 
feed  the  soul  that  from  many  others  whioh 

s-.o-nSi- ”«.?£»?  «.  ^ 


no™  In  regard  to  the  matter  vfhioh  you  took 

up  with  Ur.  Ueadoworoft^aaa  au  to '^Wuh  ue  son^  ^ 

dtt  ss*?  »  SS'Sesfuk*  a- 

idea  you  suggest  of  a  there  is  not  one  person  in  a 
ing  to  our  «per^°!*  a  record,  and  if  they  did 

thousand  that  would  buy  0™h  a  r  e  regulate  the  instrument 
they  would  not  take  the  pain0  bo  regu^a  faot  is 

to  it.  Possibly  you  do  not  realis®  ^  re0ording 
that  the  repr oduot ion  at J^naT o onoopt  of  the  phonograph, 

si  “•*  “  “ 

fundamentally  true  and  proper. 

w  w  -  .s” 

Mia  a  Ada  P.  Gardiner, 
Page  -2- 

Auguat  31st,  1915. 

and  perseveranoe  enough  to  auooeed,  and  you  are  reaping 
the  benefit.  One  of  the  moat  emphatio  of  our  dnstruo- 
tion8  to  our  ouatomera  ia  about  the  regulation  of  apeed, 
and  we  try  to  drive  the  point  home  in  a  score  M  different 
waya.  Aa  you  are  aware,  there  ia  a  stop  pin  in  our 
regulator  to  prevent  excessive  apeed,  but  you  will 
aoaroely  believe  it  when  I  tell  you  that  we  have  aotually 
found  on  investigation  that  many  people  have  aotually 
taken  theae  atop  pins  out.  Heed  I  say  more? 

Ihese  things  aometimea  make  me  despair,  but 
on  the  other  hand  when  I  hear  of  the  careful  and  intelli¬ 
gent  oare  that  you  and  some  others  give  to  tto  instrument 
Ind  reoorda,  I  am  enoouragea  to  go  on  ana  try  for  still 
fnrth*  and  higher  oualities.  When  my  new  building  is 
finished,  I  hope  to  have  the  pleasure  of  putting  out  some 
of  the  symphonies  ana  sonatas  of  the  great  masters. 

yours  very  truly. 


September  3,  1915, 

Mr.  Ireton: 

I  am  planning  to  leave  on  Sunday ,  the  fifth,  for  a 
fortnight  * s  vacation,  ana  oall  the  following  matters  specially 
to  your  attention: 

Pi vis ion  of  the  Baltimore  Zone 
Confirming  our  conversation  on  the  Bubjeot,  we  have 
agreed  to  divide  the  Baltimore  zone 

Company  ana  C.  B.  Haynes  &  Company,  Richmond,  on  the  basis  of 

££S:  .. 

?heaEl?lon°phono^aph  bustoes^of  c!B^ynes  ^jpa?an  amount 
^.poo,  ?«=.”£»• 


I  saw  Bauman  on  Monday,  and  as  far  as  I  was  able  to 
judge,  the  deal  is  going  through.  This  morning  I  hav 
following  telegram  from  Haynes: 

"Everything  0.  K.  Will  be  closed  on 
Monday  and  all  papers  sent  on." 

The  papers  to  wh*°*  [/^ne^pa^J^iPS** aHJopy^f 

license  Agreement  signed  by  Pinanoial  statement  showing 

the  articles  of  i™«porat ion;  W  You  will  note 

the  financial  condition  of  the  new  parser  *  t  l)ar  let  OBrbon 
from  my  letter  to  0.  B.  Hayne s  &< Compa ny  oi^  |  ment  lB  not  to 


You  and  Mr.  Philips  should  submit  the  articles  of  co¬ 
partnership  to  Mr.  Holden,  and  if  they  are  in  satisfactory  form 
we  should  obtain  a  letter  from  the  new  partnership  formally 
enumerating  and  as  sinning  all  of  the  old  company’s  liabilities 
to  us.  This  method  is  suggested  instead  of  getting  new  notes, 

)  the  old  notes  have  been  discounted. 

As  soon  as  Haynes  meets  our  conditions,  a  new  License 
Agreement  should  be  sent  Girard  Phonograph  Company  for  their 
signature,  and  letters  of  notification  in  the  usual  form 
despatched  to  the  disc  and  combination  dealers  affected  by  the 
new^ division  of  the  Baltimore  zone.  A  list  of  all  dealers 
fdiso,  oombination  and  cylinder)  gained  by  each  Jobber  should 
be  forwarded  to  suoh  Jobber,  and  the  Jobber  should  be  reminded 
that  the  notification  has  been  sent  only  to  disc  and  oombination 
dealers,  and  that  it  is  therefore  necessary  for  the  Jobber  to 
get  in  touch  with  the  oylinder  only  dealers.  In  accordance  with 
fur  praotioe,  the  Jobber  should  be  cautioned  not  to  intimate  to 
oylinder  only  dealers  that  they  are  required  to  buy  their  cylinder 
goods  from  the  zone  Jobber. 

The  MoKee  Company  has  about  $6000  worth  of  goods  which 
it  wishes  to  dispose  of  when  it  discontinues  3® a^+^non8 worth ' 
These  goods  are  all  at  Baltimore  and  consist  of  about  §2000  worth 

of  records,  nearly  all  disc,  and  $3000  worth  of  B-160  and  B-200 

instruments.  These  goods  are  to  be  divided  between  C.B.  Haynes 
&  Company  and  the  Girard  Phonograph  Company  on  the  following 
baBis:  Mr.  Davidson  will  immediately  determine  as  nearly  aB 
possible  the  amount  of  business  done  by  the  dealers  acquired  by 
eaoh  Jobber  through  the  division  of  the  Baltimore  zone,  and  each 
lobber  will  be  required  to  take  his  proportionate  Bhare  of  the 
aforesaid  $6000^0 rth  of  goods  as  determined  by  Mr  Davidson’s 
figures.  It  is  understood  with  the  McKee  Company  that  uo 
phonographs  or  reoords  may  be  returned  unless  in  merchantable 
condition.  Mr.  Gibson  has  assured  me  that  all  of ^he  goods  are 

in  merchantable  shape,  and  that  the  instrument e  which  he  wish® s 

to  return  have  never  been  removed  from  the  originoloasings. 

He  understands  that  the  factory  is  not  going  to  take  the  goods 
back  end  that  they  are  to  be  divided  between  Girard  Phonograph 
Company  and  C.  B.  Haynes  &  Company. 

As  you  are  aware,  we  allotted  to  the  MoKee  Company  fifty- 
nne  (61)  B-250  phonographs  vdiioh  they  refused  to  take.  This 
allotment  will  be  divided  between  Girard  PhonographCompany  and 
C.  B.  Haynes  &  Company  on  the  same  basis  as  the  goods  whioh  MoK 
desires  to  return. 

All  of  the  foregoing  is  fully  understood  by  Gtr^>. 
Haynes  and  MoKee.  It  is  possible  that  Haynes,  in  his  oharaoter- 
ietio  way,  may  raise  some  minor  objection  to  some  of  the 
that  the^MoKee  Company  wants  to  turn  over,  but  ^^^th^reoords 
upon  him  that  it  doesn't  make  any  difference  whether  ^ereoords 
axe  ones  that  he  wants  or  not,  and  you  should  insist  that  he  take 
his  share. 

As  soon  as  the  Haynes  papers  are  in  approved  form,  you 
should  immediately  appoint  a  day  in  Baltimoreandtheremeet  the 
Girard,  Haynes  and  MoKee  people  and  put  through  the  transfer  of 


these  goods.  It  is  possible  that  MoKee  will  require  Haynes  to 
pay  oash  for  his  share.  The  Baltimore  allotment  of  B-250's 
to  Girard  and  Haynes  should  he  shipped  out  as  soon  sb  Haynes 
has  met  our  conditions. 

When  at  Baltimore  you  will  also  please  mate  arrangements 
with  reference  to  any  reoord  return  allowances  earned  by  dealers 
from  the  MoKee  Company  but  not  yet  credited. 

If,  when  the  papers  are  reoeived  from  Haynes  on  Monday, 
Mr.  Holden  discovers  anything  that  will  delay  the  acceptance  Of 
Haynes  &  Company's  new  license  agreement,  you  will  please  send 
to  the  dealers  in  the  Baltimore  zone  a  notice  similar  to  that 
recently  sent  out  to  the  dealers  in  the  Houston  zone,  naturally 
the  MoKee  Company  is  not  taking  muoh  interest  in  the  jobbing 
business  at  present,  and  we  must  see  to  it  that  the  trade  does 
not  suffer.  In  addition  to  sending  notices  to  the  disc  and 
combination  dealers  in  the  Baltimore  zone,  you  should  of  oourBe 
send  each  jobber  a  complete  list  of  the  dealers  he  is  going  to 
get  (including  oylinder  only  dealers),  so  that  the  jobber  oan 
aolioit  oylinder  as  well  as  disc  business. 

On  Tuesday  I  visited  the  Juelg  Piano  Company  #13  G  Street, 
Washington,  D.  C.,  and  the  manager,  Mr,  Posey,  deoided  to  take  on 
the  Edison  line  on  a  Class  A  basis.  I  named  §6000  as  the  initial 
order.  The  annual  quota  should  be  §12,000.  The  manager  had  to 
obtain  authority  from  Mr.  Arthur  Jordan  of  Indianapolis  before 
signing  the  application  and  license  Agreement,  but  Mr.  Jordan 
has  already  told  me  that  he  is  willing  to  have  Mr.  Posey  handle 
the  Edison  line,  so  that  this  matter  should  be  dosed  up  very 

When  you  go  to  Baltimore  to  divide  the  $6000  worth  of 
goods  between  Girard,  and  Haynes,  you  will  of  course  also  make 
settlement  with  MoKee.  Ypu  are,  familiar  with  the  condition  of 
the  account  and  the 
his  September  note. 

After  you  get  everything  oleaned  up  you  will  please  have 
the  McKee  Company  write  us  and  deliver  to  you  the  following 

"Referring  to  Jobber's  lioense  Agreement 
signed  by  us  and  dated  April  12,  1916,  we  hereby  waive 
notice  of  the  termination  thereof  and  desire  you  to 
treat  same  as  terminated  herewith." 

You  will  also  please  have  the  McKee  Company  execute  Class 
A  agreements  for  both  Baltimore  and  Washington,  it  having  been 
deoided,  as  you  know,  that  they  will  continue  as  Class  A  dealers. 

In  Re  Division  of  Albany  Zone 

Ab  you  know, 
Griffin's  hands  are 
Company,  Hew  Haven, 

suoh  goods  as  it  is  necessary  to  take  off 
to  be  distributed  among  Pardee-Bllenberger 
the  Phonograph  Corporation  of  Manhattan  and 


F.  E.  Bolway  &  Son,  Syracuse,  aooording  to  the  territory  each 
ao quires.  Mr.  Davidson  has  already  prepared  a  statement 
showing  the  purchases  of  eaoh  dealer  in  the  Albany  zone,  hut 
owing  to  the  fact  that  Griffin  has  worked  his  territory  bo  in¬ 
differently  and  is  so  poorly  represented,  it  is  difficult  to 
make  an  estimate  based  on  the  dealers'  purchases,  undoubtedly 
flew  York  will  get  the  best  towns  in  Griffin's  territory,  yet 
none  o  f  these  towns  in  the  past  have  shown  anywhere  near  the 
amount  of  business  they  should,  and  I  think  if  we  divide  the 
goods  among  the  three  jobbers  strictly  on  the  baBis  of  past 
purchases.  New  York  might  gain  a  slight  advantage.  However, 
as  soon  as  the  territorial  division  of  the  Albany  zone  among 
these  three  jobbers  is  worked  out  by  Mr.  Rogers,  you  will 
please  oaloulate  the  percentage  of  business  in  each  sub-division 
!nd  see  whether  it  affords  a  fair  basis  for  allotting  Griffin's 
stock.  If  it  does  not,  then  readjust  the  allotments  in 
acoordanoe  with  your  beBt  judgment.  Wo  have  written  all  of  the 
■jobbers  oonoerned  that  our  division  among  them  of  Griffin  s 
stock  oould  not  be  very  exact,  and  that  it  would  be  necessary 
for  them  to  acoept  our  decisidn.  If  any  of  the  other  jobbers 
balk  on  taking  the  quantity  of  goods  we  allot  to  them  from 

of  territory  allotted  to  him.  You  will  probably  see  Bolway  in 
a  day  or  so  at. Syracuse.  From  hie  correspondence  apparently 
he  is  willing  to  take  his  share,  and  Mr.  Eardee  has  signified 
a  similar  willingness. 

In  the  event  that  Griffin  requires  us  to  give  him 
sixty  days  notice  of  the  termination  of  his  Jobber  s  lioense 
Agreement,  we  should  nevertheless  open  his  territory  immediate¬ 
ly  to  the  other  jobbers  in  the  same  way  we  have  done  in  the 
Houston  zone. 

You  will  please  consult  Mr.  Holden  with  reference 
to  sending  Houston  Phonograph  Company  a  sixty  toy  termination 
notice?  As  you  know,  th<T dealers  have  already  been  notified 
according  to  their  location  that  they  can  get  goods  from  Bexas- 
OkLahoma  Phonograph  Company,  Dallas,  or  Diamond  Music  Company, 
flew  Orleans. 

In  Re  Walter  Kipp 

Mr.  T,„nn>mn  and  I  have  had  some  trouble  with  the 
speoial  agreement,  but  I  think  we  are  now  on  the  right  track, 
ante,  final  draft  will  be  completed  sohb  time  next  week.  * 
suggested  to  Mr.  Wilson  that  it  would  possibly  be  advisable 
for  mo  to  stop  off  at  Indianapolis  on  my  return  in  order  to 
get  this  agreement  signed.  However,  there  is  a 
Kipp  will  oome  to  the  faotory  before  long.  If  it  seems  advis¬ 
able  for  me  to  stop  at  Indianapolis,  please  send  me  the  agree¬ 
ment  so  that  it  will  reaoh  me  at  #1406  East  Fremont  Street,/ 
Galesburg,  Illinois,  prior  to  September  18th.  Bhis  address  is 

way  out  in  the  oountry  ana  there  is  hut  one  delivery  a  day,  so 
^greemerX’is^aiLed’so  lha?k I 

shall  he  expecting  it.  In  case  thiB  agreement  is  sent  to  me. 

Hr,  Philips  will  pleaso  forward  me  a  statement  of  Eipp  s  account 
and  notes. 

You  have  on  your  desk  a  letter  from  CeJ?s-0^0“* 
graph  Company,  Balias,  addressed  to  me,  in  whioh  they  agree  to 
take  their  entire  allotment.  ’Jill  you  please  have  this  order 
entered  up  and  shipment  made.  I  attaoh  letter  from  El  Paso  Phono- 
CTaph  Company,  El  Paso,  in  whioh  they  finaUy  agree  to  take 
twenty  (20)  B-250's,  shipment  to  he  dividod  hetween  Octoher  1st, 
Jfovemher  1st  and  Beoemher  let.  You  will  note  that  seven  (7) 
of  the  twenty  they  express  willingness  to  order  must  he  fumed 
oak,  whioh  we  oannot  furnish.  In  their  case  I  think  we  shall 
have  to  content  ourselves  with  the  mahogany,  weathered  and  S°l^en 
oak  models,  thirteen  (13)  in  allr  that  they  are  willing  to  take. 

I  believe  you  have  the  correspondence  with  Montana  Phono¬ 
graph  Company  concerning  their  allotment.  Ehey  should  he  required 
to  take  at  least  part  of  their  allotment. 

X  note  that  while  Southern  California  MusioCompany  agreed 
to  take  their  entire  allotment,  only  half  of  the  allotment  is 
marked  down  as  specified.  You  have  the  correspondence: 
possession.  The  remainder  of  their  allotment  should  he  marred 
10 r  shipment. 

Edison  Week 

I  am  taking  all  of  the  papers  with  me  with  a  view  to 
working  up  press  matter,  cards,  eto.  while  1  am  away. 

In  He  History  of  the  Experimental  Store 
I  dictated  the  final  chapters  Ihursday  night.  This  part  of 

«« iS  SS  S5-SK  mei  S  for 

me  -  very  carefully  -  if  you  will. 

Buring  my  ahsenoe  I  shall  he  very  glad  to  hear  from jou 
oooasionallyas  to  how  things  are  going,  partioularly  shipments. 

C.  C.  to  Messrs.  Edison, 
Wilson,  Philips  and  Bavidson. 






Population  1,386  Business  -  Books  &  Staty. 

One  poor  cylinder  dealer  in  town. 

Initial  order:  1  each  B80,  A150,  A200  and  150  Disc  Records. 
To  handle  Diso  only. 

Edison  exclusive. 

L.  H.  LUCKER. 


Population  8,951  Business  -  Pianos,  etc. 

Two  poor  cylinder  dealers  and  1  Diso  only  dealers  in  town. 

Initial  order:  1  each  Amberola  30,  50,  75  and  150  B.  A.  Records. 

1  each  B80,  B100,  C150,  and  150  Diso  Records. 

To  be  combination  dealer. 

Edison  exclusive. 

Phonograph  Agreement  Department. 

E.  E.  Davidson, 

OEFICE—  SEPT .  7-1915. 



JSS'S.nSS?  M“lnS  “-"IS  i  Columbia . 


Through  Chan  oxer  &  Co^ggf°^eld>  He.  Exol.  494.00 

J •  E«  Willey 

Through  Diamond  Music  Co., Inc.  425.50 

Morgan  City  Ele^rT^CoTj^r;  MorgaiTBity,  I*.  Exol. 

+  through  Harger  &  Excl.  442.50 

j,  L.  Wightman 
360  No .Broad  St. 

Edwin  Kuestner 
P.  J.  Schuaacher 

B1  Paa.  ,  „  „lc 

(Suo.  to  lenorJi  Piano  &  Music 
/  Co.) 

Through. iii- -H-.-^U-C^.Spr lng  Grove,  Minn/  Exol.  360.50 

Through  Phono  .Co  .  ¥/is00nsin.  Exol.  393.00 

ar  Evansville,  Wis.  Exol.  330.50 

^^R^o^C^ansaSiClt^KanBas  .  Exol.  605.00 

Through  Pacific  Phono. San  Francisco.. 

Santa  Rosa,  Cal.  Edison  & 

Columbia.  507  .60 


E.  J.  Parvin  &  CoT -  Hutchinson  .Kansas .  Exci.  ^ox.w 

4  No  .Main  St.  CYLINDER  TAKING  ON  DISC., 

Thre^_Texag-oxianoma^hox,ugo. exas .  Exeluslve  471>84 

Lubbock  ug  ° Through  Harger  pWa,  Exclusive  360.50 

F*  ^  6  S  6r  Through,  Texas-Oklahoma  Phono. Og^  EdiBOn  & 

Crescent  Drug  Co.  *  Victor.  361.89 

rrzr  -* ™ ^  *•  *•  Th°rne  ^iv^a 

B.  E.  Smith  TOTAL  $11,626 .73 

W,  W,  Eagely,  Bloomsburg,Pa. 

Continued . . . 

NO. 2. . .Continued. 


Kpb.  Mary  Holding,  Friday  Harbor .Hashingto: 
Fred  Waster lain,  Enumclaw,  Washington. 

C.  V.  Brubaker ,  Napoleon,  Ohio. 

J.  M.  Hart  Music  Co.,  Abilene,  Sexas. 














fs/srfrSm/'f ///pm 

Sept.  7,  1915 .(  y _ ..^  V1 

A.  Edison.  Ino.?  (l3Lj  1  j 
Orange,  Ifa^Jersoy.  /, — yy^A.  •  'J 

— '  -  ~!2^T  V  Attention  Engineering  Dept. 

a  cylinder  record  that  would  he  practioally  indestructible.  By  this  we 
mean  a  record  that  would  reproduce  with  a  fair  degree  of  volume  and 
elearnese  in  the  neighborhood  of  three  hundred  thousand  to  five  hundred 
thousand  time8,  the  requisite  being  clearness  but  notpartloularly  very 
much  volume,  and  the  matter  of  artistic  requirements  not  being  of  any 

We  wish  to  get  a  cylinder  that  would  he  of  sufficient  diameter  Q 

that  during  one  revolution  would  reproduce  three  or  four  short  words,  it 
being  our  intention  to  use  a  multiple  of  reproducers  each  traveling  around  jp  i 
it  its  own  groove  but  their  being  no  longitudinal  movement  of  the  reproducers.^ 

Is  it  possible  to  make  up  a  cylindrical  record  of  sufficient  wear-  >- 
resisting  material  to  withstand  this  number  of  reproductions?  In  that  the 
volume  of  sound  produced  need  not  be  very  great  we  did  not  know  but  what  the 
sound  wave  engraving  might  be  made  comparatively  light  and  thereby  possibly  i) 

might  be  provided  to  revolve  the  cylinder  in  Borne  lubrioating  medium. 

The  matter  of  the  oost  of  the  cylinders  would  not  be  of  a  seriouB 


oonsequenoo  unless  they  ran  ovor  several  dollars  eaoh. 

A  special  machine  will  be  required  to  accommodate  the 
enlarged  cylinder  and  the  several  reproducers,  for  instance,  we  might 
have  as  many  as  twenty  or  more  reproducers  in  a  row  operating  on  a 
single  cylinder.  We  have  the  balance  of  the  requirements  from  a 
mechanical  point  of  view  all  worked  out  and  the  whole  matter  hinges 
upon  whether  we  can  obtain  a  practically  indestructible  record  or  not. 

If  you  oould  furnish  us  with  this  information  we  assure  you 
it  would  be  greatly  appreciated,  tinder  date  of  Aug.  27th  we  misdirected 
a  letter  to  the  Edison  Phonograph  Co.,  Camden,  IT.  J.,  and  we  are  writing 
this  covering  the  points  brought  up  in  that  letter  not  knowing  whether 
you  had  received  the  letter  sent  to  Camden  on  account  of  the  mistake  in 


Yours  very  truly. 

Sopt.  ‘;£h. 


Prof,  luigl , 
Station  S ,  Bos  27, 
How  Yrk  City. 

My  dear  Prof.  P.omano : 

I  have  receivod  your  lotter  of  the  sixth  instant, 
together  with  the  five  dol'ars  enclosed,  and  I  am  having  sont  to 
you  h  parcel  post,  five  disc  records  of  the  Kinatophone  .alts, 
which  X  trust  will  ho  received  promptly  and  in  good  order. 

Those  records  cost  one  dollar  each  in  the  store, 
hut  X  am  allow  a  discount  of  25":.,  so  thajr  cost  ine  seventy- five 
cents  each.  I  will  give  you  the  honofit  of  this  discount,  hut 
must  ask  you  to  ploaso  say  nothing  of  it  to  anyone.  If  you  sell 
thorn,  you  must  he  sure  and  charge  one  dollar  each  for  thorn.  Do 
not  sell  them  it  any  lower  price,  as  it  would  make  trouble. 

Those  five  rooords  at  75^  each  would  ho  $3.75, 
and  I  suppose  the  postage  would  ho  20$?,  so  I  am  returning  you 
Cl. 00  herowith. 

I  have  noted  all  you  say  in  your  letter,  and  re- 
grot  to  think  that  there  might  havo  boon  any  prejudice  in  regard 
to  yoursolf.  X  tiust  that  such  was  not  tho  cas  . 

I  am  very  glad  to  loam  that  you  expect  to  sur¬ 
prise  me  with  soro  good  news  shout  yourself.  I  shall  always  ho 
veiy  glad  indeed  to'hear  any  good  nows  concerning  yon,  and  hope 
that  there  will  ho  much  of  it. 

Yours  voiy  truly. 




Mr.  Meadowaroft 
h/o  Thomas  A.  . 
Orange,  H.J.^- 
Icw  lu-i-Ui*-/, 
Dear  Sir:- 



Sept.  8,  1915. 


son  Co.,  \  *)1\"  lt':  (/•‘V'  .j'‘\  ^  ^  o 

7r<^^W^-S  '<4  ' 

I  quit e TTeoently  received  a  letter  from  Mr.  Frederick 
W*  Rice,  one  of  your  demonstrators,  advising  me  that  he  had  made 
inquiry  of  you  as  to  the  horn  which  Mr.  Edison  used  for  the  pur-v^~ 
pose  of  properly  hearing  the  re-produotions  of  sound  on  your  <- 
phonograph.  From  the  letter  whioh  X  received  from  Mr.  Rice,  I  c 
understand  that  you  can  have  a  similar  horn  made  to  he  used  hy  \ 
my  mother,  at  a  nominal  charge;  Mr.  Bice  stated  in  his  letter  that 
the  charge  would  he  anywhere  from  ^?3.00  to  .j5.00. 

I  should  he  very  glad,  indeed,  to  have  one 
made  up,  and  trust  that  it  may  prove  satisfactory.  H 
whether  satisfactory  or  not,  I  am  entirely  willing  to  make  the  ex¬ 
periment  . 

Would  he  very  glad,  indeed,  to  have  an  acknowledgment 
Horn  you,  as  to  whether  my  understanding  is  correct,  ana  also  whether 
you  will  have  this  horn  made  up  for  me.  If  you  do,  kindly  have 
it  forwarded  to  me  in  any  way  that  you  may  find  most  convenient 
to  yourself,  sending  it  to  Pottstow£,  Pa. ,  with  transportation 
charges  oolleot. 

X  would  understand  that  this  is  entirely  aside  from  any¬ 
thing  pertaining  to  your  regular  line,  and  would  therefore,  all  the 
more8appreoiate8anything  that  you  may  do  in  having  this  horn  made 
for  me. 



T6ry  truly  yours, 

C.  B 













— - 







,-k" - T\ 


Orange , 

RICHMOND.  VA.  Sept.  9,  1915- 


_  Bird,  /.  i 

c/o  Thos.  A.  Kdison,  Inc.,  pAP  -U 

Hird:  CT^rS' 

I  want  you  to  go  bao4c  ovSjf^t!ueJ*Ia'?rwrt)ur  or 
five  supplements  and  see  ’now  many  'nits  you  can  pick  out  ■£*.  . 
of  them.'  You  filling  up  our  shelves  with  a  lot  of  old  ”*• 
stuff  and  no  new  and  popular  records  among  them.  V/e  send 
these  lists  out  to  our  customers  and  do  not  get  any  res-  ( 

pond  and  I  want  to  tell  you  the  truth,  we  think  the  Ir-’- 
four  or  five  supplements  pretty  punc.  I  know  if  this 
tinues  much  longer  you  will  get  kicks  from  all  Jobber 
fact  they  are  beginning  now. 

We  wish  the  lord  you  would  see  the  day  of  g< 
ting  out  popular  stuff,  cutting  out  this  old  stuff  tin 
has  been  dead  for  years.  I  wish  you  were  in  the  deale: 
ship-end  for  a  little  while,  it  would  give  you 
experience  that  would  benefit  you  in  your  position  very 

Yours  very  truly, 

c*  3*  Haynes  g 


kiw  -  OJJLr  /VyOL 

/^j  ^C"  '(^rw  1^ 

jl  '^r*JL.  Cr|_  (kxA'*-  ''A-L#uL.  (Tv*  t£ji.  , 

^  Uj~ CL^_  v-€^  Avot-jc  va^^vvMu-2^  Olj^Jk. 

•  6^^€A^xlul-J  UHU- 

**Aa r  4a.  a 

^  'tixt'  I^avn.  j  (^  ^Ivju^c 


Vv&  d'j ,J  ^ 

%v  Q  ^0^ 


fflAJLs /yu^  C&sd^.  ^  (CzJtosO — £%*- 

Sept.  14th.  1915. 

Mrs.  Ii.  I".  Llnlngor , 
2909  Hewbury  Street, 
Berkeley,  Cal. 

Dear  Madam: 

Chore  has  Been  sons  delay  in  replying  to  your  favor  of  the  8th 
ultimo.  This  delay  has  been  occasioned  hy  reason  of  Mr.  Edison  doairing 
to  havo  a  full  investigation  made  of  the  whole  matter  to  which  your  let- 
tor  refers. 

In  Mr.  I-ininger'ti  original  letter  of  April  30th,.  he  suggested 
a  pan  to  contain  oil. 

IV  a  think  we  cannot  do  letter  than  give  you  he  low  a  copy  of  the 
rrport  made  hy  our  Assistant  Chief  Engineer  to  nr.  Edison.  This  explains 
the  whole  thing. 

"The  idea  of  putting  an  oil,  or  grease  pan 
under  the  spiral  gear  of  the  "A"  type  motor 
aB  pek  Mr.  f.ininger'  a  letter,  was  developed 
hero  and  the  drawings  issued  to  the  factory 
for  this  part,  is  dated  Eohruary  13th,  1911. 

A  blue  print  of  this  drawing  is  being  en¬ 
closed  with  this  memorandum. 

You  -will  note  that  Mr.  Lininger  suggests  a 
pan  to  contain  oil.  Also,  of  such  size  that 
it  covers  the  whole  lower  end  of  the  turn 
table  support  frame  and  extends  under  the 
spiral  goar. 

In  my  letter  of  June  7th.  I  said  that  the 
idea  of  putting  oil  in  the  goar  pan  was  very 
good,  7/hioh  is  perfectly  true,  but  wo  can¬ 
not  use  oil  in  this  part  leoauBe  of  the  ship¬ 
ping  of  the  phonograph.  We  are  forced  to 
uso  groaso  to  overcome  tho  danger  of  the  oil 
spilling  out.  Oil  would  be  better  than 
graase  for  this  part,  but  wo  adopted  grease 
for  tho  foregoing  reasons  and  havo  put  this 
on  all  "A"  type  machines,  except  a  few  of 
the  very  first  ones  shippod  out.  Mr.  Lin- 
ingor  probably  has  one  of  theBo  very  first 


As  X  have  said,  the  use  of  oil  on  this 
part  and  a  properly  dosigrod  pan  would  he 
very  gocd  hut  impracticable  fro  our 
standpoint ,  hence  we  have  been  using  the 
small  drip  pan  fillod  with  grease.  This 
pan,  as  put  on  cur  models  in  the  past, 
is  not  suited  to  the  use  of  oil,  hence,  I 
said,  there  is  no  objection  to  his  using 
a  apodal  pan  d  ’Signed  for  oil,  but  of 
course  this  oul d  ha  impracticable  for  us 
on  account  of  the  oil  spillin?  in  shipment”. 

You  will  see  from  the  above  that  inasmuch  as  we  covered  the 
device  in  question  by.  regular  manufacturing  orders  to  our  factory  over 
four  and  a  half  years  ago,  we  have  done  no  injustice  to  J.'r.  Lininger, 
nor  have  we  appropriated  his  idea,  which  was  over  four  years  old  when 
he  wrote  to  us  last  April. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  Laboratory . 

Gundlach  Advertising  Co. 

ShomaB  A.  Edison, 

c/o  Sliornas  A. Edison, 
Orange ,  II  •  J . 

l^+TLJ*  -  C 

;o  you  a  young  man  / 
i  Sala,  to  make  someX 

Some  months  ago  I  sent  to  you  a  young  man  / 
from  Spain,  by  the  name  of  Antonio  Sala,  to  make  someX 
'cello  records.  This  man  is  an  artist  of  the  vory 
highest  rank,  but  not  yet  known  in  this  country  and 
I  suggested  particularly  getting  hold  of  an  artist  of 
this  type. 

Bruno  Steindel  is  a  very  excellent  ’cellist 
and  a  true  artist,  but  Sala' 3  emotional  and  tone  power 
would  probably  appeal  to  the  public  even  more,  besides 
being,  like  Steindel' s,  a  high  order  oi  art. 

It  is  certain  that  Bruno  Steindel  or  Sala, 
either  one,  is  worth  two  thousand  of  the  Gruppe  and 
Kronold  records  that  we  are  now  calling  real  art. 

How  today  Hr.  Sala  sends  me  a  letter  signed 
J.A.L.,  Recording  Department,  saying  that  these  records 
can  not  be  used. 

just  for  curiosity;  I  would  like  to  see  the 
regular  record  that  was  made  from  the  master  by  which 
this  was  judged.  Also  X  would  like  to  know  whether  you 
heard  these  records  yourself. 

When  I  first  wrote  you  about  this,  I  did  not 
care  anything  about  Sala,  but  thought  I  was  starting 
something  which  was  advantageous  for  the  Edison_Company. 
I  have  since  become  very  friendly  with  this  young  man. 

At  the  same  time,  does  not  the  Edison  Company  want  all 
the  good  new  artists  that  it  can  get  when  the  oppor¬ 
tunities  are  offered? 



U*.  vv^  (+-<?<&■(%  °hr. 

September,  20th,  191S. 

.C^utt...  «<.*.(  £.<?  tM^vws*tX< 

Antonia  Sala: 

lBt.  trial 
2nd.  trial 
3rd.  trial 


Can’t  tell  anything  from  this. 

Good  j 

This  man  is  good  cellist  hut  you  must  look 
out  in  Recording  that  it  is  not  too  weak,  he  j 
has  very  little  volume -note  this  and  he  careful, | 
hiB  volume  is  l/2  of  Pleach  on  Violin, 
hut  he  is  good  Player.''  | 

,1  i.  wf 

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^«2 ■^Z- 

'  C4^^  cP  -*^<y  y^,  "  S' 

yf^t^yyr  /tS7l0  C0  Z&y*  ryy^yy^ . 

The  at  or  y, 

Thoe.  A.  Edison,  Inc., 

Orange,  N.J. 


Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroftj- 

Our  Retail  Sales  people  have  been  reporting 
to  us  ouite  frequently  an  argument  which  we  bfclieve  must  have 
originated  with  our  friends  of  the  steel  needle  type.  We  have 
some  very  vieoious  competition  in  a  Retail  way  and  we  wonder 
whether  you  would  kindly  write  us  putting  into  our  hands  exactly 
the  kind  of  an  argument  or  come  back  that  you  would  like  to  have 
our  Sales  people  use. 

Our  Sales  people  in  running  aoross  people,  who 
are  in  touch  with  our  Steel  Needle  Competitors  or  in  running  across 
people  who  own  Victrolas  freo.uently  have  thrown  at  them  the  fact^ 
that  Mr.  Edison  is  not  a  judge-  of  music.  It  is  a  matter  of  xac. 
that  he  is  as  deaf  as  a  stone  post,  etc.,  etc. 

We  would  appreciate  a  reply  from  you  as  to  just 
what  you  would  prefer  to  have  us  say  to  the  public  on  this  subject* 

Yours  very  truly, 





(2-  w4^e  , 


eu^a  j'-^e-kJ 
fto&  E1 — .~t*  <*ttv-t,'<^ 

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^irz^  a^c.  i^*y> 

P  7/ 

.  „  battery  place  isnEW  y©irjk  ©nnr,  u.  & 

sq>t  enber  15th,  1915. 

J  ,  n  -f,  CX^tC  -  S  &v 

Attention  of  to.  ^EOn--  Cp~t- n'  '  | 

a  receipt  of  an  order  from  -  14-l^  c<-eT>  <J  ‘ 

Humberto  I.  To  si,  (Le't-rft-'f 

Buenos  Afros,  .  i  -.••-TT#. 

ATg.  Hep., 

Buenoa  Aires,  ki  y.  »~r*T!w 

Arg.  Hep*.  3-  A. 

«nJ  jour  ....  JjjJ  ‘J™  55”iwrt“tr'o^l*»"=‘«l  i«H? 

are  having  with  Mr.  Toai. 

Any  information  you  may  give  us  will  bleated  strictly 
confidential  and  without  liability  on  your  pirU^ 

Thanking  you  forjr.our'ielnd  attentior 


"f"  -rAu  >ur~T*~  *■ 

iuR  '?<-*  -1/ 

'  v  Iwy  t. 

p.S.  We  enclose  return  envelope.  * 

^  CL _ Assistant.  Ma'nager 

■*'*“  i st 

*£t  i(wc  1-w^ 

.y  y 



Sept.  15th,  19Wi-~ 

Ur.  M.  H.  Meadowcraft, 

o/o  Edison  Phonograph  oo., 

West  Orange,  IT.  J. 

hear  7£r,  Meadowcraft: 


My  purpose  in  writing  to  you  again  is 
to  call  to  your  attention  the  matter  of  7fiss  IT.  helphine 
Rauch  who  has  made  one  or  two  trial  disc  records  for  Mr . 
Edison,  who,  as  you  will  no  doubt  remember,  thought  so  much 
of  her  voice  and  said  that  he  would  want  her  as  one  of  his 
recording  artists.  You  will  recall  that  Mr.  Edison  odd 
the  voung  lady  and  me  at  the  time  of  our  visit  to  Orange  at 
Hr.  Edison's  request,  that  many  of  the  singers  have  to  try 
and  try  again  before  they  master  the  art  of  recording. 

Hiss  Rauch  tried  but  twice  at  long  intervals,  and  while  her 
work  seemed  to  not  quite  reach  the  point  of  perfection  that 
Mr  Edison  requires  in  accepted  records,  she  was  given  to 
understand  that  yet  another  chance  would  be  given  her.  Be¬ 
cause  of  the  fires  you  had  last  winter,  I  have  let  the  matter 
rest  so,  long  and  X  am  now  taking  it  up  again  in  the  belief 
that  Mr  Edison  is  in  a  position  to  give  attention  to  Miss 
Rauch' s’ request  for  another  chance,  and  I  take  some  hope 
that  this  chance  will  be  given  her  by  a  reference  to  your 
letter  to  me  of  -necember  19th,  1914,  in  which  you  say: 

Your  favor  of  the  16th  instant  was  received, 
and  I  have  called  Mr.  Edison's  attention  to  the 

Me  requests  me  to  say  that  the  records 
made  by  Miss  Rauch,  which  he  heard,  were  not 
quite  good  enough  for  our  purposes.  Either  she 
was” not  in  good  voice,  or  she  was  nervous.  Me 

thave  a  great  deal  of  trouble  even  with  old  ex¬ 
perienced  singers.  More  than  half  the  time  they 
are  not  in  good  voice. 

The  recordings  referred  to  in  your  letter  were 
made,  as  X  remember,  on  an  excessively  hot  day  in  June  and 
that  may  account  for  the  imperfections  noted  by  Mr.  Edison. 

Triss  Pauch,  as  Mr.  Edison  said,  lias  a  glorious  voice 
and  all  the  operatives  at  the  recording  studio  say  that 
her  voice  is  peculiarly  and  decidedly  a  "recording"  voice, 
and  I  am  sure  she  could  render  valuable  services  to  your 

We  have  made  no  attempt  to  try  for  new  record¬ 
ings  because  we  were  referred  to  Mr.  Edison  for  further 

I  should  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  that  Mr.  Edison 
desires  and  directs  Miss  Eauch  to  try  again. 

With  sincere  respect  and  regards  to  Mr .  Edison 
and  to  you,  I  am, 

Pespectfully  y 

H  r 

fhpjib  watohis 


Thoms. e  A.  Edison, 
Edison  la.bratory, 
Orange,  If.  J. 

Dear  Hr .  Edison: — 

We  are  jui 
the  medallion  which 
suggests  a  matter  t( 
ally  otout  for  some 

TOPEKA,  KANSAS,  September  l6th, 

Qr^LO  6ujb  (SUx^C  UXJ& 

n  receipt  of  a  circular  letter  reS»*tive  to 
to  he  placed  on  nil  ?2?0.00  machines.  This 
>  which  we  have  been  going  to  write  you  persor.- 

Our  competitors  in  the  Victor  and  Columbia  line  insist 
upon  explaining  to  all  prospective  buyers  of  Phonographs  or  Victrolas 
that  you  are  not  interested  in  the  Edison  Diamond  Disc  proposition  in 
any  way  except  to  loan  your  name  and  that  the  machine  ie  manufactured 
by  a.  factory  and  labratory  entirely  separate  from  your  factory.  They 
claim  that  you  are  -naid  a.  certain  royalty,  etc.,  for  the  use  of  the 
name  Edison. 

A  personal  letter  from  you  that  we  could  display  in  our 
Talking  machine  room  setting  the  facts  forth  as  they  are  would  be 
invaluable  to  us.  Will  you  kindly  give  us  something  of  this  kind 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  kind  consideration  of 
this  request,  we  are 


UjffiwisiLH5ir^pnn>  Mum  w^woihiibs 



\/lfi  fvv<-or‘i-T  xi&r  ji-uf-  w 

Ctf-XCt-^  '^‘September 

:  16  th;. 

Edison  Phonograph"  Co ..  v^' 

tsstJ^-r  **  ^r? 

9j  wufe^lLike  tohave  you  supply  mdl  with  then,  information 
as  to  how  the  Edison  people  select  the  Artist  that  mate  the  new  Edison 
Diamond  Disc  records  „  the  reason  I  ash  for  this  information  is, oeacuse 
there  is  a  cert*! an  young  man  in  this  city  that  has  just  returned,  from 
Europe  where  he  has  been  studing  voice  ,,  s 

He  has  just  started  the  report  aroma  town  that  the 
Edison  people  go  to  the  schools  and  pick  out  some  of^the  students 
to  make  records  ,  He  told  this  to  one  of  our  customers  where  we  have 
a  new  Edison  Machine  on  approval  and  has  almost  qjieered  this  sale 

This  is  the  reason  I  would  like  to  h&ve  you  furnish  me  with  a 
letter  that  I  could  show  to  this  lady  and  cmvince  her  as  to  how  the 
Edison  People  select  their  Artist  ..  / 

I.  would  also  like  to  have  you  put  my  name  on  your  mailing 
list  for  all  of  the  late  circulars  whljch  are  mailed  out  from  your 
Factory  as  I  am  manager  of  this  Department  and.  some  of  the  literature  n 
never  reaches  my  department  unlesg/it  is  addressed  to  me  personaly,, 

Trusting  that  I  will" have  the  pleasute  of  hearing  from  you  s 

September  16,  1916. 

Paoifio  Phonograph  Co., 

Mr.  A.  R.  Pommer,  President, 
140  Geary  St., 

San  Frnno i sco,  Cal. 

Dear  Ur.  Former: 

On  April  17th  last  Mr.  Edison  personally  agreed  to 
donate  to  the  Panama-Pacific  International  Telegraphers  Tournament 
Association  a  #160  Disc  Phonograph  and  26  Disc  Reoords.  Ur.  E. 
Cox.  Secretary  of  said  Association,  adviseB  that  they  would  now 
like  to  have  this  maohine,  and  instead  of  shipping  it  direct  from 
here  I  am  going  to  intrude  on  your  kindness  by  asking  that  you 
deliver  it  from  your  stock  and  charge  Bame  back  to  us  at  price 
billed  to  you  together  with  any  expense  you  may  be  put  to  in  the 
transaction.  Kindly  let  me  know  by  return  mail  if  you  oan  ao- 
commodate  us  in  "this  mat/ 'tor* 

I  have  sent  to  Ur.  Cox  an  order  {oopy  enclosed)  with 
advice  that  when  presented  to  you  you  will  deliver  the  outfit  to 

Thanking  you  in  advanoe  for  your  kindness, 
fours  very  truly, 


Vioe-Pres.  &  Gen.  Mgr. 

September  16,  1915. 

Mr.  E.  Cox,  Secretary, 

Panama-Pac 1 f ic  International  Telegraphers 
Tournament  Association, 

100 £  Postal  Telegraph  Building, 
San  Prahoisoo,  Cal. 

Bear  Sir: 

lour  letter  of  the  4th  inst.,  to  Hr.  William  H.  Uoadowcroft, 
Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison,  has  been  handed  to  me  for  neco3sary  atten¬ 

Rather  than  ship  the  outfit  from  here,  I  have  to-day 
written  our  San  L'ranoiaoo  distributors,  Paoifio  Phonograph  Company, 
140  Geary  Street,  to  deliver  it  to  you  from  their  stock.  Therefore, 
if  you  will  kindly  present  to  them  this  letter  they  will  do  so. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Vice-Pres.  &  Gen.  Mgr. 



n  it/‘ 


'a  ..if' 

September  17 ,  1915 . 


(f  4?1 
4  /y 

My  dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft,  / 

Can  you  infornyni  where  the  Edison  (D.D.)  reoords  can 
he  purchased  in  Hew  Ycnfk?  X  have  tried  every  other  way  to  ascer¬ 
tain  -  except  the  CVfcy  Directory,  and  I  didn't  think  of  that  - 
and  on  last  Wednesday,  I  tried  several  places  by  'phone  while  I 
was  in  Hew  York. 

I  want  to  get  some  new  records  not  obtainable  in  Scran¬ 

Very  truly  yours, 


Yf.  H.  Meadoworoft ,  Esq. , 

Secretary  to  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J.  j  '  vt 

0.0  J*' 

\  V/V' 


K  f 

T]  |l^v/«  :  j 

.v1.  Wn'l'ilr.  _ 1 - - 1 - T — 

ISS  -  WAKE.  2a  ■  j  :  .  ■ 

'kpiLofeift.-:----  J— ~ :  1 

..  ...5ihe  Frame..:... : . . 

SrpiSV-  MAKE.  2.  i 

dviMNei  j  .  “q  ^  Qt? 

'  Muss- Make,  2:  :  -  Pin-  ^Ake. 

4 - ®zsn - 7^@>-T - -  <?-  -girjgK^  ;  : 

|  soLD^iftn  !-;  : :  ;  .  ^  r '*■  ' 

1  : ”  W : 

-  Left  SuJE-.FfW'E.  |l3RRSS_iiM‘f)'<E._S.;-! 

„  .*  y  ;  ffiCnhT  Sloe:  Frp'mE;.  j  :  '  .  Lj-L- 

”41 i; !]sMl»USwfe. 

Sept.  22nd.  1915. 

Prof.  luigl  Roman o, 

Stution  S,  Box  27, 

;!ow  York  City. 

My  dear  Professor: 

I  must  ask  you  to  kindly  pardon  the  long  delay 
In  replying  to  your  favor  of  tbe  14th  Instant.  I  have  heap  so 
exceedingly  busy  tho  last  week  that  all  my  correspondence  is 
In  arrears. 

1  should  ha  very  glad  Indeed  to  oblige  you  by 
sending  you  a  reproducer  that  would  allow  the  Rdison  records  to 
bo  played  on  a  Victor  or  Colximbia  phonograph,  but  we  do  not 
hayo  any  such  thing,  so  1  return  tho  money  herewith,  sending  it 
by  Registered  Mail. 

I  think  you  will  find  thaks  reproducers  are  sold 
in  some  of  th'  stores  where  they  sell  the  Victor  and  Columbia 
machines,  hut  I  don’t  know. 

With  kind  regards,  X  remain, 

Yours  very  truly. 






Greenwich.  Conn 

T')~e  aAs  yJ-^UX.  r  fi  \  „  C  , 

'VU  2*/ff  r^tc 

■  0  JL  rU^cd  , 

XtsiA^ULs  ,  , _ _ 

r(^yuytL  ytlos  ‘  rpux 
JyHAy  /CMAAX  no 

-'Z'HL  (Jo  - 


1/)(aJsL  -m 

The  National  Children's  The  Kansas  Children's 

I  wiBh  to  express  my  hearty  appreciation  of  your  kindness  in 
trying  to  secure  the  selection  "Come  Where  the  lilies  Bloom"  hy  Will 
Thompson.  X  would  cheerfully  pay  $5.00  for  a  record  if  that  were 
necessary.  In  case  you  produce  a  record,  kindly  have  one  sent  to  my 
address  at  once.  The  hass  solo  in  this  selection  is  the  finest  X  ever 
heard.  The  soprano  ohlagato  is  also  very  fine. 

Yours  very  truly,  ; 

Sept,  as,  1915. 

1®.  MAXWELL: 

S  Recording  Department  is  plan¬ 
ning  to  give  us  soraa/€hristmas  selections,  I  under¬ 
stand  there  7/ill  b^r  about  six  new  numbers,  which  to¬ 
gether  with  four/ftuinbers  already  listed  will  make  a 
fair  showing  unit  enable  us  to  get  out  a  Christmas  Sup¬ 
plement.  i  Should  like  to  handle  thiB  special  sup¬ 
plement  independent  of  an  separate  from  our  regular 
numbered  supplements  and  the  printed  matter  should  be 
more  attractive  in  design  and  make  up  thun  the  other 
supplements.  Think  also  that  a  special  Christmas 
window  hunger  should  be  prepared  und  shipped  the 
records  to  Jobbers  for  distribution  among  their  dealers. 

As  soon  as  the  new  selctions  are 
approved  by  Mr.  Edison  and  catalog  numhers  assigned, 
the  information  should  be  given  to  Mr.  JicChesney,  so 
that  he  cun  proceed  to  procure  the  supplements  which 
should  be  ready  not  later  than  October  15th,  so  that 
he  can  mail  them  to  distant  points  and  receive  the 
Jobbers'  orders  to  begin  shipping  on  November  1st. 

If  this  schedule  cun  be  adopted  and  followed,  it  will 
enable  ua  to  make  deliveries  to  all  points  about 
December  1st,  at  which  time  the  records  should  go  on 
sale  to  the  public. 

If  you  approve  this  j/lan  or  have 
any  suggestions  to  offer,  please  let  me  know  at  your 
ear  lest  convenience. 


Sept,  22,  1916. 

Ur.  H.  T.  Learning 

On  Saturday  Sept,  18th,  Messrs.  Walter  Hiller,  Hayes  and  Simpson 
met  in  the  Laboratory  to  consider  reproducers  which  had  been  returned  from 
the  outside. 

Sixteen  reproducers  were  listened  to,  these  had  all  been  previously 
inspected  with  reference  to  the  Diamond  which  were  pronounced  to  be  O.K. 

Of  the  sixteen,-  seven  were  found  to  be  commercially  perfect,  one  the  tone 
was  O.K,  but  the  Gold  Plating  being  worn  the  reproducer  was  poobably  return¬ 
ed  for  that  reason.  In  one  case  a  readjustment  of  Clamping  King  brought  the 
reproducer  to  an  O.K.  condition.  In  two  other  cases  resorting  to  the  same 
readjusting  of  Clamping  Ring  improved  the  reproducers  some  what  but  did  not 
bring  them  to  commercial  standard.  Following  ie  an  itemized  report  of  the 
sixteen  reproducers. 

Phono.  Corporation  of  Manhattan,  New  York  City. 

R.  S.  Hos.  22269  &  22271. 

Reprod.  Ro.jU.8429  -  Gold  Plate  O.K.  ,  Diaphragm  weak,  slightly  buckled. 

Rcprod.  llo.  40786  -  Gold  Plate  O.K. ,  Tone  is  fussy,  gasket  readjusted,  quality 
improved  but  not  quite  commercial. 

Reprod.  iio.  30419  -  Gold  Plate  Horn,  Reproducer  otherwise  in  perfect  condition 
Tone  good. 

Reprod.  Ho.  jU.6589-  Gold  Plate  O.K.  Reprod.  otherwise  in  perfect  condition, 
Tone  &ood. 

Reprod  Ho.  32644  -  Gold  Plate  O.K. ,  Swivel  Stud  in  reprod.  so  tight  that  it 
was  impossible  to  test. 

Reprod.  Ho.  35745  -  Nickel  Plate  O.K. ,  Reprod.  otherwise  in  perfect  condition. 
Tone  Good. 

Reprod.  Ho.  A7932  -  Hickel  Plate  O.K.,  but  very,  very  greasy  &  dirty,  Reprod. 
otherwise  in  perfect  condition,  tone  good. 

Buehn  Phono.  Co.  ,  Pittsburg,  Pa. 

RL  8.  Ho.  22294. 

Reprod.  No.  A7161  -  Nickel  Plate  O.K. ,  Reprod.  otherwise  in  perfect  condition 
Tone  good . 

Reproducer  Ho.  38621  -  Gold  Plate  O.K.,  Diaphragm  buckied,  tone  slightly 
fussy,  readjustment  of  Clamping  Ring  big  inprovement, 
ugter  adjustment  would  pass  commercially. 

Reprod.  Ho.  22391  -  Gold  Plate  O.K. ,  Reprod..  perfect  condition,  tone  good. 

Reprod.  Ho.  14877  -  Gold  Pl9.t£„Q.,lC.  ,  Tone  muff  led, 'Diamond  Point  Arm  too  ^  1 
tight"  causing  this'  def  eot^.  ■'*' - * - " 

Husical  Record  Co.,  Los  Angles,  Oal. 

R.  S.  Ho.  22227.  ..  . 

Reprod.  Ho.  13906  -  Nickel  Plate  O.K. ,  Reprod.  too  loud  causing  blast. 

Reproducer  No.  A  13734  -  Reprod.  has  a  buzz,  cause  unknown,  diaph.  not  buckled 


Mr.  H.  T. 

L.  H.  Lucker,  Minneapolis,  Minn. 

R.  S.  1408.  22229  -  22267. 

Reprod.  No.  25900  -  Nickel  Plate  O.K. 

and  v/ith  a  buzz, 
tone  almost  to  a 

,  Diaphragm  0.  K.  Reproduction  is  muffle 
readjustment  of  Clamping  Ring  improves 
commercial  standard. 

Reprod.  Ho.  9915,-  Gold  Plate  O.K.,  Reprod.  perfect  in  every  respect  no 
evident  reason  for  returning. 

The  Key  Co.,  Baltimore,  Md. 

R.  S.  Ho.  22262. 

Reprod.  Ho. Al 59 33  -  Hickel  Plate  O.K. ,  Reprod.  perfect  in  every  respect,  tone 

It  v/as  decided  to  offer  the  following  suggestion:-  That  a  suitable 
number  of  questions  be  supplied  to  our  dealers  with  the  request  that  whenever 
a  reproducer  is  returned  for  repairs  that  these  questions  be  answered.  At 
the  bottom  of  this  List  of  questions  the  following  recommendation  might  be 

J.  E.  H. 


CC  to  Messrs,  R.  A.  Bachman,  Walter  Hiller,  Bayes 





Vsji  (B^  £66. j  *1*/-  is'. 

-4l—g.  *-.Aj  u*~?t iy^) 

J£?  '+  &§r£J 

/u^AJ.  fc>  ■  SV&.0O.  3  V*J*~  a2£^> 

mc*U~,  s-j-JUU  ^  ^ 
aw  3U 

,  r  •■  fO/)^„„'£.'ciJ  Qr'TJl^Jn.  r**" 

r^  d  *  yj7  2  * 

^yryy^t.  S  CT 

4X^CL0  V-ma^-W/^  , 

•-«'  ■***v*fe..  - - x 

\tJLs~i.  s£-h^  sU^n~£fJ  -v'^  -t-t-Lf-fr *£ 

,  ^1  v££*  ?=v" 

£(£roJ  &£.■  r^  lh  J<X£^  £C 

-U^JU*  3^-  f  ■^~*3'  ^ 

<3^  s^yttsvy* -££*-■  x 

J*  /Ustn*j£oL  ■ 

J*  AAstnsUtoL  Y  ^ 

loi^  f'SOiY  yi£o~L, 

0%*~>  d?_  On, 






&ULUTH  a°Pt* 





FAt  1915. 


Kranlch  &*Bsch 
Smith  at  Allen 

Victor  Victrolas 
Edison  Diamond 
Disc  Phonographs 

Doar  Sir: 

The  writer  has 
over  150  custom 
ivor age  Edison  o 


S  U-  *■<*- 

r  feels 


ownership  of  his  Edison  Disc  in — 
iVvyi 0  4  ice  v*  p-v 

ronuestssLdurinf;  the  pasA*tfcar 

for  records/otf  you?-N(oiab.  J 

K^jr  4X  (  /*«*♦*►*  1 


lui  ihtonse  priclo 

strura&nt,  .nnK  there  is 
.  rvJ  o  a  \c.e  w  UvJ  it**  jr 

certain  ftrittc  ln(tto  h»rt 
ntangiblo  conneotionwith  your  eonoorn.  mV  record, 
von  a  brief  one,  w^^a^ovT : characteristic^ remarks  by 
ourself  would  ho  most  enthusiastically  received  by 
housands  of  ovmors ,  and  undoubtedly  would  bo  tho  most 
idely  troasurod  record  in  their  entire  collection,  now 
nd  in  the  futuro. 

I  asked  "r.  Lueker  to  mention  tho  above  matter  to  you 

when  ho  went  to  the  factory  last  Feb. ,  but  very  likely 
it  was  overlooked  in  the  pressure  of  business. 

The  writer,  a  short  time  ago,  assumed  oharjje  of  the 
Edison  Disc  Department  of  this  company,  and  I  miBht  say 



ALLEN  dfei  0F 

CO.  Wf*  MELODY” 


Kranlch  SBaoh 
Smith  *  Allen 



that  ray  purchase  of  an  instrument  from  Hr.  Luoker,  in 
Minneapolis,  two  years'  ago,  was  the  main  factor  in  causing 
me  to  embark  in  this  line. 

Trusting  you  will  not  consider  this  an  unreasonable 
request,  and  assuring  you  that  you  will  contribute  great¬ 
ly  to  the  pleasure  of  many  of  your  customers  if  you  accede 
to  it,  I  remain 

Very  truly  yours,  ^ _ / 

n.  S.  Enclosed  photographs  represent;  our  pro lini nary 
shipment  for  tho  fall  trade. 







iF  YOUR  EDISON  Disc  Phonograph 

hos  no  tone-modifying  device  we  Will 
odd  one  to  it  at  -Cer?  small  expense, 
q  Please  send  in  your  order  now  so  that 
we  may  correctly  estimate  tke  number  of 
these  de-dices  which  Will  be  necessary  to 
bring  ever?  machine  we  ho-Oe  sold 

down  to  date.  q  We  are  glad  to  be 

able  to  announce  that  the  factory  is  ogam 
able  to  produce  the  promised  quota  of  six 
nerd  records  each  week.  q  NeW  artists 
are  being  engaged  continually,  and  the 
quality  of  the  productions  in  the  28th  to 
the  37th  lists  leads  us  to  expect  a  Oer? 
large  demand  for  Edison  records  this  fall, 
q  We  maintain  0  complete  stock  of  all 
records  made  and  incite  you  to  come  in 
at  any  time  to  hear  tke  newer  numkers. 
q  George  M.EyferthJs  no*  in  charge 
of  our  Edison  Disc  department,  q  Mr. 
Eyferth  -dill  appreciate  an  opportunity  to 

learn  your  needs  and  to  be  of  service  to  ?ou. 

q  We  wont  <rOer?  Edison  machine  sold 
hy  us  to  remain  in  the  very  best  running 
order  so  that  it  mo?  give  the  greatest  pos¬ 

sible  pleasure  and  satisfaction  to  its  oWners. 
q  Whenever  your  machine  seems  to  need 
adjustment  we  invite  and  urge  ?ou  to  ca 
upon  us.  q  We  -dill  attend  to  it  With- 
out  charge,  anywhere  in  Duluth  and 
Superior.  qWe  make  onl?  0  most  mod¬ 
erate  charge  for  such  actual  repairs  as  may, 
from  time  to  time,  become  necessary 
q  In  conclusion,  we  want  ?ou  to  feel 
that  our  sincere  efforts  Will  always  be 
directed  towards  retaining  your  complete 
satisfaction  with  anything  you  ma?  pur- 


309-311  West  First  Street 

5  Beulah  Avenue, 

Hamilton,  September  25th. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

you  will  he  surprised  receiving  a  letter  from 
me  hut  have  been  going  to  write  you  for  some  time.  We  bought 
an  Edison  last  fall  but  have  not  bought  an  Edison  record  d  noe 
Xmas.  You  will  say  this  is  my  bad  taste  in  music  but  I  do  not 
think  so  for  classical  music  we  have  some  fine  records  for  our 
Edison  but  for  ordinary  music  which  anpeals  to  most  tastes. 

I  mean  tuneful  music  not  too  classical  I  find  we  cannot  get  on 
the  Edison  for  example  "Bendezvous  "  and  Oanzouetta  both  by 
prince's  Orchestra.  We  are  all  dancers  in  our  house  and  the 
dance  music  is  old  by  the  time  it  comes  out  on  the  Edison. 

The  Columbia  records  are  so  up-to-date  and  the  price. Beople 
with  limited  incomes  is  quite  a  consideration.  Now  do  not 
write  and  tell  me  I  do  not  Snow  good  music  for  I  am  sure  if 
you  were  to  hear  some  of  our  Columbia  records  you  would  agree 
with  me  we  have,  an  attachment  and  can  play  any  reoords.  Now 
I  shall  close  would  be  pleased  to  hear  from  you  if  you  can 
find  time  for  such  a  small  customer  but  one  who  loves  music. 

Sinoerely  yours, 

(signed)  Annie  Carroll. 

My  address 
Mrs.  V.  J.  Carrfcll, 
5  Beulah  Avenue, 
Hamilton,  Ont. 

uri.  eU  jtZfc, 

ol dvv\C<~ — 

■trT% j 


i  Ttccrt-d  c 

\^stiiJui\N  GnoshvCo. 

4u  -  -vr 

U-w—  .!  („„***  Sept. 37th,  1915. 

Hr.’-  Thomas  A.  Edison,  ^  IZ  c  <r>  w  •  ->* 

5  Edison  Laboratories,  t 

Orange.  New  Jersey  .  ^n\  r,T  |VJ  <-****•■  • 

Dear  _ir'^  £rt|^  U> 


Talking  Machine  Suggestion . 

1h  fit- J.l*  ;£*-'  * 

1  »  There  are  many  evenings  at 

home  when  I  like  to  hear  a  little,musio 
and  sometimes  it  seems  sweeter  wiveti  the 
central  lights  in  the  room  are  cjjstrkened 
and  the  only  light  comes  from  af shaded 
lamp  in  the  corner  or  from  the  fireplace 

When  the  room  is  thus  darken¬ 
ed,  it  is  difficult  to  manipulate  the 
machine  carefully  and  to  substitute 
records  with  any  great  precision.  For 
this  reason,  I  suppose,  the  idea  came  to 
me,  that  it  might  be  a  good  plan  to  have 
a  little  light  set  in  the  case,  or  the 
top,  in  such  a  way  that  while  inconspic¬ 
uous,  it  would  automatically  burn  when 
the  top  was  opened  and  shine  directly  on 
the  parts  under  adjustment . 

This  light  could  be  "frosted" 
so  as  to  avoid  brillianoe  and  could  be 

switched,  off  when  the  machine  ia  used  in 
the  daytime. 

The  above  ia  simply  a  sugges¬ 
tion,  but  to  me,  and  perhaps  to  others, 
it  would  be  an  aid  at  such  a  time  to 
the  impressions  received  from  the  music. 

■‘Furniture .  V  <fr@O.^S 


i  6 . 


Disc  and .  |ft'|Y|ll  *■ 

Draperies . 

Cylinder .  1  j| 


Floor  Coverings 


1  _  L 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc. 

Orange ,  N .  J , 

iept.  27,  1915.  {  .  £,tJ'***»** 

/  -t 

Ctrv*#*-*****  ,  ,,  l^rU 

r  -^-7-  a  aJLoer^i*  1 

having  more  or%fei^mpl^7t  from  our  dealers  / 

who  handle  the  Edison  goods  in  regard  ' 

This  that  I  speak  of  i^n%  of  recent  date  hut\has 
extended  over  several  months^, 

You  take  a  record 
and  they  do  not  sound  as  cleg] 
the  fire.  There  is  not  i 
little  tremble  in  it. 

We  are  having  <! 

(undoubtedly  this  thing  has”! 
by  others)  and  we  would  L" 

relief  that  can  be  given  us.^p^  I  (/  ** 

Very  t*»4y , 

op*  %:  CO. 

clear  as  the  records  made  previous  to/ 

.tfvtanaa; . StefcptT 

r  has'^etSnv willed  to  your  attention  before 


Sort.  28th.  1915. 

Prof.  Luigi  Romano, 

Station  S,  Box  27, 

How  York  City. 

;-y  aaar  Prof.  Romano: 

I  havo  received  your  favor  Of  the  26th  instant ,  ana 
of  course  am  vary  sorry  to  learn  of  your  d  is  anointment.  Thora  is 
an  attachment  sold  hy  some  of  the  phonograph  dealers.  With  this 
attachment  you  could  play  Edison  records  on  The  Victor  or  Columbia 
machine.  I  do  not  know  the  names  of  the  dealers,  hut  you  might  try 
Sol  Bloom,  366  Fifth  Avenue,  or  1429  Broadway,  or  the  Blackman  Talk¬ 
ing  Maohine  Company,  97  Chamber  Street. 

Pleaso  ao  not  tell  Them  that  I  sent  you  there.  I 
think  you  might  also  inquire  in  any  other  store  where  They  sell 
Victor  or  Columbia  phonographs.  If  they  do  not  sell  these  attach¬ 
ments,  perhaps  they  could  tell  you  where  you  coulfl  buy  one.  You 
could  not  use  a  diaphragm  or  reproducer  that  is  used  on  the  cylinder 
phonograph.  Of  course,  I  should  bo  very  glad  indeed  To  help  you 
out  if  I  could,  but  there  Is  no  way  of  doing  it,  so  far  as  I  know. 
You  can  only  play  disc  records  on  a  disc  machine.  You  oouia  not 
play  them  on  a  cylinder  machine,  nor  -would  the  reproducer  for  the 
cylinder  machine  be  right  for  disc  records. 

Uy  residence  address  is  428  Lathrop  Avenue,  Boonton, 

II.  J. 

With  kindest  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  vory  truly. 

Sept.  29,  1916 

I  / 

Mr.  Hies:  j  / 

i„  T1„  .* 

proposition  within  th> e  ni oxt  Xhat^reports  you  are  rendering  to 

immediately  to  advise  me  Jast/vhatrepor  ^  that  you  U80  in 
Mr.  Edison  and  from  whom  y  leave  1  may  arrange 

g^tS-TS:  Sr&mV office  tha/you  yourself  have  heen 
handling  up  to  this  time,  i 

H.  E.  Learning 

Copies  to  Messrs.  Edi^C  Wilson,  Uamhert 

ju  “P 

cia£  /..i rut 





ALptjnnzo  gmiitlr 


23,  25,  27  FLATBUSH  AVENUE,  Near  Fulton  Street 

Ironhhjn-Nfui  $orK  Sept.  30,1915. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 


We  are  this  day  returning  to  our  jobbers  a  quantity  of 
defective  Diamond  Disc  Records  for  credit'.  We  regret  very  much  that 
we  are  still  laboring  under  the  defective  record  difficulty,  and  are 
more  than  sorry  that  this  condition  nOt  only  exists  in  old  issues, 
but  in  many  of  the  late  numbers,  such  as  the  piano. record  ana  the 
last  Spalding  record,  also  the  Oberon  overture. 

We  do  not  want  you  to  feel.that  we  are  "kickers"  although 
this  trouble  is  a  great  annoyance  to  us  and  to  our  customers,  out  we 
do  want  to  appeal  to  you  to  eee  if  this  can  not  be  overcome.  It  is 
certainly  not  helping  sales  any,  for  as  you  know,  the  bad  points  oi 
an  article  usually  obtain  greater  publicity  than  its  virtues. 

We  will  thank  you  for  a  prompt  reply  and  a  thorough  in¬ 



td-dUZ*  < 

rf  .  smx*/ 

September  30th,  1915. 

Mr.  T.  A.  Edisons- 

Please  note  9  records  with  cracked  varnish 
are'  in  the  lot  to  go  out  with  the  42nd  Supplement  this  week 
and  8  in  the  43rd  Supplement  which  will  probably  go  out  week 
ending  October  9th. 



Total  Cracked  Varnish  Scratches  Total 

0.  k. _ Varnish  Spots _ &  Dents _ Inspected 

50282  162 
80230  1375 
80246  550 
80246  431 
80251  828 

3  0 

5  1 

0  0 

6  1 

3  0 

0  165 

0  1381 

0  550 

2  440 

0  831 


^Lsi^\fyqAf~oy&*-'c'  ^  r  \urv  ■ 

^  Au^i 

is  7/_.  /uivv^v-^  ^4^ 

J  ^^^AjulojUc 
%  jL  nrnrJfc**' 

-r  stLs^  aMjl^ 

^n  sUasvvvma^x 


Y^CC  'tLsAt-' ^ 
ixL  jJu^^^~°^^L  jb 

1^  'kju^JU^L  A^-v-^ 

yn.  jJLuZ^  sL* 

ylAuu  /yvwjLt-'t-J 

(fJL^U,  OIL  r~f 


Ai/iaJulAaI^  yi^AJ-sis^-s  , 


9h ^ 

^rr  ^-v-  Jb>-^oJL 

AjuJUsy  C^aU^  f^ 

rryjLj  ,o*-saa-^  'JajJI^0 

,c_X  '^*'j%  - 

Ll.  thti-t^ 

)(L  8£ 

/D.  J^M-  71^^ 


Oct.  6th.  1915. 

Mrs.  .  K.  Jenkins, 

116  Ho.  Frnncosco 
Kedondo  Beach,  Dal. 

Dear  Madam : 

Your  reoent  favor  to  :.r.  Edison  has 
been  received,  and  he  requests  me  to  say  that  the 
phenomenon  you  mention  is  a  strange  one  to  us,  as 
wo  have  never  had  this  experience.  'Ye  aro  anxious 
to  learn  what  has  hanponed  to  your  records,  and 
Mr.  Edison  v.ouia  he  very  glad  i  you  would  kindly 
send  us  half  a  doze  of  the  records  you  mention, 
either  by  parcel-nost  or  express.  ’.Ye  will  send 
new  ones  in  exchange  for  them  without  charge  to 
you,  and  if  it  develops  that  the  fault  is  o  irs, 
wo  will  roplnce  the  records  so  complained  of  at 
our  exponso. 

Then  you  send  the  records,  please  for¬ 
ward  the",  to  W.  H.  Moadonoroft,  Edison  Laboratory, 
orange,  11.  J. ,  and  mark  them  as  coming  from  you, 
so  that  wo  can  identify  then. 

Yours  very  truly. 

.-JL  . . 1 

Assistant’  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Messrs.  Wilson,  looming.  Maxwell  and  files- 

Saptamber.  191S 

10916  ' 



























February  -  5827 
Maroh  "  6623 
April  -  8640 
Mby  -  8369 
Juno  —  10691 
July  -  8060 
August  -  9175 
September-  9984 


C.C.  Mr.  T.  A.  Edison. 












Ootober  1,  1915. 


Mr.  Leonard.: 

Mr.  Davidson  reports  the  completion  of  the  oounty 

card  file. 

Mr.  Davidson  will  please  take  note  that  these  cards 
are  to  he  kept  up  to  date  hy  Miss  Scott  in  the  following  respects: 

(1)  Each  month’s  purchases  of  eaoh  dealer 

(2)  Eaoh  visit  of  a  jobber's  traveler,  the 

date  thereof  and  the  traveler's  estimate  of  the  dealer  - 
"good",  "fair",  "poor"  or  "remove".  Also  eaoh  visit  of  a 
supervisor  should  he  similarly  annotated  and  preceded  hy 
the  abbreviation  "Sup.".  ,  , .  ,  „  . 

(2)  The  information  aB  to  other  lines  handled 
on  the  jobber's  monthly  sales  report  should  be  oheoked 
with  the  card,  end  if  the  dealer  has  added  or  discontinued 
competing  lines,  a  corresponding  change  should  be  made  on 
the  oard.  The  oards  must  at  all  times  Bhow  what  <d  mpeting 
lines  are  handled.  Jobbers  who  have. in  the  past  been 
negligent  in  furnishing  this  Information  must  bo  required 
to  provide  it  promptly  and  accurately.  .. 

Ihe  oards  are  now  annotated  with  the 
jobber's  estimate  of  eaoh  dealer.  If  the  jobber's  monthly 
sales  report  shows  a  change  in  his  estimate  of  a  dealer, 
this  should  be  annotated.  In  other  words,  the  oard  should 
at  all  times  show  the  amount  of  goods  the  dealer  is  buying, 
the  jobber's  estimate  of  him,  the  Jobber's  traveling  man  s 
estimate  of  the  dealer  and  our  own  supervisor's  opinion. 
These  facts,  coupled  with  knowledge  of  the  competing  lines 
handled,  gives  us  a  pretty  good  pioture  of  eaoh  dealer. 

(4)  The  fact  and  date  of  eaoh  removal  notice. 

You  will  please  arrange  to  have  Mr.  Taylor  commence 
working  these  oards  in  the  following  manner: 


He  will  Btart  on  the  zones  not  yet  circularized.  He 
will  go  through  eaoh  zone,  oounty  by  oounty,  and  reach  a  pre¬ 
liminary  opinion  from  the  number  and  location  of  the  dealers  in 
eaoh  oounty  and  the  information  on  the  oards  as  to  whether  the- 
oounty  contains  sufficient  representation.  It  will  be  neoesBary 
for  him  in  all  oases  to  refer  to  the  geographical  atlas,  and  in 
many  oases  to  the  Government  statlstioaX  atlas*  He  will  oneofc 
his  preliminary  conclusion  with  the  jotter's  opinion*  as  shown 

in  the  jobber's  zone  analysis.  Where  hiB  own  conclusion  is  at 
variance  with  the  jobber's  opinion,  he  will  consult  you.  Having 
determined  that  a  given  town  is  to  be  circularized  for  new 
dealers,  he  will  consult  the  town  file  and  proceed  as  he  has 
been  doing  when  working  solely  from  the  jobbers  zone  analyses. 
Where  it  is  deoided  that  we  need  representation  in  a  town  in 
whioh  we  have  no  dealer  (and  consequently  no  oard),  he  will  make 
up  a  oard  for  that  town.  Red  metal  signals  are  to  be  plaoed  on 
the  oard  for  eaoh  town  in  whioh  new  dealers  are  desired.  All 
cards  are  to  be  annotated  with  the  fact  and  date  of  eaoh 
solicitation  of  new  aooounts  by  Mr.  Taylor  -  and  whether  disc, 
combination  or  oyltnder. 


The  Jobber 'b  License  Agreement  requires  that  a  jobber  s 
traveler  visit  eaoh  town  of  10,000  or  more  at  least  onoe  per  month, 
and  smaller  towns  (where  there  are  dealers)  at  least  six  times 
per  year.  It  Ib  not  intended  to  enforoe  this  rule  unreasonably, 
but  there  must  be  a  substantial  complianoo  therewith,  and  where 
a  oard  showB  that  the  jobber's  man  is  not  calling  on  a  dealer  with 
reasonable  frequency  Mr.  Taylor  will  consult  the  town  file  and 
write  the  jobber  in  an  approved  manner.  An  orange  metal  signal 
nTmii  be  used  to  indioate  all  towns  whioh  we  think  are  being 
neglected  by  jobbers'  traveling  men,  and  Mr.  Taylor  will  follow  up 
his  letters  if  travelers'  visits  are  not  annotated  within  a 
reasonable  time  thereafter. 


Where  the  purohases  and  other  information  concerning 
any  dealer  Indioate  that  he  is  dead,  or  for  other  reasons  should 
be  removed,  Mr.  Taylor  will  draw  the  matter  to  Mr.  Davidson  s 
attention.  He  will  put  a  black  metal  signal  on  the  card,  and  if 
there  is  more  than  one  dealer  on  the  card,  will  check  the 
dealer's  name  to  whom  his  recommendation  relates  and  note  the 
date  of  such  recommendation.  Mr.  Davidson,  when: he  lenjn®  ** 
other  sources  than  Mr.  Taylor  the  desirability  of  removing  a 
dealer,  will  place  a  blaok  signal  on  the  oard  and  check  the 
dealer's  name  in  the  same  manner. 

Mr.  Taylor's  follow  up  of  dealer  prospects  will  be 
the  same  as  heretofore,  wioh  such  changes  in  form  letters  as  are 
made  from  time  to  time.  In  addition  to  this  he  will  follow  up 
the  orange  signals  indicating  jobbers'  neglect  of  dealers,  and 
the  black  signals  indicating  the  desirability  of  dealers  removal, 
so  that  none  of  these  matters  will  be  lost  sight  of. 

The  signals  on  the  county  oardB  will  serve  B® 
«««!  St.ntlon  to 

sr ™.« j-j. -as: ■rgs.m 

of  ohief  deteotive. 

Ur.  Bums  will  take  over  the  work  Hr.  Taylor  has  Been 
doing  as  your  immediate  assistant. 


0.  C.  TO  MESSES.  DAVID30H 


Mr.  Edison: 


Stock  phonographs  reoently 
tested  by  me  gave  the  following  results. 

A-100  #2132  -  Bare  spots  on  horn  neck  and  paint 

on  muting  hall  gave  had  appearance. 
Otherwise  OK. 

A-100  #2380  Found  OK 

C-100  #2642  "  " 

C-150  #2649  "  " 

C- 150  #6750  Reproducer  poor  -  blasts. 

( Called 

to  Mr.  Simpson's  attention] 

"  #6741  Found  OK 


"  #6747  "  " 


Amherola  60  #1457 

-  ly 

ii  n  1450 

OK  y 

ii  'I  1629 


ii  I'  1693 


ii  ••  1855 


ii  '•  1886 


"  1866  Barrel  Spring  either  broke  or 

slipped  from  spring  hook  after 
running  two  days. 

C.C.  TO  Messrs:  Bachman,  Monahan,  Leeming^fe  file. 

Got.  4th.  1915. 

Chandler  &  Company, 

84  Hammond  Street, 

Bangor,  Maine. 


Your  favor  of  the  27th  ultimo  was  handed  to  me, a  nd  I 
would  say  in  reply  that  I  would  like  to  have  you  send  me  tho  rec¬ 
ords  you  complain  of.  let  me  bay  that  the  roBultB  of  the  investi¬ 
gation  of  all  the  complaints  we  have  thus  far  received  indicate 
that  tho  machines  were  run  very  much  above  speed.  When  machines 
were  put  at  proper  speed,  owners  were  satisfied. 

Please  send  the  faulty  records  to  my  Assistant,  Mr.  W. 

H.  Meadoworoft,  at  this  address.  He  will  see  that  they  are  brought 
to  my  attention  and  I  will  investigate  and  '  if  .'  the  fault  is  ours 
we  will  return  new  records  to  you. 

Yours  very  truly. 

^  yr' 

kj4ZL,  ->■  *,~/~~ 

yAA  /a  *"■  y  ~~~ 

(Acs  'fy&s  •  (2s^S'-  <z*~*-^->. 

■PP?  jfa^^s 
/VtAA  yA^ 

AA  A?  .-*AA  c^P  s?vt^& 

P<«y  fa.  s&~*7  aP 

-  '&* 

,j^L^^>>  'v^y'  fzZt~^4>e  Pfy 


^c  AA^A  +~‘ 

—  ~’'ycy~* 


6?  ’ 

y*^£i£/  , 





The  Ludwig  Piano  Co. 
1103  Chestnut  Street. 

....  W 

The  Phonograph  Sales  Co. 

430  Bloomfield  Avenue. 

Through" E.  E.  Bo 1 way  *^0  n. 
George  L.  Starks  3T5o  7  Saranec  TSke.N.Y. 

Main  Street. 

C.  R.  Rodgers  Gouverneur.N.Y. 

67  Main  Street. 

H.  0.  Keefer 
316  Main  Street. 





C.  C 
J.  E 

,  LaEollett 
,  Ruffing  &  Son 

Delphi,  Indiana. 

[ison  Sr.  Col  .  605  .00 



Through  Harger  &  Bllsh.Des  Moines. 
Thornton  Drug  Co. - - ^WdSoIaflowa.  Exclusive 

V/.  E.  Chandler 



Through  Girard  Phono  .Co  . Ph i 3. a deljphi a^ Pa^ 

Ross  W.  Quicksall  Mt.  Holley,  ll>.  Excluslv 

44  Main  Street.  Throl>gh  phono  .Corporation  Manhattan. 

Snowdon  ft  Wicks  - E - PittStoT^a.  ESIson  &  Victor712.25 

14  Ho  .Main  St .  piSC  &  CYLINDER  DEALERS. 


14th  Street.  (McAllister  &  Reynolds, Props . ) 


E.  A.  Sheldon 
100  No .Main  Street. 

Through  Harger  &  Bllsh. Sioux  City, 

Larrison  Brothers - Mitfcireil, South  Dakota.  Exclusive  337.76 

210  No .Main  Street. 

Continued. . . 

Continued. . 

H.  M.  Huemann  Kellog,  Idaho.  Exclusive 

McKinley  Avenue. 

Through  Phonograph  Co, .Kansas  City, 

Jacoby  &  Lee  "  Enid .Oklahoma.  Exclusive 

Commerce  Bldg. -Grand  Ave . 

$277. SO 


Through  Texas%  Oklahoma"  Phono  .Dallas . 

L.  Landgraf  *  Brenhom,  Texas.  Edison 

5-7  Alamo  Avenue. 

&  Victor  280.85 

H.  M.  Hodges  &  Co  .  Caldwell, Texas.  Exclusive 

706  Buck  Street. 

Through  Montana  Phono , Co , .Helena, 

A.  VT.  Huxsol  Culbertson,  Mont.  Exclusive 



Through  Harger  fc  Blish,  Des  Moines. 

Frederick  Heyl  *  Marble  Hock, Iowa.  Exclusive 

Through  R.  S .Williams,  Toronto. 

H  Forsyth  Norv/i ch ,  er.t . , Canada .  Exclusive 











F.  D.  Weaver,  Ackley,  Iowa. 

V/.  J.  Litzenberger  &  Son,  Belvldere,  H.J. 

Sam  Christensen,  Hot  Springs, South  Dakota. 

E.  0.  Osborn,  Knoxville,  Iowa. 

Bowman  &  Kohl,  Osage, Iowa. 

Frederickson-Kroh  Music  Co. .Oklahoma  City,0kla. 
.  . . .40 
..  .141 
. .  .888 
,  ,1746 
.  .2633 


E.E. Davidson. 




Population  2008  Business  -  Pianos  &  Sewing  Machines. 

No  dealer  in  town. 

Initial  order:  2  Amberola  30,  1-50  and  150  B.  A.  Records. 

To  handle  Cylinder  only. 

Edison  exclusive. 



Population  9696  Business  -  Pianos  &  Photos. 

No  dealer  in  town. 

Initial  order:  1  each  100,  150,  200,  260  and  150  Disc  Records. 
To  handle  Disc  only. 

Edison  exclusive. 



Population  685  Business  -  Pianos. 

No  dealer  in  town. 

Initial  order:  1  each  Amberola  30,  50,  75  and  150  B.  A.  Records. 

To  handle  Cylinder  only. 

Edison  exclusive. 



Population  1175  Business  -  Jewelry. 

One  Cylinder  dealer  in  town. 

Initial  order:  1  eaoh  100,  150,  260  and  150  Disc  Records. 
To  handle  Disc  only. 

Edison  exclusive. 



Population  1240  Business  -  Books,  Drugs  &  Phonos. 

Only  dealer  in  town  -  handling  Cylinder. 

Initial  order:  1  each  100,  150,  200,  2-250  and  150  Diso  Records. 
To  he  combination  dealer. 

Edison  exclusive. 


T.  H.  KEFFER,  BAYONNE,  N.  J. 

Population  55,545  Business  -  Phonographs. 

One  Cylinder  only  dealer  in  town. 

Initial  order:  1  each  100,  150,  165,  200,  250  and  §150.00  Disc  Records. 
To  handle  Disc  only. 



Business  -  Phonographs. 

Initial  order:  1-100,  2-150,  1-290,1-250,  1-276  and  §600.00  Disc  Records 
To  handle  Biso  only. 

Will  handle  Columbia  but  to  give  Edison  equal  show. 


R.  V/.  OLSEN  &  CO.,  926  PLATBUSH  AVE. ,  BROOKLYN,  N.  Y. 
Business  -  Sporting  Goods,  etc.  , 

Initial  order:  2  each  100,  150,  200,  1-250  and  Bisc  Records. 
To  handle  Biso  only. 

Edison  exclusive. 



Population  203,  265  Business  -  Pianos,  etc. 

Two  combination,  1  Bisc  only  and  5  Cylinder  only  dealers  in  town. 
Initial  order:  6-80,  14-100,  12-160,  8-200,  1-250  and  420  Bisc  Records. 
Td  be  elevated  to  Class  “A"  Biso  only  dealers. 

Handling  Victor  but  to  give  Edison  equal  show. 



Population  -  None  given.  Business  -  Mrugs. 

No  dealer  in  town.  '  „ 

Initial  order:  1  each  80,  100,  150  and  150  Bisc  records. 

Now  only  dealer  tin  Ileyburn,  Idaho  and  moving  to  Eden  and  becoming  combination. 
Edison  exclusive. 

v.  E.  BOLWAY  &  SON,  SYRACUSE,  H.  Y. 


Population  34,000  Business  -  Pianos. 

One  Bisc  only  and  4  Cylinder  only  dealer  in  town.  ~ 

Initial  order:  2-100,  1-150,  1-165,  1-200,  1-250  and  $375  Bisc  Reoords. 
To  handle  Biso  only. 

Edison  exclusive. 



Population  10,000  Business  -  Musical  Goods. 

One  Cylinder  dealer  in  town.  (Applicant) 

Initial  order:  1  each  80,  100,  150,  250  and  1  each  all  Bisc  Records. 
To  be  combination  dealer. 

Handling  Victor  but  to  give  Edison  equal  show. 

Phonograph  Agreement  Bepartment. 

E.  E.  Bavidson. 

Mr.  Wetzel: 

Oot.  5,  1916 



Please  arrange  to  put  the  Amberola  30  phonograph  e 
l  schedule  of  132  per  day,  effective  immediately. 

H.  T.  leeming 

Copies  to  Messrs. 

.  Bdil@<fn^Wil8ont  Baohmon,  Mamhert,  Sohiffl 

Waterman,  Parkhurst 






Population  1200  Business  -  Drugs. 

Only  dealer  in  town  -  handling  Cylinder. 

To  he  oomhination  dealer. 

Initial  order:  1  each  100,  115,  150  and  160  Disc  Records. 
Handling  Victor  hut  to  give  Edison  equal  show. 



Population  1600  Business  -  Gen.  Mdse. 

Ho  dealer  in  town.  ,  ,  , 

Initial  order:  5-A100  and  150  Disc  Records.  Special 
To  handle  Disc  only. 

Edison  exclusive. 

poor  section. 



Population  31,161  Business  -  Pianos  &  Music  Store. 

One  combination  dealer  in  town.  „  „ 

Initial  order:  3-100,3-150,  2-200,  3-250  and  &200  Disc  Records. 
To  handle  Disc  only. 

Handling  Victor  hut  to  give  Edison  equal  show. 


H.  BROWN  &  SONS,  WARREN,  INDIANA.  ,  .  ,  . 

Population  2000  Business  -  Furn.  &  Undertaking. 

Initiaieorder?°ineach  100,  150,  250  and  150  Disc  Records. 
To  handle  Pise  only. 

Edison  exclusive. 



Population  1500  Business  -  Pianos. 

Only  dealer  in  town^handling  Cylinder.  H 

Initial  order:  1  each  100,  150,  200  and  150  Diso  Records. 
To  he  combination  dealers. 

Edison  exclusive. 




Population  5000  Business  -  Eurniture. 

Only  dealer  in  town  -  handling  Cylinder. 

Initial  order:  1  each  150,  200,  250  and  150  Disc  KecordB. 
To  be  combination  dealers. 

Edison  exolusive. 



Population  533,905  Business  -  Eurniture. 

Three  combination,  2  Disc  only  and  2  Cylinder  only  dealers  in  town, 
^handle^iec  only°h  10°’  15°’  2°°’  2S°  a"d  1  eaoh  a11  available  Recordi 
Handling  Columbia  but  to  give  Edison  equal  show. 


G.  W.  EINCIK  &  CO. ,  JEANETTE,  PA. 

Population  8077  Business  -  Music. 

One  Cylinder  and  1  Disc  only  dealer  in  town. 

Initial  order:  1  each  Amberola  30,  50,  75  and  150  B.  A.  Records. 
To  oe  combination  dealer. 

Edison  exclusive. 


Population  25,580  Business 

Only  dealer  in  town  -  handling  Di 
Initial  order:  8-100,  8-160,  4-20' 
To  be  elevated  to  Class  "A". Disc 
Edison  exolusive. 

-  Dept.  Store, 
sc.  (Outside  of  Jobb< 
0,  2-250  and  835  Disc 

Phonograph  Agreement  Department. 

E.E. Davidson. 

Report  for  October  5th,  1915. 


Mr.  T.  A.  Edison:- 

The  following  report  of  defective  DisorecordB 

Sel.  Total 

No. _  0. 

50063  204 
50138  210 
50194  230 
50179  219 



































.  1 





Varnish  Scratches 

Spots _ &  Dents 



















0  ■ 









































Report  for  October  5th,  1915. 


Mr.  T.  A.  Edison:- 

Pleaae  note  6  records  with  oraoked  varnish  are  in 
the  lot  to  go  out  with  the  43rd  Supplement  which  will  probably  go 
out  this  week. 




0.  K. 

Craoked  Varnish  Scratches  Total 

Varnish  Snots _ &  Dents _ Inspected - 

50255  1210  4 

82532  330  1 




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.■  V  Dealers’  Association,  and  is  entitled  to  all  the  rights  and  privileges  of  such  mem- 
jjj  bership  as  long  as  he  or  she  abides  by  the  pledge  made  at  the  time  of  his  or  her 
|!  application  for  membership. 

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.  Phonograph  Dealers’  Association’s  Executive  Committee  has 

caused  the  Association’s  duly  authorized  officers  to  sign  this 
Certificate  and  affix  the  Association  s  seal. 

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T.rr  .  Th brans  A.  Edison,  .  , 
Edison  Phonograph  Co.)-' 
Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 


Dear  Sir: 


a  #250  Diamond  Disc  Machine, 

1  satisfactory  explanation  from 
'  ■  -  and 

Being  the  owner  of 
and  having  tried  to  secure  1 

others  in  your  company,  I  turn  to  you  -  ---  — --  _ 
trust  you  will  pardon  the  intrusion  on  your  valuable  time. 

t  ain  an  enthusiast  over  the  Diamond  Disc,  and 
record-.:,  hut  cannot  understand  why  Jour  producer  rasps, 
shatters,  or  harmonises  with  certain  notes,  take  \or 
instance  Record  £80210,  in  this  record  the  voice  shatters 
out,  and  the  string  orchestra  harmonises  spoiling  an 
otherwise  perfect  rendition. 

Record  £82531  ,  you  will  note  Emmy  Destinn  actually 
scuawks  on  the  high  notes,  and  in  most  of  the  Anna  Case 
records,  the  same  thing  occurs,  in  fact  all  the  Grand  Opera 
■  records,  the  singers  fly  off  the  key  on  caching  a  high  note. 

You  will  note  the  same  tning  in  record?  #03003 > 

-  m 

new  producer  received  with  the  machine  to  your  llew  York 
Distributors  and  received  a  scratched  second  handed  one  in 
return  (which  was  not  fair  treatment)  but  reproduced  much 
better  than  the  other  for  a  time. 

Raving  disposed  of  a  high  priced  Victrola  in  . 

preference  fo  an  Edison,  1  am  -  frankly  -  very  muen  disappointed, 
and  would  appreciate  your  inveotigation  and  reply,  or  irom  some¬ 
one  who  j„y  stylus  and  records  mentioned  out  to 

Orange,  if  1  can  better  explain  my  criticism,  or  should  be 
pleased  to  meet  n  representative  at  my  home  ary  time,  by 

Thanking  you  for  your  courtesy,  3  am 

Very  truly^yourB 


Oot.  11th.  1915. 

Prof.  Luigi  Komano, 

Station  S,  Box  27, 

New  York  Oity. 

Hy  dear  Prof.  Romano: 

Your  favor  of  the  fourth  instant 
has  been  reoeived,  and  I  have  shown  it  to  Ur. 
Edison  in  order  that  he  might  bo  acquainted  with 
the  nature  of  your  request.  Ho  says  that  if  you 
will  refer  Carl  Pisher  to  him,  he  will  write  them 
a  letter  stating  that  you  have  done  composing  for 
him,  and  that  your  work  has  been  very  satisfactory. 
X  would  suggest  therefore,  that  you  tell  them  to 
write  direct  to  Mr.  Edison,  and  then  he  will  write 
direct  to  them  in  reply. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Ootober  13,  1915. 

Mr.  Wilson: 

From  investigation  thuB  far  made  it  appears  that  a 
considerable  number  of  perfectly  good  reproducers  are  being  re¬ 
turned  to  us  for  replacement  beoause  of  blasting,  although  if 
played  on  instruments  with  the  horn  properly  adjusted,  they 
would  not  blast  at  all. 

Mr.  leeming  and  I  discussed  this  matter  at  some  length. 
He  is  preparing  instructions  for  dealers,  showing  them  how  to 
determine  whether  a  horn  is  properly  adjusted  and 

adjustment.  When  these  instructions  are  complete  we  shall  require 
the  dealers  to  test  each  reproducer  before  returning  it  to  the 
jobber.  If  a  reproducer  plays  all  right  on  the  dealer's  testing 
instrument,  it  will  then  be  up  to  him  to  adjust  the  owner  s  in¬ 

As  you  know,  we  are  at  present  asking  dealers  to 
see  that  a  diagnosis  card  is  attached  to  each  reproducer  returned. 

It  has  been  suggested  that  a  question  blank  be  prepared  for  this 
purpose,  but  I  am  afraid  the  use  of  such  f  ^lank  would  be^cited 
by  our  competitors  as  indicating  s 
our  reproducers. 

l  large  amount  of  trouble  with 

I  wish  Mr.  Simpson  would  take  this  r - -  , 

request  that  the  inspection  report  shall  always  show  the  content s 
of  the  diagnosis  card  attaohed  to  the  reproducer  *ken  returned. 

I  believe  that  the  Eeoeiving  Department  has  been  instructed  to 
note  on  the  reproducer  return  sheet  whether  a  oard  aoocmpanied 
it.  but  in  any  oase  where  they  omit  to  do  so,  I  wish  Mr. 

Simpson  would  supply  the  omission,  as  it  is  important  for  us  t 
know  what  dealers  and  jobbers  are  failing  to  carry  out  our 



/Y>  )l 

C,  0.  to  Messrs.  Edison,  Leeming, 
Wetzel,  SimpBon,  Bradley,  Ireton 
and  Brown. 




fra.  /S',  If* 

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Adelaide,  South  Austral 

agar,  Export  Division, 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc 
U.  S.  A. 

Your  kind  letter  dated  July  3rd,  duly  to  hand. 

You  will  be  pleased  to  learn  that  I  have  arrived  Bafely 
sunny  South  Australia,  the  land  of  sunshine  and  possibilities. 

My  reoent  trip  through  your  country  and  Canada  has 
an  eye  opener  to  me,  I  had  no  idea  that  there  were  such  big  possit 
in  the  talking  machine  trade.  I  have  come  back  full  of  enthusiasm 
new  ideas.  I  am  quite  satisfied  that  the  Edison  Diamond  Disc  1b  a 

jrtainly  nothing  like 

was  on  his  way  to  the  convention. 

lllss  Christina  Miller's  delightful  photographs  to  hand.  \7e  have 
had  same  framed  and  hung  up  in  oonsplououe  place.  Everybody  is  in  love  with 
them.  7fe  would  just  like  her  to  come  to  Australia.  V/e  feel  sure  she  would 

have  a  hearty  welcome. 

You  mention  that  you  may  he  able  to  get  me  a  copy  of  Hr .Edison's 
photograph  with  his  autograph.  I  would  esteem  it  a  great  personal  favor  if 

you  oan  secure  me  a  copy. 

Have  you  been  able  to  secure  me  a  copy  of  the  two  little  children 
manipulating  the  phonograph.  You  will  remember  the  post  card  showing  the 
simplicity  of  the  Edison  Cylinder  phonograph. 

In  conclusion  I  thank  you  very  heartily  for  the  many  courtesies 
that  you  have  extended  to  me  during  my  stay  in  Hew  York. 

With  kindest  regards  to  Hr.Haxwell  and  your  good-self, 

YourB  very  truly,  e.  WILLIAMS. 

The  Phonograph  Co. 

Exclusive  Edison  Distributers 

Snlosrooms  &  Offices-229  So.Wobosh  Avo. 

Chicago  Oct. 19,19X5. 

Mr.  W.H.Meadowcroft, 
Thomas  A.Edison.Inc. , 
Orange , N . J . 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft, 

Enclosed  letter  for  Billy  Bee  can 
best  be  handled  by  you  perhapsjyou  must  have  the 
itinerary  of  the  party.  Will  you  be  so  kind  as  to 
forward  it? 

When  Mr.  Edison  arrived  the  other  night,  they  hooked 
on  an  engine  and  jerked  him  around  considerably  getting 
him  over  the  Northwestern  station. 




ou  must  bo  alive  to  whatever  transpires 
the  -phonograph  world, -^buf'swtf  or  some  reason  my  enthusiam  over^sj 
"Ediaona"  has  become  publio  property, and  1  am  reoeiving  froquo* 
aunioations  from  new  contributors  toxtho  field  of  interest. 

i  Pathe  people  have  opened  an  agenoy  in  Boston  and  write  to  as 
X  will  "entertain  a  proposition."  They  start  Hhe  needle  or  point  ' 
the  inside  of  the  reoord  and  work  outwardly.  It  is  powerful 
id  equal  to  the  Viotrola.  They  used  some  of  your  rebqrds  in  showing  j  „ 

;he  instrument  to  mo.  They  use  one  point  and  draw  it  aqross  their  -4- 
•ecords  to  show  their  indeatruotability.  I  fold  them  if-was  qs  good  A  »  j 
uiy  but  The  Edison,and  that  I  had  no  use  for  any  but  Tlrt^Best.  J  . 

Vooalion  peoplo  have  a  docen  times  asked  to  place  an  ina-t^ument  .  4-j- 

_ iy  homo  on  trial — but  I  have  refused— and  still  they  "keep  'over-  (T 

Lastingly  at  it."  Their  cabinets  (  in  the  illustrations)  far  surpass 
iBe  Edison  and  all  other  cabinets.  With  the  unequalled  Edison  TONE 
Lt  dies  seom  as  if  ths  motor  might  be  housed  attractively,  and  the 
Idison  oabinets  are  less  attractive  than  almost  any  othere  mads.  If 
;he  Vooalion  can  be  put  in  artistic  cases, no  more  costly  than  the  \ 
boxes  generally  used,why  not  the  EdisonT  Last  weok  I  bought  another 
"250"  Edison, but  the  coffin-like  oabinet  is  really  no  artistlo  addii 
tion  to  the  furnishing  of  a  room.  (  I  don't  hesetate  to  be  frank, a*^ 
this  is  the  7th  or  8th  Edisona  I  have  purchased.) 

Now  comes  The  Operatone.  I  enoloso  their  circular  and  another.  The 
Path e^ is  not  on  my  desk  or  I  would  inflict  that  also! 

Yours  very  sincerely 

V  My  friend  Sydney  Lloyd  Wrightson  of 
Washington, of  whom  I  spoke  to  you,tells 
me  that  ho  is  having  (from  the  publishers) 

100  copies  of  #  Sifia  80168,  "Dear  Spirit"  etc. 
for  his  choir.  X  wish  we  had  more  saored 
records  sung  as  that  is, — by  an  evenly 
balanced  quartet. The  reverse  is  equally  good. 

V  I  fortunately  have  "Miserere"  #82501, with 
"Jtabo  nati"  etc. on  the  reverse. In  this  reo¬ 
ord  the  Miserere  is  most  impressive— but  the 

present  rendering  is  most  disappointing.  I  infer  the  first  matrix  was 
destroyed  in  some  way. My  daughter  has  this  later  record  and  thinks  it 
very  inferior  to  mine. 

1  More  piano  reoorde,pleasel  #50200  is  not  perfeot  but  it  is  far  in 
advance  of  other  piano  records. 

V  I  am  told  that  Miss  Hinokley  is  singing  for  the  Victor  people. I  am 
to  hear  her  at  Symphony  Hall  on  Sunday. 



The  Aeolian  Company 

NkwVouk,  October  16th,  1915. 

11  r.  Frederic  A.  Whiting, 

Bear  Sirs- 

While  you  are  considering  the  purchase  of  an  Aeolian  Vooalion  it  is  well 
to  dwell  somewhat  on  those  features  of  these  new  instruments  that  have  combined 
to  make  them  so  superior  to  other  phonographs. 

After  much  experiment  with  the  different  mediums  for  transfering  the  vibra 
tion  from  the  record  to  the  diaphragm,  it  was  decided  by  the  Aeolian  Company 
that  the  steel  needle  gave  the  greatest  satisfaction.  The  present  success  of 
the  Aeolian  Vooalion  is  the  best  evidence  that  this  judgment  was  correct. 

It  is,  of  course,  impossible  to  totally  eliminate  the  so-called  "soratch" 
—  the  very  fact  that  there  must  be  a  point  of  contact  with  the  record,  and 
a  certain  amount  of  pressure,  doe3  not  permit  of  total  elimination  of  the  sound 
that  results  from  friction.  The  Aeolian  Company,  however,  haB  in  these  new 
Vocalions,  succeeded  in  eliminating  much  of  this  objectionable  noise. 

These  Vocalions  have  been  played  from  the  stage  of  Aeolian  Conoert  Hall 
before  large  and  discriminating  audiences.  They  have  received  the  applause  of 
the  entire  assemblage.  No  one  had  believed  it  possible  to  refine  a  phonograph 
to  a  point  where  it  reproduced  the  instrument  or  voice  with  suoh  wonderful 
clearness,  richness  and  volume  of  tone.  Here  was  a  phonograph,  that  due  to  its 
unusual  tone  volume  could  be  used  before  large  audiences  I 

Aeolian  Vocalions,  exoept  only  in  the  least  expensive  styles,  possess  the 
Graduola,  that  new  device  for  controling  the  tone  volume  as  the  record  is  being 
played,  and  which,  by  the  way,  is  a  feature  of  these  instruments  that  is  not 
found  on  other  phonographs.  It  is  difficult  to  define  the  Graduola  in  a  letter 
One  must  feel  the  music,  hold  the  Graduola  in  his  own  hands,  and  then  by  the 
slightest  pressure,  vary  the  tone-shadings  --  play  the  record  with  new  feeling 
--  mirror,  as  it  were,  his  own  emotions. 

In  judging  a  phonograph,  one  must  take  many  things  into  consideration.  The 
true  measure  of  the  value  of  an  instrument  of  this  kind  is  its  ability  to  repro¬ 
duce  tone  with  life-like  exactness  and  with  adequate  volume.  These  two  things 
the  Aeolian  Vooalion  doos  better  than  any  other  phonograph.  Upon  this  basiB, 
and  upon  this  basis  alone,  should  you  consider  these  instruments  seriously. 


While  the  vast  experience  of  the  Aeolian  Company  in  building  musical  in¬ 
struments  of  exquisite  design  and  finish  has  contributed  to  make  these  Vo- 
calions  extremely  beautiful  in  appearance,  we  ask  that  they  be  judged  for 
their  tonal  quality  alone,  and  in  frank  comparison  with  other  phonographs. 

In  order  to  prove  all  that  is  claimed  for  these  new  instruments,  and  in 

view  of  the  fact  that  we  have  no  agency  in  your  neighborhood,  we  are  prepared 

to  send  one  of  them  subject  to  your  approval  for  ten  days,  all  charges  pre¬ 
paid,  and  entirely  at  our  own  risk.  In  this  vi ay  we  offer  you  a  chance  to 
see  and  hear  the  Vocalion  —  the  opportunity  to  play  it  in  your  own  home  and 
at  your  own  leisure  before  deciding  upon  its  purchase . 

Nor  need  you  feel  that  your  choice  of  a  Vocalion  is  necessarily  restrict¬ 
ed  to  those  more  expensive  styles  described  in  our  large  Catalog,  a3  we  have 
now  introduced  two  new  inexpensive  models  without  stand  or  cabinet,  but 
possessing  the  true  Vocalion  tone  quality.  These  two  new  styles  are  known 
as  Styles  "D"  and  "E",  and  cost  $35.00  and  $50.00  respectively. 

He  have  enclosed  two  order  forms  —  one,  to  be  used  where  the  approval 
plan  is  adopted  with  a  view  of  purchasing  one  of  our  more  expensive  Vocalions 
--  and  one,  an  order  for  either  one  of  these  new  models. 

Your  order  will  receive  prompt  attention. 

Yours  very  truly, 





29  Wcl  42nd  Street,  New  York  *■ 

Gentlemen: — 

I  am  enclosing  $ -  in  the  form  of - on  receipt  of  which  please 

ship  to  me  one  Acolian-Vocalion,  Style - -  I  understand  that  you  will  pay  all 

forwarding  charges  and  that  you  agree  to  submit  this  instrument  subject  to  my  approval 

purchase  price  stated  above,  less  only  the  return  freight  charges  as  per  bill  of  lading. 

Signed. - i _ 

My  address  is - - - 




YOU  want  to  see  and  hear  the  Acolian-Vocalion 
before  you  buy  a  phonograph  of  any  make. 
Choose  one  of  the  two  approval  propositions  outlined 
on  this  order  form  and  let  us  send  you  an  instrument 
to  test.  Remember,  there  is  no  obligation  on, your 
part— the  Vocation  satisfies  you  fully  or  you  do  not 
pay  for  it. 



29  W«.t  42nd  Street,  New  Veil  City  Dale- 

Gentlemen: — 



I  am  enclosing  $35.00  in  the  form  of - on  receipt  of 

which  please  ship  to  me  one  Aeolian-Vocalion,  Style  "D,"  finish - 

1  understand  that  you  will  pay  all  forwarding  charges. 



I  am  enclosing  $50.00  in  the  form  of - on  receipt  of 

which  please  ship  to  me  one  Aeolian-Vocalion.  Style  "E,’  finish—. - 

I  understand  that  you  will  pay  all  forwarding  charges. 



I  desire  to  take  advantage  of  your  offer  to  ship  me  an  Aeolian- 
Vocalion.  Style  “D.”  finish - -  to  cost  $35.00  on  the  install¬ 

ment  plan  of  payment,  with  the  understanding  that  I  am  to  remit 
$7.00  of  the  purchase  price  stated  above  and  $3.50  of  the  purchase 
price  each  month  thereafter  with  interest  at  6%  on  the  unpaid  monthly 
balances,  until  the  total  amount  shall  have  been  paid,  and  I  herewith 
enclose  $7.00  in  the  form  of - -  which  covers  my  initial  payment. 

STYLE  ", E" 

I  desire  to  take  advantage  of  your  offer  to  ship  me  on  Aeolian- 
Vocalion.  Style  “E.”  finish - -  to  cost  $50.00  on  the  install¬ 

ment  plan  of  payment,  with  ihe  understanding  that  I  am  to  remit 
$10.00  of  the  purchase  price  slated  above  and  $5.00  of  the  purchase 
price  each  month  thereafter  with  interest  at  6%  on  the  unpaid  monthly 
balances,  until  the  total  amount  shall  have  been  paid,  and  I  herewith 
enclose  $10.  in  the  form  of - -  which  covers  my  initial 

1  submit  the  two  following  references: 


It  is  understood  and  agreed  by  you  that  upon  receipt  of  this 
information  you  are  to  forward  contract  form  which  1  am  to  sign  as 
directed  and  return  to  you,  and  that  upon  receipt  of  this  signed  con¬ 
tract  you  agree  to  ship  the  Vocation  immediately,  forwarding  charges 
prepaid  by  you. 


Operatone  phonograph  Company 


Boston,  Massachusetts 

October  15,  1915. 

Mr.  F.  A.  Wilting, 

Framingham  Centre,  Mass. 

Dear  sir: 

The  number  of  enquiries  we  have  received  regarding  the 
Operatone  Phonograph  Company  prompts  me  to  send  you  our  Circular 
Ho.  8,  which  will  give  you  a  more  adequate  idea  of  our  large 
sales  organization  which  thiB  Company  controls,  and  other  salient 

Our  representative,  Ur.  V.  A.  Sears,  will  be  in  your 
town  soon  and  will  be  glad  to  call  upon  you  relative  to  the 

Orders  so  far  received  by  the  Company  insure  very  large 
returns,  and  we  trust  you  may  become  financially  interested  with 
us  if  you  are  in  the  market  for  a  first-class  industrial  invest- 

Very  truly  yours, 


The  Building  of  a  Great 
Manufacturing  and  Sales  Organization 


Large  success  in  a  manufacturing  enterprise  comes  with  the  right 
The  wisdom  of  providing  in  advance  an  adequate  method  of  marketing  01 
large  way.  We  have  the  model  method  with  the  Operatone  Phonograph,  y 
ginning,  you  know  the  answer.  Success  is  assured  from  the  start. 

Ours  is  the  Easy  Running,  Rubber  Tired  Method  and  it  gets  its  results  by  a  simple 
directness,  with  personal  representation  in  the  field  at  all  times.  To  illustrate  again : 

Graiiid  Opera  and  The  Operatone  in  Every  Home 
Price  Factory  to  Family,  S15 


Our  Market  Ss  Reached  through 
IOOO  Experienced  Agents  in  the  Field 

In  Our  Unique  Sales  Organization  we  have  a  Most  Powerful  Asset.  It  is  absolutely  different. 
It  includes  one  thousand  experienced  men  and  is  so  devised  that  it  assures  automatically  the  placing 
of  150,000  Operatone  Phonographs  the  first  year  in  American  homes. 

This  being  an  acknowledged  fact  we  are  going  ahead  with  perfect  confidence  and  are  placing  con¬ 
tracts  with  various  manufacturers  for  the  several  parts,  which  will  be  made  under  our  own  supervision,  in 
sufficient  quantities  to  insure  us  the  lowest  possible  costs,  and  j 

In  the  second  place  we  shall  at  once  increase  the  facilities  of  our  New  England  assembling  plant  to 
turn  out  not  less  than  500  complete  and  perfect  Operatone  Phonographs  every  24  hours. 

We  know  we  have  the  market.  We  have  provided  the  Coast- to-Coast 
Automatic  Distribution — it  only  remains  to  turn  out  the  machines  in  order 
to  make  our  profits  and  pay  dividends  with  the  regularity  of  clock  work. 

A  World  narket  of  Great  Hagnitude  is  Waiting  the 
Delivery  of  Our  Product. 

IT  IS  A  FACT that  the  two  largest  phonograph  companies  in  the  world  (manufacturers  of  high 
priced  instruments)  are  250,000  machines  behind  on  their  orders  ; 

IT  IS  A  FACT  that  in  the  next  twelve  months  not  less  than  1,000,000  talking  machines  will  be 
sold  in  America ;  and 

IT  IS  A  FACTthat  there  is  a  constant  and  especially  strong  demand  for  reliable  machines  of  med¬ 
ium  price  such  as  the  Operatone  Phonograph. 

These  Facts,  together  with  our  unequalled  sales  organization  ready  to  invade  the  field 

our  Company. 

One  Hundred  and  Fifty  Thousand  Operatones  Sold  This  Year,  Means  Half  a  Million 
Sold  Next  Year. 

Official  Letter  to  Our  Shareholders. 

In  this  connection  we  desire  to  call  especial  attention  to  a  confidential  letter  submitted  by  the 
President  of  the  Operatone  Phonograph  Company  to  the  shareholders. 

Executive  Offices 


To  the  Stockholders  of  The  Operatone  Phonograph  Co.  Huston,  Mass. 

Gentlemen ; 

I  have  been  much  gratified  at  the  really  remarkable  success  of  the  first  month’s  public  demon¬ 
stration  of  the  Operatone  Phonograph.  It  has  proven,  beyond  any  doubt,  that  the  Operatone  is  a 
wonderful  instrument,  fully  equal  to  phonographs  sold  for  three  and  four  times  its  price. 

In  my  opinion  the  Operatone  Phonograph  Company  will  sell  not  less  than  150,000  machines  the 
first  year  and  I  believe  this  estimate  is  very  conservative. 

I  base  these  statements  on  the  fact  of  the  market  ready  and  waiting  and  the  splendid  sales  or¬ 
ganization,  which  is  no  arranged  as  to  insure  the  automatic  distribution  of  this  number  of  machines. 

It  is  also  proper  for  me  to  state  to  the  stockholders  at  this  time  that  the  production  of  The 
Operatone  Phonograph  in  such  quantities  assures  us  of  the  delivery  of  all  parts  ready  to  assemble 
at  the  minimum  cost,  including  assembling,  overhead,  freight,  warehouse  charges,  depreciation  on 
machinery,  insurance  and  advertising,  the  total  cost  sheet  will  not  exceed  S7.00  f.  0.  b.  warehouse  de¬ 
pot  to  ship  to  agents. 

As  each  instrument  will  be  sold  cash  with  order,  this  gives  the  company  a  net  profit  of  S3.00 
on  each  instrument  sold,  which  would  mean  an  annual  net  profit  of  5450,000  on  150,000  machines — 
surely  a  return  sufficient  to  pay  a  satisfactory  amount  on  all  money  invested. 

Very  truly  yours, 




Run.  U.  S.  Pat.  Off. 

Unusual  Profits  are  Assured 

BECAUSE  every  home  is  a  possible  customer; 

BECAUSE  we  have  a  well  defined  business  policy  outlined ; 

BECAUSE  the  business  is  based  on  a  fundamentally  sound  idea ; 

BECAUSE  our  product  is  high  grade  at  a  price  within  reach  of  all ; 

BECAUSE  we  are  properly  organized  and  will  have  sufficient  capital ; 

BECAUSE  we  have  ready  a  large  and  experienced  sales  organization  ; 

BECAUSE  the  Operatone  is  the  Phonograph  of  to-day  and  sells  direct ; 

BECAUSE  we  have  the  continuous  renewal  business  from  the  sale  of  records 

cHew  England  Made  for  the  World’s  ‘Trade 

Price — Factory  to  Family,  $15 

Millions  of  dollars  are  spent  annually  advertising  phonograph  records  and  accessories— all  of  which 
materially  helps  the  sale  of  our  product. 

Renewal  Business — Second  Sale — Forced  Come  Back 

Phonograph  statistics  have  established  the  fact  that  each  owner  of  a  phonograph  will  average  S20 
worth  of  records  the  first  year.  As  each  of  our  agents  will  be  equipped  to  supply  records  of  standard  make 
in  any  quantity,  150,000  Operatones  at  an  average  of  only  S5.00  worth  of  records  yearly  should  give  our 
company  the  great  additional  gross  revenue  of  8750,000  a  year. 

Records  wear  out.  They  cannot  be  repaired.  Therefore  we  are  assured  of  this  continuous  source 

Surely  we  have  a  Unique  Manufacturing  and  Selling  Enterprise. 

Have  you  done  your  part  in  making  it  possible? 

A  Fair  Share  of  flits  Prosperity  Helmuts  to  You.  It  is  an  Opportunity 
Almost  Forciiu*  Itself  into  Your  Hands. 

It  is  action  that  counts  to  day.  It  will  convert  itself  into  real  tangible  profits,  It  is  industrial  enter¬ 
prises  of  this  character  that  are  expanding  rapidly.  We  have  in  the  Operatone  Phonograph  an  enterprise  of 
achievement,  and  its  growth  is  as  healthy  as  it  is  realistic.  Don’t  delay— join  to-day— be  a  shareholder 
with  us. 

Shares — Price,  $10  Each 

Operatone  Phonograph  Company 

Work*  nud  Laboratory* 


Reg.  U.  S.  Pat.  Off. 

Operahmo  Phonograph  Comp; 


Capital  Stock,  all  of  one  class . 

No  preferred  stock,  no  bonds,  no  mortgages. 

President  :  WILLIAM  T.  RICHARDSON,  Iloston 
Vice-President:  EDWARD  A.  TROWBRIDGE,  Boston 
Secretary:  GEORGE  W.  BOND,  Newton 
Treasurer:  WM.  F.  E.  ROELOFSON 

The  Company  has  associated  with  it  in  its  organization  and  management,  n 
nd  authority  in  manufacturing  and  in  its  sales  distribution  men  recognized  for  I 

(  FRED  JOY,  95  Milk  Street,  Boston 


l  GEORGE  M.  HEATHCOTE,  6  Beacon  Street,  1 
Patent  Attorney:  CLYDE  L.  ROGERS,  Trcmont  Building, 
Mechanical  Engineer:  ALBERT  W.  MENNS 
Stock  Transfer  Agents  :  Liberty  Trust  Company,  Bostoi 
Depository:  Mutual  National  Bank,  Boston 

a  -  We  are  anxious  that  arf  music  lovers  shall  know 

Ait  dlmutatum  what  thc^ton^Zdo.  We  cannot  translate 

ies.  We  therefore  invite  you  and  your  frienclvto  visit  our  studios,  Hotel  Nottii 
3oston,  between  9  A.M.  and  5  P.M.  You  wjHbWlcomc  any  day.  Admission  F 
00m,  any  records  you  desire — to  be  playedTor  you.vlf  convenient,  we  suggest  that 
>r  two  of  your  own  familiar  mords. /Further  informakipn  upon  request. 

Operatone  Phonograph  Company 

Treasurer's  Office:  Demonstra 

909  Tremont  Building,  Boston  Hnlnl.I 

Ur.  Deeming,  Ur.  J.  E.  Simpoon,  Mr.  Konnody  and.  Ur.  Uarabert. 

I  have  received  a  memorandum  from  Mr.  Edison  as  follows:  "I  hear  lots  of 
bad  reports  on  Blasting  Reproducers.  Suppose  you  take  50  Reproducers  and 
get  some  loud  records  and  test  them  all.  I  think  that  our  diaphrams,  that  is 
the  separate  papers,  after  shellacing,  are  not  dried  long  enough  before  putting 
to-gether  and  pressing.  Also,  large  lots  of  Diaphrams  should  bo  made  up  ahead 
and  thoroughly  treated  and  given  a  final  pressing  as  the  alchohol  will  be  all 
out  then';'. 

Ur.  Halpin  now  has  50  stock  Reproducers  -  these  are  to  be  tested  by  Ur. 
Kennedy  and  Ur.  Hayes,  on  a  record  whioh  is  liable  to  give  trouble  from  blasting 
and  a  careful  count  kept  of  the  number  of  Reproducers  showing  this  trouble. 

These  Reproducers  can  then  be  returned  to  stock. 

Ur.  leoming  and  Mr.  Simpson  will  take  steps  to  follow  out  Ur.  Edison' b  in¬ 
structions  regarding  the  "ageing"  of  the  shellaced  paper  and  after  several  months 
50  more  Reproducers  will  be  sent  to  Mr.  Halpin  for  another  test.  Those  Repro¬ 
ducers  are  to  be  equipped  with  Diaphrams  which  have  been  made  up  "aged"  according 
to  Mr.  Edison*  instructions. 

Please  arrange  to  have  a  sufficient  quantity  of  Diaphrams  kept  in  stock  as 
per  tha  above  suggestions  from  Mr.  Edison  so  that  if  this  test  proves  successful 
this  method  can  be  adopted  at  onoe. 

Ur.  Kennedy  and  Ur.  Simpson,  in  the  investigation  of  the  manufacture  of  these 
Diaphrams  have  found  out  several  points  whioh  might  give  more  uniform  results. 

They  will  co-operate  and  see  from  now  on,  all  Diaphrams  are  made  according  to  the 
most  approved  process  of  manufacture. 

Assistant  Chief  Engineer. 


c.  c. 

Mr.  Edison. 

Heport  on  Reoroducsrn  teatod 
Lot  £  8-9- 

jiickel  (Pine) 

Speaker  Humber 

"  A- 324 75 

"  A- 3234 7 

"  42484 

"  A- 324 68- 

"  A-32458- 

“  A-  6999- 

"  A-29593- 

"  A- 30361- 

n  A-29587- 


“  A- 30 324- 

“  A-31485- 

”  A-31460- 

"  A-  30909- 

"  A- 314 74- 

"  A- 3090  5- 

"  A-32305- 

"  A-29561- 

"  A- 31 4  69- 

A-  A-31645- 

"  A-32441- 

"  A- 32339- 

”  53893- 

Tone  quality 

0  .It. 

swivel  stud  in  reproducer 
tight  cannot  teat. 

"buz"  in  this. 












Total  24 

(The  reproducers  ore  commercial,  but  do  riot  run  oe  uniform) 





Copy  to  5Sesars  Sdison-Leemingr Simpson  file, 

Oct  •  25 ,  1915 

J.  Borggren; 

1()t  me  iuj.vo  certified  copy  of  resolution  ud opted  at 


12000  So  typo  150.  8000  «o  typo  200  and  11000  arc  typo  250. 

l.o);  for  style  100, 

■  stylo  250. 

0.  B. 

Pricos,  £L6  oacl:  for  stylo  100,  j 
£27  eaoh  for  stulo  200  and  \j32  each  i< 

Orange,  ii.  J. 

'forms ,  60  day  a. 

It  is  a  soecial  condition  of  thin  arrangement  that  this  order 


B0ythatWat  SfSfao  in  thoefaturt:f tS  ardor  will' total  ioOO  oabi- 

s?:ris-.-  ;ss.sisnnn:  »$s  *>»  -«*• 

lot  has  Been  dolivored. 

ft  further  a  orovlsion  of  this  arrangement  that  these  prioos 

are  leS  than 

with  the  prosanu  provailin.^  f  the  oahinoto  in  oxoooc  of 

thSfirS“0°00^So°Saho’rog1aatod  accordingly  on  a  basis  to  ha 
mutually  agreed  upon. 

EliSi IllsIsiS 


11.  2.  looming 

Copies  to  iiossrs.  ijdison,  Wilson,  iioadov.oroft,  H.  iii^or 

October  26,  19X6 

Mr.  Learning 

Mr.  Berggren  has  referred  your  memorandum  of  October 
26,  1916  relating  to  the  purchase  of  phonograph  cabinets  from 
the  Bruns wiok-Balke-Collender  Co.  to  the  Legal  Department  to 
have  prepared  a  resolution  to  be  adopted  by  the  Board  of  Direc¬ 
tors  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Worte.  Y/e  have  gone  over  the 
letter  of  October  6th  from  the  Brunswiok-Balke-Collender  Co. 
and  your  reply  of  October  26th,  and  are  of  the  opinion  that  the 
agreement  is  not  set  forth  therein  with  sufficient  clearness. 

We  therefore  suggest  that  you  have  a  conference  with  either 
Mr.  Holden  or  myself  to  discuss  the  advisability  of  having  the 
agreement  embodied  in  a  formal  contract.  In  the  meantime,  I 
have  notified  the  Purohasing  Department  not  to  send  out  the 
purchasing  order  until  the  same  is  submitted  to  the  Legal 



C.C.  to  Messrs.  Edison,  Wilson,  Berggren  and  Cheshire 

ure  of  'bearing  a  nipger  whose  voice  seemed 
to  me  very' good,  hut  it  needed  further  cul¬ 
tivation.  This  young  lady  -  she  is  very 
young ,  possibly  not  over  nineteen  or . twenty - 
had  a  "bug" of  being  very  desirous  of  singing 
for  the  Edison  Phonograph-  Her  name  An 
hiss  I.:.  G.  1'unn,  1158  Halsey  Street  ,  Brook¬ 
lyn,  K.  Y. 

If  it  is  practicable  I  w.ould  be 
glad  if  you  would  favor  me  with  a  card  or 
note  of  introduction  so  that  she  may  pre¬ 
sent  herself  at  one  of  the  Edison  Studios 
and  be  heard. 

Thanking  you  for  your  courtesy 
in  this  matter ,  I  am, 


Mr  •  Y7 .  II  •  lieadowcr  of  t , 

Orange ,  K .  J • 

Recording  Department, 

l’hos.  A.  Edison,  Inc., 

79  Fifth  Avenue, 

flew  York  City. 

Dear  Mr.  Miller: 

You  probably  know  Mr.  John  W.  Lieb ,  Vice  President 
and  General  Manager  of  the  flew  York  Edison  Company,  who  is  one  of 
Mr.  Edison's  oldest  associates  in  the  electric  light  business.  Mr. 
Lieb  is  a  very  good  friend  of  ours,  and  Mr.  Edison  thinks  very 
highly  of  him. 

He  has  asked  us  to  take  a  trial  record  of  a  Miss 
Munn,  a  singer  whom  he  has  heard  and  thinks  well  of.  She  has  an 
ambition  to  sing  'for  the  Edison  Phonograph.  I  have  written  to 
Mr.  lieb  sending  him  a  letter  of  introduction  which  Miss  Munn  will 
present  to  you. 

Bill  you  kindly  give  this  young  lady  every  oppor¬ 
tunity,  and  be  sure  to  send  the  trial  records  over  here  with  a 
special  note  requesting  Hayes  to  call  my  special  attention  to  them. 

Will  you  kindly  give  this  matter  your  special 
care  and  attention  as  I  know  Mr.  Edison  wants  everything  done 
that  is  possible  to  please  Mr.  lieb. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Messrs.  Wilson,  learning.  Maxwell  and  files- 

Biso  Record  Report  of  Deliveries  and  Shipments 
October.  1915 



October  1  9406 

2  6859 

4  7467 

5  8856 

6  10118 

7  10603 

8  10051 

9  6811 

11  10061 

12  10202 

13  10133 

1A  10713 

15  10735 

16  11132 

18  10103 

19  12012 




























Average  Shipment  ner  day 

February  -  5827 
Maroh  -  6623 
April  -  8540 
May  —  8369 
June  -  10691 
July  ~  8060 
August  -  9173 
September  -  9984 
October  -  10097 

C.C.  Mr.  T. 










Hovember  1,  1915. 

Mr.  William  II.  Uaadowcroft , 
o/a  Edison  laboratories. 

Dear  Mr.  Uoadoweroft: 

Further  referring  to  my  correspondence  with  you  in  August; 

I  shall  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  advising  what  progress  you  have  made,  if  any, 
in  the  use  of  Kraft  or  Uitbleachod  Sulphite  for  your  record  discs,  and  if 
there  is  anything  we  can  do  in  the  way  of  making  a  sample  experimental  shipment 
for  your  practical  investigation  we  shall  be  very  glad  to  do  so. 

In  the  meantime,  I  think  you  may  bo  interested  in  a  prospect 

('for  obtaining  “Pine  Wood  Flour"  that  came  to  my  attention  when  I  wao  in  How  York 
last  week  in  a  conversation  with  one  of  our  large  customers.  He  told  me  that  they 
have  boon  using  V/ood  Flour  to  some  extent,  and  that  thoro  was  a  party  in  How  'fork 
aoting  as  factor  for  several  foreign  manufacturers,  and  that  he  at  present  was  in 
position  to  quote  for  future  delivery.  At  ray  request  ho  obtained  tho  party's  ad¬ 
dress  which  is  os  follows: 

(t\,erU  « 


B.  1.  Soberski, 

9  Poarl  Street,  Boom  70S, 
How  fork,  K.f. 

If  you  qf-e  not  already  in  touch  with  this  party,  I  would  suggest  that  you  communi¬ 
cate  with  him,  as  it  was  my  friend's  understanding  that  ho  only  had  about  300  tons 
to  offer  at  last  accounts. 

With  kind  regards,  X  remain 
fours  very  truly. 



^ljc  (Btol  JOnui  #lm*c 

Haying  traveled  over  the  state, I  aia  acquainted  with  many 
•prominent  people  and  I  think  I  could, in  the  way  I  have 
mentioned, introduce  a  great  many  of  your  machines. 

I .would  refer  you  to  Dr. M.L. Bartlett, lies  Moines, Iowa, 
formerly  head  of  the  Des  Moines  Musical  College  with  whom  I 
have  studied, Senator  J.M.Wilson, Centerville, Iowa. and  Claude, 
porter ,U . 3 .  Dist . Atty . , Centerville , Iowa . 

Hoping  to  hear  from  you 

soon  regarding  the  matter, 

I  am, 

Yours  sincerely, 

\i  v|  ^ 

e?  JL,  ^  ~ !>- 
^  H#  s-'Hf.  ^  ry 

~~  y«  ^  aw 


^  j/*u  -tsaJ^U^  -v  Tfc-  i>t^>^A- 

hxjjl  r~*  y£i 0/ 

w*^  xX—  eri^ 

^  /.w  ^  ^  ^^y^-xyy 

&  ^d.  <^»  y&~^. 

(Xu~<l ^X^UsG 

Q^iX^T  s^~*- 

y^A-l <AsO 

<J  M- - ---.__ 

//.avCx^ I7> 


Cedarville,  Ohio.  Nov'  1st,  1915, 

Now  that  you  have  taken  time  to  talk  across  a  / 
line  3,400  miles  as  your  First  attempt  at  a  telephone  conversation^ 

I  am  going  to  be  brave  and  ask  you  to  take  time  once  more,  and  girve 
us  a  little  talk  on  one  of  the  EDISON  Records.  I  am  the  happy  V_ 
possessor  of  an  EDISON  Diamond  Disc,  the  $350.  Model.  There  are 
two  tilings  which  will  add  greatly  to  my  Library,  and  that  it  a 
real  EDISON-RECORD  right  from  your  lips,  and  a  nice  little  note 
written  by  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

Among  my  many  interesting  collection  of  letters 
from  Authors,  I  would  surely  appreciate  just  this  very  letter  that 
I  am  asking  you  for.  The  sinature  is  the  most  important.  But,  I 
feel  sure  that  you  have  a  great  deal  to  talk  about.  You  are  such 
a  wonderful  man,  it  would  do  my  heart  good  to  talk  with  you,  for  I 
would  like  so  much  to  know  how  you  made  this  dear  old  box  TALK?  Per¬ 
haps  you  will  tell  something  of  this  on  the  RECORD (?)or  in  your  ans- 

I  just  envied  those  young  ladies  who  escorted  you 
to  the  train  when  you  left  Tor  the  Exposition.  I  thot  it  so  clever 
that  I  clipped  and  sent  the  clipping  to  the  gentleman  from  whom  I 
purchased  the  EDISON  from.  So  I  think  that  I  am  entitle  to  just 
a  word  from  you. 

Winston  Churchill,  Orrison  Swett  Harden,  Gene 
Stratton  Porter,  Margaret  E.  Sangster,  Jr.  and  Ella  Wheeler  Wilcox, 
are  numbered  among  my  wall-letters.  MAY  I  HAVE  ONE  FROM  YOU,  PLEASE  't 
And  don't  for-get  the  Record.  Perhaps  you  have  already  put  one  out , 
if  so,  I  do  not  know  about  it,  but  I  do  want  one  very  badly. 

Thanking  you  for  the  pleasure  you  are  already  giv¬ 
ing  me  with  this  very  interesting  TALKER,  I  have  one  more  question 
to  ask  you.  WHO  is  the  gentleman  who  gives  the  sketch-of -discript- 
ion  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  OPERA  Records?  They  are  my  favorites. 
He  has  a  most  wonderful  voioo,  tliere-fore  must  be  a  most  wonderfully 
nice  man.  Do  not  for-get  to  tell  me  all  about  him. 

There  is  enolosed  herewith  for  examination  with  a  view  to 
adoption  by  your  Company,  specifications  and  drawings  (extract  from 
patent. application)  of  a  new  phonograph  winding  device. 

Winding  a  phonograph  with  the  crank:  usnally  provided  be¬ 
comes  very  disagreeable  and  tedious  to  the  operator,  and  detracts 
considerably  from  the  pleasure  sought.  A  kindred  annoyance  is  the 
frequency  with  which  the  spring  motor  is  allowed  to  die,  and  the  con¬ 
sequent  necessity  for  rewinding  while  a  record  is  being  played. 

By  devloe  consists  of  a  meohanlsm  between  the  tone  arm  and 
the  spring  motor  whereby  motion  of  the  former  in  one  dlreotion  winds 
the  latter.  This  aooomplishas  at  onoo  a  superior  method  of  winding 
and  insurance  against  the  machine  running  down,  as  each  time  the  arm 
is  returned  the  motor  is  wound  sufficiently  to  play  at  least  one 

I  shall  be  pleased  to  taka  under  oonsidoration  any  offer 
Thomas  A.  Bdison,  Inc.,  might  wish  to  make  for  the  American  rights, 
on  any  basis  you  might  suggest.  If  further  particulars  are  desired, 
please  advise. 


ilovember  5, 
19  15. 

Mr.  Edmund  V.  Parr, 

C/o  bruns,  Kimball  fi.  Co.  Inc.. 
#115  Liberty  St., 

I! ew  York  City. 

Pear  Sir: 

7,'e  havo  your  favor  of  November  3rd,  in  criticism 

itedifficult°toVunderstaud  the" hand leaps  we  ’  hav*  b  uen  wo  rking 
und^r  duo  to  the  enormous  demand  for  those  rucoraw.  ^ruen 
have  already  put  out,  and  to  our  efforts,  as  well,  to  cater 
the  diversified  tastes  of  diamond  bisc  owners. 

7('e  shall  have  to  crave  your  patience  a  while  longer. 

and  assure  you  that  nothing  is  being "noint^hero 
nnnnmnH  Phed  to  bring  Oi-T  record  catalog  up  to  the.  pOinT,  V.neru 
it  will  satisfy  the  many.  At  the  present  ^^Y/o  are  putting 
out  a  supplement  of  6  brand  now  selections  at  Inters  a! sofnot 
more  than  ten  days  apart  -  anft  in  many  instances  only  one  week 
and  with  this  schedule  and  the  i*P“ve^ts™  1 S  distant 
the  schedule,  you  will  appreciate  that  the  time  is  not  distant 
when  there  can  be  little  criticism  on  the  score  of  variety 


the  point  of  quality. 

It  has  been  absolutely  impossible  to  supply  the 
demand  for  some  catalogued  numbers  -  among  them  those  which 

JTS,; 1*2* iS  »«-«*'  -  bxrio°L?c™?»SX5. 

of  annlvino-  so  much  of  our  production  to  the  current  Beieovioup. 
"a  are  getting  around  slowly  to  the  point  however,  where  wo 
can  builk  both  for  the  new1 and  for  those  numbers  already  in 
the  catalog  Patriotic  selections  such  as  you  mention  will 
be  comSisfd  in  a  list  that  will  probably  go  on  sale  about 
the  middle  of  the  current  month,  and  later  on  in  the  month 
ana  in  the  early  part  of  bee ember  we  shall  have  something 
to  offer  in  timely  and  seasonable  selections  that  we  feel 


iidmund  V.  Parr, 

Hov.  5,  19X4. 

very  sure  will  be  pleasing:  to  you  and  to  our  other  good 
friends  of  the  public. 

Trusting  that  this  assurance  will  be  satisfying, 
and  with  thanks  for  having  written  us  with  the  constructive 
criticisms  that  we  are  always  glad  to  receive  from  Edison 
patrons,  we  are. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,'  Inc. , 
Phonograph  Sales  lent.. 

Asst.  Sales  Manager. 

P.  S.--  Sally  in  our  Alley"  -  Record  i.’o.  80149  in  Seventh 
Supplement  attached  is  considered  an  unusually 
fine  Hale  Quartet  number.  Have  you  heard  it? 



Mr .  Meadov/croft : 

Returning  herewith  letter  from  the  Burgess  Sulphite 
Fibre  Co.,  in  which  they  bring  up  the  subject  of  woodflour: 

I  wish  to  confirm  my  conversation  with  you  of  even  date 
wherein  X  stated  we  were  just  at  the  point  of  closing  out 
f0v  ou^  next  year's  requirements  of  this  material  with  the 
Du  Pont  people  and  believe  that  inasmuch  as  they  manufacture 
in  this  country  and  are  the  largest  producers,  it  would  be 
much  more  to  our  interest  to  tie  up  with  them  than  to  con¬ 
tinue  to  be  dependent  upon  foreign  sources. 

In  any  event,  X  notice  that  this  particular  communica-  ^ 
tion  states  that  only  about  300  tons  are  possibly  available  ana 
this  small  quantity  would  not  interest  us  or  pay  us  .0  go  in¬ 
to  the  question,  unless  further  supplies  are  available. 



A.  O.  SPENCER  - A - *'  O'Jl  .  '>_  \*A 

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Ilov.  15,  1915 


ffisoher , 

Waterman,  Parkfcdrst,  Schiffl.  V/etsol,  Ellis, 
Davies,  Hiley  (Shipping): 

^.^^V£-£’-5SE  Sr*  MU2&  >•  Corson  to 

perform  tlilB  inspection  work. 

Hr.  Henderson  is  assigned ? 

SM&J&ZXfZS&t&Z  not  1.  =«*»« 
aooordanoe  with  our.  known  standards. 

H.  2.  leeming 

Copies  to  iJessrs. 

Wilson,  llamhort ,  Constable,  Halpin 

Copy  to  Mr.  W.  P.  Henderson 

ilcv.  IVLii. 


It.  Prank  Vvaldo, 

110  Summer  street, 

Boston ,  ;iase. 

Beer  1'  ir : 

Your  favor  of  the  Ibth  ultimo  was 
received  ana  held  over  pending  --i  return  from 

I  have  read  ,,our  letter  with  muon  in¬ 
terest,  and  in  reply  beg  to  say  that  1  am  not 
ready  yet  to  take  up  the  study  of  the  technique 
of  violins.  1  aspect  to  do  so  later,  hov.ever, 
and  will  then  be  glad  to  consider  the  matter 
with  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 




j  Wells.  Minn. 
■  Nov.  17  tti  1' 

Vh  A.  01  L^£.  & 

Bear  Mr  all  son:  - 


^  1 

Edison  Disc  Machine  that  came  absolutely  unsolicited,  and 

spontanlousiy.  *rC*  ”  7 

The  letter  la  so  goodjthat  It  seemed  to  ur'That  it  merits 

a  personal  letter  of  thanks  from  the  company. 

we  certainly  appreciate  it  and  have  extended  our  thanks  to 

the  Editor  Mr  F.R.Sahr  for  the  honest  expression  of  the 
impression  the  machine  made  upon  him,  and  the  space  freely 
given  to  the  article.  Kindly  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  the 


The  Wells  Mirror 

Our  Job  Department 
Complete.  Try  Us. 


THE  LAST  WEEK  A  fll'iSSl  Mirror  Home  Circle  Column 

mnr  IlirnniUPO  ents  four  miles  southeast  of  \ 

Ur  HL.UUIRUO  Mapleton  where  the  reception  . 

_  was  held  aud  a  most  delightful  Pleasant  Evening  Reveries-A  Column 

.  wedding  dinner  was  enjoyed  by  Dedicated  to  Tired  Mothers  as  They  i 

Three  Couples  Happily  Joined  m  about  60  guests,  relatives  and  Join  the  Home  Circle  at  Evening  Tide  / 

Wedlock.  Father  Mikolai  Per-  friends  of  the  bride  and  groom. 

forms  Ceremony,  for  two  The  tables  were  tastefully  de-  ,  _ 

_  corated  with  smiiax,  myrtle  and  Crude  Thoughts  from  the  Editorial  Pen 

bouquets  of  white  October  flow-  _ “ _ _ _ _ 

Mosser-Dvlla  ers.  The  afternoon  and  evening  „  , .  “  "  “  ~  .J 

Mosser  uyua  nleasantlv  sDent  bv  the  Making  a  Man  where.  Be  willing  to  sacrifice 

«£  at  aSS  .  Hu7an!he  ^  Tdoing 

mir’s  Catholic  church,  the  mar-  ®  ri  ®  “  M“s°  j“hn  Kuotl,  Hurry  him,  worry  him,  make  other  person  happier.  Do  Sail 
nage  of  Miss  Mary  Dyl  a  to  Jo-  ^  “sa“Sr3' him  a  man.  '  this  and  see  when  night  comes 

ZhJlot^Mi^aitrThe  mU  rrutheaT^ ^f  Mapleton.  Off  with  his  baby  clothes,  get  if  your  own  heart  is  not  full  to 

Father  John  J.  Mikolai  spoke  the  charmin(t  young  lady  of  him  in  pants,  overflowing  with  peace  and  joy 

Tut  couple'for life ‘ The'sistm's  Feed  him  on  brain  food  and  unspeakable.  [ 

Played  the  wedding  march  while  P^sins  manner  and  has  a  very  .make  him  ^vanea.  *  * *  ? 

the  wedding  party  entered  the  large  circle  of  friends  who  wish  Hustle  him  as  soon  as  he  is  able  Duty  J 

church  and  took  their  places  at  her  the  choicest  things  in  bfe.  ‘°'vallc-  ,  .  How  many  times  we.  could 

the  alter  The  groom  13  the  son  of  Law"  In‘°  the  gfaITar  schoo,:  cram  make  our  mothers,  fathers, jsis- 

to  thehome  "of  the  bride’s  par-  Mi^Or  Home  Cirde  Column 

IP  ents  four  miles  southeast  of  _ ^ 

W  Mapleton  where  the  reception  . 

was  held  aud  a  most  delightful  Pleasant  Evening  Reveries-A  Column 

.  wedding  dinner  was  enjoyed  by  Dedicated  to  Tired  Mothers  as  They 

m  about  60  guests,  relatives  and  Join  the  Home  Circ,e  at  Evening  Tide  / 

•  friends  of  the  bride  and  groom. 

The  tables  were  tastefully  de-  7 

corated  with  smiiax,  myrtle  and  Crude  Thoughts  from  the  Editorial  Pen 

bouquets  of  white  October  flow-  _ ® 

ers.  The  afternoon  and  evening  „ "  ”  "  I  3TT  7  7T™ 

unr  was  very  pleasantly  spent  by  the  Makl"g  a  Man  where'  Be  'vllllng  to  sacridc<; 

guests  at  various  pastimes.  Hurry  the  baby  as  fast  as  you  your  own  personal  enjoyment  if 

The  bride  is  the  oldest  daugh-  can,  by  doing  so  you  can  make  an- 

j  ter  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  John  Kuotl,  Hurry  him,  worry  him,  make  other  person  happier.  Do  sail. 

l  a  bright  amiable  disposition  and  Feed  him  on  brain  food  and  unspeakable. 
e  pleasing  manner  and  has  a  very  make  him  advance.  ■  . 
e  large  circle  of  friends  who  wish  Hustle  him  as  soon  as  he  is  able  | 

t  her  the  choicest  things  in  life.  to  walk,  jjow  many 

The  groom  is  the  son  of  Law-  Into  the  grammar  school;  cram  mnke  QU1.  mQ 

The  bride  was  attended  by  her  Staloeh.  a  well-to-do  farm-1  him  with  talk  ters  and  brothers  ’happy! 

cousin  Elizabeth  Stencil  and  the  er  llvlng  4  mlle3  northeast  of  Fill  his  head  full  of  figuies  and  fm  t,)e  ,ack  of  thoughtful£egs 
groom’s  cousin,  Mary  Stencil,  Wells  and  he  is  a  young  man  of  we  so  oftentimes  forget  our  fluty 

who  wore  tan  voile  dresses  and  the  highest  character  and  worth  Keep  m  pumping  them  ■  «  till  uut„  jt  js  too  late>  and  we  Jake 

carried  boquets  of  white  earna- and  13  fu"y  deserving  of  his  it  eiacks.  .  our  lives  a  sorrow.  In  theirfdis- 

tions.  The  bride  wore  a  pretty  !lively  bride. _ ■  Once  boys  grew  up  at  a  rational  appointments,  trials  and  troubles 

dress  of  light  blue  messaline,  _ m™,  we  could  often  soothe  and  help 

trimmed  with  lace  and  wore  a  DULAS-GORACZKOWSKI  Now  we  develop  a  man  while  jugt  by  doing  our  duty-  Welfor- 

veil  and  carried  a  shower  boquet  The  marriage  of  Miss  Hedwig  we  wmt.  get  tbe  disappointments  which 

of  cream  roses.  The  groom’s  Goraczkowski  and  Julius  Dulas,  Rush  him  through  college,  com-  come  up(jn  otherSi  but  are  fcon. 
attendants  were  his  brother  Leo  both  well  known  and  highly  re-  P®  b™  ™  tinually  looking  at  those  wfiich 

and  Peter  Woitas,  cousin  of  the  spected  young  people  of  Walnut  of  every  known  subject,  a  dip  cQme  upon  ourgelvea  and  thjre- 
bride.  Lake  township,  was  solmnized  aadl 1  by  neglect  our  duty.  We  do  mot 

After  the  ceremony  a  recep-  at  the  St.  Casimir’s  Catholic  ®et  klm  13  business  and  after  tbink  tbat  everyone  bears  1  as 

tion  was  held  at  the  home  of  Church  in  Wells,  on  Tuesday,  ‘beeasn, 

the  bride’s  parents,  where  a  November  9th,  at  9:30  o'clock,  411  by  the  time  he 

most  bounteous  dinner  and  sup-  Father  John  J.  Mikolai  spoke  mustache, 
per  was  served  to  the  attending  the  words  that  made  them  hus-  ^  him  torget  he 

guests.  The  afternoon  and  band  and  wife.  The  sisters  °-v’ 

evening  was  very  pleasantly  played  the  wedding  march  while  Make  gold  his  god 

spent  in  social  conversation  the  bridal  party  entered  the  gle  his  joy. 

and  the  younger  people  joined  church.  The  bride  was  attended  KeeP  b>m  a  hustlin! 
in  various  pass  times  to  while  by  her  friend  Miss  Anna  Schum-  out  of  breathy 
away  the  time.  ski,  of  Fairmont,  and  Miss  Anna  Until  he  wins  ne 

The  bride  is  the  daughter  of  Dulas,  cousin  of  the  groom.  tration  and  death 

. ,,  ,  ca ,  ' . .  ,  great,  or  greater  burdens  than 

Ml  by  the  time  he  can  grow  a  £  cou]d  foreverl{eep 

mustache.  j„  mjnd  the  times  that  we  ljave 

et  him  forget  he  was  ever  a  fe]t  depMgged  and  how  we  Jsh. 

„  ,-Vl '  ,,,.  .  .....  ed  for  a  kind  sweet  word!  or 

Make  gold  his  god  and  its  j.n-  ^  and_  too>  how  we  rejo7fed 

gle  his  joy.  bo  gefi  our  motber>a  and  father’s 

eep  him  a  hustling  and  clear  face  gmile  upon  us|or 

ou  of  breath  give  ug  one  word  of  cheer. 

propritor,  seated  in  the  rear  end 
of  the  store  with  a  dozen  or 
more  phonographs  circling  the 
room,  and  naturally  the  conver¬ 
sation  drifted  to  the  phonograh. 

Mr.  Stiles  had  just  gotten  in  a 
couple  of  new  Edison  perfected 
machines  and  had  us  sit  down 
to  listen  to  a  demonstration  of 
this  latest  scientific  wonder. 
The  phonograph  has,  to  us,  al¬ 
ways  been  one  of  the  most  won¬ 
derful  inventions  of  all  the  re¬ 
markable  things  that  science  has 
produced,  and  as  we  sat  there 
and  listened  to  this  latest  per¬ 
fected  instrument  that  repro¬ 
duced  the  voice  and  articulations 
of  the  speaker  with  the  clear¬ 
ness  and  fulness  that  one  al¬ 
most  seemed  to  feel  his  presence 
and  the  animation  of  his  life 
and  soul;  and  the  music  both 
vocal  and  instrumental  of  the 
great  artists  was  so  faithfully 
reproduced,  just  as  they  are 
heard  when  performing  before 
an  audience  on  the  opera  or  con- 
sert  stage;  the  whole  history  of 
this  most  wonderful  invention 
past  in  review  in  our  mind. 
From  the  little  machine  that  one 
paid  ten  cents  to  hear  on  fourth 
of  July  celebrations  and  circus 
days  by  attaching  a  rubber  tube 
or  conductor  to  ones  ears,  and 
all  the  developments  up  to  the 
present  time.  While  the  phono¬ 
graph  has  always  been  a  mar¬ 
velous  invention  to  our  mind, 
the  grand  perfection  of  the  lat¬ 
est  Edison  production  truly  fur¬ 
nished  the  climax. 

That  a  needle  drawn  over 
a  revolving  disc  should  produce 
a  musical  or  other  tone  at  all,  is 
in  itself  a  great  wonder,  but  to 
note  the  power  of  this  wonderful 
,  invention  to  renrodime  the  sound 


rs.  George  Mosser  Passed  to 
Great  Beyond.  Death  Came 
Peacefully  Friday  Morning 

;For  days  the  life  of  Mrs.  Geo . 
Mosser  hung  in  the  balance. 
Friends  had  been  advised  that 
she  could  at  best  but  survive 
a '  few  days  and  they  almost 
^ourly  awaited  the  sad  news 
that  was  inevitable.  The  cruci- 
rl  moment  came  Friday  morning, 
Nov,  12th,  1915  at  10  o’clock. 
J  Miss  Mary  Stencil  was  born  in 
Germany,  on  May  5th,  1865.  At 
the  age  of  twenty  years,  in  the 
Efall  of  1885  she  came  to  America, 
(following  her  parents  who  had 
preceded  her  one  year.  On  Sep¬ 
tember  the  9th,  1890,  she  was 
jpined  in  wedlock  to  Geo.  Mos¬ 
ser.  They  first  took  up  their 
residence  in  Danville  township 
and  from  there  moved  to  the 
vicinity  of  Mapleton  and  then 
iteturnod  to  Waseca  county  a 
uttle  northeast  of  where  now  is 
llatawan  and  then  came  to  the 
farm  in  Dunbar  township,  where 
they  resided  until  death  separat¬ 
ed  the  bond  between  husband 
and  wife.  Five  children  were 
horn  to  them,  they  are:  Joseph, 
Leo,  Augustine,  Loraine  and 
Mrs.  Louis  Dylla.  Besides  the 
‘children  and  the  husband,  she 
'leaves  to  mourn  six  brothers 
and  one  sister,  they  are:  Vin¬ 
cent,  Thomas,  John  and  Frank 
Stencil,  of  Wells;  Joe  of  Minne¬ 
sota  Lake,  Anton,  of  Evanston, 


I  .  •  -  .  uiitil  i 

a  it  cracks.  .  our  lives  a  sorrow.  In  theindis- 

Once  boys  grew  up  at  a  rational  appointmenta)  triais  and  troubles 

dress  of  light  blue  "?es^l‘ne’  dULAS-GORACZICOWSKI  Now  we  develop  a  man  while  j^by  doing  QUr  dutyi  We, 


<*3^* -**•* 

brAfter  the  ceremony  a  recep-  ^^he^SrbSsimfrVcTholic  Get  llimin  bu3ine3S  and  after  thinVthat  everyone  be»..»» 
tion  was  held  at  ?he  home  of  Church  in  Wells,  on  Tuesday,  b< »  “*•  he  ca„  a  great,  or  greater  burdens  tkn 

It^eomr^^  “hfi.  “Sr’S  ^  —  t  he  was  ever  a  ^ 

per  was  served  to  the  attending  the  words  that  made  them  hus-  Let  h™  fo,get  felt  depressed  and  how  we  wish- 

s&  js*rs£SS.tA.ass 

s&mszsi  £,ri^^£r.--r£"2:;rs 

.  timp,  ,vhile  bv  her  friend  Miss  Anna  Schum-  „ou.,  ,  hieatli  _  give  ua  one  word  0f  cheer. 

could  often  soothe  and Jielp  Past  ‘a  r?.T,?W  'n  our  nala  •  a  iJ 
1  r.  From  the  little  machine  that  one  ^  j  , 
,b  paid  ten  cents  to  hear  on  fourth  ^ 
j.  of  July  celebrations  and  circus  j  “  j 
ich  days  by  attaching  a  rubber  tube  |Iata 
e.  or  conductor  to  ones  ears,  and 
ot  all  the  developments  up  to  the  . 
luul  ever  unc  uca,a  as  present  time.  While  the  phono-  d  ^ 
at,  or  greater  burdens  tfian  graph  has  always  been  a  'aal-‘  ind 
If  we  could  forever  feep  wlous  invention  to  our  mind,  )Qrn 
mind  the  times  that  we  Save  S™ad  perfection  of  he  lat- 
i  nnH  hnw  wp  wish-  est  Edison  production  truly  fur-  r ’ 

■yoncterrui  inven  ion  .idence  in  Danville  township 
T  in,0U  H1l  and  from  there  moved  to  the 
•t  e  alachlne  that8ae  icinity  of  Mapleton  and  then 

nts  to  hear  on  fourth  L*,  to  Waseca  county  a 
ebrations  and  circus  northeast  of  whore  now  ig 

inching  a  rubber  tube  |Iatawan  and  then  camo  to  the 
)v  to  ones  eal^*  farm  in  Dunbar  township,  where 

'  °w^wi,UPlnnn  hey  resided  until  death  separat- 
e  While  the  phono-  L  the  bond  betweon  hugband 

always  been  am  Lnd  wife>  Five  children  were 
tntion  o  0  »  t,orn  to  them,  they  are:  Joseph, 

perfection  of  the  lat-  ?  Augustine,  Loraine  and 
production  truly  fur- ^rg-  Loujg  DyUa_  Besides  the 
ilimax.  children  and  the  husband,  she 

wer  of  this  wonderful  aQta  ^  Anton(  of  Evangt0n. 

3  rePr°^  w™  “  ent  Pnois, and  Miss  Elii!abeth  Sten' 
ce  or  aa  k  of  East  Chain,  Martin  coun- 

g  a  revolving  disc  should  produce 
r  a  musical  or  other  tone  at  all,  is 
,  in  itself  a  great  wonder,  but  to 
j  note  the  power  of  this  wonderful 
invention  to  reproduce  the  sound 
of  the  voice  or  an  instrument 
with  exactness,  even  down  to 
1  those  finer  shades  and  delicate 
I  tones,  is  something  that  to  our 

if  more  bers  of  tne  same  nousenom  aim  ph  ag  the  mogt  wonderful  in-  „T.  r"”  ;"AVn  and 
,  own?  the  constant  contact  througl  *Jtion  that  We  know  of.  The  come  to 

■tie  arts  long  association, there  is  apt  t<  power  and  volume  of  this  instru-  tw0  vveeic’s  ag0.  She 

\The  cause  of  her  death  was 
b night’s  disease.  She  was  sick 
for  about  three  weeks  during 

Ivlr.  and  Mrs.  John  Dylla  living  The  grooms  attendants  were  J.  ife)  daughter,  sister,  duty?  ,  .  .  V  with  exactness,  even  down  to  ?>>-  of  East  Chaln-  Maltm 

northeast  of  town  and  is  a  most  P.  Dulas,  of  Minneapolis,  broth-  M°“  8  power 'to  make  „  .  .  \  those  finer  shades  and  delicate  ty- 

estimable  young  lady  of  a  pleas-  er  of  the  groom,  and  John  Gor-  ^  one  hJpy?  PDo  you  aban.  Home  Courtesies  \  toneSi  „  something  that  to  our  She  was  sick 

ing  disposition  and  many  ac-  aczkowski  brother  of  the  bude.  don  thoughts  of  self  sufficiently  In  the  close  relations  of  memj  mind  at  once  marks  the  phono-  bTfibt  3  d3  ,  d  , 

complishments  which  fit  her  es-  After  the  ceremony  all  repair-  k  th  ;  happiness  of  more  bers  of  the  same  household  and  graph  as  the  most  wonderful  in-  °i  ,  ...  ,  , 

pecially  well  to  preside  as  mis-  ed  to  the  home  of  the  bride’s  fon~fc“  tteT  vour  own?  the  constant  contact  througl]  “Jion  that  We  know  of.  The  0rbf“n?Xh n  ime  to 
tress  of  the  home,  and  make  her  parents  Mr.  and  Mrs  Stanley  d  ■  long  aggociation,  there  is  apt  t]  and  volume  of  this  instru-  f*  !e™  “i,  she 

a  congenial  companion  and  true  Goroczkowski,  where  the  recep-  °°d  ]nfluence3  o  attain  an  object  be  a  lack  of  friendly  greeting]  £ient  is  another  very  remarkable  ?Kr<*  ^ bed  agnin  a  week 
helpmate.  The  groom  is  the  tion  was  held  and  a  most  sump-  Then  do  you  not  and  delicate  attentions  whief  feature  of  thIs  invention.  In  mu0'’!  vandsZlv  ank 

son  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  George  Mos-  tuous  wedding  dinner  enjoyed.  “  vf  to  g'ek  vour  own  content-  are  given  to  visitors  and  stranf  the  reproduction  of  music  and  dgo  Thursday  and  sloirty  sank, 
ser  living  northeast  of  this  city  The  afternoon  and  evening  were  tQ  yQU  jn  the  ers  in  the  household.  Childron  aong  it  mounts  to  the  height  werehefd 

and  he  is  a  young  man  of  sta-  very  happily  spent  in  games  and  3at’  .  h  their  is  one  are  commonly  not  trained  to  sle  and  volume  of  the  full  chorus  ijbf  l  mornlne-  at  9  o’clock 
bility,  industry  and  of  sterling  various  amusements.  ^rt  at  least,  dependent  on  you  courtesies  in  their  treatment^  that  will  fill  a  large  hall  and  at  Monday  mormn^a^  ^ clock 

character  and  is  held  in  the  The  bride  is  a  daughter  of  Mr.  .  ,  .  *  nd  Vou  real-  parents  and  one  another.  Hus-  tbe  same  time  follows  the  sing-  ^f001  ”  •  _  ,  , 

highest  esteem.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  Gorsczkowski  ,  tbat'tbe  variation  of  a  band  and  wife  do  not  persevere  eraor  players  to  the  softest  tones,  cPu^ch'  8  ‘  .  E 

We  join  their  many  friends  in  and  is  a  yonng  lady  of  pleasing  Zoeneta“rieg  weight  that ^ ^the  ex-  in  their  first  gracious  care  for  reprodu(/ng  perfectly  the  voice  jnducb"^tb  ,  S  ™ 
wishing  them  a  very  full  mea-  ways  and  sunny  disposition  and  ,  of  „  smde  a  gianCe,  the  each  other.  But  thoughtful  and  or  jn3trument  of  the  performers,  ferment  . 

sure  of  joy  and  prosperity  as  has  won  many  friends  during  gignificance  of  a  wird,  an  action,  loving  little  services  sweeten  dnd  It  is  really  worth  ones  while  Mosser  was  a  kind  gen- 

they  start  upon  life  s  journey  her  residence  here.  The  groom  “  ,  th  aunshine  pour  the  oil  of  joy  over  da\ly  to  spend  a  half  hour  at  the  Stiles  Prs-  M°  Christian  wo- 

together. _  is  the  son  of  Mrs.  Simon  Dulas  ^y  for  thTone  and  if  you  experiences.  When  a  husba\d  sto  P  to  hear  these  wonderful  X  X3e  hands  were  ever 

and  is  a  young  man,  whom  ,  mnr„  ,„„rpdiv  or  son  is  prompt  and  helpful  in  machines.  ,  ,  ...  ,,  , 

sure  01  joy  aim  *  nas  won  many  significance  of  a  word,  an  action,  loving  uwie services «v~  is  really  worm  oi  «  ».  .=  r  M  „  kind  gen. 

they  start  upon  life  s  journey  her  residence  here.  The  groom  °  ,  tb„  aunshine  pour  the  oil  of  joy  over  dally  to  spend  a  half  hour  at  the  Stiles  rrs-  Mo  e^,  .  .  ..  ’  \ 

together.  is  the  son  of  Mrs.  Simon  Dulas  Tv  for  thTone  and  if  you  experiences.  When  a  husba\d  “  P  to  hear  these  wonderful  4us  and  noble  chiton  wo- 

-  and  is  a  young  man,  whom  more  sacredW  or^ ^son  is  prompt  and  helpful  tn  machine3.  W,h  I 

Staloch-Kulot  everyone  respects  and  holds  in  ®  keeninc  of  the  most  placing  her  chair  for  her  at  the\  ^^^^55555^^  ready  to  do  a  , 

On  Tuesday,  November  16th,  the  highest  esteem.  precious  jewd-then  you  need  table,  what  women  does  not  feel  Albert  Lea’s  Building  Boom  Con-  b®lp  XTfdthfuf  wife  and  a 

at  9- o’clock  a.  m.  at  St.  Theresa  They  will  make  their  home  on  not  feel  the  rivairy  0f  strange  happier?  tinues  kind  loving  mother  and  a  true 

Catholic  church,  of  Mapelton,  the  Wm_  Movery  farm  four  women  nor  rumshops,  nor  any  An  act  of  courtesy  cultivates  Tbere  seems  t0  be  no  let  up  to  f  ,  d  nd  willbelongremem- 

occured  oneof  the  pre.est  wed-  miles  southwest  of  town.  May  other  business  or  pleasure.  Thus  in  its  performer  moreapprec.a-  Albert  Lea.s  building  operations,  Xd  by  those  who  knew  her. 

dmgs  of  the  season  when  Miss  heaVen’s  choicest  blessings  at-  th  charm  of  your  presence  tion  and  attachment.  The  spirit  ..  t  first  called  a  .-boom-.  be;ea  ^  extends  sympathy 

Julia  Theresa  Kutot,  of :  Maple^  tend  them.  gladdena  the^spoT  made"  mo"s"t  which  prompts  little  attentions  JJJf  "f'V'boom  m‘Tvhatev"e7you  ^  gHevd  family“and 

on  and  Mr.  Paul  J  Staloch  of  -  7,y  on  earth,  bearing  the  sa-  and  the  habit  which  preserves  ^  agoing  ahead  right  ^ ^aSves. 

Wells,  were  joined  m  happy  Went  Away  Disappointed.  cred  title  of  home.  them  will  bemsh  hard  feeling,  j  Dr  Bessesen,  a  local  _ - 

solmn  high'massand  snoke  the  A  great  many  people  went  *  ‘  *  oZarv  and  ea  Uv  tmo  fn  -an  of  considerable  means  has  LeIand  Hotel  Has  New  Proprietor. 

wtTs  that  made  the  twain  one.  away  disappointed  from  t  h  e  If  you  have  any  doubt  ,n  your  nata  ally  jdjas  ^  judgment  ,et  the  content .for  the ^construe-  E_  A  Larson_  f  Manley  Iowa, 

Miss  Mariraret  Norton  a  friend  Model  Bakery  of  late,  because  mind  as  to  the  good  that  can  “  .  itt  tion  of  a  $70,000.  theatre  buna  ig  the  new  proprietor  of  the  Le- 

of  the  bride  played  Lohengrin’s  the  supyly  of  those  delicious  come  to  you  by  hving  the  sun-  1  ing  to  be  located  on  broadway  ,  d  HoteI  Mr.  Larson  arrived 

wedding  march  ' while ^  the  wed-  cream  puffs  that  Mr.  Nyhus  shine  way,  we  ask  you  to  try  for  in  the  heart  of  the  city  work  on  "ay  and  took  posesion  of 

ding  party  entered  •  .  niakes  was  exhausted  and  they  one  day  and  prove  by  personal  There  is  no  fault  so  h  i£s  con3truction  will  be  pushed  ^  houge  and  has  thoroughly 

The  bride  was  beautifully  could  not  get  any  more,  Mr.  experience  whether  or  not  it  overcome  as  the  hasty  temper  wjth  au  possible  dispatch  and  is  over  it,  putting  it  in  shape 
dressed  in  white  silk ^messaline  Nyhus  has  been  increasing  the  is  worth  your  while  to  scatter  We  may  make  any  number  of  guppoged  to  be  completed  by  |0°r  opening  it  to  the  public, 

trimmed  with  lace  and  bead  number  he  makes  every  day  but  sunshine.  Begin  at  once  by  try-  good  resolutions,  and  then  t  e  pebruary  8th.  It  will  bear  the  M  Larson  has  been  conduct- 

mm  ng  Lie  wore  a  silk  veil  still  all  cannot  be  supplied.  These  ing  to  make  those  about  you  in  first  time  we  have  any  provoca-  name  of  “The  Beatrice  Bessesen  in“be\otel  at  Manley,  Iowa, 

caught  up  in  cap  effect  trim-  cream  puffs  are  so  delightful  your  home  happier.  Keep  a  tion  away  we  go  without  an  n-  Theatre...  This  with  a  fine  new  «  .  and  it  is  said,  that 

med  with  yellow  roses  and  fe^n  that  people  just  simply  relish  sharp  lookout  for  little  opportun-  slants  warning,  and  before  we  six  gtory  hotel  structure  are  he  stands  in  well  with  the  com- 

on  the  sideLnd  carried  a  stream-  them  as  one  of  the  choicest  mor-  aties  for  helpfulness.  Be  cour-  realize  what  we  are  doing  the  among  the  projects  in  the  build-  mercial  travelers..  He  is  said  to 

erboquetof  yellow  roses  and  an'd'no  'matLhLv  much  regret  ^t'tm'be 

the' bride  ^"trousseau.  “The  was  better  phone  in  your  order.  They  e^P&.feel  they  cannot  be  unsaid.  once,  In  looking  backward  ^  of  thed  hotel  bugineas.  He 

precious  jewel— Uien  you  ne°ed  table,  what  women  does  not  feel  flibert  ’tea’s  Building  Boom  Con-  help  wiftandL 

not  feel  the  rivalry  of  strange  haPI>leJ\  cultivates  tmUef  ,  t  ,  kind  loving  mother  and  a  true 

women,  nor  rumshops,  nor  any  _  An  act  of 'courtesy ^cultivat^  ^  bg  nQ  ,et  ap  to  ^  wm  be  ,ong  remem. 

other  business  or  pleasure.  Thus  in  its  pertormer  more  appieo.a  Albert  Lea’s  buiMing  operations,  bered  b  those  who  knew  her. 
the  charm  of  your  presence  tion  and  attachment,  itie  sp  it  that  wag  at  first  called  a  “boom”.  The  Mirror  extends  sympathy 

gladdens  the  spot  made  i 
holy  on  earth,  bearing  th 
cred  title  of  home. 

lied  a  “boom  .  The  Mirror  extends  sympathy 
whatever  you  tQ  the  deeply  grievd  family  and 
g  ahead  right  sorrowing  relatives. 

of  the  groom,  who  wore  dresses  cle  of  pastry  that  Mr.  Nyhifej  Things  that  we  see,  hear  and  !| 
of  light  blue  French  batiste,  makes  every  Saturday  is  calleck  use  every  day,  become  so  com- 
taimmed  with  chiffon  and  sha-  Butter  Pritzel.  This  is  someJ  mon  to  us  that  we  scarcely  ever  j 
dow  lace  and  wore  bopuets  of  thing  exceptionally  nice  for  yout  .  think  of  their  construction  or  the  | 

unkind  word  has  been  spoken,  ing  line  j„  the  business  section,  be,  a  thoroughly  experienced  ho- 
and  no  matter  how  much  regret  j  that  will  be  pushed  forward  at  tel  man  and  knows  the  in’s  and 
U^feel  they  cannot  be  unsaid.  ,nncB  in  looking  backward  '8‘t™of  thg  hote,  buginegg.  He 

7  .i,T  w. 

pink  carnations.  The  groom’s  Sunday  breakfast  and 

attendants  were  his  brother,  beginning  to  call  ft 
Thomas  and  John  ICrawiarz,  cou-  If  you  haven’t  triei 
sin  of  the  bride,  who  .vore  dark  missed  one  of  th* 
blue  suits.  j  ever.  Phone  in  yo 

After  the  ceremony  the  wed- j  for  next  Saturday. 

all  for  it  regularli.  and  labor  that  it  has  cost  to  pro- 

it  you  hat*  duee  them.  Some  of  the  most  f  news  we  called  at 

best  things^  wonderful  inventions  in  the  _ 

r  order  earlAworld  grow  to  be  commonplace,  •  tdes  Jewelry  Company  s  S 
'\ecause  we  are  in  daily  .contact  i  nd  found  Mr.  G.  M.  Stiles, 

inded  of  the  wonder  and  great-  tben_and  that  without  any  spe-  the  pUbllC  - ' 

>ss  of  some  things  and  see  cial  contributing  causes-one  is  Born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Clarence 
lem  as  one  whose  appreciation ,  forced  t()  the  conclusion  that  it  Warner,  living  on  the  McBroom 
»  not  been  b*un‘ed  by  da,ly  is  a  bunch  of  real  liver  pragres-  goutheaat  of  this  city,  on 

intact.  Last  Friday  morning  3jVe  young  business  men  pullinB  ,  b  b 

i  making  our  weekly  rounds  in  together,  that  have  built  the  Sunda. ,  y  A7- 

jest'  of  news,  we  called  at  the  fine  progressive  little  city  of  Mrg  cha3.  Douglas  and  Mrs. 

o  news,  we  ca  e  a  e  |  Albert  Lea.  Such  a  bunch  of  I  Nixon,  spent  Friday  i 

Jewelry  Company’s  Store  boosters  could  build  a  town  any- 1  Jam®3  WIX0  1  v 
T  Mr.  G.  M.  Stiles,  the  where.  ’  1  Mankato. 


llr.  Edison: 

Some  time  ago  Ur.  T.  E.  Williams,  one  of  our  very 
enthusiastic  Jobbers  in  South  Australia,  visited  the  Factory 
and  had  the  pleasure  of  meeting  you. 

Practically  all  of  Mr.  William's  time  during  his  stay 
in  the  East  was  taken  up  by  visiting  our  more  important  Phonograph 
Jobbers  and  he  returned  to  Australia  with  entirely  new  ideas  about 
exploiting  our  apparatus.  Before  leaving  he  asked  if  it  would  be 
possible  for  him  to  obtain  an  autographed  photograph  of  yourself 
but  I  explained  to  him  that  you  were  exceedingly  busy  and  I  did 
not  care  at  that  time  to  place  his  request  before  you. 

I  attach  hereto  a  oopy  of  a  communication  just  received 
from  Mr.  Williams,  whioh  I  believe  you  will  find  interesting.  You 
will  note  that  he  reminds  me  of  ny  promise  to  obtain  for  him,  if 
possible,  one  of  your  autographed  photographs. 



|.  t.  Williams 

152  Sub  Masters  were  Plated  in  the 
Preliminary  Eath  to-day. 






make  affair  complete  success  regret  you  can  not  be  with 
us  today. 


12  35  PM 

November  20,  19X5, 

Mr.  H.  T.  Looming :- 

Rep  lying  to  your  mem\  regarding  Punofe 
presses,  I  asked  Mies  Jenks  to  ohook  a  list  up  a  few  days  ago.  X  liad 
one  of  my  men  make  of  the  Presses  that  are  to  be  installed  in  the 
new  press  Koom  Building  #11,  1st  Ploor,  and  as  far  as  I  know  this 
is  the  only  time  your  office,  has  been  asked  for  information  on 
Punch  Presses  to  be  installed  in  the  punch  Press  Koom,  previous 
to  thiB  I  gota  list  of  presses  from  Mr.  Waterman. 

Mr.  Bdi son  the  first  part  of  this  week  told 
me  to  make  a  layoug  of  this  floor  with  other  which  X  will  now  do, 
as  soon  as  possible.  Mr.  Edison  had  a  layout  made  for  his  model 

of  the  press  Kootfi  which  is  located  on  tables  on  the  3rd  floor  laboratory 
Building  some  76  templates  are  located  in  this  room,  during  my  con¬ 
versation  with  Mr.  SdiBon  I  stated  that  I  could  only  find  41  machines 
and  that  the  balance  were  aliasing.  Phase  templates  instead  of 
being  power  presses  and  Shears  were  for  other  machines  that  should 
not  he  installed  in  the  power  press  Koom. 

If  I  have  boon  the  means  of  causing  any 
inconvenience  to  the  different  departments,  I  trust  this  memo  will 
explain  matters. 

Regarding  information  for  Screw  Machines 
to  be  located  on  the  6th  floors  of  buildings  numbers  11,  13  and  16 
this  layout  has  been  made  for  Bomotlme,  the  shafting,  hangers 
motors  are  now  in  place  and  await  the  moving  of  machinery  ffom 
Storage  Battery  Building  and  locating  of  machinery  that  have  to  or 
have  been  repaired,  and  then  Bet  up  on  the  floor,  the  lighting  for 
each  machine  will  then  he  installed.  The  stock  Bins  have  been 
ordered,  and  tool  closets.  The  sorap  bin  shoots  have  not  been  in¬ 
stalled  although  the  bins  have  boon  erected  for  sometime. 

„e  also  are  working  on  lay  out b  for  Mr. 

L.  A.  KeesebDepartment  and  Mr.  Hell's  Department  and  have  secured 
what  information  we  wanted  direct  from  them.  If  you  wiBh  the  writer 
to  get  this  information  again  dlreotly  through  you,  we  will  be  pleased, 
to  hear  from  you. 

S.  Li.  SCOTT. 


CopieB  to  Messrs.  Edison,  Mambert,  Wilson  and  Berggren. 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino. 

Orange,  N.J. 

Gentlemen :- 

ov ember  80th,  1915. 

I  beg  to  ad-rise  you  that  I  have  £j(lx 
had  in  use  in  my.  home  for  a  year  or  more,  one  of  ,*  frg,  #**1 

your  No. 850  Diamond  Diso  Phonographs,  and  in  oonneo-U*-6-1' 
tion  therewith,  I  am  very  anxious  to  secure  a  vooal  ,  I*®' 

reoor.d  both  :of  .  the"3extst  Prom  luoia"  and  the  cvU'*'  \  — /,  da- 
•x  "Quartet  Prom  Rigoletto"".  *iCA*fe 

\  I  believe  up  to  this  time  these  reoords  hav e \^-o 

\  never  been  catalogued  by  you,  and  if  you  have  not  .  H 
\  already  produoed  the  reoords  containing  the  above  a  o 

\  numbers,  will  you  please  advise  if  you  expeot  to  do 

\  80  in  the  near  future?  •***■  r- 

\  I  would  also  be  glad  to  know  how  soon  you  exr  . 

\  peot  to  have  twelve  inoh  reoords  on  sale. 

In  this  connection,  I  am  taking  the  liberty  of 
writing  you  direot  as  I  am  unable  to  obtain  the  above 
info'rmation  from  our  looal  dealers.  . _  V 

. -  Very  trulv.  •*eS=S  !. 

t 'ft. 



Practical,  Economical  and  Efficient  I 



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Ur.  J.  33.  aimpsoni- 

Ur.  Kdiaon  has  instructed  me  to  procuro  some  of 
the  hardened  Rubber  Gaskets  that  are  found  in  repair  Reproducers. 

You  will  ploaso  sole-ct  these  Rubber  Caskets  and  send  mo  a  number 
of  the  worst  onos.  If  you  have  any  on  hand  at  tho  present  time  -  please 
send  them  over  at  onoe. 

'.oeardins  Reproducer  Diaphragm  ilanufaoturo;  ploaso  got  after  tho 
Diaphragms  made  up  according  to  our  oonvoroation  of  several  days  baoJc. 
Slds  is  important  and  I  want  rocults  at  onco.  If  you  can  not  take  oare 
of  this  kindly  advise  mo  and  X  -will  take  choree  of  it  personally. 

Kindly  glso  tills  matter  your  immediate  attention,  and  advise. 

John  1.  Constable, 

Copies  to  Messrs.  Kdlson.  Wilson  and  file.  Assistant  Chief  Ihieineer. 

J  .  C 

Believing  that  you,  Sir,\  would  sense 
immediately  the  point  of  this  letter  if  yo\knew  the 
scientific  investigation  which  has  led  to  tha.v method  of 
manufacture  of  the  piano  made  by  my  House  toda^,  I  write 
to  call  your  attention  to  the  enclosed  article  from  the 
Scientific  American  regarding  a  most  important  in^ntion, 
namely,  the  Tension  Kesonator.  I  know  you  are  a  very 
busy  man  and  do  not  wish  to  detain  you  here,  but  I  frglieve 
you  would  object  to  having  such  a  circular  as  tha-tr-lstjued_ 
by  your  House  under  date  of  Sept.  10th,  1915 »  Bent 
if  you  realized  the  situatio^n^; - - 


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1A{1xa — tr  ly 




:r  .Edison! 

Yours  of  the./lSth  v 


>**«  Ry- *  l"“Sv 


iiore .  You  ar a  quite  right  that  the 
itfea  must  cone  after  the  musical 
1  oupremacy.  ’.'.y  thought  was  (and  i3)that  ao 
distinctive  a.i'.ius ical  marvel  a3  the  "Fdisona" 
;istic  oaBir.g.  That  may  come 
|  later.  It1- certainly  should  not  take  prece¬ 
dence  .  /  Then  I  write  it  is  invariably  put 
of  aiy'/earnest  and  enthusiastic  interest  and 
approval. . .you  understand  that , I  am  sure. 

/  You  onoe  referred  to  the  Vooalion  as  an 
/sample  of  "advertising  fakery."  The  makers 
/have  repeatedlv  asked  to  put  one  in  my  home 
/but  I  have  deolined.  Instead, I  ordered  still 
/  another  B-250  lCdisor.a.  It  does  seem  as  though 
this  was  perfection .  There  is  less  "scratching" 
more  roundness  :f  tone — but  less  of  it — not 
eo  much  volume,!  think, but  wonderfully  sweet 
and  true.  Perhaps  I  might  say  that  a  day  or 
two  ago, seeing  the  Vooalion  advertised  here 
in  Cleveland, I  made  a  point  of  hearing  it. 

There  was  the  largest  Viotrola  and  the  Vooal¬ 
ion, side  by  side,  The  victor  record  (a  duet 
by  Melba  and  Homer,)  was  first  put  on  the 
Viotrola, and  then  transferred  to  the  Vooalion. 
Therewas  not  an  instants  question  as  to  the 
distinot  superiority  of  the  Vooalion.  It  is 
pitched  a  half  tone  icwer  than  the  Viotrola 
which  may  add  mellowness  of  tone, but  the  nasal 
and  virev, vibratory  tone  of  every  phonograph 
but  the  Edison, was  missing.  The  Vooalion  is 
next  door  to  the  Edisona,  and  there  may  be 
something  in  its  construction  worth  investi¬ 
gating,  even  by  the  rational  7/izard 

■s  Is 

November  24,  1916. 

Messrs.  Lybrand,  Boas  Bros.  L  Montgomery, 

55  Liberty  Street, 

Hew  York  City. 

Attention  of  Mr.  I^brand, 

Lear  Sir;- 

Jlr.  Edison  has  referred  to  me  your  letter  of  November 
8th  1915  relative  to  the  advantages  and  die-advantages  of  the  consolidation, 
of  the  Edison  Ihonograph  '.Vo  A  a  and  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Incorporated,  with 
the  following  comment 

"itunhort  try  to  combine  Financially  without  combining  Legally. 

I. A.E.  '• 

l'hanking  you  for  your  service  in  this  regard,  and  trusting 
that  you  will  continue  to  bear  this  matter  in  mind,  X  remain 

HOVBMBBR  26,  1915. 

MR.  G.  H.  BALDWIN: 

In  re.  attached  carbon  of  my  latter 
of  this  date  to  Mother  Superior,  Little  Sinters 
of  the  Poor,  Newark,  N.J.: 

I  also  attach  pencil  memorandum  on 
v/hi  cb  X  have  indicated  iri  numerical  sequence  the 
twenty -five  (25)  records  that  are  to  go.  And  you 
will  note  they  are  all  standard  old  numbers  that 
I  think  will  be  parti oularly  suitable  in  the 
connection  for  which  they  are  intended.  Those 
numbers  indicated  by  a  cross  are  suggested  as 
substitutes  for  any  of  the  list  of  twenty-five  that 
may  not  be  available. 

’<7ill  you  arrange  to  have  these  go 
with  the  Amberola  30? 


The  Cleveland-Cliffs  Iron  Co. 


C.  V.  R.  TOWNSEND, 

*JT*£  /-  £  JLu  &T.  T“  M“'r 

'mic£  ^r^:u“"Cc 

November  27,  1915 

Hr.  Lleadowcrof t : 


I  attach  a  letter  to  our  Chicago  representative 
from  Charles  K.  Cregier  of  the  Bureau  of  Electrical 
Inspection,  Department  of  Gas  ana  Electricity,  Chicago . 

It  seems  to  me  that  the  request  he  makeB  Is  a 
highly  unreasonable  onej  also  one  that  Hr,  SdiBon  would 
not  he  likely  to  carry  out  for  various  reasons.  However, 
before  turning  it  down  absolutely,  I  wanted  to  refer  the 
matter  to  you,  thinking  that  possibly  you  could  suggest 
some  alternative  means  by  which  Hr.  Edison  could  extend  his 
regret b  which  he  has  done  for  several  years  past. 

Cregier  is  a  good  friend  of  ours  ana  has  aided  us 
in  projecting  machine  matters  a  good  many  times.  As  he 
says,  we  should  stay  on  the  right  side  of  the  Western 
Association  of  Electrical  Inepectors,  and  it  is  for  this 
reason  that  I  suggest  the  possibility  of  having  a  letter 
written  to  convey  Hr.  Edison’s  regrets,  instead  of  the  usu 
telegram.  Do  you  think  this  idea  is  feasible? 

letter,  I  £.1.,  euro  it  would  "do  of  '-rest  lone  fit, 
and  if  it  ir.  not  asking  too  much,  I  ho  no  yon  will 
find  time  to  send  me  such  a  letter. 

Assuring  you  again  that  the  great 
kindness  shown  mo  in  paying  us  a  visit  will  never 
lse  forgotten,  and  with  very  host  wishes  to  you  and 
llrs.  Edison,  in  which  Mrs,  Kipp  joins  me,  I  re  wain 

Hovember  27,  1915. 

Ur.  Charles  Edison: 

Pursuant  to  our  conversation  the  other  day,  we 
should  he  vory  much  interested  to  learn  what  success  you  have  with 
the  experiment  of  placing  Edison  Pise  Phonographs  in  one  or  more 
Bheet  music  houses  under  an  arrangement  whereby  prospects  thus 
obtained  would  be  reported  to  yon. 


A- r~cA-  _ 



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Mr- Bdison:  C 

H  Keferring  to  Ur.  V/hitinFs  letter,  I  am  sure  that  there  is 
considerable  disaffection  among  Victor  dealers,  contributed  to  by  the 
increased  competition  and  other  causes. 

X  judge  from  Hr.  Whiting's  letter  that  he  has  been  criti¬ 
cising  our  cabinets.  It  is  worth  remembering  in  this  connection 
that  ours  are  the  only  phonograph  cabinets  that  consistently  pattern 
after  the  great  furniture  designers.  It  seems  to  me  it  requires 
considerable  temerity  to  criticise  the  work  of  Adam  and  Sheraton. 
Certainly  when  the  new  250  Chippendale  is  on  the  market  we  shall  have 

>  finest  line  of  cabinets 

i  furniture  sense  of  any  talking 

machine  manufacturer.  This,  of  course,  does  not  mean 
by  cubic  contents  we  give  equal  furniture  values,  but  : 
that  in  a  true  furniture  sense  our  cabinets  are  superi 
of  any  of  the  talking  machine  people.  It  remains  for 
this  thought  over  with  the  public.  We  have  not  even 
in  doing  it  with  our  own  dealers.  Indeed,  some  of  ou 

of  any  of  the  talking  r 


-M,  FR»4K  ^^GTO,V^ ^  ^r**'" 

I  have  found  that  at  a  certain  point  a 
voice  sounds  personal  and  real.  With  a  little 
mn„„  nr  a  little  less  volume  it  is  an  ord.Lnarj 
phonograph  voice-  It  was  so  much  toother  to  rind 
the  right,  volume  at  each  playing,  that  I  P«t  a 
small  scale  graduated  in  centimeters  on  the  little 
ledge  toy  the  side  or  the  lever  that  controls  the 
volume.  1  mark  each  record  with  the  number  of 
centimeters  at  which  it  should  toe  played,  and 
U  takes  no  extra  time  to  set  the  lever  at  the 
right  place.  Then  each  selection  is  played  just 
right,  and!  can  enjov  the  music  without  jumping 
up  to  adjust  it,  as  is  so  much  done. 

Mv  scale  is  a  very  crude  affair- just  a  piece 
or  cardboard  three-rourths  inch  'vide  covered  with 
celluloid  andput  on  with  thumb  tacks— but  I 
wouldn’t  like  to  play  the  plionograph  without  it- 
T°think  that  if  you  would  manufacture  them  with 
such  a  device  it  would  add  to  every  one’s 
enjoyment  as  it  has  to  mine. 

^ . . ^  Very  respcctrully » 

fT  vt  '  \JO  ICC«  Wn***' 

0/  qiU 

(L  U-a,  J»— u«*. 


CJV^*'  I  ,w  K)--^ 


J ,  ^  .  m^A'  v  ,  A**s 

i^r1  ^c-rd^Ti 

\(t3W  ^  J  ^o.t. 


The  Phonograph  Co. 

Exclusive  Edison  Distributers 

Snlnsrooms  St  Offices -'J2!)  So.Wnlmsli  Am. 

December  1,1915. 

Mr.  W.H. Meadow croft, 
Thomas  A. Edison, Inc., 
Orange,N.J.  -( 

Dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft, 



,t  Jr 

I  am  pleased  to  send  you  under  \  /  / 

X  ’  X" 

separate  cover  a  set  of  “Ask  the  people  who  own  one"  y\(/'  £- 

( L-. 

oircular  that  Mr.  Edison  wants.  \ 

I  am  further  jhleased  to  note  that  he  thinks  it  is  iSW-""1 


alright.  I 

r  ■ 

Our  Verlet  concert  last  night  was  quite  a  success. 

lours  very  truly, 

a  „  .  wf  TicsvrtX  ^ 

,  fa&e^toL  -  , 

^  A  /  ?  /SJ 

Norili  Snptiat  ffllfurrlj 

*rt  «****.«.  parsonaga,_  22! 

Ccuuuo'vn^  &<*i**^ 

CtrvJL %-J  a.  Inf®'  Ur^ctTr  W<m,, 

u^wHTd  leuUtU.  ^^£u*xuji 

i  SVullett  Ave. 

''’fyuxST  %  (Ket  "He* 

Uv*  uo<*.«-i  cu^ua 

Dear  Mr  Edison,-  Your  raprsggnjativB^ir^sg  us  'a  delightful 

Secital  on  one  of  your  spl3naia"uxamoiid  &3C"  machines  last  gvoaing  in  our 
Church  here.  All  these  years  while  friends  on  all  sides  have^Slid  the  Phono - 
graph  in  their  homes  and  I  have  passed  many  a  pleasant  evoni-fewitk  them  in  its 
animated  company  there  has  always  been  a  metallic  twang  that  spiled  it  all  for  me 
like  seeing  behind  the  scones  to  a  theatre.  But  this  performance  last  night 
was  a  delight.  Marvellous  !  splemdid  !  It  is  as  Ingram  said  a  modern-miracle. 
i:he  people  were  delighted.  This  is  certainly  a  crowning  achievement.  Yet  I 
know  well  your  wizard  fingors  havo  other  things  in  store  for  our  comfort  and 
pleasure.  It  is  a  great  pleasure  to  add  my  word  of  appreciation  humble  as  it 

is.  ,, 

Possibly  you  will  permit  me  a  further  word  for  I  once  read  that  you"worry’ 
through  all  the  letters  that  we  "cranks"  and  pestarers  send  to  you.  Was  it 
Michael  Angelo  who  gazing  on  the  work  of  a  predecessor,  awakened  in  his  boyhood 
by  tho  sight,  said  "I  too  am  a  sculptor."  Well,  if  a  "cat  may  smile  at  a  king"  I 
can  say  "I  too  am  an  inventor  .  Since  Collegc-day3  I  have  suffered  from  the 
"bee  i'  the  bonnet".  Have  some  dozen  or  so  good  ideas,  sketched  and  laid  away 
in  "cold  storage"  but  having  a  family  of  five  charming  children  and  consequently 
cautious  with  my  own  money  and  conscientious  about  other  peoples '  money  my 
progress  has  been  slow.  The  past  ten  years  I  have  boon  working  on  a  motor. 

My  recreation  for  odd  minutes.  I  must  have  mads  a  dozen  difforsnz  engines 
and  incidentally  one  summer  put  into  commission  an  automobile  which  a  "garage 
machinesfand  an-  amateur  both  tried  their  hand  at  and  said  it  was  impossible. 

At  last  I  have  hit  on  the  thing  that  suits  ms.  Bad  just  about  givou  up  for 

none  if  the  others  wote"it  «  !  But  I  have  him  at  last.  Sent  off  my  final  papers 
to  tho  Wash.  Attorney  who  is  tc  protect  what  he  can  in  it  for  me  only  ysszerday. 
Many  a  time  .1  havo  half  wished  I  could  get  a  little  acquaintance  with  you  zo 
have  your  opinion  on  it  but  we  like  to  do  things  all  ourselves  and  so  I  havo 
pegged  quietly  along.  It  is  my  ambition  to  "out- ford"  your  good  friend  Benry 
Ford  aud  put  a  Bundrei-dollar  Automobile  on  the  market.  .1  figure  it  that  I 
nearly  "havo  the  goods  '”  but  must  not  bca3t  till  the"pudding  is  eaten’1  or  at  least 

nibbled  a  little.  About  next  spring  I  may  take  a  trip  down  to  your  shop  with 

my  "Shite  Owl  Motor”  and  soe  shat  you  think  of  her.  I  am  not  quite  sure  of 
Patent's  protecting  range  as  yet  though  it  looks  good  so  far.  .1  suppose  the 
part  of  wisdom  would  be  to  show  it  to  some  one  like  Ford  and  see  if  they  would 
adopt  it.  If  I  was  sure  on  my  protection  I  would  havo  done  this.  I  remember 
some  ten  years  or  30  ago  of  standing  before  a  picture  of  Mr  Ford  in  a  window 

Naril)  SapHnt  ffiliurrl? 
Sort  (Bljeatfr,  N.  fl. 

2.  Jj  B  T  to  T  S  jS.  Doc.  3,1915. 

iu  Pvovidcnco  fi  I  vrhcro  I  was  then  Pastor,  i”  **"as  bexons  whs  Ford-ca* 
icada  at  all  conspicuous,  and  "sizing  up"  the  man  as  one  worth  while, 
ly  fulfilled  the  prophecy  I  mentally  made  at  tfca  time.  He  ssems  so 
Christian  gentloman  that  ono  could  trust  him  to  the  limit.  But  as  I  stated  above 
VJe  soma haw  like  to  do  things  ."ourselves".  Or  I  could  show  it  to  our  now  Naval 
Board  but  they  will  see  it  soon  enough.  I  did  bill  a  ccnfarsace  once  with  a  naval 
authority  on  an  "engine  idea"  which  I  later  saw  .described  by  an  eminent  Frenchman  a 
have  reason  from  Sewpaper  accounts  to  believe  it^sed  by..ihc  Gormans  today  bun  nnan 
is  all  tho  good  it  did  me.  1'ho  Navy  may  bo  using  it  now  for  all  I  know.  But  I  nave 
this  "$100.  Auto  all  mapped _ out"  Many  features  revolutionary  but  I  believe  it  is 
a  "tfo".  It  locks  good,  "  find  of  course  the  Kotor  is  its  heart. 

~  But  what  X  am  after  in  writing  at  length  is  not  so  much  any  suggestion  you  mi-*; 
have  on  the  above,  which  indeed  I  hardly  sec  possible,  as  it  is  to  set  a  problem  bo 
fore  you  which  you  may  already  have  contemplated  as  I  have  seen  it  met 
Newspapers.  Some  Brooklyn  man  has  of  late  worked  on  iv  unless 
nors-"“po*’te",s  yarn  such  as  they  will  spin  once  in  awhile.  It  is  right  in  youj^ 
line  however  just  now  and  what  Mr  Ingram  told  me  on  my  inquiry  makes  it  seem  torero 
likely  of  fruition.  'Jour  "vortical  tracings"  in  your  phonograph  records  is  the 
feature  to  which  1  refer  in  his  reply.  A  good  17  years  ago  I  thought  out 
what  1  will  roughly  sketch  and  enclose  here.  It  would  not  bo  difficult  for  you 
with  your  many  facilities  to  thresh  out  the  problem  and  seo  if  it  could  bo  made 

f^lst.  we  would  nood  a  phonetic  language,  or  one  woyld  have  to  study  English  Phonst 
ically  as  part  of  his  Business  Education.  I  seo  thoy  ate  teaching  our  boys  in  that 
way  now  a  days.  My  boy  in  learning  to  read  and  spell  made  big  progress  because  no 
fi„Bt  leagued  to  ”sound"the  word.  But  if  wo  take  a  word  like  "queue"  no  would  have 
to  pronounce  it  "ke-nc-wc"  to  know  bow  to  spell  it  while  the  Dictionary  to  make 
plain  the  pronunciation  simply  writes  it  "ku"  which  is  cortanly  sensible  I  dent  re 
call  bow  thoroughly  "phonetic"  Esperanto  is.  I  recall  it  pleased  mo  greatly  whoa  1 
dipped  into  it  a  little  at  its  beginning.  Tolstoi  and  many  such  men  could  not  sing 
loud  enough  its  praises.  Still  more  today  does  the  "International  Language  loom 
up  as  a  necessity.  Esperanto  I  think  could  reduce  its  number  of  characters  a  little 
but  if  it  is  not  "phonetic"  that  in  itself  is  a  characteristic  which  the  coming 

have.  This,  in  itself  would  be  a  subject  worthy  of  your 
.ken  a  little  hers  and  a  little  there 

impartially  from  all  languages  pronounces  its  author  broad  minded  as  well  as  brilliant 
and  indded  ha  has  givon  tho  world  one  of  its  greatest  blessings  though  as  y«s  it 
is  a"bl»ssing  in  disguise'.'  Vie  want  a  Phonotic  language  with  the  fewest  possible 
characters  and  taking  tho  simplest  and  best  forms  from  any  languegestant  indiserim 

thoroughly  a 

liioned  in  the 

"language  of  the  notions" 
wonderful  acumen  and  resources.  Esperanto 

Hortlj  iQaptint  (JI|urrij 
Van  (IllieBter.  N.  fl. 

S", 1915. 

3.  L  E  I  to  14  £.  Dec. 

2.  we  need  a  now  l'ypo-nriter  machine  for  the  purpose  tho'  any  oli  machine  could 
doubtless  be  made  to  work.  I  have  the  Type  writer  all  mapped  out.  Quite  "revo¬ 
lutionary  "  as  are  all  my  ideas. 

3.  we  need  a  mechanism  that  will  magnify  the  movement  made  by  your  vibrating  needle 

in  the  phonograph  and  with  this  a  medium  to  act  on  the  typewriter  and  set  it  in  motioi 
tion  to  write  at  dictation.  X  will  append  a  rough  sketch  of  the  two  possibilities 
I  thought  out  a  good  17  years  ago.  I  could  swear  to  this  if  it  was  needed  but  do  not 
believe  that  X  have  preserved  any  drawings  of  it  from  that  date.  I  may  have  some 
among  my  old  papeiTs  but  doubt  it.  I  have  simply  allowed  this  idoa  to  lis  in  "cold 
storage"  thinking  that  when  once  I  get  my  start  I  would  bo  able  to  test  it  out  along 
with  the  many  others..  When  Ingram  came  along  affording  ms  this  opportunity  to  get 
your  attention  in  a  little  different  way  from  the  ordinary  "crank"  I  said  that 
looks  like  a  leading  such  as  Ey  Faith  is  just  mystical  enough  to  be  lookibg  for  at 
all  times.  If  he  had  not  happened  along  I  should  never  have  put  this  into  your 
hands.  I  lay  no  claim  to  it  unless  you  should  need  mo  to  make  good  your  claim  for 
tho  earlier  start  on  it  17  years  ago.  Sou  can  readily  see  haw  Ingram’s  conversation 
on  the  “inside  workings"  of  tho  phonograph  was  just  vihat  I  had  boon  needing  on  this 
particukar  idea,  And  when  it  came  I  naturally  thought  of  dropping  you  this  letter. 

I  mention  this  to  account  to  yon  somewhat  for  the  Quixotic  procedure  of  taxing  your 
patience  v/ith  what  you  may  utterly  scout  as  rediculaus. 

My  idea  of  the  device  as  the  sketch  shows  was  to  either  uss  oloctricity  or  air 
(compressed)  as  tho  motive  agont.  Of  course  the  whole  thing  would  have  to  be 
a  very  delicate  adjustment  and  perhaps  impossible  because  of  the  ovor-delicaey 
required  in  said  adjustment.  I  recali  that  Prof  Dames  at  Harvard  tried  out  tho 
nerve  reaction  of  us  students  or  something  of  the  sort  with  a  device  that  magal 
fi§i_  action  or  movement.  And  so  .1  bavo  here  a  long  arm  or  lever  L  pivottad  much  near 
er  on©  of  its  extremities  than  the  other  at.  pivot  P.  At  the  end  near  pivot  P  is  a 
hinged  arm  taking  the  place  of  yonr  needle  in  the  Phonograph.  I  designate  the  arm 
as  A.  Arm  A  is  attached  to  the  vibratory  disc  D  which  disc  or  membrane  D  is  acted 
upon  by  sound,  human  voico.  At  tho  further  end  of  lever  L  (fariJbst  away  from  pivot  P) 
is  the  controlling  device  for  either  ellectricity  or  compressed  air  Of  course  the 
details  at  thi3  point  used  experiment.  If  air  is  used  which  seems  doubtful  I  thought 
to  havo  a  largo  area  of  porforatod  surface  and  the  diaphragm  S  according  as  it 
rises  higher  or  lower  covers  a  diffirent  number  of  holas  to  be  covered  or  exposed 
in  the  fan  like  group  of  holas  and  so  a  different  amount  of  air  entering  the  final 
channel  X  into  which  all  the  hole!  lead  woyld  lift  the  different  keys  of  type  writer 
or  turn  the  type  wheol  if  Hammond  stylo  of  machine  wore  used.  (A  modification  of 
the  Hammond  or  Blickenderfer  machine  would  be  my  choice.)  the  same  general  idea 
■would  hold  in  the  use  of  electricity.  .1  Bunch  a  great  number  of  insulated  wireB 
with  their  free  ends  exposecujChe  diaphagm  D  rises  and  falls  causing  a  different 
combination  of  these  wires  against  which  it  brushes  to  conduct  the  current  and  the 

Jfnrtl|  iSnptia!  (Eljurcij 

Joirt  (Bliriilfr.  N,  \J. 

1.  L  6  T  to  I  4  E.EDcc.  3,1915. 

variation  in  tho  amount  of  the  current  is  the  moans  of  soloction  of  the  doffiorani 
charators  on  the  typewriting  machine.  If  however  a  typo-wheel  like  the  Hammond 
is  employed  e  single  hole  and  a  single  wire  could  control  tho  typewriter,  indeed 
a  single  wire  for  each  letter  or  character  woyld  suffice  for  any  machino  and  in 
Fig's.  3  atyi'Vn  I  show  how  the  diaphragm  G  with  one  hole  only  rising  <gjjd-<£&ifcrs^ 
higher  or  lower  as  tho  vibratory  disc  D  may  causa  it  to  do  covers  all  holes  but 
tho  ono  that  should  act  in  response  to  tj)o  tone  made.  And  the  diaphragm  3  in 
Fig  4  for  electricity  is  displaced  for  the  single  wire  A  which  cloces  circuit 
with  a  single  wire  only  rather  than  with  a  group  of  wires  and  if  a  type  wheel 
is  used  the  wheel  having  a  magnet  in  it  would  follow  the  conrents  started  by  the 
wire  G  successively  till  it  reached  the  end  of  its  stroke  when  the  type  machine 
would  print  the  letter  at  that  point.  Of  course  there  would  have  to  be  some 
mechanism  to  holf  the  type  at  the  final  point  tilths  machine  printed  the  letter 
each  time.  Many  details  would  have  to  be  worked  out  but  when  Ingram  told  mo  that 
tho  loudness  and  softness  had  not  so  much  to  do  with  the  depth  of  the  record 
groove  as  the  variation  in  tons  did  have  and  that  the  indentations  were  really 
decided  and  "tangible"  as  it  were  it  corroborated  my  prophecy  that  some  day  the 
busuiness  man  will  simply  tarn  on  the  current  and  talk  at  his  Typewriting  machine 
and  the  ngchinc  will  do  "the  rest."  And  he  will  be  no  longer  tempted  by  the  pretty 
"stanog%todo  his  letter  writing.  Perhaps  ibis  would  militate  against  the  >§. 
device  commercially  !  Eui  the  man  might  got  home  earlier  and  that  is  worth  some¬ 
thing.  I  neverr  oven  saw  a  rocord  groove  under  a  microscope  and  all  this  may  be 
so  muon  “dutch"  but  if  so  it  cant  do^'  much  harm  at  most  and  I  draw  tho  "bow  at 
venture"  in  hopes  that  it  may  do  some  good. 

With  very  kind  regards,  and  thanking  you  for  the  pleasant  entertainment 
of  last  evening  and  wishing  you  many,  many  happy  years  of  activity  as  do  all  the 
great  Ameriacn  people. 

}Jii,  „y„ 

]i»]wnT<(  irc,'.i(m'  ai^iid  jwwmaumiK 

Thomas  Edison  Inc. 
Orange , 

II. J. 

Gentlemen: - 

December,  i.  ISlo^.^y 


Y  / 

Will  voir  olease  tell  us  when  the  first 
Edison  Disc  Machine  was  patented,  and  was  the  disc 
record  patented  and  by  whom,  and  what  date. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  this  informat¬ 
ion  we  beg  to  remain. 

Yours  truly. 


December  13,  1915 

Ur.  Ueadowcroft:- 

Ur.  Edison's  original  British  patent  is  dated 
April  24,  1878Ja  V/hile  this  patent  does  not  claim  a  disc 
record,  it  both  shows  and  claims  a  disc  machine. 

I  return  herewith  the 

letter  of  Ur.  E.  J.  Barman 

’,YH-  JS 

,  Ino.$**{  ^ 

'  lrm'\  “~  ■  ^  ovti 

-',<j  Recently  the  writer  has  seen  a  circular  i'imiejd  by  y??JVh?£®B 

J  ^  is  to  automobiles  or  Steinway  is  to  pianos. 

5f*P  The  writer  is  not  an  automobile  expert  and  therefore  not  qualified 

W^i^srsr  issxs  s  sit-arsis 

i\to  be  the  finest  car  made  in  America. 

But  in  likening  the  standing  of  the  Edison  machine  to  tbe  position 
of  the  Steinway  piano  Mr.  Edison  lays  himself  open  to  one  °^s 

b Xoither  he  is  not  competent  to  judge  in  musical  matters  or  else  he  has 
«\pm0  ulterior  motive  in  so  nominating  the  Steinv/ay  piano . 

Evidently  the  impression  Mr.  Edison  sought  to  convey  was  that 
j-we  Edison  iB  the  best  talking  machine  and  is  therefore  the  most  costly, 
?ju8t  as  the  Pierce  car  is  the  best  and  therefore  the  most  costly. 

When,  however,  he  utilizes  the  Steinway  name  in  the  eaae  way 
he  states  what  is  not  true  either  as  to  quality  or  price .  The  Steinway 
is  a  good  piano  and  sells  at  a  fair  price  we  do  not . J^Lnos 

iti as  s2^a^^wsst.*!Tb  ^  Mrlo'a 

food  piano.  It  is  the  Victrola  of  the  piano  business-  it  is  the 
Packard  automobile-  outselling  any  other  good  oar. 

But  for  superior  oonstruotion,  xanequalleddurability.richness, 
purity  and  resonanoe  of  tone,  there  is  no  other  piano  equal  to  the 
Maeon&Samlin  made  in  Boston.  Also,  no  other  piano  costs  as  much 
although  that  is  not  necessarily  an  argument  in  its  favor. 

Mr.  Edison  is  undoubtedly  a  great  scientist,  iMohb*li»i .on  our 

by  the  unique  construction  of  the  Mason  &  Hamlin.  Indeed,  it  wouxa  oe 
very  much  worth  while  for  Mr.  Edison  to  visit  the  Mason  &  Hamlin  plant 

\JiXjrV^<>  (i4  d-Ln4^  i  Mm 

,%tu  .cJl  ^  ^ 

w^t  u^m<^  ^^sasr^r-  ' 

wju^  ■  ■-'  i**M'?%\ 

V4  L&sf- 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  Sheet  £3-  13/ c/ 

seen  the  like  anywhere  else. 

Mav  1  suggest  also  that  Mr.  EdiBon's  gratuitous  advertisement  for 

ur  Edison  ought  to  be  aware  of  the  fact  that  because  of  Steinway 

can^say  ^yo^se^Mr^Edison^frankly^ell^you^that^ourjmusical  judgement 
Edi Bon1" is^a^nic ^machine , °you*c anB saf  ely^ac  cep t  our  judgement  ’that 
Victor  is  beet  as  a  talking  machine. 

To-day  the  Aeolian  Company  can  say  to  their  prospective  patrons- 

not  the  organ) 11 . 

Bccond  raters,  but  at  the  top. 

Please  bear  in  mind  that  if  Mr.  Edison  wants  to  make  P»°l£® 

sis  aa  a:  Ss.TOSS^nT*  ** 


Very  truly  yoi 


Itecutttful  !omtu>Ml  (tototta 

TENNIAL  PLANTS  AlthUHt,  N«U  f  0^1  25 &  <=-  .  7~  //  ' 


r  *  fSNJU  *"*•  ■  ■  aiU,W,  r  ■*» 

A^l'  ^  vr 

**"■  %*iy  ^  "  ‘**-'-*£^1=- 


-r~  j  t—  'tzJZe- 


Pzus-  7a~/'C— 

—4-.  —  ^ 


%$&£&& £*2& 

£-  J-e~*  -  Jt'cSZZ.m- /3*— (A.  t/#2~J  ‘*-~~>- 

^l£Z^  ***?  '  /Z-^C*  ?'  _ 

Thomas  Alva  Edison,  Esq., 
Llewellyn  Park,  ’.Vest  Orange 
New  Jersey. 

Deo ember  7&h.  1915. 
^v«ovx  &k  | ^ 

New  Jersey.  /Ui-  fWA\<*-*'v**av' 


My  dear  Mr.  Edison:-  — —  <T 

For  some  timeT\t  has  been  my^lntention 
to  write  and  tell  you  of  the  excellent  results  and  great 
pleasure  my  wife  and  family,  including  myself,  derive  from 
your  diamond  disc  records.  They  are  superior  to  any  other 
on  the  market.  We  live  in  Upper  Ridgewood  and  the  long  winl 
evenings  are  made  a  source  of  pleasure  and  profit  through 
your  records. 

,  „.„a.«on.\K’h5rMSd’th2,«HSSdlrSSS1&o!' 

of  Oratory",  and  we  were  struck  by  the  remarkable  quality  and 
resonanceyand  tone  coloring  exhibited  by  his  J^Be^exDlained 
him  whv  he  did  not  make  records  for  your  company.  He  explained 
that  there  had  been  no  chance  of  making  satisfactory  conne c- 
tions  with  your  people  here  in  New  York  and  I  am  writing  to 
susse s  t 1 that ° in  the  interest  of  the  schools  in  our  country  and 
|fSfu  who  are  attached  to  the  correct  delivery  of  our  mother- 
tongue  that  it  would  be  advantageous  to  give  him  a  hearing  t 
your  laboratory  and  I  am  certain  the  results  would  be  conclusive. 

I  have  known  Mr.  Henderson  for  a  couple  of  years 
and  have  noted  the  steady  growth  of  his  connections  and  have 
every  confidence  of  his  ability  to  build  an  institution  that 
wilFbe  known  from  coast  to  coast  for  good  work  and  purity 
of  speech".  Trusting  to  hear  from  you  on  this  subject,  I  am, 
Yours  very  truly, 

December  7th.  1915. 

Hr.  Henry  Mason, 
Mason  &  Hamlin  Co . , 
492  Boylston  Street, 
Boston,  Mass. 

Dear  Hr •  Mason: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  24th  ultimo  which 
has  received  my  careful  attention. 

The  letter  which  X  presume  you  refer  to  was  one  of  the 
private  circular  letters  which  we  occasionally  send  out  to  our 
jobbers.  These  are  not  intended  to  get  into  tne  hands  of  tr.e 
public . 

Let  me  say  that  liius  far  we  have  not  found  any  piano 
that  enuals  the  Steinway  for  our  recording  purposes  -  and  we 
have  tried  many  makes.  If  there  is  an;  better  one  I  want  to  know 
it  I  have  read  the  article  in  the  Scientific  American  and  it 
certainly  seems  as  if  you  have  a  very  good  improvement. 

The  next  improvement  should  be  in  the  striking  pads  which 
hprden  in  a  few  weeks,  and  begin  to  produce  metallic  sounds.  In 
our work?  we  are  then  compelled  to  put  in  new  felts ,  as  picking 
does  very  little  good,  another  defect  is  that  no  piano,  new  or 
old,  that  I  have  ever  heard,  was  tuned  for  volume,  while  -e 
is  all  right  the  volume  of  sound  for  the  same  stiength 
?f  percussion  vlrious  widely.  There  are  a  number  of  other  serious 
defects  in  pianos,  which  it  seems  to  n 
and  I  am  surprised  that  the  makers  have  not  a 
to  the  present  time . 

when  will  your  new  piano  be  made  in  quantity  and  for 
sale?  I  refer  to  the  upright  type. 

would  be  easy  to  eradicate, 
:omplished  this  up 

Yours  very  truly, 

(signed)  Thos.  A.  Edison. 

" Made  by 
Installed  by 

£dl?>on  builalw^lnacKlnc. 

Edwin  C.  Barnes  &  Bros. 

The  Edison  Building,  72  West  Adams  Street 
Randolph  6732 

Chicago  Dec.  7th,  19X5. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 


My  dear  Mr.  Edison: - 


On  the  occasion  of  the 
anniversary  of  the  great  fire  at  the 
Edison  Works,  December  9th,  I  want  to 
congratulate  you  on  the  remarkable 

you  are  engage^  <  I 

December  9,  1915. 

My  dear  "r.  Edison: 

I  have  your  very  kind  favor  of 
Dooerabor  7th,  in  which  you  advise  me  that 
Miss  Munn's  voice  is  not  up  to  tho  high 
standard  which  you  have  sot  to  make  it 
available  for  incorporation  in  your  list 
of  phonographic  artists. 

Please  accept  my  very  best 
thanks  for  the  kind  attention  given  to 
Miss  Munn,  and  for  the  poroonal  intorost 
you  have  taken  in  tho  matter.  I  ap¬ 
preciate  your  courtesy  most  highly  and 
the  kindly  sentiments  expressed  in  your 

I  expect  to  give  mysolf  and 
Mrs.  Lieb  tho  honor  of  oalling  on  Mrs. 
Edison  in  tho  near  future,  as  X  have 
soveral  little  souvenirs  of  the  last 
Edison  Convention  whioh  X  desire  to 
hand  to  her. 

With  boot  regards,  and  again 
thanking  you  for  your  kindness,  I  am 

Thomas  Alva  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange , 

How  Jersey. 


Deo . 

9th.  1915. 

Mr.  G.  J.  DeGarmo, 

33  West  42nd  Street, 
ilew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

X  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor 
of  the  7th  instant,  and  am  much  gratified 
to  learn  that  you  and  your  family  are  de¬ 
riving  so  much  enjjoyment  from  the  Diamond 
Disc  Hecords.  appreciation  such  as  yours 
is  one  of  the  rewards  that  comes  to  me  after 
many  years  hard  work  to  effect  a  perfect 
reproduction  of  music. 

I  note  your  remarks  in  regard  to 
Mr.  Alfred  E.  Henderson, and  would  Bay  that 
if  he  is  anywhere  within  a  reasonable  dis¬ 
tance  from  the  Laboratory,  I  should  be  glad 
to  have  him  come  out  here  and  make  an  ex¬ 
perimental  record  at  anytime  that  is  con¬ 
venience  him.  I  would  suggest,  however, 
that  he  communicate  with  my  Assistant,  Mr. 
Y..  H.  Meadoworoft  a  day  or  so  in  advance. 

Yours  very  truly. 



New  York,Deoember  9,  19X6. 

fa  id fl-£* 

ELECTRIC  (w'ndina) 

0/  *  [  .  M.r 

Mr.  Thorns  a.  Edison,  ^  ^  ' 

Hew1  Jersey.  " 

**•  ^  w'/tv7j 

Mr.  Miller 'informs  us  that  the  / 

BellB  meet  with  your  approval  and  for  us  to  U  -  • 
go  ahead  and  finish  up  the  instrument  as  soon 

Is  possible.  V/e  expect  to  he  able  to  deliver  * 

same  in  fine  shape  this  coming  week,  and  trust.  /  .vs 

that  the  bell  records  will  be  all  that  jou  an-  \ 
ticipate.  UuX  CcrwAt****1-  J 

Thanking  you  fpr  your-,  kind  so-  “T>  \ 

Yours  veVy  truly,  1 


Phonographic  Diet.— 2. 


December  9,  1915. 

Alice  Terlet  Coloratura  Soprano 

Christine  Miller  Contralto 

Charlotte  Kirwan  Soprano  ( If  necessary  sfee 

will  make  one  or  more 
additional  records). 

Marie  Kaiser 
Elizabeth  Spencer 
Helen  Clark 
Thomas  Chalmers 
J.  Phillips 
Vernon  Arohibald 
Dan  Beddoe 
Van  Brunt 
E.  Bandolph 
G.  W.  Ballard 

fee  yiXjdLh-*-**1 

Mr.  Edison  has  lately  discovered  an  exceedingly 
good  violinist  who  will  probably  be  able  to  make  records 
Rood  enough  for  the  oatalog,  and  no  doubt  will  be_ available  _ 
for  tone  test  work  at  a  reasonable  price.  He  will  probably* 
come  across  other  instrumentalists  who  can  make  records 
good  enough  for  the  oatalog  and  who  will  be  available  for 
tone  test  work. 

As  I  understand  our  conversation  with  Mr.  Edison 
yesterday,  if  we  run  across  an  artist  who  in  our  opinion 
has  the  necessary  qualifications  to  give  the  lecture  used 
in  connection  with  the  tone  test  work,  Hr .  Edison  will 
consider  the  mueioal  ability  of  such  artist  and  decide  what 
use,  if  any,  can  be  made  of  him  as  a  musician. 

When  Lyman  returns  I  should  like  to  have  Mr.  Edison 
hear  him  play  and  perhaps  he  will  be  considered  good  enough 
to  make  a  flute  trial.  Also  I  wish  you  would  look  up  WalBh  i 
violin  trial,  and  if  Miller  thinks  another  trial  justified 
arrange  to  have  Walsh  make  it. 


Mr.  Edison  deslres/to  continue  to  feature  Verlet 
and  book  her  in  aB  many  of  the  large  cities  as  possible. 

I  think  that  the  results  we  have  gotten  with  Verlet  will 
facilitate  booking  her  after  January  1st.  I  hope  she  will 


Fuller  -2- 

v„ooma  a  little  more  tractable,  and  certainly  we  must  inBist 
thatlt  all  times  she  work  with  the  instrument  to  produce 
the  desired  performance  rather  than  try  to  show  off  herself, 
as  she  is  apparently  inclined  to  do  at  times. 


C.  C.  to  Mr.  Edison. 


of  Edison  Phonographs  Recordsand  Supplies 

345  MASS  AVE’’ TimTAmpozis.lND. 

-+'***&•  ^vo^oeml>ar  9  •  19154 
w  |4  "A“*  oUf  ^ 

;.'r .  Thomas  A.  Edison,  J? 

c/o  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc,,  f 

Orange.,  II.  J. 

!,'y  dear  I.Ir.  Edison:- 

Tliis  is  not  intended  to  bring  hack  to 
your  mind  the  terrible  calamity  that  overcame  you 
„ear  on  this  day.  It  is  merely  a  letter  of 
appreciation  for  the  great  effort  and  courage  that 
vou  displayed  in  that  hour  of  trouble.  ThJ-S  letter 
is  meant  to  convey  to  you  my  _  -thanks  *°*-!*a* 
accomplished,  because  I  realize  that r  »n„i a 

this  tremenduous  v/ork  that  yoii  accomplished,  I  could 
not  enjoy  the  privileges  that  have  been  ours. 

I  was  just  thinking  that  it  was  just  a 
vear  ago  that  the  fire  occurred,  and  I  '7B?ted  to 
lot  you  know  that  I  was  thinking  of  it  and  all  that 

you  accomplished. 

Assuring  you  again  that  I  am  grateful  for 
your  many  great  kindnesses  to  me,  and  wiihbest 
wishes  to  both  you  and  Krs.  Edison,  I  remain 

Very  respectfully  yours 


YffilC— UB 

M3.  John  w .  Howell, 
’-Edison  lamp  ViOrks , 
General  Electric  Co., 
Harrison,  H.  J. 

My  dear  John  IV: 

^  few  weeks  ago  you  asked  me  to  give  you  a  letter  for 
a  young  lady  to  go  over  to  our  Recording  Laboratory  and  make  a  trial 
record.  She  went  there  and  made  the  trial  record,  which  was  sent  over 
for  Hr.  Edison  to  hear.  I  wish  I  could  make  you  a  more  favorable  re¬ 
port  about  it,  but  unfortunately  cannot  do  it.  In  explanation,  I  do 
not  think  that  I  can  do  batter  than  to  quote  the  following  which  v.aB 
written  by  Mr.  Edison  to  a  personal  friend  in  a  similar  case. 

"My  system  of  recording  is  the  most  severe  test  of  a 
singer’s  voice  that  I  know  of.  an  artist  may  sing 
ever  so  acceptably  on  the  concert  platform  or  on 
the  operatic* Blake,  but  on  recording  the  voice  on 
the  phonograph  every  trilling  defect  is  shown  up  and 
cannot  be  eradicated.  .-.L  a  concert  or  theatre  the 
hum  of  the  audience,  the  little  oxwra  noises. of  the 
accompanying  instruments  and  other  slight  noises 
cover  all  trifling  defects,  but  you  cannot  conceal 
them  from  tho  phonograph. 

I  had  an  export  travelling  all  over  Europe  for  two 
years  obtaining  trial  records  of  all  tho  opera  and 
concert  singers  v.ho  were  of  reputation.  These  were 
sent  over  to  me,  and  I  have  pretty  near  3,000  of  them. 

It  will  surpriae  you  to  learn  that  not  more  than  3 fc 
of  these  were  acceptable.  This,  however,  will  bear 
out  what  I  stated  above. 

There  are  certain  technical  requirements  which  we  are 
obliged  to  insist  upon  for  our  recording,  and  I  am 

sorry  to  say  that  Miss  * -  voice  was  not  one  that 

came  up  to  our  standard,  and  although  I  am  constantly 
on  the  lookout  for  additional  artists,  I  am  sorry 
that  I  shall  be  unable  to  add  her  to  our  list." 

You  will  see  from  the  above  that  the  conditions  are 
very  severe,  and  there  is  no  appeal.  I  am  sorry. 

Tilth  kind  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

December,  10th.  1915. 

Mr.  Kdison:- 

The  f  ir3t  three  selections 

are  by  Spalding  and  v/e  are  not  duplicating  any 
of  Spalding's  records  on  account  of  royalty. 

The  fourth  "Morning-Moon  and  Might 
in  Vienna"  Will  appear  on  February  list. 

The  fifth  "Carnival  of  Venice"  v/e 

1  0/fe,  — 

^  '  ,kt  _ 

U  ^ 


urt  C  ( 

(  -f  nrV 



C.  B.  HAYNES  &  CO. 


Cylinder  southern  Disc 

Phonographs  EDISON  Phonographs 




r  Ur.  Edison:  ^  ^  LfJbler**  fH-V***** 

~  “  id^iead , 

Dec  _  _ _ _ 

of i Norfolk,  Va. ,  of/t: 

Diamond  Point  Shop]  Inc.,  326  VGranby  street,  ms  in  o/r  store 
to-day.  He  tells  us  that  he  is  having  big  success  iu  selling 
the  United  States  V/ar  Shi  os  at  his  port,  and  vye  wpuld  Use 
to  have  you  write  him  a  personal  and  encouraging-aette"  UB 
has  one  great  obstacle,  to  cotdnd  Iwhth.that  ir  ■*  -  1  ” 

checking  of  the  surface  on  the  DiBC  records 
if  salt  water  has  any  effect  on  them,  becaui 
change  so  many  with  this  particular  clap- 
object  to  it  very  seriously.  / 

7/e  thank  you  in  adyrince  if  you  will  kindly 
write  to  Hr.  Y/oodhead  personallyhhd  explain  it  to  him. 

V/e  regret  ver-/* much  that  the  9th  of  Dec.  passed 
without  wiring  you,  because^you  know  well  what ^happened  a  year 
ago  and  we  all  hope  that^fou  have 

1  the  peeling  and 
whd  wants  to  know 
e  he  has  to  ex- 
K/of  trade  and  they 

recovered  from  this  disaster* 

Yours  truly, 

C.  B.  Haynes  &  Co. 




•  ,CV)< 

,  i  'Berl 

’V.eloy ,  eal, 

I  :  ■  ■;.%/  rtoo.  IH,  J.315. 

*m*m*».  !'■  <&OM  & 

—  ^$!.-Z£rX±~J 

Ml  non  Is  by  far  the  i 
re  talked  with  agents 
'nave  been 

Oru  ngo ,  How 

For  some  time  I  ha 


,m¥ter.  xs&%ztzacr 

If^it  T^uS*  confidently  expect 

gradual  increase  in  the  list 

since  th-n  I  have  carefully  kept  track  of  the  records  l^ued  ■  nfl  « 
that  wit,  Vue  exception  of  a 

only  first  class  artist  nnhirJfeb^s  for  #  ^ ^£5s!£fc£e-e» 
mostly  in  instrumental  recordT^hd  would  liW?  to|kr.ow  if  ^hc_e 

*•  *  ™y  z“a  oMtzisTt^f fSlHHST 

is  far  superior  in  reiwodueticpUJ-Hny  others  1  have  heard,  out 
orchestra  itself  does  net  see^^mpaj/with  the  orchestras  making 
records  for  the  Victor  and  colunbjB'foople .  Are  you  likely  to  get  out 
any  more  piano  records  by  gpod' artists? 

Another  point  that  i  wish  to  nia.-.e^i  s  uliat  jo 
seems  to  bo  to  increase  the  rfri ca^C-AO»r  iyoh1,iios  an*  cnt^onlj 
the  class  of^pej$$? 

T  object  to  paying  9. 
and  the  latest 
have  not  life  contracts 
a  few  records  by  the  Hew  York  and  Boston 
put  one  over  on  the  Victors. 

Very  truly  yours 

^r^daj.oovile  sural y 
If  «»>•  ».ve, 


15aS  Scenic  Avenue,  Berkeley,  Cal' 


T"  'Au  L,  kk  ®''^  T** 

,  ^4^  Wr«  :^4IA 


ysivf-v wai 



December  29,  1915. 

Mr.  Edison: 

pro.  that  i».  Bii»h  *•«  “•  »•  is  “* 

*.  tto  “Il,al  101  “  *7 

,1th.  e»d  .!».  “»  **»  «“  l°  h'lie  . 

.,t  wi.n,  .t  sue,  of  «-  p—  *“ 

unusually  heavy.  At  th.  ,»»»*  ««  *  -Aetat.nAluy  1.  »*  “• 

BH.h  «.  —  a.  »ot  ■»»"*  *■  *“  — ™  “  H"S"  10“' 

tut  rtffOAl.™  of  thl.  «h»  aAdltlo».l  •»»!.•  “* 

„„e„  ao..a  to  ttt  fton,  .it.  .  10-  *  — —  “•  E"S”r 

...  .celled  to  bo  to  tho  Pacific  ooct  —  *’»  *B°  “ 

.count  of  hit  health,  sine,  uhioh  t»  hi. 
to,  toon  and  ..ill  1.  i»  6».hetn  Clltonnla,  hi. 
doubt  being  1766  he  Bf«.  Ar...  Hollyoed.  Cl..  -  tu“““a 
his  letter-bead. 








,  vv 

A  s 

AV-  'V 

/X QU.S&lg*  ^ 

December  16th.  1915. 

N ew  York! 

Automatic  Stop,  submitted  by  Ur.  Duncan  of  the  Edison  Shop  - 

■J\C  <*>  ■ 


The  model  of  this  Stop  submitted  by  Ur.  Diuioan  some  time  ago,  "has 
been  tested  out  with  the  following  conclusions 

First:  this  Stop  is  adapted  only  for  our  regular  "250"  Horn that  is, 
it  can  be  applied  to  the  "250"  and  more  e^ensive  instruments.  It  is  not 
adapted  for' the  »200"-"150"  or  the  "100"  Horn,  and  cannot  be  used  with  those 

Second:  this  Stop 
very  satisfactory  manner, 
similar  to  those  U3ed  4” 

cs  absolutely  autoraaticly  as  claimed,  and  in  a 
.  This  Stop  operates  on  three  cells  of  dry  battery 
mrmll  flash-light,  or  used  in  our  Standard  Tele- 

No  test  has  been  made  for  the  length  of  time  these  batteries  will  operate 
this  Stop,  but  from  its  design  and  principle  of  operation  it  is  veiy  similar 
to  a  door  boll  talcing  even  less  current,  and  because  of its ot  a 
use  these  batteries  should  work  the  Stop  for  a  number  oi  months  if  for  not 
years  time. 

it  can  be  so  arranged  that  the  batteries  con  be  connected  into  the  case 

5  r^sfbf  a^gef S3  be  used 

which  are  puroiiaoable  any  where,  and  understood  and  used  by  the  public  at 
large  for  other  electrical  devioes  similar  to  tne  door  bell. 

We  have  re-designed  this  stop  and  now  have  a  °^Dt^ia'V^e°3i5n0d 

xs  sets  sjsss^ vzzz** 

by  Ur.  Duncan. 

I  find  that  this  stop  entirely  practical,  and  believe  that  it  will  be 
a  very  valuable  attachment  on  our  expensive  machines. 


s  a  safety  stop. 

r  present  stop,  which  will  always  be 





C.C.  to  Messrs.  Wilson,  Maxwell,  Leeming,  MrJdiMRh,  Chaa’  MiBon* 

and  file. 

Thomas  A,  Edison,- Inc* 
Orange,  N, J. 

£)e£e a.^ 

dit  Stnlr-KntUfreitu  of^ou 

tCnlmrntprfrs  uf  Animal  iUioInuu 

have  been  certain  rumors/floating  about  he 
ire  to  have  Edison  records  of 'Melba. 
-^50~mai'eiffce4--ttr-fcTigw~ /f  he~ther 

to  the  effect 
that  this  may 
i hall  be  able  to  get  other 

be  so  Wa^^r-^50~TTitereb-feed--ttr-tniOT:/.'netner  we  snan  ue 

recordings  of  Destinn, ■  Bonci.  Kartine'lli  and  other  forcer  Edison  artists 
who^re-^SvT^aiined~by  the  Victor  /eople  as  their  exclusive  artists.  Be 
"enjoy  very  much  your  fine  record/ of  Anna  Case,  Alice  Verlet,  Urlus  and 
others.  Be  often  wonder  why  it /Is  that  so  many  of  the  older  artists  who 
are” now  world  famous  are  satisfied  with  recordings  which  seem  to  some  of 

far  inferior  to/the  Bdlson_rg^SEa&iA»«M-. — ” 

fbere  is  only  /one  criticism  that  I  have  to  off  er  with  respect 
to  the  Edison 'record.  L'W  found  that  a  few  of  my  records  develop  spots 
which  ?ive  a  very  harsh-’ scratching  sound  as  the  needle  passes  over  ths!'‘* 

Some  of  these  soots  ^pear  to  be  a  very  fine  flaking  of  the  material  of  the 
record  On  examination  with  a  hand  lens  the  bottri  of  the  sound  grooves 
seem  to  be  lined  with  snail  crystalline  granules  which  will  not  be  removed 
by  washing  in  "warm  water  and  ivory  soap".  This  appearance  does  not  seem 
to  be  caused  by’ the  reproducer  since  it  appears  in  but  a  few  of  the  records. 
This  criticism  is  not  givers  an  indication  of  dlssatisfa6t  on  in  any  way. 
On  the  contrary  I  am  more  and  more  pleased  with  my  phonograph  42o0  otyle)  • 
every  day'.  These  annoyances  arise  with  every  manufactured  article,,  but  by 
having  ,4t  tent  ion  frequently  called  to  such  defects  as  may  be  found  will 
eventually  lead  to  their  elimination. 

Yours  very  truly. 


CiyJiJr  1K*~>  7 
\i*J~  ^  QO'i-/ 

l-t-frL ssi'ZtZ?'' 

December  17,  1916. 

y  <w\ 

onard :  } 

HoBBro.  Ireton,  Leonard: 

lir.  Sommer's  answers  to  the  numerous 
Interrogator Iob  propounded  to  him  were  In  the  majority  of 
obbob  at  ■ varianoe  with  the  facts  us  we  know  them  to  be.  xhis 
led  to  the  opinion,  finally  Bhared  by, Ur.  Po!™®£  himself ,  that 
hie  subordinates  had  been  doing  many  things  without  hie 

When  informed  that  we  had  oome  to  the 
breaking  ooint  with  him  unlesB  ho  cleaned  out  hie  present 
crowd  andPplaoed  his  busineea  fully  in  charge  of  a  man  in  whom 
viavfi  oonfldenoe.  he  agreed  that  he  would  make  Ur.  Leonard 
a  director  and  general  manager  of  all  of  the  th°^°gaph 

Companies,  under  a  oontraot  providing  that 

and^ales  methods  of  the  Pacific  Phonograph  Companiee  -  and 

a’SArp!  sr  J5  s 

to  them. 

Unfortunately  for  the  immediate  consummation 

.1  t„i,  plan.  Hr.  togg! *  li.STC' b?.». 


end  in  all  other  ways  to  oonform  to  our  wishes. 

It  is  probable  that  Ur.  Sommer  was  suffi¬ 
ciently  impressed  by  f ^^.Stor^way^S^oL’Iime"®  oome. 
conduct  hie  business  in  a  at  his  acts,  but  I  do 

I  cannot  Bay  that  he  "??  “??■,  Zooi  polioy  for  him  in 

believe  he  is  pressed  that  it  will  be  good  po  y  should 

SV^rthS  Sr^22fft28VS  £  Sxanoisoo  in  April.  - 

It  will  bo  necessary  for  uo  to  find  some  other  manager  for  Mr. 
Pommer,  hut  since  I£r.  Leonard  seeins  very  acceptable  to  Mr. 
Poinmer  and  in  my  opinion  is  well  qualified  by  his  varied  ex¬ 
perience  for  the  position,  1  hope  that  Mr.  Leonard  can  arrange 
to  take  this  position. 

0.  C.  to  Messrs.  EHISOJJ?  WIL30U, 


!;  by  the 

;;ew  York,  341 

ny  do 

Thomas  Kill  son, 

cllnnfel  How  •*« 


T  take  the  libe-ty,  our  approval.  Porteen 

von  a  fev,  .lines,  which,  X  hone,  w, 11  ^theftvL/ known  to 

-  T  iftotj  mv  nfr;htf  f»*om  a  disease  07  Tjl T  have 

da“;"to  X 

orn?  in  1847,  and  when  bllmlness  overtook  me.JnHturall^^ 

I.4i4fir««  n  oprf  ormer,  and  writer  o:  pxa/s,  .  hlind 

b.«  tim  «">'  “ '  'SJj  ;“;i  !.,..utl.n  for  th. 

of  What  Is  now  known,  as  .he  „-  K  H,  s3  U  sent  mo  a 

fillnd,  formally  opened  hy  President  Taft.  a„rt  wlth 


rr.  aara  was  r  I  si;  ^jsxstr 

entertained  me  with  a  Fhonocraph.  I  •  n  ,n(uiry  ,  he  informed  no, 
was  the  host,  that  I  had -2i«™  Hi**  Ml' Olso.  The  Idea  naturally 

«**£•  trmelnthar?f  I* ou™«X  ®*  «"  of  “  ™,Ad 

^  s" lV&jk .rrrisrrsj.  ~  -  ?t,  jk.. 

This  has  bee  n  pr  -»«  *  -»  T  onnoluded  you  mi:;ht  rtJ.  rmi, 

of  writins  this  .letter  to  you,  for,  ^  +<n  secure,  one  of  these 

mo  ,  in  some  waywha re  by ,  T  m..  n .  •  or  otherwise ,  condition,  when 

pe  rfectly  natural  Machines,  at  a  pri^,  advertising  medium, 

T-mir,  t  bo  ftlo  to  pay  for  it,  oruso  1 
awrijosbiy  to  your  instructions.  .  from  you,  on 

T  am  sure,  that  I  would  be  vn-Y  rA  1 ^  that  I  have 

this  subject,  at  your  earliest  conve nien.o.  ^ ^  ae,  a  vorverabi 
not  encroached  upon  your  yai «»' '»*"  x™^hJlmis,  I  remain,  dear  sir, 
way,  for  mo  to  secure  one  oj  _■> 

Yours  vorr  Sinco^uXy , 

.ut,  atw, 

II,  b.  I  send  you,  under  separate  ooer ^^00^/  of  my  book, 
and  other  Uterature,  in  which,  yon  ma;  1 

Orange, N.J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

Anamosa,  Iowa.  Dec. 20th. 1915 

ScuA  Urt.\nc*ru™  **»  1  . 

■rt-1  ^U^-e-tvi-vuco  , 

^  ix  ^ 

Your  favor  of  the  9th.inst.recieved  in  reply  to  / 

my  letter  of  the  20th. ult.  in  which  you  state  that  you  have  made  / 

it  a  rule  not  to  examine  any  invention  untlll  such  a  time  as  / 

application  shall  have  geeh^rnade^fo r  patent  ^y  the_^nv^pto^  ^  f  J 

I  appreciate  the  Iffact  that  this  policy  is  logical 
and  fair, however  I  wish  to  make  a  proposition  on  a  matter  that 
I  believe  is  out  ofthe  ordinary  and.  should  be  put  uw  to  you— ±hi  "l 

an  unusual  way.  CU1SU*<A£L. 

I  realize  that  your  time  is  very  valuable  and  that 
without  doubt  you  must  be  protected  against  the  limitless  corres¬ 
pondence  you  recieve  asking  your  attention  on  thousands  of 
proposed  improvements  on  your  phono graphs, as  a  large  percent  — J — " 
of  these  ideas  are  worthies^  and  inconsistent  , . .  . 

I  have  been  Informed \ that  you  have  jiotsSfered  an 
electric  dilven  phonograph  for  the  reason  that  the  j^rfSod  .governor 
now  in  use  willnot  take  care  of  the  speed  when  the^MJPPent  varies, 
and  hare  concluded  that  this  is  a  fact, since  I  see  that  other 
companies  have  put  motor  driven  machines  into  their  line  that 
naver  could  be  satisfactory  owing  to  the  inefficiency  of  the 
governor  they  use?,  and  I  have  supposed  that  you  wished  to  over¬ 
come  this  deficiency  before  puting  an  electric  driven  machine 
on  the  market. 

I  wish  to  state  positively  that  I  have  developed 
a  system  of  speed  government  which  entirely  illiminates  any 
variation  inthe  speed  of  the  turntable, regardless  of  a  vary  wide 
variation  in  the  current  that  may  come  over  the  wires.  The  cost 
of  manufacture  in  trifling  .  The  attachment  may  redily  be  put 
on  any  machine  that  has  been  sold. 

I  propose  to  deposit  a  certified  check  for  $10100.00 
and  if  I  fail  to  produce  the  result  mentioned, in  a  demonstration 
to  you  or  your  agent, I  am  to  forfeit  the  check.  I  make  this 
proposition  as  an  assurance  aguinst  a  waste  of  time  on  your  part . 

This  governor  opens  the  way  for  the  use  of  other 
attachments  and  I  have  developed  a  machine  which  plays  ten 
records  without  attention  from  the  operator, works  quietly  and 
positively,  and  requires  but  slight  increase  in  the  size  ofthe 

I  realize  that  I  am  in  a  poor  position  to  obtain 
desireable  patents  as  I  am  not  located  well  and  do  not  under¬ 
stand  this  line  of  business  in  the  least, so  I  wish  to  sell  the 
invention  alone  as  I  feel  sure  that  you  would  be  do  le  to  procure 
patents  that  would  be  of  far  more  value  than  I  would  be  able  to 

I  do  not  ask  you  to  examine  the  invention  for1 
reasons  you  state.  I  can  put  the  attachment  on  any  of  your 
machines  in  a  very  short  time  and  demonstrate  the  results 
mentioned  without  having  to  show  you  the  anner  in  which  the 
results  are  obtained. 

If  you  are  interested  in  securing  this  idea, 
kindly  advise  when  and  where  you  wish  a  demonstration  md  I 
will  bo  there  at  the  appointed  time. 

I  am  in  a  position  to  back  up  the  thing  that  I 
have  proposed  to  do,  and  hope  that  I  may  be  fortunate  enough 
that  this  letter  may  reach  Mr.  Edison  personally  and  reeieve 
a  reply  stating  whether  the  results  mentioned  are  desired. 

Yours  Very  Truly, 

d  /i. 

Dec.  218b. 


Mr.  George  H.  Follows, 

%  Fred.  H.  Smyth, 

9  west  91st  Street, 
flew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

Mr.  Edison  has  requested  me  to 
acknowledge  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 
17th  instant,  and  to  say  that  you  can 
come  to  the  laboratory  at  any  timo  that  is 
convenien^||o  you  and  ask  for  me.  If  he 
is  available  at  the  time,  he  will  be  glad 
to  see  you,  and  if  not,!  shall  be  glad 
to  have  you  shown  around. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison, 

Mr.  Constable:- 

The  stop  mechanism  shown  ana  descrihea  in  the  en-  ^ 
closed  copies  of  the  drawing  ana  specification  of  the  patent 
application  of  H.  H.  Ballard  is  quite  different  in  principle 
and  construction  from  the  stop  mechanism  designed  hy  Hr. 


I  find  that  Mr.  Ballard's  magnetic  stop  mechanism 
is  not  covered  by  any  patent  owned  by  us  or  by  any  of  the 
claims  contained  in  the  application  covering  the  stop  mech- 


'*€.&£. .  j  ^r;4  \UUc^y^ 


C^aA.  ^6-e- 

^2-yp<-B—  sCO  /{^C^CrCxf-Zsx 

OU2/CL£-&f-  Ct^o  &5~  zA** 


y’Sxc**  i^yucu-r— 

J,,  , 

>^p  ^Ay6  s*0*  2%  /Z^&trij3<C 

j  t^-cj3>yyupZe^<j.  -• 

C2s<^  CkP^Cky^. 

c^-x,  ■•:<_  sUotwA&<-  Zk^ 

/t^<34ri-&6tsty>  A  ^*'<1- 

ZAl-  a^xsnk*-  , 

_ _ _ _ _  /ceA**~ A  ’ 

rf~-  &&a-eso  ~AL^  sAjs&z.  Ac,-j 

j.<(  syJUZ*  a-i_  stesspyt^Le* ^ ^ 

■zA&***-  ‘^CA_  _ _ _ 

e.~£sU^<-&*-  <20c&Ca. 

52^,  spu^-yitj-est-^  ^  ~  ^  a^a 

^Q^e^e^a  */>  &U-  &C*~G- 
f,  s^tOy*-  Agy^  «**-  Zkkpi^Ukre^.  Oc^e- 

<2tn*£esP<*>6z**‘  c 

December  23,  1915. 

Ur.  Holden: 

I  attach  typewritten  copy  outlining  the  plan  of 
the  proposed  American  Commercial  Securities  Corporation,  an 
institution  projected  by  Helson  of  Albany  and  his  associates 
with  a  view  to  discounting  phonograph  leases  in  the  manner 
set  forth  therein. 

The  author  of  this  dooument  is  a  Mr.  Hoffman  who 
is  associated  with  Mr.  Helson.  He  submitted  the  plan  to  me 
several  days  ago  for  our  opinion.  At  that  time  the  plan  con¬ 
templated  requiring  the  jobber  as  well  as  the  dealer  to  become 
liable  for  all  monies  advanced  against  the  dealer's  leases. 

I  told  Mr.  Hoffman  that  we  are  opposed  to  any  plan  which 
would  involve  the  jobber  in  any  Buoh  liability,  and  he  has 
undertaken  to  amend  his  scheme  accordingly. 

There  seems  to  be  nothing  particularly  new  or  novel 
about  Mr.  Hoffman's  plan.  It  is  similar  to  the  schemes  that 
piano  manufacturers  are  promoting,  although  25 r.  Hoffman  claims 
that  it  has  some  refinements. 

I  am  sure  that  Mr.  Edison  and  Ur.  Wilson  will  both 
be  greatly  interested  in  this  matter,  but  before  submitting 
the  dooument  to  thecal  wish  you  would  read  it  and  comment  on 


william  Mcknight 

JstjtJi'trrvL*  huM**-  ^ 

(V^3‘S^  rz/l&'-iJ,.*  *££*,.*  <£**«*»*** 

. *" 

'll19  )  ^^y^jtcu,-  c-  K'^. 

rXy  ■  ~~  "  y/ -y  /•"'  /' 

Cc*f^u£'JL  o*~/J%'~-7  7%t^‘ 

.  l/‘  /~?  /?  /?  v  '  »  ,  ub: 

■.  ^  ,  L— ^  - 

«  .  /  -  /  A 

/  ■^'  ■  /r  C <■<  <;  y/^'-  f'  f  ^  ^  ^ 

-{ySm»r-  <V  //  •"'“'r‘  '  L/  v  A  ;; / 

V*  yL'fi  s/Scsit..  .  / ii<-e  cJ<ZS  <r*Jl,  e*  f 


UlCtsU'  #_<Zy  A  /*^'.Q *J/u'cM' 

y^csreC*  rfs  ' 

U^Jt'U',  C"*  '  pp  /'  ds  *-  (^^7 

IsU-cs^  l  -l^s  t'-tA*  ,  / 

A  £/is  Z7 

L  dL*  ^ 

■  i:i  /  i  : 

u  §;%#■ 

(partes  Arttjur  (Unrltslr, 

Sroutlj  10c«6.Kitd. 

Mr .  Meadoweroft ,  —  ,  >(,  ... 

Private  Sec.,  to  ||  ■ 

Hon.  Thomas  A.  Edison  I  .  ttl-  0°t  ^ 

Orange ,  New  Jersey.  Uji  jf  ‘  * 

My  dear  Mr.  Meadcworoft ^vi\£e-ri*£ 

Ever  since  my  son^lf5oason ,  he d  the  pleasure  of  ay- 
visit  with  Mr.  Edison  at  his  home,  he  has  been  in  the  hope  that 
some  day  he  would  own  an  Edison  Disc  phonograph,  end  this  Xmas 
he  h=8  succeeded  in  accumulating  §50.00,  with  the  result  that 
the  Victrola  people  are  nov;  after  him  to  buy  their  machine  in 
preference  to  the  Edison,  and  the  thought  occured  to  me  that 
perhaps  you  had  in  stock  a  good  first  class  machine  that  perhaps 
you  had  been  using  as  a  demonstrating  machine,,  or  perhaps 
one  that  some  of  the  agents  have  been  using  and  that  is  in^just 
as  good  a  condition  as  any  machine,  excepting  the  fact  that  it 
has  been  in  use  in  this  manner,  and  if  you  have  that  kina  of 
a  machine  available  perh-ps  you  would  be/willing  to  sell  it  for 
§50.00  cash. 


This  machine  is  to  be  used  by  him  at  Yale,  and  it  would 
be  shipped  direct  to  Woodson-'Stuaebaker  Carlisle,  603  Wright 
Hall,  New  Haven,  Conn. 

Won't  you  kindly  investigate  the  matter  a  little  oit, 
and  if  you  find  anything  that  you  feel  would  fill  this  order  please 
let  me  hear  from  you  promptly,  and  thanking  you  for  the  courtesy 
of  your  kind  attention,  and  with  best  wishes  for  the  New  Year, 
believe  me, 

y£^L/~  ftp.  .  . 


n  c  "JP*- 

Doo.  r:0t.h.  1015. 

Mies  Helen  a.  Hayes, 
115  East  34th  Street, 
Hew  York  City. 

i.iy  dear  Mies  Hayes : 

Mr.  Edison  received  your  favor  of  the  23rd  in¬ 
stant  ,  and  nas  asked  me  to  write  to  you  with  our  latest  cata¬ 
logue  of  disc  records.  He  also  desires  mo  to  pick  out  thirty 
records  that  you  would  like  to  hnvo.  If  you  will  do  this  and 
send  no  the  list  I  have  instructions  to  send  them  to  you  with 
Mr.  Edison's  compliments. 

He  is  so  exceedingly  busy  that  he  has  no  tiine 
to  answer  letters  as  he  would  wish,  but  he  is  taking  the  liberty 
of  answering  throuirh  me,  a e  ho  is  well  aware  that  you  are  ac¬ 
quainted  with  both  of  us.  He  appreciates  your  kind  letter  and 
the  nice  things  that  you  say  about  the  Diamond  Disc. 

4.s  for  myself,  I  suppose  I  am  almost  beyond  par¬ 
don.  for  I  have  utterly  neglected  you.  If  you  could  understand 
how  we  have  been  plunged  head  over  heels  into  an  enormous  mass 
of  business  during  the  past  yeai,  I  know  that  you  would  easily 
forgive  me.  She  only  thing  that  I  can  do  is  to  ask  you  to 
take  my  word  for  it-  Mr.  Hayes  will  back  this  up.  Yau  will 
realize  how  busy  we  have  been  when  1  tell  you  that  I  have  not  hud 
two  leisure  hours  in  Hew  York  since  December  9th  of  last  year. 
'Huff  |aid? 

..ishing  you  all  the  good  wishes  imaginable  for  the 
I  remain, 

coming  year, 

Yours  very  truly. 


/K^&  /7 vp£<L& 

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ISAAC  REISS.  Sec'y  end  Tree, 


uCrj,  to-< 



Attention  of  "r  •  Thoa.  A.  Ml  son. 

Dear  Sir:  — 

We  have  had,  in  the  last  faw 

months,  hundreds  of  inquiries  from  the  different 

five,  ten  and  twentv-five  cent  stores  a  °y 
the  countrv  as  to  whether  v/e  could  furnish  -hem 
with  a  ten  cent  record. 

knowing  that  you  manufacture  the 
"Edison"  records,  we 'thought  there  may  be  a  ■ 
nossible  chance  for  you  to  make  up  a  -e-ora 
this  kind  to  sell  for  ten  cents,  as  we  *now 
that  we  could  sell  large  quantities  ^ne,  as 
we  are  the  largest  trade  journal  in  this  field. 

Would  kindly  ask  you  to  let  us 
hear  from  vou  rewarding  ««me  and  by  so  doing  yo 

Your 8  very  truly, 

NAT  I  ON  AT,  5,10-350  MAGAZINE. 

A  Monthly  Trade  Journal  and  a  Merchandising  Service  Specializing  in  Low-Priced  Lines. 

_  4— -'i  J  .  tru.  Qso-tu-t- 

®  ° 

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Q  „-jd5Av_  _(^r^^~-5-~-  '^'-a- 

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Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Phonograph  -  General 

Undated,  ca.  1915 

Y  |  Y) 

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S'  On  Normal  Green  Given  Fine  Production.  || 

Mr.  Eaison: 

In  the  numerical  trade  list  of  disc  records  -  in 

which  I  have  inserted  the  mould  numbers, and  the  letters  oftg 

This  means  that  if  the  master  moulds  of  this 
number  are  not  exceptionally  good  the  selection  will  have  to  he 
recorded  again. 

pB+  Ho  50061  -  MEMORIES  OF  H<i>ME  has  been  recorded  again  as 
- ~ -  2641-A-B-C.  {C |5  has  heen  plated  and  accepted. 

Oat  Ho.  80091  -  HEAKTS  AMD  ELOWEBS  has  been  recorded  again 

■ - - -  but  was  rejected  tho  we  are  allowed  to  use  the 

new  mold  2642-C  until  a  better  one  is  made. 

With  the  above  exceptions,  I  believe  the  list 
to  be  complete  and  accurate. 

I  believe  that  the  greatest  obstacle  to  increased 
production  is  the  imperfect  masters  now  in  use j  - 

(1)  The  Submasters  require  an  unreasonable  amount  of  work  in 
the  repair  room. 

(2)  When  repaired  only  a  small  proportion  will  pass  Ernie  to 
go  on  the  presses. 

(2)  Being  rougher  to  start  with  than  they  should  be  the  moulds 
will  only  run  a  short  time  before  being  taken  off. 

The  only  way  to  remedy  the  trouble  is  to  plate 
masters  remaining  in  the  vault. 

'  We  will  soon  be  able  to  plate  80  per  week,  but  to 

carry  them  thru  -  replacing  the  old  masters  by  second  masters 
from  the  new  moulds,  will  cause  a  congestion  in  Grimes  depart¬ 
ment  unless  provision  is  made  to  take  care  of  it. 

The  repair  room  is  where  the  greatest  strain  comes 
now.  and  where  the  greatest  strain  will  be  for  the  next  six 
months  • 

I  believe  that  girls  should  be  paid  better  for  this 
work  than  for  any  other  work  in  'the  plant,  and  that  it  would  be 
good  policy  to  at  once  offer  at  least  60?o  more  money  to  get  the 
class  of  help  required.  I  understand  that  the  woman  who  is 
responsible  Tor  the  room  gets  only  about  12-1/2  cents  per  hour. 

worked  in  thiPlSSmWrtt^ 

devise  some  equitable  plan^  ' °£j;yno  |0od  put  her  out. 

girl  enough  to  i?4*™  to  repair  ana  the  next  may  not 

One  Submaster  will  tahe  all  aay  vo  p  given  the  hardest 

K&  “att  ao  Mfof fhonus  or  piecework  system. 

+  a  SSSgBSy*0^ 

°ing°one  tSnI  may  have,coSsiaerahle  effect  one  day  and  none  the 


On  account  of  having  1000  records  in  stock  most  of  the 

that  require  a  new  mould  for  every  160  records. 

The  new  selections  to  he  added  to  the  catalog  will  help 
to  keep  the  presses  full  and  keep  up  production.  ^J;he  repair 
room  will  still  have  to  hear  the  burden  of  keeping  up  the  diff_- 
cult  moulds  to  supply  the  demand  for  those  records  until  better 
master  moulds  are  obtained. 

There  will  be  cases  in  which  plating  the  white  master 
in  the  vault  will  not  help  us,  as  it  may  he  with  the  Urlus  records, 
but  in  all  cases  the  repairs  will  be  less. 

Hot  over  three  second  masters  should  be  printed  of  each, 
at  this  time,  as  we  can  get  started  quicker. 

If  vou  will  go  over  the  little  black  book  giving 
numbers  of  masters  in  the  vault  and  put  some  mark  opposite  each 
one  which  you  want  put  in  a  book  arranged  with  songstogether 
and  brass  bands  together  etc.,  I  will  make  the  book  for  you. 

Very  respectfully, 

Cl/.  (A) ' 

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AXvv%yl\  |  (T^v^''--  0  'pytf'K 


Some  Famous  Instrumentalists 

rIE  Edison  Machines  arc  made  in  a  great  variety  of 
styles  and  prices.  Our  Salesman  will,  on  request,  be  very 
pleased  to  show  you  the  Edison  line  and  give  you  a 
personal  demonstration  in  one  of  the  private  concert  rooms. 

Special  credit  terms  arc  gladly  extended  to. those  who  desire 
to  pay  for  the  Edison  while  they  arc  using  it. 

The  Edison  Shop 

473  Fifth  Ave.,  New  York  City 

















Drive  dowel  pins  In  corner  post  of  oabinet —  30  a 

Hark  frame  for  dowel  hole - 25 

_ _ _ 35 

Drill  hole - - - 

£x"y  in  cabinet - - - - 

Place  jigs  f°r  shipping  atrip  holes — 

Drill  holes - 

Remove  jig - • 

Place  jig  for  horn  pivot  step  hearing 

nark  holes  with  marker - 

Drill  hole - 

Place  step  hearing - 

Sack  step  hearing - 

Drive  screws-- - - 

Place  speaker  and  Btart  screws  with  h 
Drive  screws - 

.  15 
.  5 
-  20 
.  25 
-  80 
-  60 
-  50 

vit  grill.  This  operation  not  always  necessi 
avipn  ne ce ssarv  will  take  from  2  to  15  mimitei 

72.  Fasten  Btay  arm - 

73.  Top  plate  on  brackets-- - 

74.  Jig  for  winding  crank  hole- 

76k  Wedge - - - 

76/  Drill - 

77.  Remove  wedge — - - - - 

78.  Try  handle - 

79.  Clean  ont  wood  chips - - 










80.  Regulator  stop  screw - - -  20  sec. 

81.  "  plate - - - - - - -  35  "  . 

82.  "  (assembled)  to  top  plate -  20  "  . 

83.  Turn  over  machine - . —  5  "  . 

84.  Attaoh  regulator  cam -  10  "  . 

85.  Cam  nut - 30  "  . 

86.  Trip  lever - - 20  "  . 

87.  Stop  lever - 20  "  . 

88.  Spring - 15  "  . 

89.  Step  Bearing  Bushing  set  screw  with  nut — ' -  30  sec. 

90.  Step  Bearing -  20  "  . 

91.  Tighten  screw -  5  n  . 

92.  Turn  ever  machine -  5  "  . 

93.  Ball  into  step -  8  "  . 

94.  Oil - - 10  "  . 

95.  Spindle  and  governor  worm  wheel— - 20  "  . 

96.  Turn  over  machine -  5  "  . 

97.  Set  governor  wheel— - - - - - -  60  "  . 

98.  Spindle  Bushing  adjusting  screw— - - —  25  "  . 

99.  Set  screws  on  spindle  Bracket - — - — - —  2D  sec 

101.  pivots  and  feed  rack  worm  shaft — — - 30  " 

101.  Adjusting  screw - - - - -  25  " 

102.  Adjust  and  tighten  screw - -  60  " 

103.  Governor  fork  and  lever  SssemBled -  50  " 

104.  "  "  "  "  to  machine -  50  " 




Governor  fork  lever  limit  screw - 

12  ” 


25  " 


Governor  pivots - 



50  " 


>'  adjusting  screw -  - 

15  11 


Tighten  set  screws - - 

54  " 



Assemble  winding  gear  shaft,  spring  and  pawl- 

60  " 


Assemble  winding  gear  Bhaft  and  washer  to 

30  " 


Cotter  pin  in  winding  gear  shaft - 

10  " 


Wa3her  on  barrel  shaft - 

-  20  " 

116 . 

Oil  shaft  ehdo - - - — “ 

-  50  " 


Assemble  barrel  with  bracket -  " 

-  56  " 


Screw  fast  bracket- - -  “ 

--25  " 


On  plug  screw  in  barrel - 

—15  " 

'  120. 

Wind  motor—— - - - 

-  50  " 


Oil  gearB - 

-100  " 


Attach  oil  ripe s  to  governor  drive - 

-120  " 


Attach  oil  pipes  to  barrel  drive - 

30  " 


Unloosen  screws  for  oil  pan - 

150  " 


Fasten  oil  pan — - - - “  " 

5  " 


Turn  over  machine — - - - - - 

.  40  " 


Wic  k  around  spindle - 

.  45  " 


Oil  machine  from  top - - - 




























Take  out  grill— - - - - - 

Take  rarer  off  horn - 

Ball  in  ster - 

Oil - - 

Horn  in  cabinet - 

Take  outside,  frames - 

Mechanism  into  cabinet - 

Pelt  under  first  lug - - - 

Pasten  screw  and  nut - 

Pelt  under  second  lug - 

Paoten  screw  and  nut - 

Pelt  under  third  lug - 

Pasten  screw  and  nut - 

Assemble  horn,  handle  and  friction  spring  in 
mechanism - 

Put  on  table - 

Put  on  Breaker - - - 

Adjust  step - 

Set  horn - 

Set  rack - - - 

Set  friction — — - - — — - - 

V/ood  strip  for  horn  stop - 

Rubber  cushion  in  strip - 

Block  for  horn  stop— - - — - - - - “ 

Rubber  cushion  in  block - - - - - 

line  up  speaker  by  twisting  and  bending  horn. 
Time  varies  from  1  to  5  minutes. 

Remove  table - 

10  " 
25  " 







Wind  motor — 





156.  Brill  Bor  name  plate - 

157.  Brlve  two  screws - 

15B.  Plug  In  winding  shaft - 

159.  Plate  on  plug - 

160.  Brill  holes - - - 

161.  Brive  three  screws - 

162.  Put  hack  turntable - 

163 .  "  "  side  frames - 

164.  Put  hack  grill - 

23  men  200  daily. 

Getting  150  cabinet  ready  1550  seconds  -  8  men. 
Assembling  motor  1645  seconds  -  9  men. 

Assembling  motor  in  cabinet  934  seconds-  6  men. 











Retail  Salesman’s 
Sales  Manual 

3^6  a-ea 
<  In  ^  U^k 

0j3  4ao 

*  Z. 

3  3 

Retail  Salesman’s  Sales 
Manual  for  Edison  Dia¬ 
mond  Disc  Phonographs 
and  Edison  Diamond  Disc 

OCTOBER,  191+ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc. 
Orange,  N.  J.,  U.  S.  A. 

The  Product  of  a  Master-mind 
in  Acoustics 

"M  l  AT  the  Etlison  Diamond  Disc  bears  tlic  im¬ 
press  oi  a  master-mind  in  acoustics  is  evident  to 
everyone  who  hears  it.  This  instrument  is  the 
.nine  achievement  of  Mr.  Edison’s  research  work 
coustics.  It  represents  the  mature  results  of  Mr. 
on’s  wonderful  inventive  genius  applied  to  per- 
ng  the  art  of  recording  and  reproducing  sound. 

:  differs  from  all  other  discs.  IT  IS  SUPERIOR, 
re  is  a  reason  for  every  difference  and  ample 
ind  on  which  to  sustain  every  claim  of  superiority, 
'he  record  itself,  for  example,  is  thicker  and  harder 
i  any  other;  the  reproducer  is  heavier;  the  arnpli- 
g  arm  is  carried  across  the  face  of  the  record — not 
the  friction  of  the  reproducer  point  against  the 
id-wave  groove,  as  is  true  of  other  discs — but  by 
ticntifically  designed  mechanism.  These,  and  the 
iy  other  points  of  difference  between  the  Edison 
mond  Disc  and  so-called  talking  machines,  are  not 
c  peculiarities.  They  arc  the  ultimate  results  of 
nustivc  experiments  which  have  demonstrated  their 
ortancc  in  achieving  the  end  sought — PERFECT 

The  Edison  Diamond 
Disc  Phonograph 

Its  Difference 
Its  Superiority 

Numerical  Catalog  and  Salesmen’s 
Manual  of  Edison  Diamond 
Disc  Records 

Directions  for  Pronunciation 


Retail  Salesman’s  Sales  Manual 


Nos.  50153  to  50183 

S1.00  in  the  United  States;  S1.25  In  Canada 
50163  Hungarian  Fantasia,  Theodore  M.  Tobini  (Toll- 
bah1 -nee),  Band 
Now  I  am  going  to  play  y< 

/fEZSiff,  . .  ■'Ox&yxb 

*1  tier  of  chat  »n  tliemcs. 

*  T«  Halid’ 

*nd  arrangement  of  di 

Witcomb  Riley’s  i  . 

Raggedy  Man”  (a  raggedy  roan,  you  rot 
of  handy  man  around  the  farm.)  The  second  poem  is  ca 
“The  Bumblebee,”  a  ‘‘cautionary  tale  for  children.  L_,. 
nf  all  he  gives  the  humorous  lines,  "An  Impetuous  Resolve. 

50I7S  Moan!  Ke  Ala  (Moh-ah-ne 


Retail  Salesman’s  Sales  Manual 


(Inter!  in  your  copy  of  Form  2669) 

Nos.  50171  to  501% 

$1.00  in  the  United  States;  $1.25  in  Canada 

Minn* *'•  A *1)  ream,"*' ilia l  f  think  exceptionally  lieaniiful. 

50176  Jolly  Coppersmith  March,  C.  C.  /V/cr,  Descriptive, 

Kli/al^ll^Sl.^cci  ^l<t. &iwuj7* rcliW^ Sopianl  / 


>idc'C«!ve^''nic  V)nrk'vUic  Dance,"  an  old-fashioned  | 
v  walk  which  jovially  depicts  the  darkies*  festivities.  * 

Nos.  80161  to  80189 

$1.50  in  the  United  States;  $2.00  in  Canada 

vs  «f  Long  Ago — II»p  O’  Mv  Tliurn,  Klein, 
reenrd — by  Walter 

B . _ . _  ...usical  play  "Hop  o’  f 

tirm.  The  beautiful  "Barcarole’ 
mi  wonderfully  popular  in  this 

it  one  of  the  daintiest  and  most 

as# i 

i."  by  Offenbach,  when  first 

’  given  on  this  record  became 
count rv  that  it  was  heard  in 
lid  theatre  of  the  city.  1  think 
charming  operatic  pieces  ever 

il  Reed  Miller,  Soprano  n 

(J  the  show. 

Nos.  82055  and  82062 

$2.00  in  the  United  States;  $2.50  in  Canada 
82055  The  Palms,  J.  Faure  {For),  Thomas  Chalmers,  1 
Probably  th 

Clialmers/5Tai  eftlafoly  you  will  aRrc#  t£ar  nertme  could 

am,  Thomas  Chalmers, 

sour  hits  of’ the  operetta,  “Pretty  Mrs. 

iiviv  .i  icwnm  .*v  Thomas  Chalmers  and  chorus— a  Cl 
mas  sour  called  “6  Holy  Night,”  by  Adolphe  Adam.  .•> 
was  a  celebrated  operatic  composer— a  1  nrisian. 
Christmas  sour  was  at  one  time  immensely  popular,  at 
still  well  known. 

Pari  a  (Pahr'-lah)— Vocal  Waltz,  /. 
ter),  Mary  Carson,  Soprano 

7/t*  (///<*»/<•  <■*- 

"(Tie  oosez lhe 
and  the  izard 

The  Goose 
the  Typewriter 
and  the  Wizard 

The  story  of  the  evolution  of 
■writing  as  applied  to  business. 
It  begins  with  the  days  when 
the  goose  furnished  quills 
with  wh  ich  to  write  and  ends 
with  the  present  time ,  just 
touching  the  intermediate 
high  spots  to  show  where  and 
how  the  wizard  took  hold. 

ORANGE,  N.  J. 


EDISON  can  travel  along  a  well-used  road 
and  still  find  virgin  soil,”  remarked  one 
of  his  assistants. 

That  is  exactly  what  Mr.  Edison  did  when 
he  sought  and  found  a  method  of  voice  repro¬ 
duction.  Scientists  for  ages  past  had  attacked 
the  problem  without  success.  Dreamers  had 
prophesied — one  that  it  would  some  day  be 
possible  to  preserve  the  voice  in  a  hollow 
trunk  or  pipe  in  such  a  way  that  the  words 
would  come  out  when  the  pipe  was  rightly 

These  men  failed  because  they 
started  from  the  source  of  sound.  AyjP.: 

They  tried  to  make  a  machine  that 

could  talk.  Mr.  Edison  started  with  '* 

the  eject  of  sound— the  recording  of 

vibrations  —  and  succeeded.  He 

travelled  the  same  road  the  rest  had  travelled, 

but  saw  the  thing  they  had  overlooked. 

There  is,  and  always  will  be,  a  certain 
amount  of  mj'stery  in  the  principle  of  voice 
reproduction— in  the  fact  that  a  sharp  point 
will  cut  into  a  wax  cylinder  in  such  a  way  as 

to  record  sound,  and  that  a  button-shaped 
point  will  bring  the  sound  out  again,  clear 

But  in  developing  the  Edison  Dictating 
Machine  of  today  from  the  first  crude  machine 
of  1877,  Mr.  Edison  has,  by  years  of  persistent 
effort,  taken  all  the  mystery  out  of  the  appli¬ 
cation.  of  the  principle.  And  in  doing  so,  he 
has  given  to  the  world  an  appliance  that  ranks 
well  up  with  his  other  inventions  in  actual 
economic  value. 

This  booklet  is  presented  to  tell  you  just 
how  simple  the  Edison  Dictating  Machine  is 
in  operation  and  how  its  economy  is  effected. 


Chapter  I 

Overcoming  Your  Father's 

YOUR  grandfather  used  to  write 
letters  in  long  hand  at  a  cons 
penditure  of  time.  He  did  nc 
expenditure,  partly  because  it  was  not  a 
loss  according  to  the  business  standards 
of  his  day,  partly  because  the  volume  of 
his  business  correspondence  was  com¬ 
paratively  small,  but  mainly  because  f 
he  wrote  his  own  thoughts  in  his  own 
words — directly. 

Your  father  found  in  the  typewriter 
an  answer  to  the  demand  for  greater  speed,  legibility 
and  economy,  and  because  he  gained  much  in  these 
respects  through  its  use,  he  cheerfully  hired  a  sten¬ 
ographer  and  learned  to  dictate. 

But  he  lost  in  directness.  He  spoke  his  letters 
to  a  stenographer  instead  of  to  the  men  who  would 
receive  them,  and  each  letter  went  through  several 
distinct  processes  at  the  hands  of  the  stenographer 
before  it  came  back,  ready  to  be  signed.  This 
discouraged  individuality  in  dictating  and  led  to 
misunderstandings  and  errors  in  typing. 

Now  it  is  found  that  with  the  Edison  Dictating 
Machine  you  can  gain  what  your  father  lost  in 
directness  and  can,  in  addition,  cut  the  present  cost 
of  your  business  correspondence  in  two. 



But  the  adoption  of  machine  dictating,  unlike 
that  of  machine  writing,  does  not  bring  about  any 
upheaval  in  your  offices.  It  does  not  require  any 
change  in  your  own 


Chapter  II 
In  Your  Office 

WHEN  you  arrive  in  the  morning  your 
Edison  Dictating  Machine  is  ready  for 
use.  Instead  of  waiting  for  a  stenographer, 
you  take  a  record  from  its  box,  slip  it  on  the  machine 
and  start  the  motor  by  throwing  a  switch.  Pull  up¬ 
ward  a  small  lever  at  the  top  of  the  machine  and  the 
recording  point  is  lowered  so  that  it  rests  on  the 

Everything  is  now  ready  for  your  dictation,  but 
it  is  not  necessary  to  start  until  yon  wish. 

The  principle  is  exactly  the  same  as  in  an  auto¬ 
mobile.  There  you  start  the  motor,  but  the  car 
stands  still  until  you  throw  in  a  clutch. 

You  have  started  the  motor  in  your  Dictating 
Machine,  but  the  cylinder  itself  does  not  commence 
to  revolve  until  you  throw  in  a  clutch.  This  is  done 
by  a  slight  pressure  of  the  finger,  or  the  foot,  as  you 

Pick  up  one  of  the  letters  on  your  desk,  read  it 
through,  turn  to  your  Edison  Dictating  Machine 
and  dictate  your  reply  into  the  speaking  tube  just  as 
though  you  were  talking  to  your  man  over  the 

If  your  telephone  conversations  could  be  recorded 
they  would  make  mighty  good  reading.  They  are 
direct  and  forceful  and  are  accurate  reflections  of  your 



individuality.  So  it  is  with  the  letters  you  dictate  to 
the  Edison. 

Speak  as  slowly  or  as  rapidly  as  you  wish,  for  the 
Dictating  Machine  places  no  restriction  on  your  dic¬ 
tating  speed.  When  you  wish  to  stop  a  moment  in 
order  to  review  some  matter  in  your  mind  or  look 
for  data,  a  pressure  of  the  finger  or  a  lifting  of  the 
foot  stops  the  machine  immediately.  After  you  have 
used  the  Dictating  Machine  an  hour  or  two  this 
operation  is  accomplished  without  mental  effort. 

The  Edison  Dictating  Machine  is  entirely  at  your 
command  and  under  your  control  every  second.  You 
don’t  have  to  continue  using  it  until  you  stop  the 
motor  any  more  than  you  have  to  keep  going  in  an 
automobile  until  the  gasoline  runs  out.  Start  dictating 
when  you  please,  stop  when  you  please 
.  and  as  often  as  you  like. 

•1  In  case  you  are  interrupted  and 

wish  to  have  the  last  sentence  repeated, 

iTj wish  to  have  the  last  sentence  repeated, 
iust  ,ift  t*le  recording  point  from  the 
record,  and  by  a  single  motion  swing 
'  -  it  out  of  the  way  and  swing  the  repro- 
"aX"  ducing  point  into  its  place.  The 

"""  machine  reviews  clearly  and  distinctly  as  much  of  the 
dictation  on  the  cylinder  as  you  wish.  Then  swing 
the  recording  point  into  place  again  and  go  on. 

The  recording  point  is  a  sharp  sapphire  that  cuts 
your  words  into  the  revolving  cylinder  as  you  dictate. 
The  reproducing  point  is  a  rounded  sapphire  that 
does  nothing  but  reproduce  what  you  havesaid.  Both 
are  mounted  on  the  same  mechanism  and  it  takes  but 
an  instant  to  change  from  one  to  the  other.  Both  are 
plainly  marked,  so  that  you  can  make  no  mistake. 

As  you  dictate,  the  recording  point  travels  along 
the  revolving  cylinder.  When  it  has  nearly  reached 

the  end,  a  warning  bell  rings.  Kinish  your  sentence, 
release  your  dutch  and  press  back  the  top  lever,  thus 
lifting  the  recording  point  from  the  cylinder. 

Eight  minutes  of  dictation  at  the  average  speed 
will  fill  a  cylinder  and  will  mean  about  1,200  words. 

In  Chapter  VII  we  tell  you  how,  after  the  record 
has  been  transcribed,  the  cylinder  may  be  shaved  off 
and  made  ready  for  re-use.  A  cylinder  will  stand 
about  one  hundred  shavings,  so  that  the  expense  is 
reduced. to  a  slight  figure. 

Remove  the  cylinder,  place  it  in  its  box,  slip  a 
blank  one  in  its  place  and  continue  with  your  dicta¬ 
tion.  This  operation  is  also  a  simple  one,  quickly 
performed,  and  will  not  break  the  thread  of  your 
thought  even  though  thechange  may  be  necessary  in 
the  midst  of  a  letter. 

There  is  nothing  difficult  or  intricate  about  talk¬ 
ing  your  correspondence  into  the  Edison  Dictating 
Machine.  You  have  already  become  accustomed  to 
dictating,  and  have  nothing  new  to  learn.  The  opera¬ 
tions  described  may  seem  numerous 
and  confusing,  but  that  is  because  this 
is  a  description  of  them.  If  you  should 
read  directions  as  to  the  proper  way  to 
take  a  knife  from  your  pocket,  open  it 
and  sharpen  a  pencil,  you  would 
find  the  processes  even  harder  to 

As  far  as  your  dictating  is  concerned, 
the  Edison  is  nothing  more  nor  less 
than  a  mechanical  stenographer.  After 
you  have  used  it  for  a  short  time  its  operation 
will  come  naturally  and  without  conscious  effort. 


Chapter  III 
In  the 

Offices  of  Others 

Chapter  IV 

j  In  the 

).  Transcribing  Department 

WHILE  you  arc  dictating  in  your  office, 
your  partner  is  dictating  in  his  office,  and 
your  assistants  and  other  correspondents 
are  also  dictating  in  their  offices. 

You  and  your  partner  do  not  hold  up  the  dicta¬ 
tion  of  others  for  your  own  convenience  or  for  the 
dispatch  of  more  important  matters.  Each 
^  man  has  his  own  Edison  Dictating  Machine 
and  starts  as  soon  as  he  is  ready.  Some 
dictate  very  rapidly  and  some  very  slowly, 
i-  !  A  's  his  best  work  because  he 

■  *— -yP  .  is  alone  and  because  his  best  replies  come 
spontaneously  and  are  recorded  after  the 
first  reading  of  each  letter. 

The  eight  o’clock  mail  which  used  to  clog  the 
whole  office  routine  during  the  entire  day  is  now 
out  of  the  way  when  {he  ten  o'clock  mail  arrives. 
Everyone  brings  an  addetl  enthusiasm  to  the  work 
because  tile  work  is  always  "up.” 

Thus  the  Edison  Dictating  Machine  induces  the 
highest  form  of  efficiency  in  your  entire  dictating  de¬ 
partment-boosts  the  volume  of  business  correspond¬ 
ence  and  improves  its  quality  and  at  the  same  time 
lessens  the  effort  required  to  produce  it — removes  all 
obstacles  and  unnecessary  operations,  and  increases 
the  power  of  each  dictator  to  think  and  to  create. 
[  10  j 

MEANWHILE,  the  same  girls  who  for¬ 
merly  spent  at  least  half  of  their  time  in 
taking  shorthand  notes,  do  nothing  under 
the  Edison  System  hut  transcribe — produce  corre¬ 

Each  operator  has  a  machine  to  herself.  Each 
is  kept  supplied  with  records  which  are  to  be  tran¬ 
scribed.  There  is  no  hitch,  no  interruption,  no  loss 

Instead  of  taking  time  to  read  and 
study  over  her  shorthand  notes  which 
were  written  so  hurriedly,  each  tran-  - 
scriber  sits  at  her  typewriter  with  the  I 
hearing  tubes  at  her  ears,  and  writes  | 
just  what  she  hears  as  it  comes  off  the 
machine.  If  necessary  she  can  repeat 
parts  of  the  dictation  just  as  you  can  on  your 

Having  your  own  words  to  transcribe,  and  the 
advantage  of  as  many  repetitions  as  she  wishes, 
the  operator  can  write  with  far  greater  accuracy  than 
was  ever  possible  when  transcribing  from  shorthand 
notes.  Punctuation  is  never  uncertain,  because  the 
reproduction  of  your  voice  suggests  the  natural 
place  for  the  comma  and  period. 

As  you  know,  one  stenographer  cannot  read  the 

[  H] 

shorthand  notes  of  another.  Whoever  takes  the 
notes  must  do  the  transcribing.  One 
stenographer  may  be  loaded  up  with 
work  beyond  her  daily  capacity,  while 
others  may  he  sitting  around  in  idle¬ 
ness.  There  is  no  alternative  under 
the  old  method. 

But  a  record  that  has  been  dictated 
to  the  Edison  Dictating  Machine  is  intelligible  to 
anyone.  What  it  says  cannot  be  mixed  up,  miscon¬ 
strued,  or  incorrectly  transcribed. 

When  you  dictate  a  letter  to  a  stenographer  the 
last  thing  in  the  afternoon  and  sickness  prevents 
her  appearance  in  the  morning,  you  must  either 
re-dictate  your  letter  or  wait  until  her  return. 

When  you  dictate  a  letter  to  the  Edison  Dictat¬ 
ing  Machine  you  do  so  with  the  assurance  that 
nothing  will  prevent  its  transcription,  because  any¬ 
one  can  transcribe  it. 

The  adoption  of  the  Edison  Dictating  Machine 
does  not  necessitate  a  change  from  your  present 
stenographic  force  to  a  staff  of  specially  trained 
operatives.  In  fact,  it  is  far  better  to  retain  the 
stenographers  who  are  already  acquainted  with  your 
office  and  its  work.  The  economies  you  obtain  by 
the  system  are  so  great  that  well  paid  operatives  are 
a  still  further  economy.  A  dictator  that  feels  the 
convenience  of  high  speed  direct  dictation  to  a 
machine  can  afford  the  best  help  to  transcribe  it. 

There  is  very  little  about  the  Edison  System  for 
the  stenographer  to  learn.  If  she  can  hear  what  is 
spoken  to  her  and  can  operate  a  typewriter,  she 
becomes  competent  just  as  soon  as  she  becomes 
accustomed  to  hearing  a  machine  instead  of  hearing 
a  person. 

Chapter  V 

What  the  Edison 


ie  taking  short- 

As  an  Edison  Dictating  Machine  ope 
spends  all  of  her  time  transcribing. 

A  stenographer  spends  between  a  half  and  three- 
quarters  of  her  transcribing  time  reading  and  ponder¬ 
ing  over  her  shorthand  notes. 

As  an  Etlison  Dictating  Machine  operator  she  is 
not  asked  to  read  or  study  over  anything.  As  the 

machine  talks  she  writes.  - - - 

Result:  Nearly  half  of  her  total  tii 
saved.  Over  half  of  her  transcribing  | 
time  saved.  All  of  her  time  spent  at 
the  typewriter  producing — a  gain  of  at 
least  half  her  time  and  a  100%  increase  C 
in  her  producing  ability.  A  reduction 
of  50%  in  correspondence  cost. 

The  cost  of  writing  letters  by  st 
ography  is  seldom  calculated,  but  if  this 
is  done  it  will  be  found  that  writing  forty  folios 
( 100  words)  a  day  at  a  salary  of  ten  dollars  a  week 
costs  4J‘!c.  per  folio;  at  fifteen  dollars,  6j4c.  per 
folio.  The  average  stenographer  who  can  write  forty 
letters  of  100  words  each  day  can  easily  produce  sixty 
letters  with  the  Edison  Dictating  Machine  and  eighty 

[13  1 


Chapter  VI 


"O  matter  if  your  stenographer  is  late  or 
absent,  for  your  Edison  Dictating  Machine 
is  always  at  your  elbow,  ready  to  take  your 


It  is  probably  necessary  for  you  to  put  in  an 
ccasional  evening  or  holiday  at  the  office.  Under 
he  old  system  you  were  only  able,  on  these  occa- 
ions,  to  read  over  the  mail  which  necessitated  your 
xtra  work,  and  make  notations  on  each  letter  so 
hat  it  might  he  answered  on  the  next  day.  When 
he  next  day  arrived  you  had  to  read  each  letter 
iver  again,  reviewing  the  whole  matter  in  your 
nind  before  dictating. 

The  Edison  Dictating  Machine  is  as  ready  to 
:ake  your  dictation  in  the  evening  or  on  a  holiday 
as  on  any  working  day,  and  the  letters 

8  you  dictate  can  be  transcribed  and 
.  in  your  hands  ready  to  sign  the  next 
A  morning. 

Business  firms  who  use  the  Edison 
=7  Dictating  Machine  are  constantly 

save  time  and  eliminate  confusio 
In  many  cases  executives  dictate  their  orders  .. 
the  Edison  instead  of  calling  in  their  assistants  and 
delivering  instructions  verbally.  These  orders  arc 

quickly  transcribed  and  delivered,  thusdoingaway  with 

the  necessity  for  calling  anybody  from  his  work,  and 
supplying  instructions  which  cannot  he  forgotten. 

t  16  ] 

But  all  these  are  conveniences  that  are  brought 
about  by  the  Edison  System.  A  careful  study  of  the 
conditions  that  exist  in  your  office  will  bring  to  light 
a  number  of  ways  in  which  the  Edison  can  he  used  to 
advantage  in  addition  to  its  regular  use  for  the  dicta¬ 
tion  and  transcription  of  routine  correspondence. 

What  conveniences  are  you  offered  by  the  con¬ 
struction  of  the  machine  itself  ? 


In  the  first  place,  you  do  not  need  to  worry  about 
motive  power.  The  Edison  Dictating  Machine  is 
attached  to  your  regular  lighting  current.  It  makes 
no  difference  whether  your  current  is  alternating 
or  direct,  or  at  what  voltage  it  is  delivered.  The 
Edison  is  equipped  with  a  motor  which  is  quickly 
adjusted  to  any  electrical  condition  that  may  exist 
in  your  office,  by  pushing  a  pointer  to  the  current 
and  voltage  desired. 

Before  Mr.  Edison  invented  and  adopted  this 
motor,  machine  dictation  was  necessarily  limited. 
It  was  only  available  to  those  firms  who  had  cur¬ 
rents  which  would  operate  a  direct-current  motor 
— probably  representing  only  five  per  cent  of  the 
territory  of  this  country. 

But  the  Edison  is  now  universal  for  any  electrical 
condition  or  office  use.  This  advantage  cannot  he 
over-estimated;  machines  are  frequently  used  on 
two  electrical  currents— day  and  night  on  factory  and 
city  currents;  or  the  machine  may  be  transferred  to 
another  locality  where  the  current  is  different. 

Ini  the  business  office  where  there  is  no  electric 
current,  it  is  not  necessary  to  forego  the  advantages 
of  machine  dictation,  for  the  Edison  Dictating  Ma¬ 

chine  can  he  furnished  to  such  offices  equipped  with 
a  long-running  spring  motor  having  a  re-ivind  alarm 
—a  necessary  feature  which  none  hut  the  Edison 

In  tcrc ha  liveability 

Again,  the  combination  of  the  Recorder  and 
Reproducer  in  the  form  of  two  separate  tools  is 
most  desirable.  This  feature  not  only  makes  it 
possible  for  the  dictator  to  have  his  dictation  repeated 
at  any  time,  hut  also  makes  the  Edison  perfectly  inter¬ 
changeable  between  the  dictating  and  transcribing 
departments.  You  never  have  too  many  machines 
in  the  dictation  department  nor  too  few  in  the 
transcription  department,  nor  vice  versa.  Shift  the 
machines  about  as  may  he  necessary  in  order  to  keep 
the  correct  balance  between  these  two  departments. 


l’erhaps  the  greatest  improvement  that  has  been 
made  in  late  years  is  the  invention  by  Mr.  Ellison 
of  a  system  by  which  letters  may  be  corrected  and 
indexed  as  they  are  being  dictated. 

Think  of  handing  your  transcriber  a  record  con¬ 
taining  long  letters,  short  letters  and  memoranda, 
without  being  able  to  tell  her  the  length  of  each! 
Think  of  the  futility  of  having  said  “Make  two 
carbons  of  that  letter”  after  you  have  dictated  the 
letter  on  the  cylinder!  Consider  the  waste  of  time 
imposed  upon  the  operator  when,  after  having 
dictated  the  greater  portion  of  a  letter,  you  say, 
“Begin  that  letter  over  again!” 

It  is  not  to  he  wondered  at  that  stenographers 
formerly  complained  of  dictating  machines  for  these 
very  reasons.  U  ntil  these  objections  were  overcome 
[  18  ] 

by  Mr.  Edison,  the  successful  application  of  machine 
dictation  depended  almost  entirely  upon  the  dictator’s 
ability  to  remember  his  carbons  in  advance,  to  dictate 
fluently,  clearly  and  without  making  any  mistakes. 

But  the  Automatic  Dictation  Index  takes  care  of 
each  emergency  as  it  arises,  and  does  away  with  all 
lost  time  and  wasted  effort  due  to  mistakes  on  the 
part  of  the  dictator.  It  is  an  absolute  necessity. 

Each  Index  is  made  of  two  pieces  of  celluloid 
with  lettering  between  so  that  it  cannot  be  erased. 
Before  starting  to  dictate,  slip  an  Index  into  the 
holder  made  to  contain  it  at  the  top  of 
the  machine.  This  holder  travels  with 
the  Recording  Point,  carrying  the  Index 
past  a  pointer.  If  you  make  a  misstate¬ 
ment  and  wish  to  correct  it,  pick  up  the 
pencil  which  is  handy  at  the  hack  of  the 
machine,  draw  it  across  the  space  marked 
“Corrections,”  resting  the  side  of  the 
pencil  on  the  side  of  the  pointer,  let  go 
of  the  pencil,  and  continue  with  your  dictation. 

Mark  the  length  of  each  letter  and  the  number 
of  carbons  in  the  same  way  in  the  space  accorded  at 
the  top  of  the  Index.  If  you  do  not  think  to  mention 
carbons  until  after  the  letter  is  dictated,  mark  the 
space  entitled  “Carbons”  at  any  time  with  the  num¬ 
ber  required.  “Rush”  letters  and  notations  for 
enclosures  are  made  in  practically  the  same  manner. 

When  you  have  filled  a  cylinder  and  put  it  in  its 
box,  take  the  Index  out  of  its  holder  and  send  it 
with  the  record  to  the  transcribing  department. 
The  operator  with  the  Index  placed  in  a  holder  on 
her  machine,  is  fully  informed  on  every  matter 
regarding  the  dictation  of  that  particular  cylinder, 
and  cannot  possibly  go  wrong. 


While  the  office  hoy  shaves  each  cylinder,  he 

and  returns  it  to  you  inside  the  freshly  shaved  record, 
ready  for  instant  use. 

There  is  no  waste  of  stationery  with  the  use  of 
this  indestructible  form;  no  carrying  of  printed 

forms  in  stock;  no  stoppage  of  the  system  of 
indexing  because  a  printed  form  has  been  mislaid. 

Chapter  VII 

The  Cylinder ,  the  Shaving 
Machine  and  the  Cylinder  Box 

THE  wax  cylinders  used  on  the  Edison  Dic¬ 
tating  Machines  are  sufficiently  thick  to  allow 
for  repeated  shaving  of  the  surface  at  least 
one  hundred  times.  As  each  surface  of  the  cylinder 
will  contain  about  1200  words,  it  can  he  shown  that 
the  cost  of  cylinders  compares  favorably  with  the 
cost  of  stenographic  notebooks  and  pencils. 

The  Edison  Self-Cleaning  Shaving  Machine  has 
many  unique  features;  the  chip  chute,  which  is 
directly  back  of  the  cylinder,  receives  the  wax  chips 
shaved  from  the  cylinder  as  the  knife  arm  moves 
across  in  the  shaving  operation.  The  chips  are  drawn 
downward  into  a  compartment  prepared  for  them  by 
means  of  a  small  fan,  avoiding  the  objectionable  dis¬ 
tribution  of  the  wax  on  the  machine  or  operator. 

In  connection  with  the  shaving  operation,  which 
must  leave  the  surface  of  the  cylinder  perfectly 
smooth,  the  composition  of  the  wax  plays  an  essen¬ 
tial  part.  Edison  wax  cylinders  are  free  from  impur¬ 
ities  and  made  of  high  grade  materials  which  take  a 
fine  surface. 

Each  cylinder  is  contained  in  a  cotton-lined  box 
for  protection  except  when  it  is  on  the  machine.  To 
prevent  breakage  of  cylinders  as  a  result  of  dropping 
out  when  the  boxes  are  carelessly  handled,  a  metal 
bottom  with  spring  clip  is  attached.  The  clip  holds 
[  21  ] 


the  record  securely.  These  metal  bottoms  are  de¬ 
tached  when  new  cylinders  are  purchased  and  are 
attached  to  the  new  boxes. 

Each  box  lias  space  for  a  number  which  is  copied 
on  the  accompanying  dictation  Index. 

The  cylinders,  in  their  boxes,  are  placed  in  trays 
for  further  protection  and  for  convenience  in  hand¬ 
ling.  This  tray  can  be  kept  on  the  cross-bars  of  the 
machine’s  base  or  wherever  else  it  may  be  handiest 

Chapter  VIII 

WE  have  spoken  throughout  this  booklet  of 
the  Edison  System.  This  is  a  system  upon 
which  your  individual  system  is  to  be  built 
in  order  to  obtain  the  best  results. 

Ask  for  a  demonstration  of  the  Edison  Dictating 
Machine.  The  salesman  who  makes  this  demon¬ 
stration  will  study  your  office  and  its  work  with  your 
assistance  just  as  though  you  had  engaged  him  as  an 
efficiency  expert.  He  will  then  devise  and  build  up 
in  detail  the  Edison  System  that  will  best  solve  your 
problem.  He  will  ascertain  the  number  of  machines 
you  need,  will  install  them,  will  watch  over  their  use 
and  make  any  changes  that  are  necessary.  He  will 
stay  with  the  system  he  has  devised  in  your  office 
until  he  has  worked  it  out  successfully  and  put  it  on 
a  practical  basis.  He  will  then  show  you  in  actual 
figures  just  what  the  Edison  Dictating  Machine  and 
the  Edison  System  have  saved  you  during  the  period 
that  the  demonstration  has  been  going  on. 

Your  present  dictators  and  stenographers  will  he 
used,  and  will  become  thoroughly  acquainted  with 
machine  dictation  and  transcription,  and  the  regular 
course  of  work  in  your  offices  will  not  be  interfered 
with  in  the  slightest  degree. 

If  you  do  not  know  the  name  of  the  firm  selling 
the  Edison  Dictating  Machine  in  your  locality,  we 
shall  be  glad  to  supply  it. 




note  of  mod¬ 
ern  business 
is  prompt¬ 
ness.  B  u  s  i  - 
ness  efficien¬ 
cy  and  busi-  (r'0_ 

demand  the 
of  waste  and  delay 

The  man  who  has  learned 
the  secret  of  briskness  and  de¬ 
spatch  in  his  business  affairs 

spatcn  in  ms  Business  aiuuia  ■■  ■  - 

holds  the  advantage  over  his  competitor.  Promptness  is  an 
essential  of  “service”— and  “service”  brings  business. 

17  T^V  f  Cl  o  1\I  Dictating  Machine 
Hi  M-J  1 and  Transophone 

Makes  promptness  second  nature.  You  may  reply  to 
your  correspondence  Instantly— at  Jirsl  reading.  It  it  is 
only  an  acknowledgment  of  a  letter  received  or  notice  that 
a  matter  is  being  held  for  further  attention,  your  answer  is 
prom  pi.  You  merely  turn  to  your  machine,  dictate  your 
reply  and  it  is  olT  your  mind.  Nothing  need  be  deferred. 

All  causes  for  delay  are  eliminated. 

Send  the  Coupon  for  j-  Tk~a7~E~iZ~tZ. 

our  Literature  j  Cli.'jkci^.i^i.r.i; 

Thomas  A.Edison, Inc.  j 

A  few 

“important  facts 
and  reasons 


Our  Regular 
Inspection  Service 
Should  be 
Subscribed  to 

45  North  Third  Slroel,  Columbus.  Ohio 

Dayton,  Ohio,  Chmlcton  and  Wheeling.  W.  Vn. 


or  wc  hove  gathered  nates  on  a  number  of  our  users  who  did  and  did  no/  subscribe  to  our  Inspection  Se 
and  complete  satisfaction  reigns,  where  services  were  subscribed  to. 

Voice  Writing  Machines  Do  Human  Work  and  Need  Human  Attention 

WITH  all  the  skill  ol  the  inventor  in  designing,  and  the  greatest  care  in  manufacturing,  it  is  impossible  to 
provide  against  the  time  when  any  mechanical  devise  will  need  clea  ng  o  I  g  and  adjusting. 

In  these  requirements  voice  writing  machines  arc  perhaps  the  most  neglected  of  any  of  the  office  appliances. 

There  are  good  reasons: — 

The  users  arc  loo  busy.  This  is  not  a  jest,  for  the  busiest  people  find  the  most  use  lor  our  machines. 

New  employees  do  not  always  receive  a  training  in  the  proper  use  of  the  appliances. 

Office  employees  are  not  mechanical,  and  need  direction  in  the  supervision  of  such  work. 

“The  Customer  Be  Pleased” 

This  has  been  the  constant  aim  that  has  brought  us  success.  Therefore,  wc  wish  to  assist  your  office  (oi 
the  care  of  your  machines,  so  that  you  will  secure  the  best  possible  results. 

For  a  small  monthly  payment  we  agree  to  render  you  regular  services.  Wc  believe  the  assistance  we  ol 
necessary,  whether  your  machines  are  new  or  old,  because  it  covers  a  systematic  examination  of  the  appliances; 
avoids  delays,  and  insures  better  results;  prevents  the  wear  of  unajusted  parts;  and  provides  for  the  training  of 
I  .  _ _ 1  „:„„c  irrtii  lipnefit  of  our  knowlcdoe  of  better  letter  writing . 

Regular  Inspection  Service 

gets  the  mail  out  right  and  right  out  at  all  times. 

You  have  the  machines  and  the  system,  but  if  you 
are  not  a  subscriber  to  our  Inspection  Service  you  are 
missing  something.  No  user  of  Edison  Dictating  Ma- 
chines  enjoys  the  full  measure  of  benefits  without  this 

Place  a  Money  Value  on  Time  and  get  a  maximum  return  on  your  Dictating 
Machine  investment,  by  having  an  ideal  condition  for  Dictators,  Transcribers  and 
Machines,  (all  three.)  To  head  off  troubles  will  save  time  and  increase  efficiency. 

Your  Edison  Saves  You  Time 

provides  you  a  means  of  independent  dictation,  saves  your  stenographers  the  time  of 
taking  dictation,  and  enables  her  to  write  twice  as  many  letters.  It  has  reduced  your 
office  expenses  and  pays  you  big  profits,  but  will  pay  you  more  if  you  will  give  it  all 
the  consideration  it  should  have. 

What  Our  Inspection  Service  Is 

Expert  inspection,  cleaning,  oiling  and  adjustment  of  your  machines. 

Mechanical  troubles  corrected  before  they  materialize,  thereby  saving  operators 
time  that  would  otherwise  be  lost. 

Benefit  of  our  expert  knowledge  in  better  letter  writing,  advantages  of  good  ideas  j 
we  get  from  being  in  personal  touch  with  other  users  of  our  system. 

Co-operation  to  get  the  maximum  efficiency  and  economy  by  using  your  ma¬ 
chines  as  a  convenient  habit. 

Instructing  new  dictators  and  transcribers  on  the  correct  and  systematic  way  to 
use  voice  writing  to  get  a  maximum  result  at  a  cost.  ; 

Correcting  time-losing  habits  of  users.  (Habits  are  easily  formed,  and  there  is  a 
right  and  wrong  way  to  do  everything.) 

Completely  overhauling  the  machines  when  it  is  considered  advisable. 

Regular  Inspection  Is  Cheap  Insurance 

When  are  your  machines  oiled?  Overoiled  or  under-  • 

oiled?  Would  you  ruin  a  fine  machine  through  lack  of  L  SM 

attention?  Will  you  have  us  render  “First  Aid"  when 
!  your  machines  won't  run,  or  “Save  Time’’  by  our  keeping 
them  in  good  condition1  Look  This  Mailer.  Sa> 

“Interested,”  and  we  will  tell  you  more  about  Regular  In- 

spection  Service.  Wo,l“  Rl“l" WM'  Y°u  A"  0l“ 


Regular  Inspection  Service 

rie  Ludalmqlllackmc  Ca. 

45  N.  3rd  street.  COLUMBUS,  OHIO 

Please  extend  to  us  your  regular  inspection  services,  which  include  the 
inspection,  adjustment,  oiling  and  cleaning  of  all  our  Dictating  Machines  and 
Shaving  Machines  at  a  net  price  of  seventy-five  (75)  cents  each,  per  month. 
(The  object  being  to  co-operate  with  us  to  keep  our  machines  in  first-class 
operating  condition,  at  all  times.) 

This  service  is  to  include  your  advice  in  the  better  handling  of  our  cor¬ 
respondence,  correct  use  of  the  voice  writing  system,  instructions  to  new  em¬ 
ployes  and  overhauling  of  out  machines  when  necessary. 

We  understand  that  your  charge  is  to  covet  service  only,  and  is  not  to 
include  supplying  any  repair  parts  or  accessories  for  the  machines. 

We  agree  to  pay  for  your  services  monthly  and  reserve  the  right  to 
discontinue  same,  by  giving  you  thirty  days  notice. 

Authorized  by 


Regular  Inspection  Service 

ftidaUncj  ffiaeki/rtc  Cff. 

45  N.  3rd  Street,  COLUMBUS,  OHIO 

Please  extend  to  us  your  regular  inspection  services,  which  include  the 
inspection,  adjustment,  oiling  and  cleaning  o(  all  our  Dictating  Machines  and 
Shaving  Machines  at  a  net  price  of  seventy-live  (75)  cents  each,  per  month. 
(The  object  being  to  co-operate  with  us  to  keep  our  machines  in  first-class 
operating  condition,  at  all  times.) 

This  service  is  to  include  your  advice  in  the  better  handling  of  our  cor¬ 
respondence,  correct  use  of  the  voice  writing  system,  instructions  to  new  em¬ 
ployes  and  overhauling  of  our  machines  when  necessary. 

We  understand  that  your  charge  is  to  cover  service  only,  and  is  not  to 
include  supplying  any  repair  parts  or  accessories  for  the  machines. 

We  agree  to  pay  for  your  services  monthly  and  reserve  the  right  to 
discontinue  same,  by  giving  you  thirty  days  notice. 

Authorized  by 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1915.  Phonograph  -  Edison  Phonograph  Works  (E-15-66) 

This  folder  consists  primarily  of  interoffice  communications  relating  to 
manufacturing  operations  at  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works.  Included  are 
documents  concerning  the  development  of  a  motion  picture  projector  called 
the  "super  kinetoscope."  Also  included  are  items  pertaining  to  the  fire  of 
December  9, 1914,  that  destroyed  or  damaged  more  than  half  of  the  buildings 
in  the  West  Orange  laboratory  complex.  One  document  announces  Edison’s 
intention  "to  establish  an  entirely  new  system  of  manufacturing  Phonographs 
when  he  moves  back  into  the  old  buildings."  Other  items  refer  to  a  reduction 
in  the  production  schedule  for  the  Amberola  30,  one  of  Edison’s  cylinder 
phonographs,  and  the  use  of  the  old  Federal  Storage  Battery  Car  Co.  building 
in  Silver  Lake,  New  Jersey,  for  cabinet  refinishing  work. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  items  consist  primarily  of  letters  of  transmittal  and 
acknowledgment,  meeting  announcements,  and  routine  correspondence 
concerning  financial  matters. 


January  12,  1916 

Mr.  Gifford  who  is  working  at  Silver  lake  on  the  shaving 
wax  records  at  the  Silver  lake  plant. 


Copies  to  Messrs. 

H.  E.  learning 

Edison,  VJilson,  Chas.  Edison,  Walter  Miller, 
ylesworth,  Nicolai,  W.  1.  Eckert,  Green, 
ehr,  Baldwin,  Moore,  Hird 

Maroh  Ena,  1915. 

BAB- 9- 27 E 

Mr.  Muaa  ana  file: 

According  to  our  conference  yesterday  Between  your¬ 
self,  Mr.  Eckert  ana  Mr.  Bizon,  please  arrange  to  stop  all 
WOrk  on  the  system  we  are  trying  to  establish  for  the 
Phonograph  Works  at  the  present  time. 

This,  however ,  aoes  not  effect  the  piece  work  rates 
„d  to  of  Foremen  end  ere  doing  in  o.nn.etton 

.Hi  the  eyetem.  ei.Ply  stopping  yonr  end  of  it,  loginning 
February  28th. 

Mr.  Eaison  informs  me  he  will  establish  an  entirely 
new  system  of  manufacturing  Phonographs  when  he  moves  back 
into  the  oia  buiiaings.  In  view  of  this,  there  is  no  need 
of  our  spending  any  time  in  trying  to  establish  a  similar 
system  we  have  here  at  the  Battery  Company. 

Please  arrange  to  let  Mr.  Berggren  have  the  men  he 

let  you  have  temporarily. 



OC  to  Mr. Edison 
W. Eckert 

April  16,  191B 

MXo  Wetzel:  y  . 

!„  .oo.raoho.  .1th  «««««■»»»  bote...  °1“" 

Edison  and  myself: 

80h,aSf »  s‘Srrp°//»  “ih  ss-uv.;' s  - 

133,  effective  as  of  April  22. 
this  oiiange  in  acnedulo  3/1II  permit. 


Copies  to  Messrs. 

H.  5.  leemlng 

EdJjx^T  Wilson,  Baohman,  OUbb.  Edison, 

April  16,  1916 

Mr.  Sail: 

Regarding  the  Superkinetosoope: 

now  that  the  part,  for  thl.  machine  are  oom»»ol»s  to 
some  through  and  hofo.o  the  due.tion.  of  ..h-s....tlie. 
and  final  asB.mtlles  Ill  ha™ 

tlon,  you  ar.  instructed  to  won!  a  portion  of  your  ti»o  in 
th.  Storage  Battery  plant  a.  Engineer  of  th.  Motion  liotur. 
PlTislon  (just  th.  .«»  a.  Mr.  Constable  1=  doing  in  th. 
kmusement  Phonogram  Bivi.i.n]  and  yo».olf  from  an 
engineering  .tandpolnt  that  th.  part,  are  made  oo  that 
later  on  the  se.emtlies  "ill  »ork  out  eatiyaoterily. 

It  10  Mr.  Edison1,  deetr e“tra|  e^.'l  £yidual  machine 
receive  erhou.tlve  in.p.otlon  and  tinning  in  /o  a.  to  .lni- 
to  the  the  p.e.lhility  ef  •  «.ohin=  ««r«.tmg  a 
complaint  fro.  th.  purchaser,  and  to  eeoomplieh  thie,  «. 
.tated  shore,  you  are  to  take  an  ..tire  interest  to  see  that 
th.  engineering  part  is  taken  oar.  of  loth  a.  to  design  and 
workmanship .  lie—  therefor,  from  no.  e.  he  governed 

H.  I.  learning 

Copies  t.  Messrs.  *ii£  ««».  «"•  *l— 

Copies  to  Messrs.  Baohmsn,  Wetsel,  ivatermon.  ParkMrst 

Irkmanahip  on 

Mr.  Edison: 

^Eegarding  Beis’  report  of  poo/1 
Rotors .  I  will  get  after  this  at  i 

I  am  sending  you  herewi^4/port  showing  number 
~;f  motors  in  stock  and  on  sales  Vo  you  not  think 

it  advisable  to  shut  down  the  M  shift  entirely.  This 
would  dispense  with  a  lot  of /pessary  expense  at  the 
present  time.  It  would  aU  ^d/ee  a  lot  of  labor  on  day 
shift.  You  will  note  we'^ 
number  of  motors  in  rstoc 
motors  than  there-'are  oij 
place  me  in  a  position 

fa  ,/t  the  present  time  a  large 
some  cases  there  are  more 
a/e  orders.  This  would  then 

place  me  in  a  you™  f  P*<*  out  the  best  men  on  the  night 
shift  and  put  tnhm  on  dly^and  let  the  poorer  class  of  help 
in  case  youA^lesl/ould  increase  we  could  always  add 
to  the  help.  / 

».  chanceB  ar.  It  till  b«  »WW  *»  ™"  “* 

thread  -llllng  -4  •»*  *  *“  »f  *lWal"e 

the  J...1  Department  night.,  I 

abutting  th.  plant  dim.  If  til.  ”1“  »«~  »Mr"*1 

I  will  put  it  in  effect  tomorraj 

Hay  21,  1916 

Hr.  1.  W.  MoChesney: 

I  am  advised  by  the  Electrical  Department  that  the  eleotrioal 

equipment  to  the  Superkinetosoope  ^Mch  ia  to  be  submitted  t^^ 

sftusrs  sir 

eB,  as  they  may  reoomoend  some  change. 

^-sj^jraisiwsr- ' phmk  ss*a« 

hear  from  you  on  the  subjeot. 


Copies  to  Messrs 

>.  Edi^n", 

H.  ®.  Deeming 
Wilson,  Chas.  Edison,  Gall 

May  2Iat.  1915, 

Mr.  Y/.H.  Miller 

Report  on  Tracked  Blank  (3750-A)  with  10  Needle 

You  will  find  enclosed.  Surface  Card  from  Ernie, 
and  an  Inspection  Sheet  on  the  Master  Mould,  showing  you  the  number 
of  Chips  which  are  28;  Mechanical  Injuries  -9  I  light  Scratch, 

I  Chip  Out  in  recording. 

I  listened  to  Surface  of  Mould  myself;  the  Snaps 
and  Crackles  are  very  light;  the  General  surface  fair;  and 
slight  run-out  in  last  half.  There  is  also  a  blind  in  last  half, 
which  gives  two  snaps. 

I  am  sending  you  a  Report  on  B.  Mould  next. 

Copy  to  Messrs.  Edison,  Hird, 

tteecrt.  Uaiawin  crui  Knyeos 

toy  fits,  m3. 

,31th  t).  vIob  to  oentrollBlnR  reoponoibiiny, 
ffe".  ;Jol-'iwin  will  Aboqo  till  air*  record  production  oifflo ro. 

%Ju3wia  am  olno  handle  iaoofala-;  aloe  record  ordero.  Ho  oUl 
orUrult  wltb  t!»  ! Jsloo  .sopartoont  in  rognrd  to  prollnlnirry 
tSStStaB  Stare  on  aacftxm  for  which  w  no  ovdore  In  tend. 

OP.  noyoB  Win  loose  fill  aflviccB  to  Koloe, 

tho  .  nloE  end  {JsnoliBOtoslns  ’opcrtneato. 

*ȣtcr  consultation  with  tfco  ;  aioo  ena  iw* 
feoturlnf?  i'cpartaeoDa  K*.  aoyea  «ai  oioo 
Soi-  ooob  dloo  mwlanent  with  a  liat  of  0U^“°R 
nyiDi-  orajploQonta  of  vMcii  86  hovo  Siirno  otool.o.  ln  oiflm  tbot 
K  liot  coy  bo  Cffjortiod  to  tto  in  connection  with 

o  j^iob  talk  aeoleaeft  to  pack  tJioa. 

Ro  will  oloo  errauee  to  OTfPlyJJ 

ho  will  have  hla  banito  fall  of  otfer®  work. 

o,  C.  to  r-OECFO. 

■  Ire  ton.  h.  C.  fioOhowncy. 
■V&lcon  and  locoing. 




September  Ilth.  1915, 

Mr.  Edison:-  vtv 

Confirming  my  understanding  of  your 
instructions  given  verbally  yesterday  afternoon, 
Y/orking  Moulds  of  all  Selections  accepted  by  you, 
are  to  be  made  up  irrespective  of  their  matching 
and  held  pending  the  issuance  of  Supplements  weekly. 

This  plan  will  be  put  into  effect  as 
soon  as  possible,  by  increasing  the  help  in  the  Mould 
Making  Department  to  the  extent  of  running  this 
Department  continuously  Day  and  Night. 

Copies  to  Messrs.  Y/ilson,  Deeming,  Mambert . 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Politics  (E-15-67) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  otter  do — r  conjrnlng 




response  from  Edison. 

Parlfortt  Qiljrtstmn 

^nhea&or  pinion 



'  '  ^  ^ 

^v^Wv-u,  1^  ^  _  Feb.  23,  1915. 

'  2-  / 

r.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
range,  II.  J. 


in  the  issue  of  Tuesday,  February  16th,  Hartford  Oourant, 
your  name  was  used  in  such  a  way  as  to  make  it  appear  that 
you  had  taken  a  definite  stand  on  the  question  of  prohibition. 

A  copy  of  the  advertisement  is  enclosed  herewith. 

A  meeting  of  the  Hartford  Christian  Endeavor  Union, 
an  organization  composed  of  thirty-three  Christian  Endeavor  So¬ 
cieties  in  Hartford  and  vicinity,  discussed  the  use  of  your 
wim  in  connection  with  the  said  advertisement  and  in  behalf 
of  the  Union,  I  am  writing  to  inquire  if  your  consent  was  ob¬ 
tained  in  connection  with  this  advertising  program  of  the  li¬ 
quor  interests. 

A  line  from  you  on  this  subject  .will  be  of  great  in¬ 
terest  to  the  thirteen  hundred  Young  People  in  the  organization 
named  above  and  we  trust  that  we  may  be  favored  with  a  reply  at 

your  oonvenienoe. 

Thanking  you  in  advanse. 

Yours  very  truly. 




PAGES  13-20 


Prohibition  Hie  Enemy  of  Temperance 

Prohibition  in  the  Southern  States  Proves  Conclusively  That  It  Does  Not  Prohibit;  That  The  Stronger  and  Adulterated  Liquors  and 
Drugs  Take  the  Place  ot  the  Lighter  Beverages,  and  the  Moonshiners  Manufacture  Them  Without  Regard  to  the  Government  Laws  or  Paying  Revenue 
and  Sell  Them  to  the  Blind  Tiger,  the  Kitchen  Bar-Room,  the  So-Called  Social  Clubs,  and  to  the  Homes,  Creating  a  Condition  ot  Depravity  and  Lawlessness. 

Read  A  Few  Opinions  of  Men  Who  Are  Not  Fanatics 
'Upon  Any  Particular  Subject  ,  and  Who  DO  NOT 
Receive  Remuneration  For  These  Opinions 

;  PROFESSOR  CHAS.  FRED ’K  CHANDLER,  Chemistry  Expert 
oC  Columbia  University,  on  October  5,  1914,  said; — “Beer  is  ono  of 
the  few  foods  that  is  free  from  bacteria.  BEER  and  BREAD  are  both 
made  from  cereals.  Broad  contains  water  and  is  solid.  Beer  contains 
water  and  is  liquid.  Yeast  makes  both  more  palatable  and  digestible. 
And  only  when  taken  in  largo  quantities  is  beer  intoxicating.  ’  ’ 

ARTHUR  BRISBANE  saidr- “The  man  who  has  his  beer  or  his 
light  wine  with  liis'cvening  meal,  if  temperate,  is  far  better  off', 
physically  than  the  total  abstainer.” 

In  the  “Lancet”  of  March  30,  1907,  sixteen  eminent  medical 
men,  professors  and  others,  signed  a,  statement  of  which' The  following 
is  a  part:  “As  an  article  of  diet  wo  hold  the  universal  belief  of 
civilized  mankind  that  the  moderate  use  of  alcoholic  beverages  is,  for 
adults,  usually  beneficial,  is  amply  justified.” 

PROFESSOR  ARTHUR  GAJIGEE,  ;  Montreux “  Subject  to 
limitations  as  to  amount  and  manner  of  consumption,  it  appears  to  me 
that  alcohol  is  a  valuable  constituent  bf  tho  dict  of  man. 

DR.  G.  W.  F1TZ,  Cambridge, Mass. : — “As  to  the  value  of  alcohol 
as  a  food,  I  believe  that  in  cortain  has  a  distinct  food 
value.  As  a  inodicino  I  believe  it  has  undoubted  value.” 

PROFESSOR  H.P.  B.  BOAVDITCH^of  Boston^  Mass. : — •“  I  liavo 
always  taught  that  alcohol,  sinco  it  is,  in  moderate  doses,  almost 
wholly  used  up  in  the  body,  must  be  regarded  as  a  force-producer  or 
a  food  in  the  same  sense  that  starch  and  sugar  are  foods.” 

.  REV.  AY.  A.  WASSON,  New '  York:— “The  use  .  of  alcoholic  . : 
liquors  is  and  always  has  been  iconsidered  not  only  legitimate  ns  a 
beverage  but  is  consecrated;  hallowed  in  the  most  solemn  and  weighty 
rites  of  the  Christian  church.”  -. 

FOTHERGILL’S  Practitioner’s  Handbook  of  Treatment.— “In 
practice  we  find  that  in  many  persons  a  small  quantity  of  alcohol  im¬ 
proves  digestion,  and  that  a  meal  by  its  means  can  be  digested  which 
otherwise  would  be  wasted.”  : 

-  LANDOJS  &  STERLING,  Text  Book  of  Human  Physiology.— 

'  “Alcohol  in  small  doses  is  of  great  use  in  conditions  of  temporary  want 
and  where  food  is  taken  insufficient  in  quantity.”  v 
:  SIR  T.  LAUDER-BRUNTON;  London,  Eng. : — “Moderate  quanti- 
ties  of  alcohol  may  be  used  as  a  food.” 

•DR.  HENRY  DAVY,  Presidcilt -British  Medical  Society,  London, 
Eng. : — “Beer,  bread  and  cheese  for  a  meal  is  infinitely  more  scientific 
than  the  American  meal  of  bread,  tea  and  jam.” 

PROFESSOR  ADOLPH  STRUEMPEL,  Vienna,  Austria:— “Be¬ 
cause  his  brain  was  starving  his  body  from  over-activity,  I  prescribed 
beer  and  bread  for  Mr.  E.  H.  Hiirriman,  to  give  him  added  energy, 
build  tissue  and  give  nerve  strength.”  ,  ‘ 

MAJOR-GEN.  LEONARD  WOOD,  in  his  anmial  report  to  Con¬ 
gress,  1910. — "It  is  believed  that  the  ro-cstablishment  of  the  canteen 
'  would  bo  to  the  best  interest  of  the  arihy.  ” 

■  THOMAS  JEFFERSON :— “No  nation  is  drunken  where  wine  is 
cheap..  Its  extended  use  will  carry  health  and  a  much  en¬ 
larged  circle.”  " 

HENRY  WATTEIISON :— “Tho  introduction  of  Beer  in  America 
has  done  fftoro  for  temperance  than  all  the  temperance  societies  and  . 
all  the  prohibition  laws  combined.” 

Privy  Councilor,  PROFESSOR  SCHMIDT,  M.  D.,  Member  of  tho 
Nationnl  Health  Council,  Marburg,  Germany, usaid: — “I  appreciate  the 
moderate  use  of  alcohol,  in  the  form  of  winebr  beer,  from  a  hygienic 
standpoint,  and'regard  it  ns  devoid  of  all  danger.” 

RABBI  HTRSCH,  Chicago: — “Tile  best  safeguard  against 
drunkenness  is  that  drinking  should  be  enjoyed  openly.  In  coun¬ 
tries  where  tho  family  are  in  tho  habit  of  drinking  together  in  places 
of  public  resort,  where  the  wifo  accompanies  tho  husband,  the  tone  of 
tho  cafe  is  ns  high  morally  as  that  of  the  home.” 

PROFESSOR  ADOLPH  CLUSS,  Royal  College,  Vienna:— “It 
makes  good  the  wnste  of  human  tissue,  due  to  excessive  mental  or 
physical  activity.” 

PROFESSOR  JOS.  ZEISLER,  Northwestern  University:-" The 
small  percentage  of  alcohol  in  beer  induces  medical  men  to  favor  it — 
it  docs  not  malto  drunkards.” 

PROFESSOR  AVILLIS  KING,  Kansas  City,  Mo.:— “I  have 
prescribed  beer  for  forty  years  in  many  cases  and  always  found  direct 
and  beneficial  results.” 

Statement  formulated  by  PROFESSOR  FOSTER,  of  London,  Eng., 
and  signed  by  sixty-two  of  the  most  eminent  physiologists  in  Europe : 
— “Tho  results  of  careful  experiments  show  that  alcohol  taken  in 
njoderato  quantities  is  oxidized  within  the  body  and  so  supplies 
energy  like  common  articles  of  food.” 

PROFESSOR  C.  VON  VOIT,  Munich:— "A  moderate  uso  of 
light  alcoholio  beverages — os,  for  instance,  beer— is  not  injurious  to 
✓  health.” 

The  Consensus  of  Opinion  .of  Physicians,  Clergymen^  Fayerjng^the_ Moderate 

Use  of  Beer  arid  Other  Alcoholic  Beverages,  with  tie  Overwhelming  Evidence  of  Its  Benefits 
to  the  Human  Race,  Proves  That  the  Regulation  rif  the  Sale  of  These  Beverages  in  the  Cafe  and 
the  Hotel  by  thC-PRESENT  LAWS  ARF  JWEElRIENT,^d,,^ 

Temperance.  ( Thomas  Edison,  Everybody’s  Friend,  Says:  “Our  Worst  Drawback  at  the 
Present  Time  Is  TOO  MANY  LAWS.”  '• 



Afl  an  employer  of  labor  you  undoubtedly  recopize  ^ 

,  oam> 

the  desirability  of  obtaining  the  repeal  of  the  so-called  LCa^-<u^*' 

Full  Ores  laws  of  Pennsylvania  and  Hew  Jersey.  Ho  doubt  n~' 

you  have  received  the  literature  we  have  forwarded  to  you  £lWo-~> 

in  the  campaign  of  publicity  which  we  are  waging  with  a  ,  i?\  ^^«um  i 

view  of  obtaining  the  repeal  of  these  laws  and  you  are, TV* 

therefore,  well  acquainted  with  all  the  facts.  £»***•' 

With  a  view  of  bringing  this  matter  to  the  direct  V  fl'tf'vv'c' 

attention  of  all  of  your  employee  we  should  be  glad  to  place  *  ^ J*. 

in  tin  hands  of  each,  a  cojy  of  our  panphlet  "Bo  You  Know  ®h  l  •  r 
What  The  Pull  Grew  law  Means?".  The  thought  has  occurred  Vv  ^Wyj* 
to  ua  this  might  be  accomplished  by  including  the  same  in  '  cr\ 

the  p^  envelope  of  each  individual,  and  if  you  can  con-  Itu,  h£*fit&'  LU/V 
Blatantly  see  your  way  clear  to  assist  ua  in  this  way  in  ^TT  »  V  .  J) 

»■«,*-<  arch  a  distribution,  to  shall  be  very  glad  to  fur-  (j^CrtV-y  rr'a* 

ni ah  the  leaflets  in  whatever  quantity  may  be  required  to  u  _^ 
talco  oare  of  your  needs.  dj*M> 

We  earnestly  solicit  your  support  and  thadc  youirfA*- 
in  advance  for  ary  favors  along  this  line  which  you  may  Bhe 
fit  to  grant  ua.  is  UVf 

Vary  truly  yours. 

Q4yCn&o  yyrr^A 

Chairman,  Executive  Committee. 

Pamphlet  #13. 



Empire  state  Campaign  committee 



I  hear  indirectly ,  through  your  daughter ,  Mrs. 
Sloanfy-.  that  you  believe  in  Y/oman  Suffrage  and  may 
be  willing  to  do  something  to  help  us  in  our 

Y/e  realize ,  fully ,  the  amount  of  work  we  must 
accomplish  if  we  are  to  win  any  one  of  the  four 
Eastern  States— Pennsylvania,  New  Jersey,  Massachu¬ 
setts  and  New  York,  that  are  to  vote  on  the  question 
this  year. 

Y/e  need  all  the  assistance  that  any  one,  who 
believes  in  Woman  Suffrage,  can  give  us.  That  is 
why  I  have  found  the  courage  to  write  to  you. 

Will  you  write  us  a  statement  as  to  why  you 
believe  that  women  should  vote ?  If  you  could 
connect  it,  in  any  way,  with  the  change  in  conditions 
and  the  developemente  of  the  last  half  century,  for 
which  you,  yourself,  are  so  largely  responsible,  you 
cannot  imagine  how  it  would  help  us. 

The  most  effective  means^of  using  such  a  etate- 
ment  from  you,would  be  first,  to  let  it  appear  in  the 
form  of  an  interview  in  the  daily  newspapers,  ihen 
we  would  like,  also,  to  weave  it  into  a  statement, 
which  we  are  preparing  to  send  out  to  the  Trades 
Journals  of  the  country. 

Y/e  believe  that  these  journals  are  very  important, 
as  they  are  probably  read  by  a  number  of  men,  who 
have  no  time  for  daily  newspapers.  They,  however, 
refuse  to  accept  any  neu&items,  stories  or  statements, 
that  have  no  bearing  on  their  particular  trades. 




Contribuling-editors  Committee 

March  16th ,  1915. 


Y/e  think  we  could  show  that  such  a  statement , 
as  that  which  we  are  asking  from  you ,  would  be  of 
direct  interest  to  men  of  every  trade. 

News  Committee 
Mary  Austin 

Newspaper  Committee 

Mrs.  Seymour  Cromwell,  Chairman. 

iYill  you  make  the  necessary  sacrifice  of  time 
and  thought  to  help  us? 

All  Suffrage  work  must  now  be  done  in  a  hurry. 
Our  time  seems  very  short.  If  you  will  not  only 
give  us  the  statement ,  but  do  it  now,  we  shall  be 
doubly  grateful. 

Yours  sincerely. 


bb  Katherine  Dreler 

Mrs!  Carr^Van  Acnh  awilllams 
Theatrical  Committee 
Miss  Aones  Morjjenthau,  Chairman. 
Mrs.  Robert  Bowlor 
Miss  Bessie  Bralnard 
Mrs.  Rob't  Francis  Carlwrlflht 

Mrs.  Sumner  ^Gerard^  Hunt 
Miss  Carrie  N.  Isaac 




1  have  your  note  of  April  9th ,  saying  that  you 
already  overworked  with  a  vast  number  of  important  i. 

;  be  nmumcrable .  If  yo 

woman  suffrage,  which  we  < 
Hew  Jersey,  Pennsylvania  c 

shall  prepare  and  send  yo\ 

ir  approval,  1  h°Pa  Vou  will 
}  that  I  have  been  told  correi 

favor  of  woman  suffrage,  and  i 

to  help  us  if  possible,  but  r 

i  very  important  work . 

—  — 
*  J 

^  3  —  -f  —  *6  “““* 

hJL-,  '**• 

i  t  i  ~tu 

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knj  mimot.  Ttla-n<  vo 
(C\  e.e.l't.i  £AA*vt«  To  Wcw*  iiv 

Having  interviewed  Leo.  U.  Prank  in  hie  cell  a V* 
Atlanta,  Georgia,  since  hie  conviction  for  murder,  X  have/he- 
oome  morally  convinoed  of  hie  lnnooence,-  that  he  has  not  had 
a  fair  trial  and  that  he  has  been  discriminated  againBt,  the 
verdiot  being  based  purely  upon  circumstantial  evidence  and 
the  unsupported  testimony  of  a  worthless  negro. 

The  presiding  judge,  after  the  trial,  expressed 
a  doubt  as  to  the  prisoner's  guilt  and  it  is  an  evidence  of 
the  popular  feeling  that  has  existed  in  Atlanta,  that,  so  far, 
Frank  has  been  unable  to  secure  a  new  trial. 

,  May  I  suggest  that  you  send  an  appeal  to  the  Hon. 

1/  John  H.  Slaton,  Governor  of  Georgia,  requesting  that  clemency 
1  be  shown  either  in  the  form  of  a  pardon  or  commutation  of 
the  sentence  so  that,  in  the  course  of  time,  the  truth  in 
the  case  may  possibly  be  known? 

Hay  I  also  urge  you  to  appeal  to  some  of  your 
many  friends  to  do  the  same? 

Haste  is  necessary  as  June  22nd,  1915  has  been 
set  as  the  day  of  execution. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  favorable  con¬ 
sideration  of  this  matter,  I  beg  to  remain. 

Sinoerely  yours, 



SEW  XOltlt  Oo  t  .  6/1  5 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewellyn  Park, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 

On  account  of  the  delay  in 
lighting  the  Stadium  and  for  other  reasons,  it  has  been 
decided  to  postpone  the  Voters-  Ceremonial  (which  was  to 
have  taken  place  on  October  12th)  to  Eriday,  October  29th. 

In  order  to  make  the  Stadium  useful  to  the 
public  for  evenings,  I  have  donated  the  cost  of  installing 
a  permanent  lighting  equipment,  which  is  new  beihg  put  in 
and  will  be  ready  in  ample  time  for  the  Citizenship 
Ceremonial  on  the  29th.  In  due  time  we  will  send  you 
tickets  and  hope  you  will  honor  us  by  your  attendance. 

Thanking  you  for  the  interest  you  have  shown, 


the  preparations  for 

I  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 


The  Republican  County  Committee  is  now  fully  organized 
for  active,  earnest  work  to  insure  the  success  of  the  Repub¬ 
lican  Party  on  November  2nd,  1915. 

The  election  of  the  entire  Republican  ticket  this  year 
is  of  the  utmost  importance  to  every  citizen  who  believes 
in  efficient  and  businesslike  administration  of  public  affairs, 
and  particularly  because  of  its  bearing  upon  the  great  Pres¬ 
idential  contest  of  next  year. 

The  legitimate  expenses  of  a  campaign  of  this  kind  are 
necessarily  heavy  and  must  be  met  by  voluntary  contributions. 

If  you  desire  to  maintain  the  integrity  of  the  Republican 

Party  and  favor  the  election  of  these  candidates,  your  prompt 
and  generous  subscription  will  be  sincerely  appreciated. 


October  29,  1915. 

Dear  Mr. 

Since  the  first  of  January,  when  I  took  office  as 
Mayor  of  this  town,  the  Democrats  have  controlled,  seven  out 
of  the  eleven  votes  in  the  Council. 

During  my  incumbency  I  have  made  suggestions  with 
the  idea  of  securing  economy  and  efficiency  in  the  manage¬ 
ment  of  town  affairs,  but  for  partisan  reasons  these  sugges¬ 
tions  have  either  been  ignored  or  voted  down. 

If  you  expect  any  constructive  work  from  me  during 
my  term  of  office,  it  is  quite  necessarv  that  I  should  have 
a  majority  of  the  Council  in  accord  with  my  views,  and  not 
be  in  the  minority  as  at  present. 

As  William  F.  Nehr,  the  Fusion  Candidate  for  Council¬ 
man  from  the  Second  Ward,  is  the  type  of  man  I  think  should 
be  elected  a  Oouncilman,  and  as  Mr.  Nehr  has  subscribed  to 
the  principles  upon  which  the  present  minority  members  of 
the  Council  were  elected  last  fall,  I  would  appreciate  very 
much  you  voting  and  working  for  Mr.  Nehr  next  Tuesday,  pro¬ 
vided  you  are  willing  to  do  what  you  can  to  give  me  support 
in  the  Council. 

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Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Port  Huron  (E-15-68) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Port  Huron,  Michigan,  where  Edison  lived  from  1854  to  1863.  Included  are 
appeals  from  civic  and  charitable  organizations  and  letters  seeking 
information  about  Edison’s  childhood.  The  documents  for  1915  include  an 
invitation  to  visit  from  Mayor  John  L.  Black,  along  with  reminiscences  by 
boyhood  acquaintance  J.  P.  Wilkinson 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected, 
including  all  of  the  letters  with  substantial  marginalia  by  Edison. 

Lawyers  Title  Insurance  and  Trust  Company 

-ZD  /  NewYork,  _ . 

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Lawyers  Title  Insurance  and  Trust  Company 

100  Broadway. 


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jttro.O.’tmrlL'a  B-iiUmrti  pnror 

■3%  pimmut's  benefit  ^ssocrotimt 
of  fl|c  (dMaccahccs 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 

Llewellyn  Part, 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison: 


October  8,  191iffr 


It  means  a  great  deal  to  the  City  of  Port  Huron, 
Mr.  Edison,  that  you  remember  it  kindly  as  the  home  of  your  boy¬ 
hood,  and  on  a  day  which  will  he  important  in  its  history,  its 
citizens  naturally  think  of  you  and  desire  your  presence. 

We  are  therefore  writing  to  you  to  invite  you  to 
attend  the  laying  of  the  corner  stone  on  Friday,  October  twenty- 
second  of  this  year,  of  a  building  now  being  erected  for  the 
Woman's  Benefit  Association  of  the  Maccabees,  a  corporation  with 
headquarters  in  the  City  of  Port  Huron  and  State  of  Michigan. 

The  ceremonies  are  to  be  conducted  by  the  Grand  Lodge,  Free  and 
Accepted  Masons,  Most  Worshipful  Grand  Master,  Mr.  George  L.  Lusk, 

The  Woman's  Benefit  Association  of  the  Maccabees 
is  an  organization  which  established  its  headquarters  at  Port  Huron, 
Michigan,  October  first>  1892,  with  the  recognition  and  support  of 
the  Maccabee  associations  with  which  Major  Boynton,  during  his  life, 
was  so  closely  identified.  This  Association  has  proven  very  suc¬ 
cessful.  It  is  composed  exclusively  of  women,  and  now  numbers  a 
total  membership  of  over  one  hundred  and  eighty-five  thousand,  with 
invested  assets  for  the  protection  of  the  home  of  its  members  in 
the  neighborhood  of  nine  millions  of  dollars.  Teare  of  the  opinion 
that  it  represents  larger  financial  interests  and  more  responsibility 
in  this  connection  perhaps,  than  another  woman's  organization  in  the 
world,  and  it  is  so  well  founded  upon  a  system  of  adequate  rates  and 
proper  reserves  that  it  has  a  great  future  before  it. 

We  feel  that  this  building  will  be  unique  in  being 
the  largest  and  most  beautiful,  as  well  as  the  first  building  of  this 
kind  to  be  erected  as  headquarters  and  owned  by  a  society  of  women,  and 
that  the  laying  of  this  corner  stone  will  be  an  important  event  (ir.^the^ 
history,  not  only  of  our  Association,  h«t  r 

t  also  of  the  State  of  Michigan. 

We  desire  to  extend  to  you  a  most  cordial  invitation  to 
be  present  on  this  occasion  and  to  take  a  place  on  the  platform  with 
other  distinguished  men  and  women  who  have  promised  to  honor  us  with 
their  presence.  The  ceremony  will  take  place  at  two  o'clock  in  the 
afternoon  and  will  be  preceded  by  a  parade  in  which  all  the  Masonic 

-  2  - 

Fraternities  of  Port  Huron  and  Sarnia  will  take  part,  as  well  as  all 
visiting  Masonic  Fraternities  that  can  arrange  to  do  so;  also  other 
local  Orders  and  Societies. 

Sincerely  hoping  that  you  may  he  able  to  attend,  and 
assuring  you  of  the  encouragement  which  your  being  here  would  be  to  the 
city  and  to  this  Association,  whose  permanent  home  it  is,  we  are, 


Supreme  Record  Keeper. 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1915.  Proudfoot’s  Commercial  Agency  [not  selected]  (E-15-69) 

This  folder  contains  commercial  reports  on  individuals,  companies, 
and  charitable  organizations. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Radio  (E-15-70) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  technical  and  commercial  development  of  wireless  telegraphy  or  radio. 
Included  is  an  exchange  between  Edison  and  his  chief  engineer,  Miller  Reese 
Hutchison,  concerning  the  market  position  of  Edison’s  storage  batteries  with 
regard  to  the  Marconi  Wireless  Telegraph  Co.  of  America.  Also  included  are 
remarks  by  Edison  about  government  ownership  of  telephone  and  telegraph 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  primarily  of  unsolicited  correspondence  that 
received  a  perfunctory  response  or  no  reply  from  Edison. 



cute..*-  l|<rw-  A******  fe*  P**^ 

f rienosof  mine  wholjare  in  the  game. 

On  every  hand,  I  am  confront  ed/JTith  the  statement 
that  the  Marconi  Company  are  exceedingl\aRtagonistic  to 
the  Edison  Battery.  There  is  no  doutt  in  tjie  World  but  that 
there  is  graft  going  on,  and  I  think  I  kncfa  where  it  is 
going  on.  But  at  the  same  time,  it  is  a  /reat  joke  that 
they  should  be  fighting  you,  who  are  mote  responsible 
for  the  welfare  of  the  Marconi  Company  fl£an  any  other 
man  that  I  know  of.  As  I  understand  it,  you  had  certain 
patents,  when  Karconi  brought  out  his  wireless,  that  the 
cable  people  wanted  to  purchase^ ^from  yeu,  to  block  Mar¬ 
coni's  game.  You  refused  to  eeUA  YoC subsequently  endorsed 
notes  of  the  Hew  York  Marconi  Company t*-e. . 

I  think  it  hign  time  to  get  busy  and  raise  a 
little  rumpus  on  this  matter.  Beginning  the  first  of  next 
June,  all  the  steamship  companies -have  got  to  put  in  their 
own  batteries,  the  wireless  companies  having  refused  to 
supply  batteries  with  sets,  because  of  the  law  that  I  had 
put  through,  necessitating  an  adequate  reserve  battery. 

They  are  sore  at  me,  because  they  think  I  am  instrumental 
in  having  put  this  law  through,  which  is,  as  a  matter  of 
fact,  the  case.  They  are  sore  at  you,  for  reasons  which  X 


do  not  understand,  and  are  fighting  the  Edison  Battery  on 
every  turn.  X  furthermore  understand  that  their  various 
superintendents,  in  the  various  territories,  are  being 
paid  a  commission  hy  certain  lead  Battery  manufacturers, 
for  all  the  cells  of  this  manufacture  that  are  placed  on 
ships  in  tne  jurisdiction  of  the  various  superintendents. 
They  have  got  a  very  strong  line-up  on  a  graft  Basis,  on 
which,  of  course,  we  do  not  enter.  ^ 

At  the  seme  time,  there  are  going  to/a  great 
many  thousand  of  cells  sold  this  coming  year,  and  X  am 
wondering  if  you  can  conceive  of  any  way  in  which  we  can 
get  at  the  head  of  the  Marconi  Company,  and  demand  some 
recognition  of  the  services  you  rendered  in  the  past.  If 
they  do  not  see  fit  to  extend  such  recognition,  we  can  get 
Busy  with  tne  newspaper?,  end  show  them  up. 

It  makes  me  Curious  when  I  see  now,  after 
you  have  helped  all  these  various  concerns  get  on  their- 
feet,  they  turn  on  you.  A  little  publicity  on  the  subject 
is,  however,  very  much  against  their  wishes,  and  I  think 
that  pressure  can  Be  Brought  to  Bear  along  those  lines. 

The  undersigned  are  to  deoate  the  Agricultural  Collego3  of  ilontana 
and  Oregon  on  the  question  "Resolved:  that  the  federal  government  3hould  own 
and  operate  all  telegraph  and  telephone  lines  in  the  United  Statod."  Y/e 
are  taking  the  liberty  of  writing  you  for  a  little  expert  advice  on  some  of 
the  fallowing  questions. 

1.  Do  you  think  that  wireless  oompanios  should  be  included  in  the 
above  question?  syw 

Z.  Do  you  think  that  there  is  a  possibility  of  the  wireless  roplacing 
the  present  wire  systems?  ^V\C) 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Real  Estate  (E-15-71) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison's  real  estate  holdings,  along  with  unsolicited  letters  offering  to  sell  land 
or  construction  services.  Among  the  correspondents  for  1915  are  William 
Carman,  Edison's  former  bookkeeper  at  Menlo  Park;  Isaac  W.  England  of  the 
Passaic  Metal  Ware  Co.;  and  real  estate  broker  Alfred  D.  Hyde.  The  selected 
documents  include  a  plan  to  combine  and  sell  several  lots  in  Menlo  Park, 
where  Edison  and  Carman  both  continued  to  own  property.  Also  included  are 
letters  pertaining  to  the  availability  of  mineral  rights  on  Edison-owned  lands 
and  to  the  valuation  and  possible  sale  of  properties  owned  by  Edison's 
businesses  at  Glen  Ridge,  New  Jersey,  and  1 0  Fifth  Avenue  in  New  Y ork  City. 

Approximately  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  items  consist  primarily  of  unsolicited  offers  of  land  or  factories  for 
sale  in  various  cities  and  states,  which  were  generally  marked  "no  ans”  by 




*|  {o*.>^SZ 

Edison  y_  ...  New 

■ange,  N.J. 

uear  air.  ^  wiBh  to  maie  some  inquiries  in  regard  to  your  property 

in  Glen  Ridge,  II. J. 

First-V/hat  will  you  sell  the  whole  property  for  cash? 
Second-  What  will  you  lease  the  whole  property  for  on  a 

five  year  flat  Xe^®|_what  wlll  you  lease  the  building  on  Belleville  Av., 
the  long  brick  building,  for? 

We  are  in  the  market  for  a  factory  in  the  vicinity  of 
Newark  for  manufacturing  liquid  air  and  liquid  and  ease ous  oxygen  theref 

S^^S*  JSWKTiiS&'SS*  ^ »:  JSAS? »  K 

absolutely  necessary. 

Kindly  let  me  know,  if  poesible  by  return 
company  baa  several  properties  in  view  which  they  are  to 
coming  Wednesday. 



as  our 
on  the 

Very  truly  yours, 

Home  telephone— 2208-W  Glen  Ridge 

.  Ojvn  oi  nj'HOJUnf'  '  (&*  AND  o.stillation  of  air 

^  n  n  C  \  ^  ***"*,  *  f~*~\ 

0  0  0  w  AMERICAN  AIR-LIQUEFYING  CO. /I  ‘ 

c-aj.  LiJ4<"r  r  J 

.,  ,r_;4SA/r  *ut test  vj^- 

WraSS^B  a.  Edison  W*'*'4**  New  voRiJ.^.-  April  23,  »1 

I  received  your  favor  of  the  15th  inst .  in  reply  l  will  say: 

I  live  in  Glen  nidge,  and  have  lived  there  for  25  years.  I 
probably  know  more  about  what  the  Borough  want  to  do  Or  will  do  than  you 
do.  1  know  one  thing,  they  will  buy  no  land  with  buildings  on  it,  un¬ 
less  the  seller  agrees  to  remove  the  same  at  once.  Your  land  iB 

assessed  at  $7,000.  and  your  buildings  at  $20,000.  According  to  that, 

if  you  sell  to  the  Borough,  three-fourths  of  the  value  of  the  property 
would  have  to  be  sacrificed—  as  every  brick  would  have  to  be  carted  off 
the  lot,  before  they  would  even  agree  to  buy  it  or  leaBe  it. 

You  do  not  say  what  you  will  rent  the  building  on  Belle¬ 
ville  Avenue  for:,  or  whether  you  wish  to  rent  it  at  all. 

Very  truly  yours,  *  ^ 



t^u"*  ncw  jEnsEv-5-ii“15* . 

Mr.  Thomas  A.Edison;- 

Regards  your  letter  of  the  27  th.  Ult,  ....  ,  . 

I  would  like  the  numbers  of  the  lots  on  which  the  labor¬ 
atory  is  situated-also  the  privelege  of  buying  the  lots  at  y°'“J^g!j“'e 
of  $35. —  each, for  thes  reasons-I  am  hopefull  of  Siting  my  plans  to 
a  successful  issue  and  will  therefor  like  to  aoquire  the  lots  and  at 
the  same  time  have  some  benefit  as  well  also  keep  others  from  getting 
in  on  the  plot  and  not  improving  it.  .  T  .m 

In  my  figures  as  to  the  plottage  oftthe  whole  tract  I  will 
consider  your  acreage  ©  ||oo*oo  per  acre  as  I  will  enplain  when  I  again 
write  you.  ^  dQ  not  pu^p0ae  paying  at  onoe  for  the  lot3  in  the  lab¬ 
oratory  plot-but  want  the  sole  privelege  of  purchase  within  a  reasonable 
time-say  3  to  4  months  in  order  that  I  can  get  the  large  project  more  to¬ 
wards  a  finish. as  re.  details  and  actual  agreements  as  to  performance  on 
developement.  Very  truly  yours. 

■  -cruiy  youi'8,  . 

The  tract  is  to  be  divided  into  ^  aoreplots  and  you  to  receive 
pavment  at  rate  of  $450.—  per  acre .provided  you  bear  your  pro-rata 
share  of  the  co3t  to  put  in  one  arterial  road  that  Trill  not  amount 
to  much  say  $500. —  as  it  will  be  mads  of  3  *  stone  covered  with  ash 
top  or  surface  and  this  oiled. 

The  sales  Co.  to  bear  all  and  every  expense  and  to  get  their  $■!?* 
out  of  sales  above  your  proposed  $.  , 

The  pooling  or  centralizing  of  the  varied  holdings  and  the  sane 
conducting  of  an  effort  to  sell  undBr  comprhensive  and  intelligent 
oeoftle  oh  a  safe  and  sound  plan  is  the  only  way  to  lead  Menlo  Park 
out  of  it's  still  gloomy  and  dark  condition —  I  have  the  people  and 
it  remains  for  you  to  say  whether  you  will  be  one  of  those  joining 
in  and  accepting  the  plan. 

X  have  no  fear  of  accomplishing  the  results  as  planned  and  am 
working  to  that  end,  I  await  your  response  and  thanking  you  beg  to 

very  truly  yours; 

Q/l/lAWjLs'AJ  ,  lUsm 

The  Edison  Portland  Cement  Company 

STEWARTSVILLE,  N.  J.  December  13,  1915. 

Mr.  I.  W.  England, 

Passaic,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Replying  tc  yours  7th  tc  our  Mr .  Carhart , 
which  has  been  awaiting  my  return,  I  wculd  suggest  that  if 
Mr.  Ricker  and  ycurself  will  call  on  Mr.  Edison  relative  tc 
the  property  matter  it  will  not  really  be  necessary  for  me 
tc  be  present,  but  I  would  suggest  that  you  make  an  appoint¬ 
ment  tc  meet  Mr.  Edison  either  by  writing  tc  Mr.  W.  H.  Meadow- 
crcft,  whc  is  Mr.  Edison's  private  secretary,  cr  telephoning 
him  ('phene  908  Orange).  If  you  'phene  him,  please  state 
that  ycu  are  'phoning  him  at  my  suggestion. 

Ycurs  very  truly, 



£  L  i'Li-s 

typw/JpR&mrimik  m 

I.  V/.  England,  Esquire, 

C/o  Passaic  Metal  Ware  Company, 

Passaic,  IT,  J. 

Dear  Mr.rEngland: 

V/ith  reference  to  your  letter  of  the  14th  inst.  concerning 
a  proposed  conference  with  Mr.  Edison,  I  regret  to  have  to  advise 
that  I  could  he  of  practically  no  benefit  to  you  as  a  party  to 
that  conference.  Hr.  Edison  used  to  visit  this  plant  occasionally 
twelve  or  fifteen  years  ago,  hut  I  have  not  since  then  been  directly 
in  touch  with  him  and  it  is  quite  probable  that  he  has  entirely  for¬ 
gotten  that  X  ever  existed.  This  is  more  or  less  true  also  v/ith 
Mr.  Mallory,  although  I  have  had  some  correspondence  with  Hr.  Mal¬ 
lory  on  one  or  tv/o  occasions  in  recent  years. 

Thinking  perhaps  Hr.  Sexton  or  someone  else  in  the  Hew  York 
office  might  have  had  closer  association  with  Hr.  Edison  and  could 
therefore  help  you  out  in  this  matter,  I  mentioned  the  subject  to 
Mr.  Sexton  while  in  Hew  York  recently.  He  stated  that  he  knew  of 
no  one  there  who  had  any  influence  whatever  with  Hr.  Edison.  As 
you  are  probably  aware,  Hr.  Edison  is  a  man  with  a  rather  unusual 
personality  and  from  what  I  know  of  him  the  matter  of  a  release  of 
the  mineral  rights  in  question  will  be  something  which  he  will  de¬ 
cide  as  his  will  may  dictate,  regardless  of  any  influence  which  may 
be  brought  to  bear. 

I  feel  sure  that  I  could  be  of  no  assistance  to  you  in 



this  matter,  tut  I  trust  that  you  can  make  satisfactory  arrange¬ 
ments.  Thanking  you  for  your  kind  v/ishes,  X  am, 

Edison  General  File  Series 
Religion  and  Spiritualism  (E-15-72) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  regarding 
Edison's  opinions  and  widely  publicized  statements  about  immortality, 
theology,  superstition,  and  related  subjects.  Among  the  correspondents  for 
1915  are  journalist  Edward  Marshall  and  the  noted  spiritualist  Bert  Reese. 

Approximately  5  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  of  unsolicited  letters  and  printed  matter  that 
received  no  response  from  Edison. 

8mfc%  states  fast  (Office 

Dear  Sir;  read  an  articie  concerning  yourself  in  the  • 

daily  papers  recently,  I  find  myself  interested  in  some  similar 
subjects  as  yourself  and  hence  I  am  imposing  upon  your  good  nature 
in  hope  of  securing  a  little  information.  'Vould  you  kindljr  tell 
me  in  what  mannev  or  in  what,  you  obtain  the  same  "friendly"  germs 
found  in  buttermilfc,  which  are  so  beneficial  to  the  human  system, 
and  how  or  from  what  reliable  Astrologer  I  may  obtain  my  Horoscope. 
Assuring  you  your  reply  will  be  most  sincerely  appreciated. 

truly  yours 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcrof y 

t  am  rainiT  out/to  see  you  tomorrow,  Taut  I  v/ant  to  thank 
you  ver7much  for  ,/our  letter  of  April  5th,  which  reached  here 
during  my  absence  In  Y/ashington. 

I  have  studied  Reese  with  the  utmost  care.  Among  other 

which  certainly  was  remarkable ♦  Hot  so  mucii  nj-s 
his  upper  head  was  more  than  pink  from  blood  suffusion.  He 
also  drew  my  attention  to  the  very  apparent  beating  o.  a  pulse 

S2SS-  *&*££  S 

a  strain.  There  was  no  doubt  of  the  genuineness  o 

The  onlv  really  remarkable  thing  he  ever  did  for  me  was 
to  find  a  watch  which  I  did  not  know  I  had  lost  In  my  room  o_n 
Twenty-third  street.  He  came  i^one^night  £«[  lost 

yoi^awatoh"?a  ltdemurred  fo?  I  was  wearing  0X“*1^1Jhti“S^ie" 

true.  Inasmuch  as  he  had  never  been  in  the  room  before, 
thought  this  was  an  extraordinary  stunt. 

it  thP  Reick  dinner  Judge  Goff  asked  him  where  the  bridge 
a  certain  river.  Judge  Goff  was  the  only  man  who 
ever  had  heard  of  the  river  and  it  afterward  developed  t 
the  name  which  he  used  was  the  ancient  nomenclature  o-  a  Grec¬ 
ian  strl^  Reese  replied  that  there  was  no  bridge  across  the 
river.  Judge  Goff  said  that  this  reply  was  correct. 

I  was  present  years  ago  when  Reese  did  an  equally  aston¬ 
ishing  stunt  in  finding  a  mislaid  article  •  thl  §?ofess« 

the  house  of  Professor  Hyslop.  He  had  never  met  the  Prolessor 


tefore  and  had  never  been  in  the  house  before;  haA  ne^  Been 
Vrs  Hyslop  and,  X  think,  did  not  know  who  they  were.  This  was 
while  Hyslop  was  a  member  of  the  faculty  of  Columbia.  I  had 
.  minri  a.  tAst  of  Reese’s  power  by  Hyslop,  although  neither 

at  any  rate  went  with  her  to  a  room  in  which  a  bookcase  was 
located.  From  this  book  case  he  took  several  books ,  opening 
a  way  to  the  back  where  a  book  had  fallen,  and  opening  this 
found  a  lock  of  hair.  Mrs.  Hyslop  was  very  much  affected. 

The  lock  of  hair  had  been  cut  many  years  before  from  the  head 
of  a  girl  baby  who^f terwards  died. 

I  have  told  you,  \  think,  about  the  day  Reese  met  me  in 
the  Waldorf  iust  after  I  had  signed  contracts  to  go  to  Ha/ti 
fo?  The  Columbian  Magas ine.  I  did  not  tell  him  that  I  was  go¬ 
ing  away,  but  he  volunteered  the  information  and  said  uhat  I 
was  going  where  the  people  we  re  blafik.  I  had  the 
tracts  in  my  pocket.  The  thing  seemed  somewhat  uncanny  to 

£sL?  h-ss 

ESFKViiS  S-oXt#gia-»1S  people ’were  SM 

"'.Til  and  raadine  figures,  writing,  etc.  in 

isthave  done  when  he  told 

seeing  through  solids  and  reading  » 

one’s  pocket  as,  for  example,  he  musthave  done  when 
the  dates  on  pocket  coins  that  day  in  the  laboratory. 

I  will  close  this  little  dissertation  uppn-this'  e 


?JTrs.  Borden  Harriman,  whose  name  X  do  not  remember.  In  some 
way  or  other  the  subject  of  fortune  tellers  came  up  and  she 
told  me  that  she  had  once  been  swindled  out  of  a ruby  ring 
valued  at  51500  or  $2000  by  one  of  them.  Describing  him  I 
IhoughtI  recognized  the  portrait  and  asked  her  if  Ms  name 
was  Reese.  She  said  it  was  and  that  she  submitted  to  the  loss 
as  she  believed  he  knew  she  would,  rather  than  let  her  husband 
know  that  she  had  done  such  a  foolish  tiling  *8  *°-S°  a  for¬ 
tune  teller  at  all.  This  occurjed  many  years  ago.  Her  hus 
hand  has  since  died.  According  to  her  story,  Reese  got  poss¬ 
ession  of  the  ring  through  telling  her  that  he  would  be  unable 

to  furnish  certain  information  which  she  vividly  wished  and 
had  gone  to  him  to  obtain,  unless  he  had  in  his  possession 
over  night  something  valuable  which  belonged  to  her. 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

Ur.  W.  H.  Meadowcroft, 

Assistant  to  7Jr.  Edison, 


23C^  fUlfV 

*  I  Hew  York.  Hay  22nd  1915* 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

West  Orange,  H.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

When  X  was  last  over  to  see  you  at  your 
laboratory,  you  were  so  kind  as  to  offer  me  one  of  your  viotrolas 
and  some  of  the  victrola  records.  My  wife's  birth  anniversary 
is  near  at  hand  and  X  would  very  much  like  to  surprise  her  with 
one  of  your  machines.  I  would  greatly  appreciate  your  remembering 
me  at  this  time. 

With  kindeBt  regards  and  best  wishes,  I  am 

Sincerely  yours, 

Winchester,  Massachusetts, 

July  5,  1915, 


■7  covrx  S  C  a-<rzro. 



:,Iy  dear  Sir: 

1.  Over  four  years  ago  you^largely  waited  your  time  reading  my 
baby  attempt  to  describe  matter.  In  a  letter  hy  your  secretary.  Hay 
2  1913  you  stated  in  effect  that  X  had  not  made  it  intelligible.  I 
accepted  the  criticism  as  valid,  and  went  to  work  to  remedy  the  defect; 
X  have  no w  done  so.  I  think  I  can  show  you  in  this  latter  that  it 
would ■ bo  to  your  advantage  to  read  the  book  containing  the  description. 
I  shall  also  state  fully  what ^y^ advantage^  will^be  if  ^ou^ain.u  t. 

2.  As  I  failed  with  you  onco,  and  wasted  ^omC  of  your  time,  Id£ 
shall  not  ask  you  to  take  my  word  for  it  that  I  know  precisely  what/ 
matter,  eleotricity,  and  a  good  many  other  things  are.  I  shall  first 
quote  the  opinions  of  my  work  given  me  by  reputable  men.  If  requested 
I  shall  prove  that  all  these  are  correctly  stated  by  me,  by  furnishing 
you  with  the  original  letters,  except  in  the  case  of  J.  J.  Thomson, 

whose  opinions  were  stated  verbally  to  me.  -  You  may  possibly  pur 

some  of" these  men  into  the  category  of  highbrows.  There  are  a  number 
of  useless  "highbrows",  just  as  there  are  a  number  of  useless  "practi¬ 
cal"  nrsn.  Personally,  I  think  the  average  business  man  has  a  good 
deal  more  real  sense  than  the  average  college  professor.  But  I  have 
tried  to  piok  good  judges  for  my  book?!.  Some  of  the  book  you  mignt 
call  highbrow  stuff;  but  most  of  it  you  almost  certainly  wouldn  t. 

3.  I  start  with  a  man  you  probably  appreciate  in  spite  of  the 
misrepresentations  made  of  him:-  F.  W.  Taylor.  Taylofc  told  me  -tour 
years  ago  that  I  had  a  remarkable  ability  to  make  things  clear  and 
simple  and  that  I  was  the  best  fitted  man  he  knew  of  to  prove  tne 
fundamentals  of  scientific  management.  Taylor  thoroughly  approved 
the  summary  of  my  book  which  I  made  for  him  a  few  months  ago  from  his 
point  of  view,  and  offered  to  help  me  get  it  published.  But  he  died 
before  he  could  read  the  book,  or  help  with  the  publishers.  As  will 
appear,  the  book  seems  to  be  too  definite  for  the  publishers. 

a,  vor  about  three  years  I  have  corresponded  with  T.  'J.  Richards, 
who  is  considered  one  of  the  best  living  theoretical  chemists.  In 
1912  I  provod  to  him  that  there  oan  be  no  constant  atomic  weights.  In 
January.  1913,  he  accepted  the  general  proof  as  valid.  Sinoe  rhen  it 
has  been  provod  direotly  that  Pb  has  at  least  two  atomic  weights  taat 
are  perceptible.  The  general  propositioh  revises  fundamental  chemical 
and  physical  theory.  When  it  ,  dawned  upon  Richards  that  "no  constant 
atoms"  was  as  extensive  in  meaning  as  Darwin's  "no  oonsi,anu  species^ 
he  opt  a  bad  case  of  cold  feet  over  it.  I  then  proved  to  him  that  na 
was  a  coward  ,  and  had  lied  to  me  in  a  particular  personal  mat uer;  _ and 
my  whole  argument,  both  scientific  and  personal,  was  so  valid  that  ne 
wrote  me  that  he  had  no  objection  to  find  with  my  work  or  with  me  per¬ 
sonally,  but  implied  that  I  was  not  kind.  I  told  him  clearly  that  if _ 
he  did  not  stop" propagating  misstatements  about  atoms  I  would  not  hesi¬ 
tate  to  publish  any  fact  about  him  that  I  saw  fit:  he  nasn  t  stopped, 
as  he  can't  very  well  without  repudiating  some  of  his  former  work. 

This  is  an  example  of  the  college  professor  without  nerve,  but  other¬ 
wise  extremely  able.  I  thin]:  he  is  the  best  living  chemist. 

5.  About  nine  months  after  I  had  sent  you  my  first  written 

stuff  I  hail  worked  out  a  revision,  and  I  took  it  over  to  J.  J,  Thomson. 

He  and  I  at  once  came  to$(  a  flat  deadlock,  in  which  he  asserted  that 
all  my  mechanics  were  wrong,  heoause  they  disagreed  with  hisp  or  ! lax- 
well's.  After  three  days  work  in  the  fashion  of  which  you  approve, 
hut  which  for  me  is  usually  a  waste  of  time,  I  managed  to  rig  an  ap¬ 
paratus  with  whioh  I  admittedly  proved  before  Thomson's  eyes  that  X 
was  right.  On  the  strength  of  that  he  gave  me  about  six  or  seven  more 
interviews.  But  he  was  so  profoundedly  depressed  to  see  his  funda¬ 
mental  mechanics  all  disproved  with  an  aotual  set  of  gear  wheels,  that 
he  couldn't  think  very  well;  also,  my  arguments  were  in  a  very  poor 
sP ape  at  that  time;  so  he  finally  asserted  that  he  was  too  old  to 
learn  and  would  have  to  give  it  up.  His  electron  theory  is  very  good 
so  far  as  it  goes:  I  now  finish  it  for  him.  The  trouble  with  his 
formal  mechanics  (he  really  did  not  U3e  the  mechanics  he  said  he  did) 
was  that  ITewton's  laws  of  motion  and  law  of  gravity  are  very  good  as 
religion,  but  are  wrong  or  very  inaccurate  as  science.  Quite  a  number 
of  people  know  that  nowadays.  X.  Pearson,  in  Grammar  of  Science,  knew 
it  in  a  general  way  twenty  years  ago,  but  I  happened  to  work  it  out 
independent It  in  a  definite  and  very  simple  way..  The  fundamental  scien¬ 
tific  law  is  that  mass  varies  with  velocity:  conservation  of ^energy 
is  religion,  and  when  expressed  as  science  is  ratner  inaccurate,  as 

"hat  old  law  is  good  for  rough 
mass,  atoms,  etc.,  are  not 
,  a  storage  battery  would 
uld  be  no  atomic  changes  to 
ngs.  The  old  law  tried  to 
in  getting  a  self-contradidtion, 

Jeans  and  others  showed  some  years  ago.  f; 
work,  but  is  flatly  wrong  in  principle,  as 
constant.  If  atoms  were  constant  or  fixed 
obviously  be  an  impossibility,  as  there  coi 
produce  any  energy  or  changes  in  other  thi: 
assert  the  same  thing  twice,  and  succeeded 

6.  T.  C.  Chamberlin  is  by  many  considered  the  best  living  geol¬ 
ogist.'  He  and  some  astronomers  have  demolished  most  of  the  nebular 
theory  and  -proved  a  theory  which  states  as  a  summary  the  raoher  ob¬ 
vious  fact  that  there  are"no  constant  planets,  etc."  (For  instance 

it  is  estimated  that  400  million  meteors  hit  us  daily:  X  can  also  show 
that  the  earth  loses  weight  under  constantly  occurring  conditions.  The 
facts  of  the  nebular  theory  are  largely  right:  the  principle  is  ex¬ 
actly  wrong,  being  some  more  religion  masquerading  as  science.)  By- 
facts  with  which  most  intelligent  people  are  already  familiar  and  by 
some  experiments  which  a  school  boy  can  make  and  has  the  apparatus  uo 
make.  I  show  what  the  orbit  of  the  solar  system  is,  and  tnus  prove 
Chamberlin’ s  theory  and  the  general  structure  of  our  stellar  galaxy 
and  of  atoms  in  another  way.  I  wrote  him  a  summary  of  it.  He  was 
very  complimentary  in  a  general  sort  of  way.  But  he  could  not  road 
the  book,  as  he  is  not  permitted  to  use  his  eyes,  and  has  to  geo  his 
07m  data  together  before  he  is  unable  to  work. 

7.  David  Starr  Jordan  is  widely  reoogniawd  as  a  first  olass 

soientist  (biologist,  mostly)/  philosopher,  political  economist,  ed¬ 
ucator  and  executive.  I  v/rote  him  considerable  summaries  on  biology, 
militarism,  and  philosophy,  and  he  then  read  my  book,  skipping  sub¬ 
jects  in  which  he  did  not  have  an  immediate  interest.  X  quote  the 
essentials  of  a  letter  he  sent  me  then:-  . 

"I  have  looked  over  your  book  and  am  now  re  burning  it.  I 
have  not  read  it  all.  There  is  a  good  deal  of  mathematios, 
logic,  and  physios  which  I  would  have  to  study  considerably  be¬ 
fore  I  could  understand  it.  ,  . 

"The  book  is  a  very  remarkable  one,  representing  a  keenness 
of  logical  study  that  is  very  rare,  and  a  breadth  of  Imowledge 
and  interest  whioh  goes  back  toward  the  time  of  Humboldt  and 
his  Cosmos. 

"As  to  its  availability  to  a  publisher,  I  suggest  that  you 
take  it  over  to  Houghton,  Mifflin  &  Co.,  stating  that  you  do  so 
at  my  advice.  ...  If  they  will  not  undertake  it,  I  would  try 
Ilaomillan  in  Hew  York.  ...  , 

ttrphe  book  is  written  in  a  condensed,  logical,  and  very  per¬ 
sonal  fashion.  It  is  not  easy  to  read,  and  yet  there  are  parts 
of  it  which  are  extremely  gripping. 

»X  do  not  detect  any  errors,  but  I  do  detect  some  filings  Jxiic 
I  do  not  understand',  for  as  Hr.  Thaokery  once  observed:  'I  have  nc 
brains  above  my  eyes'. 

"would  you  be  willing  to  .  .  .  let  me  use,  witn  credit  the 
part  towards  the  end,  on  militarism,  and  your  own  relation  to  it?J 
I  found  out  afterwards  that  Jordan's  remarks  about  his  no.  being  able  . 
understand  parts  of  the  book  which  he  did  not  read  (naturally  he 
wouldn't)  simply  meant  that  he  did  not  propose,  in  his  character  as 
something  of  an  authority,  to  give  me  any  semi-official  opinion  on 
subjects  in  which  he  was  not  a  recognized  expert. 

8.  I  pot  the  two  publishers  to  give  a  firm's  reading  of  my  book 
on  the  strength  of  that.  Both  promptly  and  vigorously  rejected  it. 

-first  stated  vaguely  in  a  letter  tliat  their  reasons  for  re  Section 
was  that  they  could  not  judge  the  book's  validity, . and  were  no.  sure 
it  would  sell.  So  I  dug  a  verbal  statement  of  tneir  real  reason  out 
of  t’^em:  they  were  reluctant  to  s oate  it.  It  was  that  in^t..ei_ 
opinion  the  hook  was  so  clearly  and  plainly  written  that  i t  was  sen¬ 
sational,  and  it  was  not  their  policy  to  publish  anything  01  sucn  a 
nature.  They/ would  not  judge  its  validity;  but  tuafi  was  a  formal 
statement,  as?  they  said  that  what  I  had  to  say  was  entirely^ too  clear. 
The  other  company  carefully  avoided  giving  in  apersonal  leuoei  Lo  me 

9.  John  Dewey,  professor  of.  philosophy  at  Columbia,  has  one  of 
the  highest  reputations  in  professional  circles  as  a  logician  ( 
especially  Bncy.  Brit.,  xvi,  918,  footnote  6),  pnilosopner,  Phenol¬ 
ogist,  educator,  and  writer  on  morals.  I  do  not  rate  une  good  -ense 
of  most  philosophers  very  highly:  Bergson,  for  example , . is  a  sort  of 
quack  with  feminine  characteristics;  Yanjr  was  so  vague  m  everyday 
affairs  that  the  application  of  his  philosophy  has,  as  one  cause ,  vM- 
duced  the  present  nearly  pathologic  paranoia  (here  mostly  delusions  of 
greatness,  infallibility,  and  persecution)  of  tne  German  nation.  Buu 
Dewey  is  thoroughly  sound,  and  about  tne. sanest  man  I  hc.yo  ever  3oio\m. 

I  think  he  had  more  to  do  with  establishing  pragmatism  Inan  James  did, 
and  Dewey's  brand  of  pragmatism  is  fundamentally  sound,  and  one  prag¬ 
matism  of  no  one  else  is  quite  30,  explicitly . 

10,  In  my  hook  I  have  to  reject  as  invalid  all  the  logic  written 
in  published  books  (it  is  all  dead  wrong  in  prinoiple , ^ although  of  . 
course  a  great  deal  of  it  is  practically  useful).  I  also  had  to  revise 
the  fundamental  theory  of  mathematics..  You  probably  do  not  natre  jpnad: 
much  faith  in  mathematics :  X  know  of  no  able  man  who  has.  I  oouia 
not  understand  the  orthodox  mathematics,  so  I  went  on  a  hunt  for  the 
error  in  it.  There  was  one  all  right,  and  I  threw  it  oub  to 

with.  Stated  in  directly  applicable  language,  zero  and  mxinit^  are 
not  numbers,  and  should  not  he  used  as  numbers.  The  mathematicians 
use  them  as  numbers  whenever  it  does  not  give  a  uoo  obviously  absurd 
result,  and  they  assert  flatly  that  they  are  numbers  (see  Art.  Mathemat¬ 
ics,  Bncy.  Brit,;  in  that  article,  p.  881,  it  is  shown  that  mathemati¬ 
cians  already  know  there  is  a  fundamental  contradiction,  but  they  do 
nothing  effective  to  get  it  out).  Also,  you  probably  haven't  much 
faith  in  logic,  and  in  academic  'reasoning',  I  show  that  there 

really  is  no  such  thing  2,3  that  c 0 ilv g  nt i 0 nal ly  called  reasoning,  All 
that  we  know  wo  sot  hy  direct  observation— experiment ,  experience,— 

and  X  tiae  no  other  sort  of  proof  for  anything.  -  X  argued  all 

that  out  at  length  in  personal  letters  to  Dewey.  He  accepted  10  un¬ 
qualifiedly,  and  ho  the^read  ay  hook. 

11,  in  ay  opinion  Dewey  is  the  best  fitted  man  in  the  world  I  know 
o'P  to  judge  ray  hook  as  a  whole.  He  accepts  the  total  argument  as  Doing 
right,  and  made  the  following  formal  statement  for  me  uo  quote:- 
..-.tq.H  ...  4,,  ™  M,n*  w«i  Tin -irn  «i  important  and  valid  con- 

■■  mere  is  no  doubt  in  my  mind  that  you  have  —  ..  .. -  -----  - 

tribution  to  logical  theory,  having  equally  important  and  valid  appli¬ 
cations  to  the  theory  of  tho  natural  and  social  sciences.  It  is  mom. 

cations  to  tho  theory  of  tho  natural  ana  social  sciences,  a  « 
desirable  that  it  should  be  published  or  o oi-uvami c at o d  so  as  go  become 

generally  available."  -  Dewey  strongly  objects  to  my  excessive 

clearness  or  emphasis.  I  do  not  like  so  much  definiteness  myself;  hut 
it  has  been  my  experience  that  however  clearly  a  thing  is  said  or  snown 
there  will  he  many  people  who  can’t  or  won’t  see  it  oven  tnen.  ior  in¬ 
stance  even  as  good  an  observer  as  Thomson  would  not  see  and  admit 
that  t1’  e  wheels  in  my  experiment  wore  turning  in  the  direction  uney 
v.-ere  turning  right  before  his  eyes  until  I  pretty  nearly  swore  aG  him 
for  liis  bein.0,  asleep.  I  admit  that  my  definiteness  is  actually  a  ^ 
defect,  but  I  think" if  is  one  that  is  forced  upon  me  by  che  way  mosu 
people  observe.  Akinqp  However,  I  have  an  idea,  miao  you  are  so  accus¬ 
tomed  to  seeing  things  as  they  are  that  with  hut  very  few  exceptions 
iron  will  not  object  to  seeing  the  pictures  I  males  in  tue  000k.  For 
instance  T  prove  by  actual  experiment  thac  Gne  customary  idea  of 
personal’ immortality  iff  bosh;  that  pains  most  people,  hue  yoti  will 
be  Pleased  to  see  in  what  sense  there  is  a  provaole  immortality  .mien 
is  not  personal,  individual ,  or  self-conscious  at  all.  Euere  is  a  prev¬ 
alent  fairy  tale  that  immortality  is  no.,  subject  to  direcL  e-.peri.aont 
moat  people  do  not  really  care  muen  about  immortality  itself, ^ but  u„ey 
seem  to  hate  awfully  to  see  me  smash  that  fairy  tale  about  gening  ct 

12.  "he  bool:  is  Primarily  soientifio  m  tne  usual  sense  ox  t-h-t 
adjective.  But  I  absolutely  unify  what  is  customarily  kno,/n  as _ science , 
religion  and  philosophy, — proving  them  all  direocly,  ana  roduoing 
them^all’to  one  equation  which  is^  both  intelligible  re^re® onq~~aU 

Lty.  Jordan's 
_ _ _  _ _ 3  them  simply 

noans  that  he  won' t  judge  them,  as  he  does  not  think  he  knows  enough  to 
be  a  competent  judge;  Dewey  says  tne  mathematics  are all  rignt,--and 
i-  plies  tliat  t3iey  core  objectionably  emphatic.)  I  shop  vijti  the^oaui- 
of  the  stuff  that  theologians  (except  in  a  considerable  dogroo  une 
Unitarians  and  Christian  Scientists!  call  religion  is  absolutely  wrong. 
So  far  as  I  know,  I  am  the  first  man  who  has  really  gone  all  tne  way 
to  the  bottom  of  tho  theologians'  premises,  and  demolished  rigorously 
the  whole  mass  of  their  nonsense  right  at  the  start  ox  it.  Consequent¬ 
ly  it  is  so  unlikely  that  I  would  get  agreement  xrom  uheologians  wi«h 
my book  that  I  havo  not  tried.  I  wrote  mild  letters  ^°J-o°upleo_ 
theologians  on  somev/hat  unessential  points,  and  ^iey  agreed  rauner  en 
thusiastioly  with -them.  3ut  I  saw  no  use  going  fuithoi  and  hurting 
their  feelings  with  no  resulting  good  to  anybody. 

15.  However,  I  means  abolish  religion  in  Uhe  facts 

I  set  forth  prove  the  reality  of  the  religion  Ghat  Christ  failed  to 
nalce  get  "by  that  goreat  ass  St.  Paul  (who  while  protending  to  condemn 
the  "letter”  turned  all  the  aojnial  religion  into  "letter",  v/hion  v/as 

AS  V  5  15  5 

solaecl  upon  by  the  theologians).  And  the  facts  show  ho w  avory'oody 
actually' uses  'that  real  religion  to  some  extent,  and  oan  easily  use  it 
profitably  more.  For  instance,  from  my  point  of  view  of  talcing  facts 
as  tiles'-  are,  your  life  has  been  an  unusually  religious  one,  and  the 
life  of  the  average  theologian  is  highly  irreligious  and  would  usually 
land  him  in  jail  if  it  wasn’t  so  conventional.  I  found  one  religious 
prophet  of  the  first  rank  in  Gerald  Stanley  LBS.  He  wrote  "Crowds" 
(which  is  good  democracy,  or  religion  in  society) ,  and"The  Voice  of 
thecHaohines"  (which  is  good  general  religion) ,  and  other  boohs  not  so ' 
definite.  He  enthusiasticly  approves  of  what  the  facts  (James’S  Varie¬ 
ties  of  Religious  Experience,  for  instance)  prove  religion  to  be.  So 
you  have  the  religious  part  of  the  book  vouched  for  by  a  competent  man 
other  than  myself.  Lee  is  a  poet,  and  possibly  you  may  be  exasperated 
with  his  lack  of  definiteness  if  you  read  him.  I  was  for  a  while; 
but  there  are  different  ways  of  doing  the  same  thing,  and  I  do  not  yet 
laiow  enough  to  say  -which  is  the  best  way  to  get  a  particular  result  ex¬ 
cept  in  a  few  cases.  And  science  and  any  activity  can  be  easily 
summed  into  a  perfectly  correct  religion.  I  show  that  the  engineers 
and  successful  business  men  of  this  country  are  considerably  more  re¬ 
ligious  than  the  theologians.  A  sufficient  practical  criterion  of  the 
correctness  of  the  theologians  is  that  their  yearly  pay  averages  about 
"700. _ 

14.  I  could  give  you  the  opinion  of  other  people  that  I  now 
know  what  I  am  talking  about,  and  can  say  it  with  a  reasonable  amount 
of  intelligibility.  But  the  above  is  probably  enough.  I  shall  now 
show  what  what  you  may  be  able  to  get  out  of  the  book  if  you  read  it, 
and  descibe  it  briefly. 

15.  In  practical  particular?,  you  may  be  able  to  get  enough 

knowledge  out  of  the  boo]:  to  enable  you  to  mate  a  better  storage  bat¬ 
tery,  to  got  a  commercial  cold  light,  and  to  make  a  gas  or  steam  ro¬ 
tary  engine  that  is  a  good  one.  I  emphatically  do  not  say  that  you 
are  certain  to  got  suoh  knowledge .  (The  rotary  engine  is  vaguely  de¬ 
scribed,  and  to  achieve  the  other  two,  while  entirely  possible  and 
very  simple  in  principle,  may  take  years  of  experimenting.  I  simply 
show  the* clearly  and  simply  valid  ways  of  getting  them,  and  if  you 
try  them  it  is  entirely  up  to  you  to  find  the  material  that  will  stand 
the  racket.  I  show  how  to  find  the  material,  and  what  sort  of  material 
is  needed;  but  it  is  quite  a  different  matter  to  get  it,  and  I  make 

no  rash  guesses  in  attempting  to  name  it.  In  the  book  I  also  show  and 

prove  all  the  ways  there  will  be  or  can  be  of  getting  energy  out  of 
matter  (from  inside  the  atoms,  or  from  anywhere  else).  Chat  job  also 
is  a  matter  of  finding  the  right  sort  of  material,  and  is  equivalent 
in  general  principle  to  a  storage  battery.  I  show  those  various  things 
about  as  definitely  as  Faraday  showed  how  to  make  a  dynamo. 

16.  It  is  quite  possible  that  you  prefer  to  do  better  the  things 

you  are  now  doing,  in  preference  to  running  after  those  strange  gods. 

In  that  ease,  the  book  may  give  you  an  excellent  idea  of  the  whole 
oliaraoter  of  what  you  are  doing,  and  may  permit  you  to  see  the  meaning 
of  things  in  general.  It  will  do  that  if  you  read  it  attentively;  I 
can't  do  your  seeing  for  you,  but  oan  merely  tell  you  what  to  look  at 
ig  you  want  to  see.  Jlaybe  you  will  think  that  general  advantage  from 
reading  the  book  is  worth  while,  although  you  consider  yourself  a 
practical  man.  We  will  aooept  that  name  for  you,  for  what  it  means 

in  your  oase  is  that  what  "theory"  (in  the  usual  sense)  you  do  have, 
is  correct  theory.  Shat  sort  of  practical  man  is  the  only  sort  who  is 
much  good;  also,  he  is  the  only  sort  of  theoretician  who  is  much 

15 _  mhoao  fen  remarks  really  cover  the  case  of  theory  arc! 

Practice,  bxitas  from  what  X  have  read  of  you  I  have  earhe^tne  im¬ 
pression  that  you  make  "theory"  somewhat  synonymous  witn  ignorance  ■. 
(and  X  freely  admit  that  it  is  frequently  difiioult  to  detect  the  dif¬ 
ference  between  some  theories  and  ignorance),  I  snail  expand  uhose  re- 

17  you  personally  seem  to  know  hov;  far  you  can  go,  and  still 
know:  there  you  stop  (except  you  occasionally  take  a  rauher  ^armless 
UTer  into  the  realms  of  what  all  men  should  eat,  and  hov;  much  wiey 
should  sleep;  — so  you  know,  or  ought  to  know,  rhQ  _charms  and  dangers 
of  irresponsible "theorising"  on  tno  basis  of  too  xew  facts) .  Stopping 
like  that  is  both  good  practice  and  good  bneory.  Good  uiieoxy  simply 
means  knowing  the  broad  facts  of  what  you  are  going  to  «ry  co  do  before 
you  begin  doing  it:  the  definite,  particular  laces  can  boootaincd 
only  by  doing  it,  and  usually  making  a  few  minor  mistakes  in  doing  it. 
nobody  has  yet  succeeded  in  making  two  chronometers  we«  ■  run  O--- 
aotly  alike.  But  if  you  tackle  a  job  v/ibhouc_ knowing  onose  b.o.-d  fc.ots 
or  principles,  you  will  not  only  make  minor  mistakes  mu,  will  al*o 
make  tdital  mistakes  that  will  vitiate  the  whole  work,  so  far  as  it  re¬ 
lates  direotlv  to  getting  the  particular  desired  result.  It  oOeim,  to 
me  f r om  what  I  havS  reod°of  you  that  you  would  like  to  know  tnat  true 
theory  and  that  you  also  have  a  bio  of  contempt  j. or  the  tneoi_st  _n 
the°usual  sense  and  also  a  bit  of  envy  ter  of  him.  If  I  have  guessed 
vip-ht  about  you,  I  think  my  book  will  straigu'sen  ouu  all  youi  ideas 
on  the  subject,  and  make  your  more  oomf  or  cable  in  your  own  mihd. 

18.  At  the  possible  risk  of  offending  you  by  criticising  adversely 
a  man  who  mam  be  a  personal  friend  of  yours,  I  shall  lllusii  what 

is  probably  your  state  of  mind  on  theory,  and  make  still ^clearer  the 
identity  of  good  theory  and  good  practice.  She  real  diimorenee  is 
that  bad  practice  (and  I  judge  you  do  not  oonsidorbad  practice  as 
being"practical" )  shows  up  rather  quickly  in  painful  iesults , 

and  it  usually  takes  a  bit  longer  for  che  results  of  bad  oheoiy  uo 
show  up.  I  judge  that  you  think  Steinmetz  is  theoretical,  ana  uiiat 
you  wish  you  could  think  as  "well"  as  he  can;  and  rliar  you  also  do 
not  nuite  want  to  be  like  Steinmetz.  I  believe  cnau  ray  oook  will 
show  you  that  you  think  considerably  bettor  than  ho  does,  and  bho.t 
von  are  rir-'lit  in  not  wanting  to  "be  "theoretical  like  mm.  I  do  not 
mention  Steinmetz  in  the  book.^  so  I  will  briefly  state  why  thau  is  so. 

(I  know  practically  nothing  of  Steinmeus  personally:  h?  . 

fine  mknPand  a  lovable  character:  I  simply  shall  remark  on  tnat  part 
of  his  works  X  havo  observed.) 

19.  I  am  unable  to  find  that  he  has  done  anything  of  gny  general 

value  other  than  to  investigate  permeability:  and  _ 

pntirelv  a  praotioal,  in  the  sense  of  arbitrary  or  empinoo.1,  work, 

as  he  missed  the  essential  principles  of  permeability  (as  you  can  see 
from  my  book).  All  of  Steinmetz 'a  mathematics  that  I  know  of  ^vobeon_ 

to  follow  them,  and  the  two  best  mathematical  olootrioianE  l  loiow  toid 
•  me  that  they  have  the  some  trouble  with  -hem.  Steinme  took  a  ieal 
flier  into  theory  about  three  years  ago,  in  figuring  on 
of  thermodynamics  and  the  increase  of  entropy  (tne  rest  of  his  tnoory 
does  not  go  ^Sto  things  very  far).  He  wrote  a  highly  complicated  lot 
'  of  trash  that  was  loaded  with  errors  that  philo  so  phi  cm.l  f 

century  ago  had  learned  to  avoid.  I  was  aware  thab  the  engineers  of 
this  country  would  probably  take  some  stock  in  nis  remarks,  particularly 
if  he  continued  writing  on  the  subject.  So  I  wrote  him.  &  leuuer, 

TAE  7  5.  15  7 

pointing  out  his  particularly  silly  errors,  and  adviced  him  to  got  a 
little  elementary  knowledge  before  he  rushed  into  print  on  suoh  sub¬ 
jects  and  balled  up  other  people  who  trusted  him.  X  have  seen  no 
further  such  articles  from  Steinraetz.  If  he  remembers  my  name  he 

mi glit  tell  you  that  X  v/as  a  very  disagreeable  n arson.  - '  I  have 

had  trouble  with  GE  apparatus.  I  would  send  in  a  concise  objection  to 
design,  and  the  GE  people  would  generally  stupidly  come  back  with  the 
irrelevant  statement  that  I  was  a,  dub  who  know  nothing  of  design,  Then 
I  would  proceed  to  prove  my  case,  and  bye-and-bye  the  design  would  be 
remedied.  It  took  me  four  years  once,  indirectly  to  beat  an  idea 
into  GE's  head.  I  know  of  other  people  who  have  had  the  same  troubles. 
I  never  heard  anyone  object  seriously  to  the  design  of  anythin?-  out 
of  your  shops:  of  course  you  do  not  do  such  a  rango  of  stuff  as  the 
GE,  but  what  you  do  do  possibly  for  that  reason  gets  more  concentrated 
attention.  If  Steinmotz  were  a  good  practiced,  man  he  would  not  like  to 
be  in  a  high  position  in  a  company  of  that  sort:  maybe  he  does  object, 
and  do  the  best  he  can  to  handle  such  a  line  of  stuff.  He  obviously 
has  to  be  pretty  good  practically  or  else  he  could  not  hold  his  job. 

And  obviously  it  is  a  very  difficult  job.  All  I  have  to  say  is  that 
it  is  a  fact  which  I  have  observed  that  he  does  not  succeed  in  keeping  ' 

GE  out  of  perpetual  hot  water  with  their  designs.  -  So  I  think 

you  have  here  a  Picture  of  a  poor  mixture  of  theory  and  practice;  it 
is  such  a  mixture  that  causes  both  theorists  and  practicians  to  con¬ 
demn  each  other,  and  which  possibly  pussies  you.  I  think  you  would 
call  my  book  mostly  theory.  But  it  is  correct  and  easily  intelligible 
theory, — at  least  I  know  it  is,  and  everybody  who  has  yet  ventured  to 
judge  it  says  that  it  is.  I  apply  it  to  particular  eases  when  I  know 
enough  about  the  particular  eases;  but  when  I  do  not,  I  say  definitely 
that  I  do  not  know,  and  stop  when  I  reach  the  end  of  my  knowledge.  I 
do  not  apply  the  theory  to  the  particular  oases  I  mentioned  above, 
that  will  probably  be  of  interest  to  you.  I  probably  could,  given 
time  enough.  But  first,  I  explicitly  worked  out  the  statements  of 
how  the  particulars  could  he  understood:  that  is  really  muoh  easier 
than  getting  down  to  the  particulars,  and  I  definitely  say  that  it  is, 
althotigh  the  average  theorist  tries  to  assert  that  it  is  far  more 
difficult  to  make  the  generalisations:  the  average  theorist  is  in  that 
respect  exactly  wrong,  but  as  he  makes  such  assertions  merely  to  adver¬ 
tize  himself  as  a  great  man,  he  is  forgivable.  ;;e  do  not  havo  to  be¬ 
lieve  an  we  hear.  So,  maybe  after  working  with  eleotrioity  all  your 
life  you  would  like  to  know  definitely  what  it  is,  even  if  you  are 
unable  to  get  a  diredt  application  of  the  knowledge .  I  put  a  descrip¬ 
tion  of  it  into  one  form  which  v/as  so  simple  that  my  five  year  old 
son  could  understand  it,  and  he  actually  asked  some  sensible  puestions 
of  his  own  about  how  static  electricity  would  work  in  certain 'condi¬ 
tions:  he  did  not  know  the  v;ord  ’static'  of  courso,  or  even  that  there 
were  two  "kinds"  of  electricity,  but  figured  out  a  distinction  of  some 
sort  for  himself.  Incidentally,  I  show  why  an  alternating  current 
has  some  advantages  over  a  direct  one:  Thavo  an  idea  that  those  ad¬ 
vantages  could  be  used  in  more  ways:?  but  I  have  not  yet  been  able  to 
think  of  any  suoh  ways . 

20.  Haybe  those  possible  practical  advantages  and  the  general 
somewhat  theoretical  advantage  v/ill  appeal  to  you,  and  cause  you  to 
want  to  read  the  book.  So  I  shall  describe  the  hook  a  bit  more,  giving 
itff  general  excellences  and  defects  from  your  point  of  view,  insofar 

as  I  am  able  to  take  your  point  of  view. 

21.  The  book  is  long:  1200  pages  like  this  (figures  here  and  be¬ 
low  rough).  The  whole  universe  is  described,  and  all  general  problems 

Xof  marine!  are  solved,  so  it  had  to  he  lone.  You  *<»*  note  hov/evor  that 
Jordan  says  if  is  written  m  a  condensed  style,  i.e.,  briefly.  The 
bools  naturally  falls  into  three  parts. 

22.  In  the  first  200  pages  X  unify  all  knowledge  generally  by 
invest igating  the  nature  of  lan&uage  itself,  and  making  a  definite 
machine  out  of  language  itself.  (That  is  applied  m  unis  part  directly 
to  elementary  physios.)  A  good  deal  of  dais  part  you  joprld  piobu.oly 
oall  ran]:  highbrow  philosophy.  However,  it  had  c o  be  done.  nere^ 
is  no  more  sense  in  trying  to  use  words  witnout  knowing  how,  uhan  uheie 
is  in  trying  to  make  a  mechanical  drawing  without  knowing  any  of  the 
conventions  of  such  drawings  and  how  the  thing  drawn  works:  a  child 
might  make  a  picture  of  a  locomotive  bur  yc  would  usually  be  of  liutle 
use"  for  building  a  locomotive,  but  the  child  does  as  well  as  scientists 
do  with  their  verbal  statements  of  laws  without  knowing  how  to  use  words, 
-lost  people  think  they  know  how  to  use  words;  ^heyoan  make  the  child  u 
rough  picture,  but  when  it  is  necessary  mo  make  explicit  suauements^ 
they  do  not  know,  and  thus  fool  themselves  righy  ao  une  beginning  and 
■npturslly  final  i  ir  wind  up  in  agnosticism.  If  fine  nerves  uhati  emulated 
too  begins  of"our  hearts  were  to  get  agnostic  and  hence  hesitating,  we 
would  die  rather  abruptly,  with  the  ensuomary  more  &B£cml  sort  of 

agnosticism  we  merely  die  a  bit  more  slowly.  -  However,  alunough 

you  may  think  this  first  part  is  no  good  mr  you,  I  manage^  uo  get  a 
modei  of  language  which  you  can  make  in  a  minute.  And  oy  nanging  on 
to  that  model,  over  in  the  tail  end  of  -die  book  I  make  wnat  m^y  be  a 
good  rotary  engine  out  of  it.  At  any  rate  I  demonstrate  ^eorously  .^at 
one  way  of  describing  the  whole  universe  is  to_  make  it  a  self-oontained 
pump  of  the  same  character.  In  this  engine  (wnicn 

t  uave  had  no  time  to  figure  on  it  yeu)  tne  fluid  ticvsis 
over  solid  blades  very  roughly  thus:  •  fch?  blades  00 mg  given 

rparti'euTar  sfeape  not'  indicated  at  < 

shape  i3  that 

single  surface 

all  in  the  figure  (the 
ring;  see  Sclent.  Am., 
Pictures  of  single 

woh  21  191A  p.  156.  for  various  wokuios  y  ri.  „•> 

"urf°oes).  In  a  turbine  the  fluid  travels  through,  and  wastes  a  lot  of 
energy  by  leakage  over  the  ends  (as  well  as  making  construction  and 
adjustment  difficult):  above  we  have 

of  the  sniral  being  contrary  to  the  virtual  spiral  made  by  die  motion 

engine  with  no  close  fits  and  rubbing  parts:  there  will  be  sevoia_ 
serious  structural  difficulties  which  I  can  see  mow.  Either  the  casing, 
or  the  shaft,  or  both  could  turn.  If  both  turn  (as,  e.g. ,  on  .. 

rear  axle  of  a  motor  oar)  there  would  be  structural  difficulties  in  gat- 
L„r.  j.t..  ■pinia  inside  the  casing,  but  gasolene  could  be  put  muo  a 
revolving  carbureter  without  much  trouble.  That  engine  k|lao  a  g^®* 

_  miie  ideas  I  work  out  on  storage  baucerias  and  cold  light  axe  f«r 

better  than  this  guess  at  an  engine:  there  is  no  room  in  a  leuuor  to 
make  them  intelligible,  however. 

23  The  next  500  pages  is  physical  science.  This  is  the  part  that 
will  interest  you  particularly.  I  finish  up  aU  fine  old  uneorie^. 
matter*  they  are  all  good  when  completed:  we  oan  moke  as  many  d: ‘•f- 
forent' sorts'7  of  pictures  or  theories  of  matter  as  we  like ,  gaxtetira  f 

i?  is  Bhown  that  if  tbsy  a^°  n°t  Dolf-contradictory  finey^all^mean^e^aot^y . 

gYSta  foot;  or  mlTU*  oj  «hlg 

oan  bo  seen  in  an  hour  or  so  with  a  ba.3in  of  wauer  and  some  ooap.  Hith 

a-? root  experiments  anti  a  few  observed  iaccs  to  give  us  ins  eon- 
SloSS  —  Of  «MM>,  I  *»«»»<*  S>.~  ' **» 

verse  so  the.-!;  they  can  he  understood.  For  insuance,  I  givo  -houC  a 
dosen  easy  ways  of  illustrating  the  raeohanics  or  gravity,  and  showing 
e^activ  its  general  principles,  which  are  not  expressed  at  all  hy  Jew- 
ton'slaw.  In  this  500  pages  I  probably  give  nore  do  carls  ten  you 
oare  for.  I  had  to  write  it  so  that  the  expert  scion „ist o  witn  the ir 
roass  of  dotoils  conlcl  seo  that  I  v/as  consisteno  v/xcli  all  one  jOio.m 
facts.  But  you  could  ship  or  read  casually  such  details  as  you  did  no' 

©.ho  a  first  class  st< 
iside  particular  atom! 
id  out'  exactly  how  ce: 

it  is  3hown  how  to  find  ouc  exact, 
and  how  to  use  that  knowledge.  I 
arc  battery,  breahing  down  ta**  u 
tery.  Gold  light  is  much  more  si 
reasonably  good  guessing  at  mater 

2A,  5ho  last  500  pages  solv 
the  basis  of  the  details  obtained 
the  problems  can  be  easily  conden 
thereby  easily  grasped  and  rigoro 

isly  solved, 
a  for  the  ph; 

rare  battery  by  good  intui- 
,  say  hi  and  Fe  atoms.  But 
tain  atoms  are  made  inside, 

;  job.  Coal  is  really  a  stor- 
of  no  further  use  o.s  a  bat- 
couia  probably  be  got  by 

Ly  human  problems  on 
science  part.  .  All 
simple  equation,  and 
i  could  ship  all  this 
jal  science,  but  simplj 

25.  If  you  read  the  booh  and  then  think  it  is  worth  while  naving 
it  published ,  and  that  you  have  got  on ougn  good  ^Y-hoitld  li'f  ££ 
for  saving  so  to  whatever  publisher  I  select,  ohon  i^houia  11,-0  you 

SS»f StF«»  Sr  ff «  '•’■foy0U^»  ti  “  t’SKf’jOT?" 

£ W»f“-e  sk?« -ft Si  lrt- 

t.r;  ana  I  shall  just  pt  tho  booh  Jool  as 

SWSMiS  «ruVSj«,^.|uoit  WLfaf  e  i. 

earned  it,  and  more.  ^  BlBO0rely  youra,  S.  IClyce. 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1915.  School  Children  Letters  [not  selected]  (E-15-73) 

These  folders  contain  letters  sent  to  Edison  by  the  children  of  Public 
School  10  in  The  Bronx,  New  York.  The  letters,  which  are  all  dated  March ilO, 
5  lire  wSen  in  response*  a  demonstration  of  Edison's  Diamond  D,se 
phonograph  the  day  before.  In  addition  to  a  general  expression  of  thanks, 
each  letter  indicates  the  student's  favorite  song. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Secretary  -  Meadowcroft,  W.  H.  (E-15-74) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  authored  by, 
or  sent  to,  Edison's  assistant,  William  H.  Meadowcroft.  In  addition  to  items 
pertaining  to  Meadowcroft's  personal  affairs,  there  are  also  letters  directly 
related  to  Edison  and  written  on  his  behalf,  similarto  those  in  the  other  folders 
of  the  Edison  General  File.  Among  the  documents  for  1915  are  letters 
concerning  the  efforts  of  Italian  composer  Luigi  Romano  to  secure  an 
autographed  photograph  of  Pope  Benedict  XV  for  Mina  Miller  Edison.  There 
are  also  references  to  public  functions  involving  Edison,  including  the  banquet 
in  his  honor  at  Carnegie  Hall  sponsored  by  the  Civic  Forum,  and  to  holiday 
celebrations  in  the  Edison  household.  The  correspondents  include  libertarian 
author  and  social  critic  Albert  Jay  Nock  and  longtime  Edison  associates 
James  Gaunt,  William  J.  Hammer,  T.  Commerford  Martin,  and  Sidney  B. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
material  not  selected  consists  of  personal  correspondence  with 
Meadowcroft’s  friends  and  acquaintances,  along  with  routine  letters  of 
transmittal  and  acknowledgment  written  in  his  capacity  as  Edison  s  assistant. 



My  dear  Meadowcroft: 

I  note  that  you  have  had  another  fire  at  the  Lab¬ 
oratory  and  I  confess  frankjy  that  it  makes  my  he arts  ink  when  I  think 
of  the  perils  which  that  wonderful  collection  of  data,  relics  and 
historical  material  is  being  subjected  to.  I  do  wish  the  cement  idea 
for  a  museum  for  their  preservation  could  be  carried  through.  I  guess 
it  makes  you  busy.  My  secretary  tells  me  of  having  seen  you^o^ Edison's 
birthday^in  a  moving  picture  f ilmjwhen  you  had  every  evidence  of  being 
fully  occupied.  In  this  connection  please  note  the  enclosed  which  is 
from  one  of  my  friends,  Mr.  Herbert  S.  Hallalieu  who  is  Private  Secretary 
to  Mr.  McGraw  of  the  HcGraw  Publishing  Company.  Doth  he  and  his  wife 
are  English  but  have  been  in  this  country  sometime,  although  they  are 
relatively  quite  young  people.  The  purport  of  this  letter  you  will 
readily  gather  and  I  shall-  be  very  much  obliged  if  you  could  help  put 
Mrs.  Hallalieu  next  to  the  opportunity  that  she  1b  seeking.  I  do  not 
know  just  how  to  go  about  it  myself  as  I  am  not  in  touch  with  that 
element  of  the  business. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  and  hoping 


soon  to  run  out  to:  the 

laboratory,  believe 

Yours  truly, 

I  I. W.  Me  Canclless  &  Company 


March  20,1915. 

Mr.  V/.  H.  Meadoworoft, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft: 

I  presume  you  will  be  surprised  to 
learn  that  I  have  severed  my  connections  with  the  Ever  Ready 
Company  and  am  now  connected  with  the  above  concern.  Naturally 
I  was  very  sorry  to  make  this  change  in  some  ways,  but  as  you 
are  probably  aware,  the  Ever  Ready  Company  have  built  a  million 
dollar  factory  in  Long  Island  City  and  are  moving  their  whole 
plant  over  there  at  the  end  of  this  month.  On  account  of 
my  wife's  health  it  was  impossible  for  me  to  leave  Chatham, 
and  therefore  I  had  to  make  a  change. 

I  need  not  say  that  if  there  is  anything  I  can  do 
for  you  at  any  time  I  shall  be  only  too  pleased  to  take  care 
of  it  for  you. 

With  kind  regards  and  hoping  to  see  you  in  the  near 
future,  -I  am, 

Yours  very  truly. 



Now  Y ork .April  2 , 19 15 

W.  H.  Moadowcroft,  Esq., 

Edison  1'eBting  Laboratories, 

Orange,  K.J. 

Lear  Mr.  Headowcroft: 

I  have  yours  of  A^ril  1st  and  note  that  you 

are  going  to  be  extremely  busy  Saturday  ^Ihgeo^lJI  I  . 1 1 II I  ^ 

-^.imagined  how  busy  you  gust  be  and  At  hat  join,  ub  at_ 

lunjfti.  We  will  see  you  later, around  two  or  two  thirty,  depending 
whether  we  have  lunch  in  Orange  or  get  a  mouthful  before  we  start. 
Meantime,  with  regards,  believe  me. 

a-  truly, 


O^  ^  di*S  ~A&  ~e~t 

s'  sStT'  *^/7~  S^r-S 

y^^-A^AA*  Aala^a  ***  rx  , _ 

y&*«  *XZ  ’  ^tZye.  Z  />  <~^"  ^  X 

s^y  ?***■  7^  y^y  '7A~ 

f-  r~  ^Zj12A 

■Vm*-  A^ty  &<*aA  £> 

A  rS...r*s  r^air  /&*s-/i^»* 


/A^y  ^  ~<-  A^'y, 

y^S-  y€~*.  —A-.  S—*2*~/C* 

yn  /Zc. .  . — y 

s'  SismSAy/  srrn*  /4^ti* 

~  s-yy^A^^' 

I i/fA  y'yyxs^^ ^ 

r^EET  — - "  /Zc+3  /yjr^y''£^y  ~Cv-+S  /XyS' 

\  -/~/d<y  S'^  -/fr.yyy*'  ****^6.  'A  * 

J  A~-  sy~y  <  y 

'S^r~sy  sy  aufr-t- **•  — ^ ^yy~  ^ 

.  •»  f~s-  z?  zzz  ' 

y  *y/  j  «£s*  '^5" 

"S  ^  y^y  ^  y 

/  ,~r  jcy/C'  yS^  s  -*  —** 

*^c*y  souty  s^<*y  aZ^zt. 

,szr  '  yZy  /zy  ye*-  y  si&^y  *^x- 

S*£y  A^'^  /^c,  S^^-XXr  ^y 

>  'X^A  y,  A~~  ^*y,^Y'<y&  ^fy 


Hay  10th.  1915. 

Hr.  J.  C-aunt , 

24  V/est  50th  Street, 

New  York  Oity. 

Dear  ICr.  Gaunt; 

I  am  In  reoelrt  of  your  favor  of  the  7th  inatant, 
ana.  re Ere t  to  learn  that  the  seats  I  was  able  to  five  you  were  so 
far  hack.  Shese  were  sent  tone  after  other  seats  haa  been  reeu- 
larly  assigned  to  our  people,  ana  they  were  all  I  haa.  If  I  haa 
known  of  your  canine,  I  shouia  of  course  have  keen  glaa  to  have 
arranged  for  better  seats,  but  as  it  was  ^  aia  the  best  I  oouia. 

t  must  have  changed  in  appearance  wonderfully  sinoe 
you  saw  ce  that  you  aid  not  recognize  me  on  the  platform.  As  you 
will  recall,  Mrs.  Edison  sat  right  behind  her  husband.  I  was  on 
the  thrd  chair  to  her  left,  but  beine  such  a  little  runt  perhaps 
yop  did  not  notice  me  .  However,  I  was  there  and  enjoyed  every  min¬ 

ute  . 

Tours  very  truly. 


jjj.,  William  H.  Meadowcroft, 

^  Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison, 

5?  The  Edison  Laboratories, 

£  Orange,  New  jersey. 

-  <  ?  !? 

2  ^  t  \j 

Dear  Sir  : 

I  beg  to  thank  you  for  your  kind  letter  of  June  38th, 
replying  to  my  previous  request  for  information  in  regard  to 
the  phonograph.  I  have  already  examined  the  book  you  suggest 
by  Dyer  &  Martin,  and  now  note  the  additional  information  which 
you  supply. 

While  Mr.  Edison  originally  had  a  patent  for  the  disc 
m chine,  it  was  not  until  comparatively  recently,  X  believe, 
that  he  began  the  manufacture  of  such  machines,  and  records. 
Could  you  supply  me  with  this  date,  and  also  state  thefunda- 
mental  differences  between  the  Edison  disc  machine  ^d_thOBe  of 
oth^T^^,  excepting  of  course  the  diamond  pointy  I  would 
be  greatly" obliged  if  you  could  send  me  a  few  drawings  that 
would  indicate  the  construction  of  the  sound  box  and  other 
details.  in  an  earlier  edition  of  the  encyclopaedia  we  repro¬ 
duced  some  from  one  of  your  catalogues  or  books  of  directions, 
but  these  diagrams,  we  fancy,  made  some  fifteen  years  ago,  are 

William  H.  Meadowcroft,  June  29,  1916. 


out  of  date. 

Appreciating  your  kind  interest  in  the  matter, 

Tours  very  truly, 

^3  .  LO  ci  c(jj_  , 

hO;  ]is+t  !\0  ■ 

n\£~CMA/^Mi  ( WH/Kt-vi.-.. 
sil — t(, viv///  'fcvfyt  i'J'i" 

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...^  Y 

yv  *i»v  — 

'dd‘dt  fric-oU*'’ 



July  10th.  1915. 

Mr.  Herbert  T .  Wade, 

331  Madia  on  Avenue  , 

Hew  York  City . 

Dear  Sir: 

I  received  your  favor  of  the  £9th 
ultimo.  We  have  bean  bo  overwhelmed  with  work 
the  last  six  months  that  it  has  boon  practically 
impossible  to  take  up  any  matters  except  those 
of  the  most  pressing  nature,  and  1  shall  have 
to  ask  you  to  have  patience  until  I  return  from 
a  little  vacation  which  I  am  obliged  to  take  now. 

I  shall  hope  to  give  you  some  of  the  other  informa¬ 
tion  you  desire  when  I  return  in  the  beginning  of 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  lir.  Edison. 





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SCRANTON,  FA.  September  82,  1915. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadoweroft, 

I  thank  you  for  your  very  kind  favor  of  31st  instant, 
in  which  I  note  with  interest  that  every  one  around  your  place 
is  overwhelmed  with  work,  which  means  large  business,  although 
nerhans  some  of  your  extra  labor  may  be  in  connection  with  Mr. 
Edison's  new  departure  to  boost  the  U.  S.  M. ,  which  is  greatly 
nl easing  to  the  public  generally. 

I  thank  you  for  giving  me  the  address  of  the  Edison 
Phonograuh  Company  of  Manhattan,  which  I  was  unable  to  find  in  the 
telephone  directory. 

With  kind  regards. 

Very  truly  yours 

Mr.  Wm.  H.  Meadoweroft, 

Secretary,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 


Orange,  N.  J. 

Oct.  19  tii«  1915. 

,  fl.  J. 

bear  iir.  sock : 

I  ar''  in  receipt  of  your  esteemed  favor  of  yesterday,  and 
in  reply  t.oald  say  that  now  the  grand  Old  Kan  is  gone  west,;  I  am 
if  anything  busier  than  efer,  because  X  have  to  take  care  not  only 
of  my  own  v.ork,  but  a  goodly  portion  of  hie  also.  Hi;.  but.iue...e  1- 
anything  but  a  playtime  for  me. 

to  the  biography,  all  we  cun  do  i;  to  patiently  wait 
for  a  while  until  this  terrible  rush  has  .0  some  extent  subsided. 
Xhere  are  signs  of  its  iver  since  the  war  commenced 
last  yea-"  J  have  practically  given  ray  entire  lue  to  .Jr.  xdi.-on 
an^his  business ,Pand  thereto  been  mighty  little  left  over  from 
v.hat  has  been  used  up  in  the  way  of  energy.  1I0  one  but  thobe 
immediately  in  contact  with  affairs  here  can  ham 1  any _ idea  of  our 
intense  concentration  and  strenuousness.  My  heart  aches,  ..nd  my 
conscience  also  when  X  think  of  the  long  daluy  what  nas  enbucd,  but 
on  tho  other  hand,  I  perk  up  again  when  1  think  how  much  ®°r® 
able  the  work  of  the  last  year  and  toe  present  time  will  oe  tne 

biography.  Please  don't  give  way  to  aispair,  as  -t - J^Q  UP 
the  work  again  just  as  quickly  as  possible,  enu  1  nope  that  it  wi-1 
not  bo  long. 

I  am  very  glad  that  you  and  Mr.  McChesney  had  ruch  a 

pleasant  interview.  I  ao  not  know  how  long  ne  takes  to  decided 
upon  the  acceptability  of  plays.  However,  X  will  make  a  casual 
inquiry,  which  possibly  may  hurry  up  the  matter. 

Uith  kindest  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 




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84  State  Street,  Boston,  Mass. 

October  26,  1916. 

V/iii .  H.  Meadowcrof t , 

c/o  Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  3'ison, 

Orange ,  J • 

Ly  dear  iir*  iloadov/cror*; 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  letter  of  October  27  th,  ana  X 
con  assure  you  it  save  me  the  same  pleasure  as  it  aid  you  go  meet 
our  old  associates  last  week.  The  time  has  been  very  kind  to  some 
or  us  but  others  have  not  been  so  favored . 

I  wish  at  some  time  we  could  get  together  axl  one 
surviving  active  men  of  the  past  previous  to  1686.  There  cannot 
be  very  many  left.  So  far  as  I  know  no  attempt  has  been  made  to. 
compile  the  experiences  of  those  early  pioneers,  ouon  a  cox-.o^t  .o 
would  not  only  be  of  very  great  interest  to  the  men  diroot.' y  con¬ 
cerned,  but  X  am  sure  would  be  of  great  use  to  the  younger  men  as 
showing  the  resourcefulness  that  was  required  by  these  pioneers. 
Y/ithout  speaking  for  myself  I  would  say  thao  1  feel  t,-a“  tjloy 
accomplished  wonders.  1  think  that  you  are  the  best  qualified  of 
any  one  to  draw  up  such  a  compilation,  fne  Gime  is  gening 
as  the  men  are  passing  away. 

Y/ith  best  regards  to  Mr.  Edison,  I  remain 
Yours  very  truly, 


Oct.  SOth.  1915. 

Hx.  Sidney  B.  Paine, 
j.  General  Electric  Co., 

84  State  Street, 

Boston,  .Mass. 

Uy  dear  Mr.  Paine: 

X  have  received  your  favor  of  the  B8th  instant. 
Yoar  suggestion  strikes  a  responsive  cord  in  me.  I  have  v/antod 
for  many  years  to  try  $:out  this  scheme  as  you  suggest,  out 
have  never  Been  able  to  get  to  it,  as  my  multitudinous  duLies 
keep  me  well  confined.  However,  1  think  a  good  plan  v.oulo  be 
to  have  our  old  boys  write  out  their  experiences  in  their  own 
way,  and  then  we  could  get  a  lot  of  these  together  and  formulate 
them  into  some  shape  for  publication.  1  think  it  would  make 
interesting  reading,  and,  as  you  say,  would  be  of  great  use  to 

the  younger  men. 

V.ith  kina  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

;.ir .  v.illiam  2.  Conait, 

711  2.  Grace  Street, 

Eichmond,  Va. 

2i y  dear  Hr-  Conflit: 

I  have  received  your  favor  of  the  27th  insiant, 
which  has  been  read  with  a  great  deal  of  care .  I  cuite  appre¬ 
ciate  your  embarrassment  in  the  matter,  out  can  assure  you 
positively  that  Mr.  Edison  would  be  very  muen  more  embarrassed 
i?  he  were  not  allowed  to  carry  out  his  original  intension.  He 
is  quite  sensitive  on  this  point  and  would  not  for  tae  world 
have  the  mattor  otherwise  than  the  originally  intended. 

y,o  have  all  been  fearfully  busy  throughout  this 
vear.  In  addition*  to  tho  tremendous  amount  of  work  caused  by 
the  lire?  a*.  Edison  has  installed  and  operated  during  the  last 
ter.  months,  two  Benzol  rlants  and  five  new  chemical  014 

simply  that  the  matter 

itraordinary  eireumstances  that  have  arise 

I  must  ask  you  to  do 
to  bring  this  matter  to  Hr.  'xhompsoi 
have  it  satisfactorily  fixed  up  .ha 
California,  which  X  expect  will  be  : 
do  not  hesitate  to  allow  mo  to  do  t. 

o  me  tho  favor  of  allowing  m< 
on’s  attention,  and  also  to 
eu  ;.ir  •  Edison  returns  from 
in  about  two  weeks .  Blouse 
this,  as  I  know  both  iir.  _ 

Edison  ana  Hr.  Thompson  would  bo  very  much  embarrassed  if  tneir 
original  intention  should  not  beocarried  out. 

Yob,  I  am  a  numerous  grona-father,  that  is,  to  the 
extent  of  two,  and  I  want  to  toll  you  that  they  are  just  fine 
bovs  Of  course,  you  knew  that  without  my  tolling  you..  1  urus^ 
that  we  shall  hearof  your  having  given  hostages  to  fortune  some 
of  these  days. 

With  kindest  regards  and  hoping  to  hear  from  you 
very  soon  again  in  answer  to  my  question,  I  remain. 

Yours  sincerely. 

e/f  Jf.  ^k. 

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i!ov*  19  th.  1915. 

prof.  Luigi  r.omano , 
station  S,  Box  27, 
ii ew  York  City. 

:,iy  dear  professor: 

X  must  ask  you  to  please  excuse  the  long  delay  in  re- 

plying  to  So«  *  >■»«  *«  *-»  111 

my  correspondence  has  been  very  much  delayed. 

Of  course,  v:e  shall  bo  glad  to  see  you  at  any  time  if 
you  wish  to  come  over  to  the  Laboratory  to  bring  the  photograph 
to^yr.  Edison.  2c  ie  exceedingly  busy  day  and  night,  and  i  can¬ 
not  tell  when  he  will  surely  bo  here.  However,  I  v.ould  say  for 

your  information  that  he  is  usually  here  every  morning. 

In  regard  to  the  proposed  purchaee  by  Hr.  Franc olini 
of  an  Edison  talking  lac nine,  I  think  you  had  better  refer  this 
W  Shomas  A •  Edison,  Inc,  Orange,  K.  J-.  —  not  to  me  person¬ 
ally,  as  1  have  nothing  to  do  with  the  sale  of  the  Salking  Ja- 

I  have  not  received  any  news  from  the  iiinister  degli 
Esteri  Baron  Sonnino  in  regard  to  you..  If  I  Ho  near  from  him 
at  ai.y  time,  I  shall  let  you  know. 

V.ith  kind  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Cty"  ■a^e^J)  w^l^/  '/Lv-et^c^,  _ 

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Edison  Portland  CemenjJ6c5mpany 

STEWARTSVILLE.  N.  J.  December  4,  1915. 

j  r 

Mr.  Wm.  H.  Meadcwcrcft, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  M . 

Dear  Kr.  Meadcwcrcft : - 

The  last  few  visits  I  have  made  to  the 
Labcratcry  I  have  ncticed  that  you  seem  tc  have  very  little 
to  dc,  and  I  have  frequently  found  you  at  ycur  desk  with 
your  hands  folded,  ycur  feet  up  on  ycur  desk,  reading  the 
morning  newspaper  (assuming  that  ycu  held  the  paper  up  with 
ycur  feet),  and  knowing  hew  hard  it  must  be  for  ycu  tc  fill 
in  all  your  office  hours,  I  am  going  tc  come  tc  the  rescue 
and  ask  ycu  tc  dc  a  little  something  for  me. 

In  all  probability  I  will  have  a  part  in 
making  a  present  cf  a  Disc  Phcncgraph,  and  I  want  tc  select 
200  to  250  cf  the  best  instrumental  and  vocal  records,  and  I 
would  appreciate  it  very  much  if  ycu  wculd  pass  this  letter 
cn  to  seme  cne  cf  ycur  people,  and  ask  them  tc  mark  in  a 
catalogue  and  send  it  tc  me,  say  250  selections,  which  in 
their  judgment  represents  the  best  music  cf  cur  records,  as 
the  gentleman  tc  whom  the  gift  will  probably  be  made  is  a 
great  lover  cf  fine  music.  I  would  dc  this  myBelf,  if  I  had 
knowledge  cf  the  vocal  records,  which  I  have  net. 


I  know  that  you  will  thank  me  for  giving 
you  this  work  tc  dc,  and  if  at  any  time  I  can  reciprocate, 
please  dc  net  hesitate  tc  call  cn  me. 

Yours  very  truly, 


fyt"  //ft <j&4  ! 

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tot ,/AtL  t  r,~  £t-‘-L<~U-/3>  <  iv/£-C«f  fa  f«'l4ui£iS,v4  ^ 

?•»  utc/L 

J  ^ 

' 1//. , 

» i  ftiru.£2  y  n  il 

■fy-o  n  t-eX-  fo  cCo  tCu.4  J 

eutfl/  y  ^<'^1- 1,  . 

fly},  ^ 

r  oc .  'th. 

1016  .  ...  6.  Kullory,  i’res ident, 
x ho  .'id  t  son  Portland  Oomerit  Co., 

.. tewartevil  1  o,  Ji.  J. 

hoar  ..'r .  1’al  lory: 

1  have  received  your  favor  of  the  fourth  in- 
ctant,  ana  you  cannot  imagine  what  a  relief  it  ie  to  me  that 
you  have  broken  the  spell  of  ennui  that  has  set  in  around  the 
laboratory  within  the  last  tv.&lve  months,  ily  feet  have  gotten 
ciuite  weary  holding  up  the  newspaper  throurh  the  dey. 

0  f  course,  I  an  always  willing  to  do  anything 
1  possibly  can,  and  shall  only  be  too  glau  to  undertake  the 
commission  mentioned  in  your  loiter.  I  have  put  the  matter 
in  hand  right  away,  and  shal 1  expect  to  send  you  the  marked 
catalogue  within  the  next  day  or  two.  anew!  260  selections 
ought  to  keep  your  friend  busy  for  a  few  minutes. 

very  truly, 

Bee,  7th.  1915. 

Mr.  v/.S.Mallory, 
Edition-  Pulverize: 
St.  James  Bldg-  : 
Mew  York,  City., 

Limestone  Co.,- 
i-way  and  26th.  St. 

Enclosed  please  find  marked 
catalog.  I  have  marked  with  an  X  150 
selections.,  which  I  think  are  good. 

Hoping  this  will  be  satisfactory , 

I  am 

Very  truly  yours 
Music  Dep't. 

NATIONAL  electric  light  association 

New  York,  December  7,  1915 

W  H  Meadowcroft,  Esq 
Edison  Laboratory 
Orange ,  N  J 

My  dear  Meadowcroft: 

Please  note  the  enclosed  which  possibly  you 
have  .....  and  if  .O,  1  would  „e  glad  to  Mv=  you  r.turn. 

I  might  say  that  yesterday  afternoon  I  had 
...  pleasure  of  .eeing  Hr.  Mi.on  unveil  t.e  Joan  of  Are  Statu. 

„„  Riverside  Rrive.  S.e  looted  very  well,  lust  lit.  ...  California 
pictures,  and  the  function  was  a  most  interesting  one. 


Bee.  8th.  1916. 

T.  Commerford  Martin,  Esq., 

29  West  69th  Street, 
hew  York  City. 

My  dear  Mr.  Martin: 

Shanks  for  your  favor  of  the  eeventh  instant 
enclosing  nowspapor  Clipping  about  the  unveiling  of  the  mem¬ 
orial  tablet  on  the  Edison  Homestead  at  Milan,  Ohio.  I  had 
not  seen  it,  and  am  much  obliged  for  your  sending  it.  I  have 
shown  it  to  Mr.  Edison  and  return  it  herewith.  Of  course,  I 
knew  about  the  telegram. 

Ke  are  stiil  on  the  jump  around  hero,  and  some¬ 
times  I  have  to  stop  a  moment  to  think  what  my  name  is  when  I 
am  called  upon  to  sign  it.  However,  this  activity  just  suits 
me,  especially  as  it  is  productive  of  beneficial  results  to 
Mr.  Edison  and  to  people  who  are  suffering  for  products  such 
as  we  are  turning  out. 

Yours  very  truly. 

national  electric  light  association 

Hew  ^ork,  December  9,  1915 

W  H  Meadowcroft,  Esq 
Edison  Laboratory 
Orange,  H  J 

My  dear  Meadowcroft : 

I  have  yours  of  December  8th  and  am  much  obliged  to 
you  for  the  return  of  the  Sandusky  -  Milan  clipping.  X  mentioned 
the  matter  to  Mr  Dyer  when  X  had  the  pleasure  of  lunching  with  him 
yesterday  at  the  Engineers'  Club  and  when  I  also  showed  him  the  set 
of  photographs  of  Edison  Day  which  1  received  recently  from  San 
Francisco.  He  was  also  interested  to  learn  from  me  that  in  their 
£reat  America^ series .  MacMillans  have  recently  got  out  a  life  of 
Edison  which  has  been  sent  to  me  by  the  "Electrical  World"  for  re¬ 
view.  I  forget  the  author's  name  but  it  is  not  at  all  badly  done. 

I  am  sorry  that  Harper's  did  not  make  more  use  of  their  great  op¬ 
portunity  to  push  some  sales  of  our  books  at  the  recent  San  Francis¬ 
co  affair,  but  they  seem  to  be  totally  lacking  in  energy  of  that 

I  note  you  are  busy  and  am  now  confirmed  in  my  con¬ 
viction  that  Mr  Edison  has  no  intention  of  letting  you  get  stout. 

Meantime, believe  me,  with  regards 


Dob  *  10th.  19 

i'll',  a.  V.estbury, 

%  H.  McCandless  &  Co., 

C7  Perk  Place, 

Hew  York  City. 

ily  dear  Mr.  teetbury : 

Mrs.  Edison  wants  three  dozen 
miniature  lamps,  clear  glaS6,  14  volts,  miniature 
base  for  multiple  burning  for  a  Christmas  tree. 

I  hope  you  can  let  me  have  these* 
for  Mrs .  Edison.  If  so,  kindly  send  them  to  me 
horeaat  your  earliest  convenience. 

Xours  very  truly. 


ir.  William  H.  Sloudowcrolt  < "\rt  &  w 

Sdison  Laboratory,  *  *  „ ,  fcC£*.» 

K.J.  ^  ft f 

3or.r  Ur.  Ueadowcroft:-  ^ 

I  have  boon  reading  lately  a  collection  of  tne 
French  v;nr  songs,  by  Theodore  Botrel.  Very  noon  J  wrt 

hie  patriotic  songs.  They  ^e  al ^  "^‘^"on’erttiae 

thov  rre  smsint  They  are  making  a  Great  inpreeeion  in 
Franco  They  not  only  affect  the  eoldiero,  but  a  Croat 
■STSbiiJ  non  have  spoken  *&2T 

records flin^Pari6 )  you  try  Botrel.  It  my  be  that  he  is 
not  fitted  for  ouch  u  scheme,  but  if  no  is  you  would 
s-et  something  out  of  it. 


p.  s.  X  alnoot  hate  to  refer  to  our  cherished 
but  if  there  is  anything  to  say  about  it  won  t 

ochorno  again, 
you  pass  the 

Dec . 


Mr.  John  E.  Phillips, 

%  The  jimerican  Magazine, 

381  Fourth  Avenue, 

Hew  York  City. 

Dear  Mr.  Phillips: 

1  received  your  favor  of  the  tenth  instant  in  re¬ 
gard  to  Theodore  Botrel's  Eongs,  ana  showed  the  letter  to  Mr. 
Edison.  He  wishes  me  to  say  to  you  that  unfortunately  we  have  no 
Recording  Laboratory  in  Europe,  and,  therefore,  we  could  not  even 
mako  the  attempt  to  have  Mr.  Botrel  record  these  songs  for  us. 

Our  only  Beeording  laboratory  is  in  Hew  York  City. 

Ur.  Edison  wishes  me  to  ask  you  w  .ether  the  war 
eongs  of  Botrel  are  published,  and,  if  so,  where  we  could  obtain 
the  words  and  music. 

Do  you  know  I  am  almost  ashamed  to  mention  the  sub¬ 
ject  of  our  cherished  scheme.  X  feel'  embarrassed  about  it,  on 
account  of  the  lone,  long  delay.  It  is  practically  impossible  to 
convey  to  the  mind  of  one  outside  the  Laboratory  the  extent  of 
the  enormous  pressure  under  which  we  have  worked  since  the  be¬ 
ginning  of  the  War:  Mr.  Edison  has  had  a  busy  life,  as  we  all 
know,  and  my  own  has  been  a  strenuous  one  also,  but  the  work  of  the 
last  twelve  months  has  capped  the  dlimax.  I  hayeworkedasl 
never  aid  before,  end  it  has  been  simply  impossible,  physically 
and  mentally,  for  me  to  undertake  more  than  my  onerous  ^tiesde- 
manded,  -  which  was  practically  my  entire  life  attire?!* 

But  even  assuming,  for  the  sako  of  argument,  that  the  matter  were 
all  ready,  there  is  nothing  under  the  sun  that  would  induce  the 
hero  of  the  story  to  look  it  over. 

I  have  not  given  it  up  by  any  means,  and  I  can  only 
ask  you  to  have  patience.  The  great  achievements  of  the  laBt  year 
will  pay  for  the  waiting. 

Yours  very  truly. 



New  York,  December  16,  1915 

W  H  Meadowcroft,  Esq 
Edison  Laboratory 
Orange ,  E  J 

My  dear  Mead owcr oft ; 

I  have  your  esteemed  favor  of  December  15th  with 
the  extraordinary  document  from  Dr  Mabee  .  I  am  much  obliged  to  you 
for  giving  me  the  opportunity  to  see  this.  It  is  certainly  unique 
and  has  added  interest  with  your  comment  and  that  of  Mr  Edison.  Thir 
ing  you  might  possibly  like  to  keep  this.  1  am  returning  it  herewith. 
Meantime,  with  regards,  believe  me 



Mr.  William  H.  Meadowcroft, 

Secretary  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft : - 

Sometime  ago  I  wrote  to  Mr.  V/.  S.  Andrews  of 
Schenectady,  asking  why  he  had  not  been  present  on  the 
very  interesting  occasion  when  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Edison  talked 
over  the  long  distance  telephone  circuit  from  the  San 
Francisco  Exposition  to  his  laboratory  in  Orange,  at  which 
time  were  gathered  together,  such  an  interesting  set  of 
the  old  Edison  men. 

Mr.  Charles  L.  Clarke  informed  me  that  evening 
that  Andrews ,had  not  come  because  he  was  so  hard  of  hearing, 
but  I  told  him  that  he  should  have  been  present  on  such  an 
occasion  at  any  rate  and  that  he  would  have  enjoyed  meeting 
a  lot  of  his  old  friends.  Mr.  Andrews  wrote  me  that  he  had 
not  received  any  invitation  and  he  felt  very  badly  ablaut  it, 
that  he  called  attention  to  a  similar  oversight  of  his  non- 
attendance  at  the  dinner  at  Mr.  Edison's  house  on  the  occasion 
of  his  65th  birthday  anniversary.  As  I  know  Mr.  Andrews  has 
felt  quite  hurt  that  he  was  not  included  and  as  I  feel  quite 
confident  that  Mr.  Edison  has  always  had  a  high  regard  for 
him  as  a  man  for  his  ability,  I  felt  sure  that  it  was  mere¬ 
ly  an  oversight  and  it  occurred  to  me  to  write  you  a  few 
lines,  suggesting  that  his  name  be  placed  upon  any  list  which 
you  may  have  of  the  old  Edison  men,  so  that  he  might  be  in¬ 
cluded  hereafter.  I  well  remember  that  Mr.  Andrews  was  one 
of  the  ablest  mechanicians  and  model  makers  at  Mr.  Edison’s 
laboratory  in '79s-  '80,  '81  and  '82,  and  he  later  did  most 
important  pioneer  work  in  connection  with  the  early  Central 
Stationsand  has  been  doing  splendid  work  in  the  research  and 
other  departments  of  the  General  Electric  Company. 

Trusting  that  the  omission  of  his  name  will  prove 
only  to  have  been  due  to  an  oversight  and  that  he  will  be  in¬ 
cluded  among  the  real  Edison  men  hereafter,  when  special 
invitations  are  sent  out  from  the  Edison  Laboratory,  and  with 
kind  personal  regards  and  with  best  wishes  for  the  holiday  season, 
I  remain. 

Very  truly  yours. 

December  27,  1915. 

Bee.  B8th.  1915. 

Mr.  William  J.  Hammer, 

153  i.est  46th  Street, 

Hew  York  City. 

Uy  dear  Ur.  Hammer: 

I  have  received  your  favor  of  the  B7th  instant 
in  regard  to  our  old  friend  Vi.  S.  Andrews.  It  was  a  matter  of 
groat  regret  to  mo  that  he  was  not  down  here  with  the  rest  of 
the  old  bo;s  to  participate  in  the  interesting  occasion  we  had 
at  the  laboratory  a  few  weeks  ago. 

So  far  as  I  know,  Ur.  Andrews'  name  was  on  the 
list  that  was  made  out  for  invitations.  I  had  nothing  to  do 
with  sending  than  out.  Prom  the  fact  that  there  was  one  other 
slip-up  of  this  kind,  1  am  afraid  there  may  have  been  some 
clerical  error,  br  that  two  letters  got  mislaid  in  tho  mails. 

Personally,  1  am  exceedingly  sorry  about  this, 
as  J.Ir.  iindrews  is  an  old  and  valued  friend  of  mine,  end  I  would 
not  for  the  world  have  him  feel  that  there  was  any  Blight  in¬ 
tended,  for  there  was  not.  It  is  one  of  those  unfortunate  things 
that  sometimes  occurs  in  the  best  regulated  families.  We  all 
experience  that  occasionally  in  a  life-time. 

Trusting  that  you  are  well,  and  with  -kindest 
greetings  of  the  Season,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Eiue  Works 

In  Reply  Refer  to 

Erie,  Pa.  Dec. 31,  1915. 

Ur.  Y.'H.  H.  I.Ieadowcroft ,  Sec. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Bant  Orange,  H.J. 

Hy  dear  Hr.  Meadov/croft : 

I  thank  you  for  yours  of  December  89th, 
regarding  Hr.  George  H.  Stevens,  and  regret  that  I  have 
caused  you  all  this  trouble.  It  is  evident  that  my  under¬ 
standing  and  letter  was  not  quite  clear  on  the  subject  of 
Ur.  Stevens.  I  now  hear  that  he  did  not  claim  of  having 
installed  Hr.  Edison's  Carbolic  Acid  plant  but  claims  it 
was  the  same  kind  of  a  plant  that  he  proposed  to  install. 

Thanking  you  very  much  for  your  kind¬ 
ness  in  this  matter,  X  remain. 

Yours  very^gly^ 


Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Secretary  -  Miller,  H.  F.  [not  selected]  (E-15-75) 

This  folder  contains  letters  of  transmittal  and  acknowledgment 
I  unsolicited  correspondence,  documents  concerning  the  whereabouts  of  other 
documents,  and  other  routine  items  relating  to  the  duties  of  Edison  s  private 
secretary,  Harry  F.  Miller. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Stock  and  Bond  Offerings  (E-15-76) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  prospectuses,  and  other 
documents  relating  to  the  purchase  of  stocks  and  bonds.  The  two  selected 
items  for  1 91 5  pertain  to  the  General  Film  Co.  and  the  Lackawanna  Steel  Co. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  primarily  of  unsolicited  correspondence  that 
received  a  perfunctory  response  or  no  reply  from  Edison. 

$6,000,000^}—'  ^ 

Lackawanna  Steel  Company 

6%  Two-Year  Gold  Notes 

Interest  payable  March  l  and  September  I  in  New  York 
Coupon  Notes  of  $1,000  each,  principal  of  which  may  be  registered 

The  New* York  Trust  Company,  New  York.  Trustee 
Authorized  and  to  be  Outstanding  ...  $6,000,000 

From  the  accompanying  letter  of  Mr.  E.  A.  S.  Clarke,  President  of  the  Lackawanna  Steel  Company, 

Since  March  1,  1910,  funded  indebtedness  has  been  reduced  $5,482,000  (in¬ 
cluding  present  financing),  and  $6,814,669  has  been  expended  for  additions 
to  plants  and  other  properties.  The  present  financing  will  reduce  annual 
interest  charges  $139,700. 

Assets  of  the  Company  in  excess  of  prior  obligations  amount  to  over  $56,000,000, 
equal  to  more  than  nine  times  these  $6,000,000  Notes, 

Company's  investments  in  iron  ore  properties  are  conservatively  estimated  to  be 
worth  $6,165,000  more  than  the  value  at  which  they  are  carried  on  its  books. 

Valuable  patent  rights  are  owned  by  the  Company  and  are  carried  on  its  books 
at  a  nominal  value. 

Since  1900  Stockholders  have  subscribed  for  $27,250,000  Common  Stock,  which 
was  paid  for  at  par  in  cash. 

These  Notes  will  be  the  direct  obligation  of  the  Company,  and  will  be  issued  under 
an  agreement  which  will  provide  that,  until  the  entire  amount  has  been  paid 
off,  the  Company  will  not  mortgage  any  of  its  present  plants,  real  estate, 
etc.,  or  pledge  any  stocks,  bonds  or  obligations  of  other  companies  owned  or 
held  by  the  Company,  or  permit  to  be  created  any  mortgage  or  pledge  thereof, 
except  by  the  issue  of  bonds  under  the  First  Consolidated  Mortgage. 

Balance  available  for  interest  charges  on  this  Company’s  bonds  for  the  past  nine 
years  (1914  partly  estimated)  averaged  $3,745,544.  Deducting  $1,250,000 
prior  interest  charges  from  this  amount  leaves  $2,495,544  available  for  $360,000 
interest  on  this  issue  of  Notes,  equal  to  almost  seven  times  the  amount  required. 

Depreciation  charges  are  on  a  liberal  scale.  For  the  nine  years  ended  December 
31,  1914,  $13,519,951  was  charged  off  for  Depreciation  (in  addition  to  the 
regular  charges  for  upkeep  included  in  operating  expenses)  and  Sinking  Funds 
for  bonds  and  exhaustion  of  minerals. 

The  supply  of  iron  ore,  and  coking  and  gas  coal  owned  by  the  Company  is  suffi¬ 
cient  to  maintain  operations  at  full  capacity  for  many  years. 

The  Company's  steel  mills  at  Lackawanna,  near  Buffalo,  N.  Y.,  on  the  shore 
of  Lake  Erie,  are  well  located  for  economical  operation.  They  are  of  modern 
construction,  and  produce  rails,  structural  shapes,  sheet  piling,  splice  bars,  tie 
plates,  merchant  bars,  billets,  plates,  and  other  forms  of  finished  steel  products. 

All  of  the  Company’s  properties  are  maintained  in  excellent  condition. 

All  legal  details  in  connection  with  this  issue  of  Notes  have  been  approved  by  our  counsel,  Messrs. 

Cadwalader.  Wickersham  &  Taft,  New  York. 

Price  98  and  Accrued  Interest 

Kean,  Taylor  &  Co. 

30  Pine  Street  134  So.  La  Salle  St. 

New  York  Chicago 

Blair  &  Co. 

24  Broad  Street 
New  York 

Robert  Winthrop  &  Co. 

40  Wall  Street 
New  York 

John  Burnham  &  Co.  iii?}=°«Ti.AN 


115  Broadway. 

April  6th,  1915. 

We  have  buyers  for  General  Film  Company  preferred  stock 
at  $52.00  a  share.  If  you  are  interested  in  selling  at  or 
near  this  price  we  will  appreciate  you  communicating  with  us. 

If  you  are  a  buyer  we  will  be  pleased  to  keep  you  informed 
of  any  offerings. 


Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Telescribe  (E-15-77) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison’s  Telescribe,  a  device  for  recording  telephone  conversations.  Included 
is  a  remark  by  Edison  doubting  the  value  of  an  automatic  recorder  "as  the 
demand  is  only  for  recording  a  business  conversation."  The  correspondents 
include  Joe  Mitchell  Chappie,  of  the  National  Magazine,  who  publicized 
Edison’s  invention  with  an  article  entitled  "The  Triumph  of  the  Telescribe.” 
Page  proofs  of  the  article  are  included. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  primarily  of  unsolicited  correspondence  that 
received  a  perfunctory  response  or  no  reply  from  Edison. 

JF~  LtrCjf~  &%&**•*  t-vwv^tAuitnW  ^O-dTU  t 

^  432  East  69.  Str.,  * 

«j  M^^jszza  v'^trto'k?  \tff. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Sdi30n,  ^  Vvot*£!^i  (Ast&Aft  o-* 

orange,  N.  J.-pj^t  o^vvd  U»  <i^jrr 

Dear  Sir:-  ^  Q _ ._  ± ^  ^  (1 

I  nave  noticed  in  to-day'3  New  York  World  an  an¬ 
nouncement  of  your  latest  invention,  tne  Telesoribe.  In 
regard  to  tills  I  would  respeotfuliy  suggest  thgdt  tne  follovi- 
Ing  may  be  of  interest  to  you. 

About  five  months  ago  I  concei^sdthe  idea  of  just 
suon  a  aontrivanee  with  a  slightly  different  way  of  working. 
Not  having  any  means  or  meohanioal  skill,  I  had  to  forego 

any  thought  of  experimenting. 

My  idea  of  the  Telegraphone  (a3  I  expected  to  oall 
it)  differs  from  the  newspaper  aooount  of  the  Teles oribe  -  and 
might  be  an  improvement  thereof  -  in  that  it  does  not  require 
anyone's  presence  at  the  place  where  a  telephone  message  is 
being  recorded,  as  the  Telegraphone,  after  naving  been  attached 
to  the  telephone  wire,  would  take  and  record  any  numbsr  of 
m333agss  automatically.  ' 

Would  you  care  to  have  particulars  of  my  idea?  I  as¬ 
sure  you  in  advance  that  I  do  not  expect  any  material  gain  or 
other  credit  in  the  matter. 

Respectfully  your3, 

,(r.  Thomas  A.  Edisoi 

1222  Fashington  Building, 

Loe  Angeles,  California, 

,i  May  25,  1915*  . ,  ,r-' 

x^  “C  :^f 



OF  LATEST  INVENTION,..  THE  TELF^^  ^  C#*~**-Ur 

recalls  to  my  memory  whe'frayoung'oper^.tdT 

The  atove  recalls  to  my  memory  whefTa  young'operp,or 
on  the  New  York  Central  in  1*7*  vrhen  I  first  commenced  to  read 
about  Thomas  A.  Edison  in  Johnston's  little  paper,  "THE  OPERATOR," 
and  these  early  impressions  of  the  great  leader  in  electricity 
have  always  stirred  my  anxiety  to  know  more  of  him  and  if  possible 
to  profit  by  his  knowledge .  And  now  today,  more  than  ever  before 
I  feel  the  need  of  wanting  to  lend  a  hand  to  help  self  and  those 
about  me  and  therefore,  if  I  could  do  so  by  selling  something  in¬ 
vented  by  someone  whom  I  really  felt  that  I  knew,  would  be  added 

Would  it  be  possible  for  me  to  get  the  California  State 
,ncy  for  the  sale  of  this,  your  latest  telephone  invention? 

Thanking  you  in  advance  in  anticipation  of  a  personal 

i  favorable  reply,  I  cm  sir. 

Yours  fraternally,  "73 % _ _ 

N.Y.C.R.R.  and  (p.U.Tel.  Co." 



Especial  Attention  Given  to  Old  and  New  Publications  in  the  Fields  of  Freethought, 
Secularism,  Evolutionary  Science,  Economics,  Sex  Sociology,  Free  Press,  Con- 
servation,  and  Civic  Interest.  Old  Works  on  Slavery;  Radical  Fiction 
Scarce  Works  Found;  Subscriptions  Taken  for  all  Periodical  Publications 
Terms  cash.  Remit  by  Ex.  H.  O.,  P.  O.  M.  O.,  or  New  York  Exchange.  Send  stamps  for  small  amounts 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

^Tmuoh  interest  the  newspaper  accounts  o£.your  /? 

U-**-**-  **  t*-*>***-4  ^  *~"T 

latest  announced  invention,  the  recording  telephone.  If  these  jic- _ _ 

counts  are  accurate  and  full,  it  seems  that  the  wording  of  the  r^edrd- 
inr  instrument  is  conditioned  on  the  presence  at  the  receiving  end  of 
some  one  to  set  the  instrument  if  the  person  called  is  not  there 
respond  in  the  usual  way.  £ 

But  this  leaves  great  numbers  of  us  just  Where  we  were  hefb*a=r 
those  of  us  who  are  living  or  working  alone  or  all  the  members  of 
whose  families  may  be  out  during  working  hours.  We  can  not  go  out  to 
lunch  or  down  town  for  a  few  hours  to  attend  to  imperative  business 
without  running  the  risk  of  missing  important  calls  and  also  subject¬ 
ing  those  at  the  other  end  to  the  inconvenience  and  cost  of  calling  us 
several  times  during  the  periods  of  our  absence. 

What  we  need  is  a  method  that  wLll  enable  the  caller-up  to  leave 
his  message  at  our  desk  after  central  has  told  him  there  is  "no  an¬ 
swer."  There  are  multitudes  of  instances  in  which  no  answer  is 

required,  it  being  requisite  to  leave  a  message  only.  To  illustrate: 

I  am  the  secretary  of  a  dining  club,  and  A  wants  to  tell  me  how  many 
covers  he  wants  at  the  next  dinner.  X  may  have  to  be  down  town  two 
or  three  or  four  hours  and  during  that  time  A  nay  have  called  me  sev¬ 
eral  times,  and  all  this  without  result.  Tlhat  1b  your  answer,  Mr. 
Edison?  I  know  you  can  give  a  good  answer,  if  once  you  perceive  the 
importance  of  an  answer. 

Yours  respectfully  and  gratefully, 

Secretary  of  The  Sunrise  Club. 



Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 

West  Orange,  Ns™  Jersey 
My  dear  Sirj 

We  enclose  herewith  rough  page  proofu 

pple's  arJ - *™“  - - +T,n  TBloB' 

which  is  to  appear  : 



Editorial  Department. 





[PROOF  from 

Boston,  Mass.  || 

The  Triumph  of  the 
Telescribe  & 

Mitchell  Mannering 





he  finished  printing 
ill  appear  as  perfect  ns 


Mr.  William  H.  Meadoworoft, 
c/o  Thoraa3  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jereoy. 

My  dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft: — 

Your  cordial  favor  at 

hand  with  photograph  of  Mr.  Edison  and  the  printed 
matter  describing  the  "Tolosoribe"  which  is  just 
what  I  wantod  to  proparo  my  skotoh. 

I  hope  to  have  an  oppor¬ 
tunity  of  getting  down  to  see  you  for  somo  real  fresh 
information  just  before  I  finish  it. 

With  cordial  best  wishes, 

believe  me 

Yours  sinocrely, 

Town  of  Townley 


3  V1  ^  ) 


Hon.  Thos  Edison, 

Hew  York;  N.Y. 

Dear  Sir:-  _4poligi  ing  for  the  seating  impertinence  of 

renown  -^sH alXJ.ave^en  ^ouf  ^to^^ose.  ^  ^ 
to  it  of  anything  if  x  rinG  y0ur  office 

S^-S  to*  «  ?LveU^en^e??.rePrnott0a7eleo-t1rician, 

and  of  course  dont  know  the  difficulties  there -.ifJ^it  can’ 
or  where  they  can  he  entirely  over  conie.  I  believe  that  it  can- 
and  will  y^done^  t#  figure  t0  h 

a  visible  scroll,  under  some  celluloid  cover,  or  any  transpar- 
ent  substance,  attached  to  a  11  meter"  system,  so  that  when 
the  Current  Is  on  the  scroll  would  be  made  to  move  slowly 
then  when  the  keys  that  would  neeessarily  have  to  he  P^ced  on 
the  Pho^Box  to  make  the  figures  necessary  in  leaving  your  call, 
were  pressed,'  they  would  not  blot  out  the  previous  record 
on  the  scroll. 

You  can  see  that  such  an  contrivance,  is  really 
commercially  valuable.  With  it  you  ring  your  customer, 
failing  to  get  an  answer  you  press  the  keys,  recording  your 
your  number  on  his  phone,  when  he  returns  to  his  office  he  may 
find  that  during  the  day  twenn$y  people  nave  called  him 

an*  lefg  i^sting’that'this  id ea,  if  practicable,  will  find 
in  you  the  man  to  give  it  to  us,  and  I  should  like  to  know  that 
I  had  played  even  tho  part  of  suggesting  it. 

Thanking  you  fbr  any  eonsideration  given  this  matter 
in  the  event  this  letter  is  permitted  to  reach,  I 

sir  yours 


Mr.  T.  Staere, 

84  Exchange  Street, 

Boston,  Mass. 

Dear  Sir: 

Your  favor  of  the  14th  instant 
has  been  received,  and  in  reply  we  beg  to 
say  that  Mr.  Edison  has  patented  and  mar¬ 
keted  such  a  device  as  you  mention,  which 
is  called  the  Telescribe. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  laboratory. 


295  Parke  Street, 

Pasadena,  Cal. , 

August  4,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Bear  Sir: 

I  notioe  in  the  publio  press  that  you  have  completed 
and  perfected  the  invention  you  name  a  Telesoribe. 

About  January,  1914,  I  wrote  to  you  giving  an  outline  of 
suoh  a  machine,  and  in  February  9,  1914,  received  a  letter  from 
your  labaratory,  which  X  still  have,  initialled  by  W.  W.  M. , 
in  whioh  it  was  plainly  stated  that  Mr.  Edison  had  no  time  to 
spare  to  consider  suoh  an  invention. 

Mr.  Charles  Ulrich,  of  666  Evrett  Street,  Pasadena,  on  whose 
behalf  I  wrote ,  was  the  originator  of  the  idea  which  I  submitted  to 
you,  and  he  cannot  understand  how,  after  refusing  his  suggestions, 
they  are  now  taken  up  and  acted  upon. . 

Any  light  you  may  be  pleaBed  to  throw  on  this  subject  will 
be  gratefully  received  by  the  gentleman  referred  to. 

Respectfully  yours. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  -  General  (E-15-78) 

This  folder  contains  interoffice  communications  and  other  documents 
relating  to  the  organization  and  administration  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  and 
its  constituent  concerns  in  America  and  abroad.  Many  of  the  documents  for 
1915  pertain  to  the  new  divisional  policies  implemented  after  the 
reorganization  of  March  1, 1915.  Included  are  items  concerning  administrative 
structure  and  accounting  practices,  which  were  developed  in  consultation  with 
public  accountant  William  Mitchell  Lybrand.  Also  included  are  minutes  from 
meetings  of  the  Engineering  Committee  and  the  Film  Committee;  memoranda 
and  reports  by  Edison's  efficiency  engineer,  Stephen  B.  Mambert;  the 
company's  financial  statement  as  of  February  28,  1 91 5;  a  list  of  divisions  as 
of  October  29, 1 91 5;  discussion  of  plans  to  extend  the  divisional  policy  to  the 
Edison  Phonograph  Works;  an  organizational  chart  from  January  1 , 1 91 6;  and 
estimates  of  the  cost  of  buildings.  In  addition,  there  are  documents  relating 
to  the  newly  designed  Super  Kinetoscope  and  the  reconstruction  of  the 
phonograph  plant  after  the  fire  of  December  1914. 

Approximately  20  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
material  not  selected  includes  accounting  statements  and  additional  periodic 
reports  bearing  no  significant  marginalia  by  Edison.  Also  not  selected  are 
numerous  memoranda  prepared  by  Mambert  relating  to  internal  accounting, 
billing,  and  record-keeping  procedures. 


\,C  0  v> 

v*  V  *5*V 

W  / 


London,  this  day  of 

Before  the  undersigned  Notary  . . 

hy  real  authority  duly  organized  and  sworn  there  appeared 

to-day  personally  known: 

1,  Sir  George  Croydon  Marks,  of  (fillin  address) 

London,  patent  attorney, 

2,  Mr.  (fill  in  name,  address,  profession) 

Sir  George  Croydon  Marks  declared: 

I  own  a  share  of  2000  M.  (Two  thousand  Marks)  in 
the  Edison-Gesellschaft  mit  beschrahkter  Haftung  of  Berlin. 

I  hereby  transfer  this  share  of  2000  M  to  "Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Incprporated",  of  Orange,  a  corporation  duly  organized  and  existing 
under  the  law  of  (fill  in  state) 

Mr.  (fill  in  name)  declared: 

As  Agent  for  the  said  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Incorporated  of 
Orange  I  hereby  accept  the  foregoing  transfer. 

The  paper  was  then  read  to  the  parties,  approved  by  them 
and  signed  by  them  aB  follows: 

Sign:  G.  Croydon  Marks 

This  is  to  certify  that  the  foregoing  act  took  place 
as  it  has  been  recorded  above  and  that  Sir  George  Croydon  Marks 
and  Mr.  (fill  in  name)  have  signed  the  foregoing  paper  in  my 

presenoe.  y 

.rV  t  (Signature) 

^  Notary. 

V  X'  'Y'  ^  Legalization  by  a  German  Consul. 

.X**'  jy 

X  X  y?’ 

OA  .vJ' ' 


Xs /  ?. 

AT  4  P.U.  WEDNESDAY,  JUNE  16TH,  1915. 


Present:  Messrs.  Constable,  Luhr,  Nicolai,  Gall,  Moore,  Nehr,  Hurd,  Langley, 
Kennedy,  Warner,  Simpson,  Halpin,  Hutchison. 



Yesterday,  June  15th,  in  oompany  with  Ur.  Langley  went  over  to 
Underwriters’  Laboratories  to  be  present  at  a  series  of  tests  which 
were  being  conducted  on  the  Super-Kinetoscope. 

Both  the  A.C.  and  D.C.  equipments,  including  motors,  switches, 
arc  lamp,  connections,  automatic  circuit  breakers,  etc,,  were  verbally 
approved — in  fact,  the  officials  conducting  the  test  seemed  highly 
pleased  with  them.  Therefore,  there  iB  no  reason  why  these  parts 
oannot  now  be  manufactured. 

Their  criticisms  of  the  mechanism  were  as  follows! 

Springs  to  be  removed  from  magazines  and  lamp  house.  Uore  sub¬ 
stantial  latch  for  the  magazine  doors.  Window  to  be  of  wired  glass 
and  to  be  held  in  soparate  frame  so  that  if  glass  should  be  accident¬ 
ally  broken,  the  pieces  will  not  fall  out. 

The  rollers  in  the  magazine  must  be  so  designed  that  after  the  end 
of  the  film  has  has  passed  through  them,  they  (the  rollers)  will  auto¬ 
matically  come  together,  thu3,  closing  the  film  orifice  of  magazines. 

None  of  these  criticisms  affect  the  general  design  of  the  machine 
and  will  be  immediately  taken  care  of. 

The  lamp  house,  however,  promises  to  be  a  more  serious  proposition 
as  the  new  ruling  (not  yet  published)  and  in  anticipation  of  which  these 
tests  were  conducted,  limits  the  temperature  of  any  part  of  the  lamp 
house  to  250  degrees  F. 

I  pointed  out  to  Ur.  Pierce  (Chief  of  the  Laboratories)  that  no 
lamp  house  on  the  market  would  come  within  these  requirements;  also 
oalled  his  attention  to  the  enormous  amount  of  heat  which  must  of 
necessity  be  dissipated,  etc. 

In  view  of  these  facts,  Ur.  Pierce  has  decided  to  reserve  his 
decision,  but  in  the  meantime  I  will  get  busy  in  an  effort  to  overcome 
these  objections. 

A.  F.  GALL. 




The  samples  of  a  new  type  of  lens  from  Bausch  &  Bomb  for 
which  we  had  been  waiting  just  before  the  fl"  ^ 

a  week  ago.  In  order  to  make  a  comparison,  I  had  obtained  from  Crown 
Optical  Company  new  samples  to  replace  the  old  ones  they  submitted, 
which  were  lost  in  the  fire. 

A  comparison  of  these  two  makes  shows  little  or  no  advantage  for 
either.  They  are  both  superior  to  the  lenses  we  now  stock  on  account 
of  their  larger  aperture. 

X  have  not  gone  into  the  subject  of  prices  on  these  lenses  but 
will  submit  specifications  in  a  da,  or  so  in  order  that  the  Purchasing 
Department  may  go  into  such  matters. 


The  heavy  brass  lens  mounts  tested  before  the  fire  were  found  to 
minimize  condenser  breakage  and  a  pair  of  these  is  now  being  ma  e  a 
the  Laboratory. 


A  machine  for  rapidly  and  firmly  securing  the  ends  of  successive 
pieces  of  film  by  means  of  small  eyelets  will  be  constructed  as  soon 
as  drawings  can  be  made.  This  device  is  for  use  where  film  is  to  be 
run  through  an  operation  in  long  lengths,  such  as  passing  through  the 
oloaning  machines,  etc. 

I  have  obtained  from 
let  punches  and  these  are 


he  United  Shoo  Machinery  Company  three  eye- 
o  bo  mounted  in  a  suitablo  press. 

s  roady  for  test  and  will  be  set  up 
in  course  of  construction,  is  completed. 

S.  G.  WARNER. 


ELECTRICAL  DEPARTMENT.  '  June  16th,  1915, 



Work  on  motors  is  being  carried  along  as  fast  aB  parts  are  received  from  the 
shop.  We  can  assemble  five  (5)  D.C.  Motors  ready  for  test  in  about  ten  (10)  days. 
A.C.  Motors  are  awaiting  shafts  and  rotor  laminations. 

The  Underwriters’  have  notified  us  verbally  that  the  entire  A.C.  and  D.C.  eleo- 
trical  equipment  is  satisfactory,  so  that  drawings  and  pattern  work  which  has  been 
held  up  pending  their  decision,  can  now  be  completed. 



A  more  satisfactory  alternating  current  transophone  magnet  than  the  present 
one  is  required.  At  present  these  have  very  little  surplus  power,  requiring  very 
close  magnetic  adjustment,  with  consequent  delay  in  assembling  and  testing.  A  new 
model  having  greater  margin  of  power  will  be  started  within  a  day  or  two. 


With  a  view  to  reducing  the  cost  of  transophone  switches,  an  adaptation  of  the 
regular  Cutler-Hammer  Dictating  Machine  Switch  has  been  made  and  put  on  test.  A 
speoial  switch  testing  device  was  gotten  up  to  make  this  and  similar  tests  and 
which  makes  about  8,000  contacts  per  day. 

This  switch  operated  over  100,000  times  without  failure  and  was  in  good  con¬ 
dition  at  the  end  of  tost.  It  was  submitted  to  Mr.  Date  of  the  Cutler-Hammer  Mfg. 
Company  who  is  taking  it  up  with  the  factory  and  reports  that  ho  expects  to  have 
samples  made  according  to  our  design,  for  our  approval,  within  the  next  ten  days. 


The  Cutler-Hammer  Mfg.  Company,  are  looking  into  the  question  of  a  normally 
closed  switch  for  use  on  the  Dictating  Machine,  so  made  that  when  the  sanitube 
is  lifted  from  the  hook,  the  switch  will  close  and  start  the  motor  without  any 
effort  on  the  part  of  the  dictator.  Samples  of  this  switch  have  already  been 
received  and  were  placed  on  our  testing  machine,  but  were  not  found  satisfactory, 
one  of  them  failing  at  70,000  contacts  and  the  other  at  86,000  contacts.  Both 
switches  showed  badly  blackened  contacts  and  the  matter  has  been  referred  to  the 
Cutler-Hammer  Mfg.  Company  again.  It  is  their  opinion  that  it  will  be  necessary 
to  use  a  quick  break  switch  in  order  to  avoid  burning  these  contacts. 


For  the  year  1914,  a  saving  of  about  $1800.00  was  effected  on  the  direct  cur¬ 
rent  Ekonowatt  Dictating  Machine,  by  omitting  internal  resistances,  thi3  design  not 
requiring  them.  To  take  advantage  of  the  possibility  of  a  corresponding  saving  on 
our  regular  Universal  Motor,  a  Universal  Ekonowatt  Motor  has  been  developed  to  take 
its  place.  This  motor  has  die  cast  frame  and  operates  without  resistance  on  either 
alternating  or  direct  current  by  simply  turning  a  switch.  We  believe  the  saving 
made  by  this  will  equal  or  exceed  that  of  the  regular  direct  current  outfits. 

3.  G.  LANGLEY, 
Electrical  Department. 


The  regular  weekly  meeting  of  the  Film  Committee  was 
held  In  the  Motion  Picture  Division  on  Tuesday  evening, 

July  6th,  at  7»30.  HesBrs.  Plimpton  and  !>•  W.  MoChesney 
were  present.  Three  films  as  follows  were  exhibited  and 
all  aooepted  for  regular  releases 

"June  Friday",  a  four-part  melodrama.  An  excellent 
four-reel  subject  which  was  given  tho  following  votes 

Subjeot  20;  characterization  S;  conflict  10;  brevity  9; 
ooherenoy  8;  woman  interest  10;  comedy  relief  2;  susponso  10; 
thrill  8;  confliot  10;  total  95  out  of  a  possible  100. 

"Hot  Wanted",  single  reel  child  story.  A  picture  which 
the  Conmittee  felt  was  rather  mediocre,  but  ehioh  was  neverthe¬ 
less  accepted  for  regular  release  with  the  following  votes 

Subjeot  0;  characterization  8;  conflict  5;  brevity  18; 
coherency  13;  woman  interest  0;  comedy  relief  0,  suspense  3; 
thrill  5;  climax  9;  total  61  out  of  a  possible  80. 

"The  King  of  the  Wire",  three  part  melodrama.  A  fair 
dramatic  auhjeot,  featuring  Pat  O'Malley  as  a  elaofc  wire  artist. 
Accepted  for  regular  release  with  the  following  average  votes 

Subjeot  20;  characterization  7;  confliot  7;  brevity  7; 
ooherenoy  6;  woman  interest  8;  suspense  7;  comedy  relief  6; 
thrill  6;  climax  8;  total  81  out  Of  a  possible  100. 

Eespeotfully  submitted. 



Report  upon  Examination  of  Aooounto 
R8  of  28th  Eetiruary,  X91?. 

Lybrand,  Ross  Bros.  &  Montgomery 










19  15 

28th  February 

Cash  Accounts  and  Notes  Receivable : 

VCash  in  banks  and  on  hand 
Accounts  Receivable  @594,525.41 
'  -  175.879.07 



Notes  Receivable 

Less:  Reserve  for 

Amounts  payable  by 
■Insurance  Companies 

Outside  Investments 

Due  from  Affiliated  Companies: 
Edison  Phonograph  Works 
Other  Companies 

@  198,077.70 

28.000.00  742,404.48 


*$1,020,  86l.  83  " 


‘  @1,572,317.73  I 
133,206.72  I 




Investments  in  and  Advances  to 
Subsidiary  Companies: 

Australian  &  South  American  Cos.  437.147.J0 

English .Prench  &  German  Cos. 
less:  Reserve 

Inventories  of  records,  films, 
batteries,  raw  materials, 
supplies,  oec. 

Deferred  Charges: 

Disc  Master  Records 
Negative  Film  Subjects 
Kinetophone  Investment 

1  a  n  t: 

Real  Estate  and  Buildings 
Machinery  and  Tools 
Musical  Record  Plant 
Film  Plant 
Carbolic  Acid  Plant 
Kinetophone  Studio  Outfit 
Furniture  and  Fixtures 

Plant  Shop  Orders  in  ProcesB 



171.933. 88 

















Fo rward 

Insuranoe  Reserve  Fund: 

Bond  Reserve  Fund: 

Patents,  Rights,  &c. 

ASSETS,  Continued. 

19  15 

28th  February 

19  14 
28th  February 



Notes  and  Accounts  Payable: 
Notes  Payable  for  Loans 
Notes  Payable  for  Mdse 
•  Accounts  Payable 




Due  to  Affiliated  Companies: 
Thomas  A.  Edison 
Edison  Phonograph  Works 
Edison  Storage  Eattery  Co. 



Mortgages  on  Real  Estate  when  purchased: 

•“K  s:*m“  a., 000.00 

James  J.  Atchison  7 1  25Pj-2P. 

Total  Liabilities 





Insurance  Reserve  Account: 
Reserve  Account 
Accumulated  Interest 


Note:  The  Company  was  endorser  on 

- the  following  discounted  notes 

28th  February,  191?! 

Edison  Storage  Battery  Co. 
Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 
Customers’  Notes 






Capital  Stock 


6-211.693. 08 













52,434. 19 


1,900,000.00  .  . 

11  -  9.038, 262. 90 


Balsa,  aa  annexed 

Year  1915 


Year  1914 



Labor  and  Material  ( in¬ 
cluding  proportion  of 
Mfg. Expenses  191?) 

Depreciation  (Disc 
Maaters  and  Auto 
only  191?) 

Expenses  (Administration 
&  Selling  only  191?) 


Operating  Profit 
or  Lo  S3 








54.340. 59  6.953.544.28 



Income, Motion  Pictures 
Patent  Co. 

Income,  General  Film  Co. 

-  Profit  Foreign  Department 

Discounts  on  Purchases 
Interest  Received 




4,515.  63 
A. 206. 12 










Exhaustion  of  Patents 
Discounts  on  Sales 
Interest  Paid 
Interest  on  Water  Bonds 
Bad  Debts  (including 
reserve  1915 
Miscellaneous  Iosssb 












554.911. 84 

Profit  or  Loss  for  years  before 
deducting  fire  loss  and  amounts 
reserved  for  possible  losses  on 
foreign  companies 


i, 1504,126. 38 


Balance,  28th  February,  1914 

Reserve  credited  back  to  Surplus  Account 

Profit  for  year  ended  28th  February,  1915 

Less:  Fire  Loss,  aB  annexed 

Reserve  for  possible  losses  on 
foreign  companies 

Balance  of  Surplus  Account, 
28th  February,  1915 





206. 058.05 

7,477,272. 41 




Horn  Cylinder  Phonos 
Amberola  Phonos 
jS.  6o  Diso  Phonos 

Heoords:  Blank 



3,976  ft  49,321.09 
20,567  401,907.69 

737  23,345.65 

9,595  383,740.12 

6*039  45f;268.63 

4,361  486,645.00 

7,856  989,400.20 

236  32,572.50 

70  10,071.00 

62  9,400.00 

52  11,981.00 

33  8,010.00 

21  5,348.21 

_ l£  4.101.25 

53,620  $2,871,112.34 

ft  11,373.04 
2,955,199  462,409.69 

l| 079. 655  677.822.14 

16,791  ft  237,551.60 
30,188  712,247.35 

2,937  86,367.85 

3,440  139.873.00 

3,259  248,197.88 

2,592  263,791.00 

3.713  471,387.83 

103  14,172.25 

91  13,398.50 

43  6,540.00 

55  13,284.59 

24  5,800.00 

31  8,362.86 

33  9.046.00 

63,300  $2,230,020.71 

ft  13,535.65 
5,905,560  946,129.43 

438.397  291.7l2.3i 

538  ft  1,611.98 

Business  Phonographs 

and  Supplies  3,369 

Business  Shaving  Machines  744 

Do  Blanks  359,555 

Dictation  Records  1,145 




Projecting  Kinetosoopes  and 

pi?rli0B  13.034.279 «. , 

1  ftl92,$ 

L  12,458,294  1.121,3 

Home  Model  Projecting  Kinetoscopes  ^  ^  ft< 

Do  Films  ->q  tn  ’ 

Do  Lantern  Slides  3 Si 22 


3AIBS,  Continued. 

Year  to 

28th  February.  1915 

Year  to 

28th  February.  1914 



Kinetophones  and  Supplies 
Do  Films 

Do  Reoords 

$  7,453.99 


$  67,872.48 

29. 500.35 


Gas  Engine  Spark  Coils 

Fan  Motors 

Electrical  Apparatus  and 



$  244.93 





$  2,337.35 









19  1? 

28th  Feby. 

19  14 

28th  Feby. 

lutBide  Investments: 

Kotion  Pioture  Patents  Co.  Stock 

General  Film  Co.  Do 

Motion  Picture  Publishing  Co.  Do 

Do  Bonds 

General  Producing  Co.  Stock 

Phonograph  Co,  Do 

Universal  Copyrights  Co. ,Ltd.  Do 

Westinghouse  Elec.  &  Mfg.  Co.  Do 

!'  Mortgage  on  Real  Estate, Newark 
i  Royal  Hotel  Ventnor  Bonds 

!  Pere  Marquette  R.R.C0. 

'  Receiver's  Certificates 


$  50,000.00 

450. 00 



$  50,000.00 

3,706. 72 



English,  German  &  French  Companies: 

/  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ltd.  Capital  Stock 

1  Do  Open  Account 

Edison  Gesellsohaft  Capital  Stock 

Do  Open  Account 

Cde  Fr,  du  Phono  Edison  Capital  Stook 

Do  Open  Account 













f  ,  $265,791.33 

III"  1  1  I, 

$384,968.  20 

Australian  a  South  American  Companies : 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ltd. 

of  Australia  Capital  Stock 

Bo  Open  Account 

Compania  Edison  Hispano 

Americana  Do 


$43 7 » 147. 6o 


119.97?. 99 


A  reserve  of 

deduoted  in  the 
item  to  $4?,000. 


A  reserve  of 

$125,000.00  has  been 
sheet  to  reduoe  this 

deducted  in  the 
item  to  $312,147.60. 


Record  and  Film  Stock  Phonograph  and  Projecting 
Kinetoscope  Supplies,  charged  off  •  •  • 

Buildings,  charged  off 

Machinery  and  Equipment,  charged  off  .... 
liusical  Keoord  Plant,  Do  .  .  .  . 

Pilm  Plant,  Do  .  .  .  . 

Miscellaneous  Expense  (net)  .  .  .  . 

Less:  Amount  received  from  Insurance 











ima  record  rtiruF.-.STrnrr,  btyisiom  r 

Mould  Preliminary 
Mould  Finishing 
31ank  Making 

Maintenance  Bent.  (Mr.  leeming) 





V/at  chmen 

••:••••  blmtm  "Jjcr.To  (vs. 

H  •>  f-"C  . 

194  7.40 





Manufacturing  22- 50 


tv.-biom  :i(TU!g:  Biviiio.  CR-  ?rc  o;:mxtei]_ 

Administrative  &  Sales 
Outside  Hepresentat ives 
Book-keeping  &  Billing 

3R0EX  3'JiIDIO  BITISIO'T  ('?■■  1.  :.MC  OM^SMEY) - 

Regular  Pay  Holl 
Outside  Posing 






Administrative  &  Sales 
Road  Inspectors 
Chicago  Office 
Chemical  laboratory 
Production  Cost  &  Pay  Roll 
Book-keeping  &  Billing 

APVERPIS 1'lG  BIYISIO'.T  (13.  1.0. MO  0H751TCT) 

Preparing  Advertising  Matter 
Printing!  Service  &  Stockroom 
Book-keeping  &  Billing 

r>Tn?  MACHINE  DIVISICl.  CM.  Buami).. 

Administrative  &  Sale3 

Book-keeping  &  Billing 









18.00  9  426.00 



28.00  $  360.50 

Order  &  Bequisltion 

a;n .  r.u  •.;o33  divioic::  isnjE 


Factory  Supervision 

Book-keeping  &  Billing 
Cost  &  Fay  Holl  Auditing 
Order  i  Requisition 


Cabinet  Finishing  &  trimming  (Silver  halo) 
Silver  Lai®  'Warehouse 


Soolmaking  (Laboratory) 

Bates  lianufaoturing 

Dipping  (ITiokel  Plating) 

Electrical  Ilotor  Uanuffeoturing 
Phono.  Assenhling  ( Saw  Sooth  Bldg) 
Phono.  Block  &  Pack  "  "  " 

Phono.  Seating  "  "  " 

Shipping  "  ’  "  " 

Ioe  Plant 

Sransportntion  &  Garage 
iliscellaneous  (Fire  Chief) 

Water  Plant 
power  Plant 
Polishing  &  Buffing 

Bulkier;  Shop 

(Works  Proper  8  ) 
Inspe ct ion (Silver  lake  4  ) 
(Outside  2  ) 

Receiving  & 

('./oiks  Prcper  8  ) 
Stock  (E.  S.  3.  13  ) 

(Raw  Stock-Only  ) 

oo.issnuosio::  aid  papsiirAroE  DEPacanBires 

Sash^Oonstruotion  (Pettit) 

Sinsidtla1*  Plumbers 
Yard  Laborers 
Steam  Fitters 



25.00  $  169  •  00 



36.00  $1107 . 75 


197.09  $1388.73 


159.11  $  408.97 













30.00  $4422,31 

427.65  $  477.65 

289.79  $  289.79 

274.62  $  274.62 









nrnT.«fi  a.  SDisai,  iko.  * 

warns  -  TOTAL  047,313.60 








r  aa  T3ATP  BY  ms  miSOIT  STORAGE  BATTSM^ 

fdisoe  phohoohai 

If  •RirPIlTO  -XI  GIB?  14.  1915 — 

Screw  Machine 

prill  Press 



Sheet  lietal 
Finished  Stock 
Cabinet  Finishing 
Packing  &  Shipping 
lli ckle  Plating 
Tool  Hoorn 
Gen'l.  Inspection 
Punch  Press 


1246. 5S 


Repair  and  miscellaneous  woik 
Storage  Battery  Employees  for 

done  by  Edison 
Phonograph  Works 



Hr.  Member t:  V  0ct*  6’  1916* 

Ab  there  seems  to  he  some  misunderstanding  relative  to 
Mr.  Edison's  plan  and  wishes  in  oonneotion  with  the  issuing  of  orders 
for  the  produotion  of  finished  product,  and  as  you  are  undoubtedly 
more  familiar  with  his  ideas  than  anyone  else,  won’t  you  please 
issue,  a  memorandum  to  me,  with  copies  to  MeBsrs.  Leoming  and  Tftstzel, 
outlining  Just  what  his  plan  is  and  how  it  is  to  be  carried  out, 
giving  in  oonneotion  therewith  an  example  oovor^Super-Kinetosoopes. 
whore  we  want  to  bring  them  through  at  the  rate  of  7  per  week;  also 
Disc  Phonographs,  where  we  want  to  bring  them  through  in  the  different 
types  at  the  rate  of  1200  per  week.  I  am  very  anxious  to  get  this 
matter  straightened  out  and  have  it  thoroughly  understood  by  all 
concerned  without  further  delay.  I  therefore  trust  you  will  give 
it  as  prompt  attention  as  possible. 

CHT //IWY  c"  H* 

Copies  to  Messrs.  Edison.  Looming  and  >70tzel. 

25,  1916 

Mr.  E.  J.  Berggren: 

Please  let  me  have  certified  copy  of  resolution  adopted  at 
speoial  meeting  of  the  Board  of  Directors  of  Edison  Phonograph 
Works  ratifying  and  approving  the  placing  of  a  contraot  with 
the  Brunswlok-Balko-Collender  Co.,  623  So.  Wataoh  Avenue,  Chioago, 
Ill,,  for  46000  phonograph  cahinets,  of  wlixch  loOOO  are  type  100, 
12000  are  type  160,  8000  are  type  200  and  11000  are  type  260. 

Prices,  $16  each  for  style  100,  $22  each  for  style  150 
$27  eaoh  for  stifle  200  and  $32  each  for  style  250.  E.  0.  B. 

Orange,  IT.  J. 

farms ,  60  days. 


thev  will  add  to  this  basic  order  as  many  cabinets  o.  the  various 

xh  re  “  zrastt 


It  is  further  u  provision  of  this  arrangement  that  whenever  we 

cabinets  it  being  understood  that  v/eokly  deliveries  are  ° 
tinue  in  such  quantities  as  may  be  agreed  upon  until  the  entire 
lot  has  been  delivered. 

u  a  provision  of  this  arrangement  that  these  prioes 

mutually  agreed  upon. 

will  note  in  connection  with  securing  the  Board 
principle  cl  the  entotlo  propceiticn. 


Copies  to  Messrs 

H.  T.  Deeming 
3.  Jjd^don^  WilBon,  Meadoworoft,  H.  Milled 

Edison  Record  Recording  Division 

Phenol  R03in  and  Wax  Manufacturing  Division 

Disc  Reoord  Manufacturing  Division 

Cylinder  Record  Manufacturing  Division 

Musical  Phonograqh  Division 

Dictating  Machine  Division 

Edison  Studio  Division 

Motion  Picture  Division 

Export  Division 

Carbolic  Manufacturing  Division 

Primary  Battery  Division 

Advertising  and  Printing  Service  Division 

The  time  has  now  arrived  when  Mr.  Edison  is  desirous  of  extending 
the  above  policy,  and  applying  the  principals  of  same  to  the  various 
Departments  of  the  Edison  Phonograph  Works. 

Accordingly,  effective  immediately,  and  ns  rapidly  as  possible, 
this  policy  will  be  applied  to  the  different  Departments  of  the  Edison 
Phonograph  Works j  and  the  first  Department  to  which  said  policy  will  be 
applied  is  tho  Cabinet  Department. 

The  Management  appreciates  that  at  the  present  time  we  are  right 
in  the  heat  of  production,  and  working  under  more  or  less  temporary 
and  unusual  oonditions, 

RESULT  ACCEPTED _ ! _ 191- 



Form  1203 



DIVISION  IN  QUESTION-  Ownership  and  Aotivo  Executive  Control.  DATE-  Doo. 1,1915 

SUBJECT  ***•  Edison's  Policy  relative  to  Proper  Approval  of  personal 
HUBJEUi-  K2;peniitureB  pn  the  interoet  of  tho  Thomas  A.  Edison  Companies. 

RESULT  WANTED  BY-  iiff00tiVe  B80eml,er  X*  1916< 

FOLLOW-UP  -  BY  -  ^  Auditing  Service  Dept.  Mr.  bybiand  and  ilr.  Iff.  L.  Eckert. 

Ur.  T.  A.  Edison, 

Ur.  Charles  Edlsoni- 

In  aooordanoo  with  your  memorandum  to  mo,  adviBlng 
Mosers.  Ly b Kind,  Boas  Bros,  and  Hontgoraoiy,  at  their  request,  relative  to 
your  "Api^roval  iolioy  of  Persona}  Expenditures  incurred  in  the  interest  of  tho 
Thomas  A.  Edison  Companies, "  I  have  to-day  wrltton  to  Ur.  Lybrand  as  follows s- 

"ilonbort  write  lybrand  that  I  trill  each  month  O.K. 
oxpenso  account  of  Barry  Hiller,  Yourself,  Bachman,  '.vilson, 
Tliompson.  Also  John  V.  Hiller.  Other  approvals  must  be 
in  accord  with  tho  Organisation,  as  laid  out." 

iy  understanding  of  your  intent,  in  regard  to  the  above, 
is  that  your  above  named  Executives,  are  to  aoouro  your  O.E.  of  their 
executive  personal  expense  accounts  onco  each  month;  and  also  are  to  take 
such  stops  as  to  secure  proper  control  and  checks  upon  all  personal  expense 
aooounts  in  their  rospaotivo  branohoo  of  your  interest;  bo  that  no  personal 
expense  aooount  will  he  allowed,  without  propor  authorization  in  writing  for 
same,  by  proper  executives  in  the  organization  or  someone  authorized 
by  said  proper  exeoutives  to  exeroiBO  this  function  for  thorn. 

Is  ny  understanding  in  this  regard  correct? 

ii.  1).  Humbert, 


.  i  - 

'  / 

RESULT  AUCEPTBD _ _ _ 191 - 

OUPIES  TO- Messrs.  7/llson.  Barry  Hiller,  John  V.  Biller,  Bnohman,  Thompson  and  Uambort. 


Form  1203. 

Almquist  is  satisfied  with  this  proposition 'and  states  that  he  is 
willing  to  pay  all  costs  in  excess  of  thy' amount  offered  hy  the 
insurance  company  out  of  his  own  pocket. 

The  insurance  company  has  submitted  a  form  of  release 
in  which  hoth  Ur.  Almquist  and  Thomas  A.  Edison}  Inc.  agree  to 
hold  harmless  Schwartz  &  Sons  from  any  claims  which  may  be  made 
against  Schwartz  &  Sons  by  any  other  party  because  of  damage  to 
the  electric  truck  hired  byyMr.  Almquist.  The  object  of  this 

is  to  prevent  Schwartz  &  Seme  being  sued  by  the  owners  of  the 
truok^from  whom  Mr.  Almquist  rented  the  same.  Of  course,  if 
Mr.  Almquist  puts  the/truck  back  in^good  shape,  as  he  promises 
to  do,  there  will  b/ no  valid  claim  of  this  character.  If  you 
are  satisfied  with  this  form  of  release ,  will  you  please  sign 
both’  copies  ther/of  on  the  lines  indicated  in  pencil  with  an  X. 




All  Divisions  &  Departments.  DATE*  Doc. 27, 1915 
SUBJECT-  A  Hov/  Years  Hesolution 
HESOLT  BANTED  BY-  Continuously  affective. 

PLEASE  CO-OPERATE  «ITH-  3voryone. 

Mr.  H.  P.  Killer, 

A  HK.V  YiiARS  -•i'joOl.U'JI Oil 

After  the  fire  whan  the  Plant  and  ilquipmont 
had  been  roplaoed  and  the  payments  of  name  wore  com¬ 
ing  rapidly  due.  Hr.  iSdison  put  an  effioionoy  program 
into  Operation,  a  service  program,  a  morality  program. 

Ho  decided  he  ..o  old  make  every  dollar  do  a 
dollar’s  worth  of  work  and  he  would  proas  every  effort 
to  make  the  different  contributing  Companies,  Divisions 
and  Departments  earn  as  many  dollars  and  render  as  good 
service  as  was  morally  possible. 

While  you  and  I  may  or  may  not  mai:o  other  Hew 
Years  He solutions,  can  wo  not  co-operatively  resolve 
to  perpotuate  I,Ir.  Kdison's  program  of  Si'fioionoy,  Ser¬ 
vice  and  Morality  throughout  each  day  of  tlio  New  Yoar. 

faithfully  at  your  Service 

3.B.  Mambort. 



fora  ISOS. 




Orgmicatiaa  Chart. 


Kffootivo  Ira-QdiatQly 


L  Divisions  of  T.P.ii.  luo. , 


Hr.  V/.H.  Meadoworof t : - 

Upon  roooipt  of  the  attached  Organization  Chart  of  Bating 
January  1st,  1816,  IdncUy  return,  By  hoaror,  Organisation  Chart  of  dating  iiaroii  lot 

You  will  obaorvo  that  Bovoral  funotions,  otaittod  In  tho  oarlior 
ohart  arc  now  Included  in  tho  later  ono,  for  your  groator  oonvunlonoo. 

■o.a.  ioaaort. 


miolcnoy  'hginoor. 

oo  t.  12,  1916. 

V/hon  a*.  Edison  announaGd  Mo  Divisional  i'olioy  on  l-uroh  lot, 
191S,  it  involved  so  many  changes,  that  it  taa  not  poosihle  to  do  nwro  than  outline 
ouoh  policy  in  momoranfliaa  fona  at  that  thro. 

omi  of  t)io  items  will  ah  has  had  to  tabs  ito  proper  turn  is  tlio 
attached  Organlear.lon  Chart,  sotting  forth  in  aiagramtio  foxra  tho  relation  of  the 
different  funotiono  or  tho  otgeniaatien  na  announood  by  hr.  lilioon  on  Caroh  let.. and 
vhiohikr.  aiioon  and  Air.  V/ileon  now  ash  mo  to  roloaao,  after  a  thorough  six  month’s 
trial  proving  its  fitness. 

Undoubtedly,  tho  swift  fitting  into  place  of  this  polioy  was 
booauao  it  ram  right,  boonnso  it  mot  tho  fundamental  noods,  booausoathlo  polioy  should 
ha vo  boon,  lon>;  before  it  was,  a  part  of  tho  CD  lean  ordor  of  things.  Innovations  not 
of  real  merit  do  not  amalgamate  in  thin  way  ith  a  large  organisation,  do  not  become 
an  unoonsoioua  organio  part  of  it. 

With  slnoerest  appreciation  of  the  co-operation  you  have  ex¬ 
tended  in  th  raildns  of  tho  many  neooosmy  ohangos  involved,  I  remain. 

t).B.  Jtimbort, 
tiffiolonoy  Buginaor. 




Thomas  Tj.  Eb\so/V  /a/c  /]ff //./?/ ted  Cocjp)iH/es 

JANUARY  j!Vt/9/6 

Thomas/].  Eihson  Pees. 

(m«  CH/lftLES  ED/SO/V) 


SfUare  Corners  Renoie  0EEfrnnrV<f  Eespoa/sibili  ty. 
Round  Corners  flenole  F/Wrtc/su.  Respo/ysibiu ty 


rCffCcTnL  c 




«™-  -  «—  - m asss’*?.1*"  D“ ■  "•  1B‘- 

SUBJECT  -Ur.  Ed ia on’ IS  Bi  visional  Policy. 

result  v; antes  by  -  As  soon  as  you  are  mure  you  are  right. 

pu!iUE  co-operate  Jim  -  Factory  Bookkeeping  Efficiency  -  Hr.itoflormott. 

•7  §  L 



PI easo  he  advised  that  in  accordance  with 
tir  Edison's  flopartmontal  polioy  the  Cabinet  Doner traent,  Ur .  0.  H. 
Bonoaft.  BookkeSner;  3 envoi  Dept.,  iff.  J.  Lyder.  Bookkeoper;  Con- 

In  order  that  those  Departments  may  properly 
hondlo  thoir  business  will  you  not  kindly  co-op or at o  »ith  the  ri  or 
to  tho  end  that:- 

-  Hntorial  for  exclusive  use  of  any  of  tho 

tsars  ss5ssr.s*2  ssta.s  assrcr 

General  Gtoreroom. 

,  .  ,  -js Li  si^ss^ai”! 

SKS°?ta<S  tS.bSS£«5“S?i.i «  »'“»  Ih»°- 

graph  Vforks. 


S.  B.  JJnrabort 

Thanking  yon  for  your  co-operation  in  this  natter, 

j.  s.  i,i^Dermofct , 

,  i  |  ;  j  U.y 

Factory  Bookkocpfifg  Sfflcionoy. 

Ef  f  ioien  oy  lingln  eor . 


Messrs.  JMlcpn.  "/ilson,  Borggren.H.  Hokort, Philips,  Biokoroon,  ;.  Eokort, 
copies  TO  UuBk,  Hutchison,  Constable,  UoChosney,  Cheshire,  tovs 
^allagher ,  Holden,  yog-era,  iio'bol. 


•fizm  j '  ///c  ,  - 

/lAflr#  E.$U?AH?T7 


Laud  &  Buildings 
Boring  Hills 

Slotting  Machines 

Milling  HaohineB 



Gear  Cutters 

Forge  Shop 


Drafting  Room 



Chemical  Apparatus 
Hydraulic  Apparatus 
Boiler  *  Power  House 

$  674639.00 

a  im.oo 

tg<>9-  oo 


3  ISO 73.00 

_ ^{isxfun.oo 







Cu.  Ft 



0  .10 

Cu.  Ft 







Total  Cost 











General  Store 






Chera.  &  Phys. 
Hesearoh  Laboratory 


72000  1044000 



Haohlne  Shop 

(Small  Farts) 






Haohlne  Shop 

(Large  Farts) 












Gasolene  Tank 








Forge  Shop 






Lumber  Shed 






Pattern  &  Carpenter 






Boiler  &  Sheet  Metal 






Explosive  &  Exp.,  & 
Resear oh 






G  .06 
@  .06 

Q  .06 










Boiler  &  Power  House 






Retort  House 








Guard  House 






_ hu — 

$£,746  39-00 

( ,l4b29  ■ 

Land  &  BulldlagB 
Coring  -ail la 



Plotting  iiaohlnoB 

Hilling  uaoblnoo 



Goar  Out torn 

Forgo  Shop 


Drafting  Hocra 

i.n  ooollanoous 


Chemical  Apparatus 
Hydraulic  Apparatus 
Boiler  &  cower  House 

i-  U/W.00 
eo eo.oo 




















i  2 



Cu.  Ft.’ 



Prioe  Approximate 




G  10(3 







300.  oo  3oooo.oo 





$  70800 


General  Store 












Large  &  Small 

B  9& 

UnnVif  no  Shop 






Large  Haohine  Shop 












Gasolene  (Tank 








Forge  Shop 






Lumber  Shed 






Pattern  &  Carpenter 







Boiler  A  Sheet  iletal 







Explosive  Exp.,  4 

a  .06 












4320.00  | 

£3  .06 

♦4.  '  ' 






4320.00  ! 

Boiler  &  Power  House 






Hotort  House 







3500.00  1 

Guard  House 




173  x 


519.00  j 

Itt m^OO  | 



Area  Per 

Total  Cu.  Ft  Cost  No  Price 
Floor  in  <3  .10  of  Per 

Area  B’ld’gs  Cu.  Ft  Aoree  Aore 

Total  Coat 

General  Stores 





Large  Machine  Shop 

Gasolene  Tank 
Forge  Shop 
Lumber  Shed 

Pattern  4  Carpenter 

Boiler  &  Sheet  Uotal 



Boiler  &  Power  House 
Eetofct  House 
Guard  House 

48000  708000  70800 

48000  708000  70800 

72000  1044000  104400 

162000  2736000  273600 

18000  648000  64800 



















100000  10000 

153000  16300 

163000  16300 

a  .06 

163000  9180 

0  .06 

72000  4320 

0  .06 

72000  4320 

240000  24000 

60000  6000 

§  3ooo0-oo 



















Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  ■  Fire  (E-15-79) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
rebuilding  efforts  after  the  fire  on  December  9,  1914,  which  destroyed  or 
damaged  more  than  half  of  the  buildings  in  the  West  Orange  laboratory 
complex.  Several  items  concern  the  work  of  the  committee,  chaired  by 
architect  Cass  Gilbert,  that  investigated  the  fire  on  behalf  of  the  American 
Concrete  Institute.  Also  included  is  a  20-page  typewritten  draft  of  a  paper  by 
structural  engineer  Theodore  L.  Condron  that  was  presented  to  the  American 
Society  of  Civil  Engineers  in  April  1 91 5.  Other  correspondents  include  William 
Andrews,  who  once  worked  for  Edison  as  a  steam  fitter  at  the  Edison  Machine 
Works  and  the  Pearl  Street  station,  and  New  Jersey  Commissioner  of  Labor 
Lewis  T.  Bryant. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected, 
including  all  of  the  documents  written  by  Edison  or  bearing  substantive 
marginalia  by  him. 

Two  scrapbooks  of  newspaper  and  journal  clippings  pertaining  to  the 
fire  (Cat.  44,509  and  Cat.  44,510)  can  be  found  in  the  Scrapbook  Series. 
Additional  documents  regarding  the  fire  and  its  aftermath  can  be  found  in  the 
archival  record  group,  Edison  Phonograph  Works.  A  finding  aid  is  available 
from  the  Edison  National  Historic  Site. 




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%-ir-r-cAPyv  {b+JL<Crryj 


Jan.  3, 


Dear  sir!Regarding  the  restoration  of  b  uilding  #24,  I  report 
as  follows: 

5th  Story:  .  No  attempt  was  made  to  repair  damage  Jone^to 
the  roof  beams  or  the  columns  suppoBting  the  same  in  the  fifth 
atorv  as  it  was  considered  safe  to  leave  them  as  they  are  for 
the  present  at  least  and  so  permit  the  immediate  fitting  up  and 
occupying  of  the  fifth  story. 

2JGPS&  a* s a," rt. a 

theless  the  repair  work  has  advanced  rapidly  it  was 

about° three  JKslttSkttEt  Sad  been  put  ^ooden  nailing 

Is ilil  Shs  srswMts  ssca?- 01  tls 


will  be  ready  for  the  gunite  tops  Mraday  and°££° iB  pr0posed  to  repair 
per  square  foot  live  load,  I  would  be  i  t  but  am  anxious  to 

JJtiS  rtttart  th.  *MW  *>* 

complete  repairs. 

3rd  Story:  The  columns  and  beams  here  have  been  stripped  for 
we  can  use  the  0 thi£  stSry  ( Below The  4k  floor)  is  the  most 

beams  and  girders  in  this  story  (Below  ^  hav0  to  be  repaired. 

'f  glass  to  enclose  this  Btory. 


2nd  Story:  The  columns  have  all  been  poured  with  new  con¬ 
crete  and  on  Saturday  evening  the  first  "gunite"  was  "shot'  into 
one  column.  It  is  not  proposed  to  make  extensive  beam  or  finder 
repairs  in  this  story  unless  heavy  loads  are  to  be  carried  on  tne 
third  floor. 

I  recommend  that  a  floor  test  be  made  as  soon  as  possible 
on  one  of  these  floors  to  determine  the  action  of  these  beams  and 
girders  under  load.  In  general  I  find  by  stripping  the  old  teams 
that  the  reinforcing  of  same  has  been  carelessly  placed  and  that 
the  stirrups  shown  on  the  plans,  have  not  been  made  or  placed  in 
accordance  with  usual  practice  and  therefore  they  are  not  as  shown 
in  my  sketches.  I  also  find  that  in  many  places  the  concrete 
slabs  are  badly  disintegrated  around  the  columns,  the  reason  for 
which  !s  not  clear  and  this  seriously  effects  the  shearing  resistance 
of  the  girders  where  they  connect  to  the  columns.  I  am  planning  a 
reinforcement  of  the  girders  which  have  developed  shear  cracks 
that  will  strengthen  them  materially,  xx 

In  repairing  the  other  buildings  there  are  several  features 
that  can  be  improved  upon  with  the  experience  that  we  have  gained 
and  are  gaining  in  Ho.  24. 

■Regarding  enclosures  of  stair  and  elevator  wells  and  other 
nartitions  and  doors,  these  features  are  being  attended  to  and 
every  effort  will  be  made-  to  reduce  the  fire  hazard  in  Building  24 
in  accordance  with  modem  ideas  based  upon  the  experience  of  the 
•oast  I  regret  to  see  wooden  buildings  and  especially  wooden 
mofs  being^built° ) even  temporarily)  in  close  proximity  and  even 
contact  with  Bldg.  24. 

Y0urs  respectfully. 

(Signed)  T.  1.  Condron. 

H |S 

-  'f.VxiL 

Ilooaro.  Looming  o-n^  0on< 

*7110  £irut  work  to  do  with  tho  "rorico 
manufacturing  plant  la  to  repair  tho  pillars  ana  teens,  secure 
bids  an<l  place  order  for  nocoasary  steal  sash  and  wire  f;laaa 
windows,  and  ao  rapidly  as  thoy  aro  installed,  oonrnonolng  with 
tho  first  floor  and  working  up  and  ao  ooon  aa  heat  has  -boon 
turned  on 'tho  nocosoary  oonoroto  floor  laying  is  to  ha  done. 
Aftor  all  of  this  has  boon  aooonplished,  tho  manufacturing 
doyartaionto  can  bo  laid  out  accord  in-  to  piano,  •■hich  I  ill 
work  out  with  you  in  tho  rao&ntino. 

7.  ...  Edison. 

ok  3  a  4 

:ir.  A.  K.  Darkor , 

f,  J.  Stone  &  Co.,  ltd., 

Deptford , 

London,  S.  S. ,  England. 

Dear  Mr.  Darker: 

I  "bee  to  acknowledge  receipt  cf  your  esteemed 
favor  cf  the  16th  ultimo,  and  tc  thank  you  for  your  kind  mes¬ 
sage  of  sympathy  in  regard  to  the  recent  fire  at  my  plant. 

The  first  thing  in  the  morning  after  the  fire 
I  put  on  a  gang  of  1500  sen,  which  was  subsequently  increased 
to  2000,  and  by  working  day  and  night  wo. got  things  cleaned 
iip  very  quickly.  We  are  now  practically  back  on  our  feet  again 
and  making  good  progress.  She  first  complete  phonograph  and 
simple  records  were  put  on  my  table  Hew  .-Year's  Eve,  20  days 
after  the  fire.  We  are  doing  some  of  our  work  in  a  few  outside 
shops  as  well  as  in  our  own  shops,  and  by  the  middle  of  the 
month  I  expect  things  will  he  in  full  a-, wing  again. 

We  have  great  faith  here  that  England  and  her 
partners  will  rid  Germany  of  militarism  and  show  her  that  it  is 
not  necessary. 

With  kind  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly, 

llr .  0.  3.  Stevens, 

23  Wall  Street, 

Haw  York  City. 

Dear  Hr.  Stevens-. 

I  tec  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
the  30  ultimo  and  tha&k  you  for  your  kind  expression  of  good 
will  in  regard  to  ny  recant  fire  experienca'I, 

I  have  tod  2000  men  working  day  and  night  clean¬ 
ing  up  and  working  on  the  reconstruction  and  regeneration  of  . 
the  plant,  and  with  what  concrete  buildings  that  are  being  re- 
pcired  and  the  outside  shops  that  I  have  already  started  man- 
ufacturing  for  me,  1  will  ho  in  %ill  blast  again  in  about  20 
days&aoro . 

1  see  you  are  laboring  under  the  delusin  that 
great  mental  work  has  injured  you.  I  do  not  believe  it;  you 
only  think  so,  and  that  state  of  mind  is  where  the-  error  lies. 

When  you  get  settled  please  let  ms  know  and  I 
will  send  you  some  fine  records. 

Yours  very  truly. 


968  finished  Jan.  2nd. 

1000  finished  Jan.  3rd. 

-/ill  -be  ready  to  mould  rough  blanks  at  Silver  lake  Jan.  5th. 

Started  a  hatch  Jan.  3rd;  finished  to-day, (Jan.  4th. i 

Will  he  ready  to  start  on  the  5th. 


1  digester  connected  and  ready  to  run.  Hydrostatic  test 
will  he  made  to-morrow.  Other  digesters  are  set  ready 
for  the  pipe  fitters. 

J.  W.  Ayles worth. 



37  WALL  ST..  NEW  YORK  jqhn  sbaqer  __ 

i(^o  y\ 

*  Y  v 

;r.  Ihorecp  A.  Edison, 

3^— t 


*»*■  'Ms* 

v,,«„  I  «*«  **. 

possibility  of  your  utilising  ttys  or^rnisf tinn  in  the  re- 

«*"**»««  »• 

fhet  you  were  doing  nothing  at  tMs  tiro  exist 

srry  temporary  work  to  • 
protects  on  the  r.r rkn t  again,  and  thr- 
ary  oorrr  nor.t  rob  nil  sling  for  three  or 
end  of  thr  t  ti;:.o  you  would  be  gled  to 
to  periri’.nont  improvements. 

froir.  vr.r. t  T  sow  the  otl  ■ 
I  hoar  of  the  rapidity  with  ;;hi oh  you 
getting  beck  into  operation,  I  Ghoul1 
you  r.ight  bo  rofcly  now  to  consider  pi 
doing  the  work  you  contosr, plate. 

four  w«TSs>it  at  ' 
talk  to  j€ in  rogin 

3  and  methods  for 

liny  I  coco  over  now  and  di nonce  there  ir.i:  tiers 
with  you  and  try  to  show  you  how  tho  siso  of  this  Company's 
f roil i ties  would  be  advantageous  to  you? 

I.'r.  Thomas  A.  iSdison, 


Jenuary  5,  1915 

’.Vluh  hast  wishes  for  a  speedy  complete  resumption 
of  business  end  a  Prosperous  Trow  Year,  I  am. 

Very  truly  yours. 


CJ.OYU  M^Ouai.»mak 

:.ii.v;a  lakk  ahd  midlahd  avkhue 

IV  * 

C  OlttSEKC  iax.  buvhks 

Jan.  4th 
1007  -  finished 

Jan.  5th 
1000  -  finiehoa. 


400  lto.  toatoto  finlaho'  to-day  roady 
to-morrow  (5th) 


Clio  aigostors  toatod  to-day  aro  all 
tho  or.coption  of  ono  which  looked, 
start  to-morrow. 

mac  aasCTia  nuaixa 

'ill  otart  manufacturing  to-night. 

for  delivery 

O.ii.  with 
Koady  to 

j.  ■;>.  Aylsworth. 

Jan,  6,  1910, 

Thomas  A.  saloon,  Ino., 

Orange,  U.  J, 


In  confirmation  of  to-day' b  conversation  with  Messrs, 
lewis  &  Simpson,  regarding  tlio  raoi'its  of  one  of  our  latest  model 
45  Inoh  oleotrio  oontinuous  rotary  blue  print  raaohines,  would  adviso 
that  wo  will  bo  very  pleased  to  send  this  machine  to  you,  arrangod 
to  oporate  on  either  110  or  220  Volt,  D.C.  on  30  days  free  trial 
without  obligating  you  to  purohaso  if  it  dooo  not  turn  out  satisfactory 
work  such  as  wo  claim. 

The  list  price  of  this  maohino,  equipped  with  two  now 
15  amp.  mercury  vapor  lamps,  guaranteed  for  1200  hours  caoh,  is 
1700.00,  f.o.b.  Hew  York,  loss  a  discount  of  10,t>  not  cash  30  days, 
and  an  extra  disoount  of  &  for  cash  15  days,  after  the  termination 
of  the  trial  period. 

We  trust  that  we  may  be  favored  with  an  immodiato 
acceptance  of  this  proposition,  and  if  so  wo  wi !  1  make  n  special 
effort  to  rush  the  machine  to  you  ana  make  shipment  by  next  M-day. 

At  the  same  timo  wo  will  make  arrangements  to  have  one  of  our 
men  oomo  over  and  install  the  maohino  and  instruct  your  operator 
how  to  run  it,  which  we  know  you  will  find  to  bo  a  very  small  nattor. 

Jan.  6,  1915. 

Chomas  A.  I5dl3on,  Ino., 

Orange,  3.  J. 


In  confirmation  of  to-day's  conversation  with  Messrs. 

Ionia  &  Simpson,  regarding  tho  morits  of  one  of  our  latest  model 
45  inoh  oleotrio  continuous  rotary  blue  print  raaohineo,  would  advise 
that  wo  will  bo  very  pleased  to  send  this  machine  to  you,  arranged 
to  oporate  on  oithor  110  or  220  Volt,  D.C.  on  30  days  free  trial 
without  obligating  you  to  purohaso  if  it  does  not  turn  out  satisfactory 
work  suoh  as  wo  olaim. 

Bho  list  price  of  this  maohino,  equipped  with  two  now 
15  amp.  mercury  vapor  lamps,  guaranteed  for  1200  hours  each,  is 
;7i)9»00,  f.o.b.  ilow  York,  loss  a  discount  of  10, «  not  cash  30  days, 
and  an  extra  discount  of  5'/:'  for  cash  15  days,  after  tho  termination 
of  tho  trial  period. 

v;q  trust  that  wo  may  he  favored  with  an  immediate 
aocontango  of  this  proposition,  and  if  so  wo  wi'i 1  raako  a  special 
effort  to  rush  tho  maohino  to  you  and  make  shipment  by  next  i’rlday . 

At  tho  same  timo  wo  will  make  arrangements  to  have  one  of  our 
men  oorao  over  and  install  tho  maohino  and  instruot  your  operator 
how  to  run  it,  which  we  know  you  will  find  to  bo  a  very  small  mattor. 

Bhanking  you  in  advance,  wa  aro, 

Vo ry  truly  yours, 


Accepted  by  Bhomas  A.  Kdison,  Inc. 



Co  s*«  b-y 




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Jan.  7,  1915. 

Messrs.  Bachman  and  Simpson: 

Relative  to  Blue  Printing  Machines, 
do  not  purchase  one  just  at  this  time  until  you  have  made  a  - 
thorough  trial  and  advise  me  whether  the  present  equipment  will 
not  be  sufficient  if  worked  both  day  and  night  shifts. 

,T.  A.  Edison. 


10. o,  ~ 

V&X&r  — 

January  7th,  1915 

Mr.  Edison: 

Regarding  Blue  Print  machine,  X  think  you  are 
making  a  mistake  hy  holding  up  ordering  of  same.  It  is 
not  only  necessary  to  have  a  maohine  to  make  blue  prints 
of  drawings  you  are  making  at  the  Laboratory,  hut  you 
must  remember  we  are  putting  through  a  system  here  to 
take  care  of  work  done  at  the  Phonograph  Works,  something 
you  have  been  trying  to  get  for  years,  and  it  is  now 
necessary  to  re-write  and  get  it  up  to  date,  which  will 
save  you  a  great  amount  of  money. 

In  order  to  get  this  work  out  in  a  hurry  it 
te  necessary  to  have  two  machines  working  day  and 
night  in  connection  with  work  you  are  doing  at  the 

The  total  oost  of  the  machine  is  $265.00.  You 
can  get  same  delivered  at  once  if  you  will  approve  of  it. 




The  Shaw  Blue  Print  Machine  Co. 


Concrete  Engin 


Dear  Sir:  \J^  ^  ^  ' 

She  writer  recentl^ySrrote  you  requesting  some  explan 
of  why,  according  to  ne^atfaper  reports,  your  concrete  building 
destroyed  by  fire,  ap^you  Jcinoly  replied  .under  date  of  necemb 
lal4,  advising  tiy£t  it  was  your  mill  constructed  buildings  v.'hi 

it  your  concrete  buildings  would  have  su 
L  they  been  provided-  with  wired  glass  wi: 
yh  prewar ing  a  very  complete  catalogue  t 

corporate  a  large'  number  < 

jsigning  data,  etc.,  ar 

nforced  concrete  as  a  fireproof  building  material. 

V/e  therefore  respectfully  request  your  pormiss 
,s  letter  as  suggested  above,  and  unless  we  hear  irom 

i  liberty  of  proceeding  along  these  lines. 

however ,  if  you  object  to  t 


"Huimurn  Engineering  Scowe’l 

_  Jan.  9,  1916. 

Ur.  C^n^on:  ) 

Xn  order  to  satisfy  yon  beyond  doubt  that  the  buildings 
that  have  been  through  the. fire,  especially  Ho.  24,  will  withstand 
factory  loads  and  give  us  sufficient  factory  safety,  what  sort  of 
a  tost  do  you  suggest?  Would  a  test  in  one  of  the  buildingB  in 
the  lower  part  of  the  plant  be  of  any  value  in  regard  to  24  Bldg. , 
^'one  or  two  plaoes  where  we  might  load  the  floor  to  destruction? 
Also  it  might  be  possible  to  use  some  of  the  West  end  of  Building 
24  beyond  the  partition.  X  feel  that  every  precaution  should  be 
taken  to  insure  the  safety  of  the  employees,  and  if  neoessary  we 
oould  continue  the  test  that  you  have  already  made  in  the  manu¬ 
facturing  floor  of  24  Building. 

If  you  could  give  us  an  early  decision" on  this  test, 
we  could  go  right  at  it  and  it  would  not  delay  us  in  the  resumption 

Charles  Edison. 

fhomas  A.  jSdison,  Inc., 
Post  Orange,  H.  J. 

vc  will  10330  you  E  oemont  gun  maohinoo,  each  onuippod 
with  50*  of  material  hose,  50*  of  voter  hose,  1  nosslo,  1/^  dos. 
3/A"  ruonor  liners  for  same  and  ono  oxtra  nozzle  body  at  IS. 00 
toi  world. nr  day  for  the  first  SO  days  -  thereafter  at  <10.00  por 
d"V  If  you  oloet  to  nirchaae  ono  or  both  of  those  machines 
within  30  days  we  will  apply  the  rental  that  may  have  accrue, 
on  tlio  P«roto». .  p«l~  SS  S5%.«S*3«t 

a  liconoo  to  uso  thoao  guns  in  all  of  the  United  :  J 1  ^  ° +at  o  s* in** tho 
exception  of  3  Pacific  States  and  Ilovada  and  aoout  G  otatos  in  tno 
middle  west,  the  dotailo  will  he  given  in  tho  ovent  that  you 
oloot  to  purchase. 

-n  will  rent  you  a  314  foot  holt  driven  compressor  with 
air  rocelvor  mounted  on  skids,  delivery  to  ho  mado  f.o.h.  Cars 
"t  -ilrainrton,  del.  and  to  .ho  returned  it  youro^enso  to  our 

at  tho  following: prioos: 

1'atorial  hose  75  cents  foot;  couplings  Joroame.  3.00 
set;  wator  hooo  oouplod  at  14  cents  foot;  nozzlo  bodies  at  #6.00 
each;  liners  for  oamo  55  oonts  each. 

forms  of  payment  monthly. 

Your  aoooptanoe  on  dupllooto  herewith  will  he  sufficient 

General  Manager. 



new  York,  Jan.  9th,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

The  writer  in  early  times  was  your  Steam  Fitter  at  Goerick 
Street  Shops  in  Hew  York  City,  where  the  first  Jumho  Machine  was 
built,  also  at  the  first  Pearl  Street  Lighting  Station,  and  at  the 
Lamp  Works  in  Harrison,  H.  J.  -  these  for  identification. 

I  now  control  a  combined  System  of  Fire  Sprinklers  and 
Heating  Pipes  for  warming  the  building,  very  simple  and  cheaper  than 
two  separate  systems.  This  System  is  now  running  successfully  at 
the  Mills  of 

Pierce  Bros.,  Ltd.  -  Hew  Bedford,  Mass. 

Bates  Manufacturing  Co.  -  Lewiston,  Maine. 

Gray  &  Eavis  -  Cambridge,  Mass. 

Mr.  V/.  B.  Hammond,  of  Boston,  is  the  Inventor.  He  is  the 
gentleman  Mr.  Steven  Barton  wrote  you  about. 

Should  you  care  to  look  into  this  System,  I  will  be  glad 
to  give  you  details  and  submit  plans  which  will  pass  the  Insurance 

Yours  truly, 



/  y” 

i  ctCh^x^  /  '  /4' 

Svsit/SK^'  £*-~  “ 


,_yC.  c*sis£-  ‘^*i 


<iy  &  a^eyt/^-  c^C  • 

'y  ■  ^ 

777^  'Zv~i£.  cJ&L-^A-^ 

(OZ^  (B^f-  v 

_^I  c~~~u#r  f~>  a.U^.c^ j(^ 



S',  ■  X 

"" . 

X  <S.tKASvy  ^  . 

^W..  Jt—' 


&>  ~facs-b 


OB^y  ■  //-/3X(£ 


pi-.-n.3e  note  the  following  report  on  machines  in  operation,  • 
,  not  in  operation,  (with  reasons  given  opposite  for  their  toeinj 


Jewel  Dept. 
Machines  running 

Machines  net  running 

9  -4  Spind. Presses 

work,  some  with  tools 
mis Ring  and  others  not 

2  Milling  Lachines- 
not  set  up. 

1  ripeed  Lathe -nc  work 
1  4  Spind.Dril 1 -no  work 
1.  "  "  not  set  up 

1  Spec. Bril  1  ing  Machine 

1  Speed  I,athe-no  use  at 

1  4  Spind. Gang  Prill 

not  set  up 

4  Mult.  Spind. Presses-ac 

1  2  Spind.Pressrno  work 

1  4  Spind. Prill  -no  work 

3  2  Spind. press-nc  work 
1  1  ^pind. Press-no  work 

1  4  Spind. Drill-no  work 
44  Profiler-no  work 

6  Pilling  work 
3  Hand. Mil ling  Machine 
no  work 

2  Hand  l‘.illers-no  work 

1  Spec. Prill  Llch.nctaet  up 

2  Tapping  Mach. -not  used  at 


1  3ng.Lathe-nct  required  at 


2  Tapping  machincs-ne  work 
1  Bering  mach.-no  complete 
1  pel.Lathe-not  set  up 

1  Semi -Auto. for  Arab . 30  Hep. 
Arm-no  fixtures- not  com¬ 
plete.  net  set  up. 

1  Tapping  maoh.-no  v/ork 
1  Speed  Lathe-no  work 
1  2  spind. B. press-no  work 
1  Tapping  ranch. -nc  work 

Machines  net  running 

1  'Match  lathe-nights  only 

2  h  h  ..  >i 

1  Grinder-being  repaired 

2  Bench  Lathes-nct  required 

at  present. 


r-.ichineo  net-  running 
1  Watch  "l a the -no  tools 
1  3ench  DriXl-nct  set  up 
for  tool  work. 

1  watch  Laths  Heado  being 
set  up. 

1  "  "  not  required. 

1  pol.l'  required 

2  Chicago Luchinas  net 
required  at  present. 

1  l’ccl  Rccm  rillor-nct 

a  iv  required  at  prr 

1  Engine  Lathe  for  Teel 
- - - ,  rcein  work. 



Lathe  Dapt. 
Material  running 

n - 



Kaciiine a  net  running 
1  staking  much, -no  parts 
1  Cork  Grinding  machine 
working  nights  only. 

1  V/.W. Lathe-net  required 
1  Poet  Pro  no-net  required 

1  Lfg. Bench  La the Su nod  for 
Teel  work. 

2  Sing. Spind. Bench  Brills 
net  set  up. 

1  3ench  Piling 


2  Sing. Spind.D, press-tact 

set  up. 

1  Rivetar-not  required. 

1  -^ruah  Wheel-net  required 
at  present. 

1  Spec. much. -not  requir’d 
1  Bench  Miller-net  required 
1  Spe  o .  Itaoh .  -  net  required 
1  l  ilUnc  much. -net  req. 

1  Chicago  Kill er-not  roq. 

1  Hand.  i;il  ling 
set  up. 

1  Bench  Lathe-net  ant  up. 

1  Beet  press-net  required. 

1  Killing  mach-nc  material 
1  Feet  press-net  req. 

1  Pol. head-net  required. 

1  4  spind.dril 1 -ne  material 

1  Sing. Spind. Drill-net  req. 

2  pci. lathee-no  material 

1  "  "  not  set  up 

2  Speed  lathes-nct  req. 

Material  not  running 

1  1  not  up 

2  Reaming  Lathe s-nct  runnin 

1  Lathe  re am. much -net 
set  up. 

1  Hasping  roach-net  set  up 

1  Ting .  Lathe-  junk 

7  Threading  machines 
set  up 

1  Png. lathe  fer  tccl 

Grinding  Sept. 
Luchineo  running 

15 - 


Jtf,.  )*  -^f  j  ■ 


IGaohineo  not  vunning 

3  Cyl. recessing  latiic s 
not  used  at  preasnt. 

2  Bench. speed  lathe B-nct 
net  up. 

3  1  opind. Drill  presses-net 

2  Bench  lathe s-not  set  up. 

1  "e ed  Scs.lathes-no  tools 

6  A.enembl  int,-  fixt.urec- 

2  reaming  lathes-nct  running 

2  lathes-i"fcr  tool 'room 
v/crk-1  obsolete 
2  Lapping  machine 3-nct  rec. . 
8.  Bwight-Slata  Gear  Cutters 

4  Turning  lathes  for  above 
2  Sing. Spind. Brill  Presses 

4  Pinion  cutters  net  req. 
at  present. 

2  Schuckardt-Kxxjitfjchuette 
G“ar  cutters- no  ",'crk 

3  "  being  reoaired 

5  Drill  Presses  -no  v.'crk 
1  Tapping  mach-ne  iverk 

1  Klllini;  mach-cbaelete 


>  Machines  not  running 

1  Grinder -being  repaired 
_  8  1  Drill  Press-net  set  up 

I'achines  net  running 
1  Helling  mchins-net  used 
continual ly 

1  rcct  press-  "  " 

2  Burring  ma chi nee -not  set 


1  Tapping  mach.-tc  be  repair 

20  furnaces  in  geed  condition 
ready  to  be  used-net  'vork. 
1  Cir. shear-in  good  ccndi- 
tion-used  frequently. 

1  e  B  &  S  3pindle-tc  be  rep. 

2  00  B  &  S  to  be  set  up 

1  00  B  &  S  to  be  onneirbled 
4  II 2  E  &  S  to  be  set  iip. 


Attention  It.  Nioooll, 
Door  with 

Door  Loo  It  Frame 

No.  No  Glass  9"  Wall 

1  3^.50  8. SO 

A.  EDISON  INC.  1/11/15. 


Doori  Frame  Door*  Frame  Door..  Frame  DoorAFrame 
For  9"  V/ull  For  13"  Wall  For  9"  Wall  For  l')"Wull 
"Mob  With  4"  R.W.G.WithP.P.W.  0.  With  F.F.  V,  0. 

9.50  40.00  41 
10.00  40.50  42< 
10.00  43.00  44 

10.50  47.50  49 
11.00  65.50  67' 

11.50  66.00  68 

11.50  67.50  69 

11.50  70.00  71 

11.50  72.00  73, 
12.00  76.00  77. 
12.00  81.00  82, 

00  45.00  16.00 
00  46.50  48.00 
00  50.50  51.50 
00  56.00  57.50 
00  7  5.50  77.00 
00  77.00  79.00 
00  79.50  81.00 
00  83.50  84.50 
00  87.00  88.00 
50  91.50  93.00 
00  98.50  99.50 

Deduct  .f6.50  ea.  If  looks  are  to  be  omitted 
R.  W.  0.  -  Ribbed  Wire  Glass 
P.P.W.G.  -  Polished  Plate  Wire  Glass 

The  above  prioes  are  f.o.b.  Philadelphia,  freight  allowed. 

David  Lupton’ s  Sons  Co. 

Eleventh  Annual  Convention 

Chicago,  III. 

February  9-12,  1915 


Hen  York  City,  January  11,1915. 

Itr.  S.  B.  ITambort, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc., 

Valley  Hoad  !:  lakeside  Avenue, 

Orango,  17.  J. 

Ky  dear  Hr.  Humbert: 

In  accordance  with  Our  conversation  on  January  6th,  I 
am  submitting  herewith  lor  your  approval  and  corrections  copy 
o£  notes  which  were  made  from  information  obtained  from  you  re¬ 
garding  contents  of  the  several  buildings  at  the  time  of  the  fire. 

In  your  examination  of  this  report  your  attention  is  oallod 
to  the  following: - 

1'.  Description  of  the  two  story  southerly  portion  of  Building  6 
is  not  complete.  The  stairway  from  the  third  floor  of  Building  7 
to  the  second  floor  of  Building  6  indicates  that  the  latter  floor 
was  at  the  lower  level.  The  bridge  from  second  floor  of  Building  6 
to  Building  11  evidently  did  not  connect  to  second  floor  of 
Building  11  as  curtain  walls  under  windows  are  in  place,  where 
was  the  bridge  connected  to  Building  11?  An  examination  of  walls 
indicates  that  possibly  the  second  story  of  Building  6  had  frame 
and  not  brick  walls.  Will  you  advise  which  is  correct. 

2.  From  inspection  of  ruins  there  seems  to  be  two  separate 
parts  for  Building  10  and  this  building  is  entirely  separated 
from  Building  8.  Were  both  sections  of  Building  10  used  for 
painting  and  finishing  phonograph  horns? 

3.  Referring  to  Building  12  the  writer  recalls  some  conversa¬ 
tion  to  the  effect  that  there  was  a  pile  of  coal  used  in  the 

2-  Mr.  'S.B.Hamberfc,  January  11,1915. 

furnaces  for  melting  wax.  Just  where  was  this  stock,-  in  the 
basement  of  Building  12  or  on  the  first  floor? 

4.  Building  14  is  noted  as  one  story  frame  and  corrugated 
iron,  hut  photographs  indioate  that  roof  of  this  building  was 
opposite  third  story  of  Building  13.  V/as  there  any  direct 
connection  between  Building  14  and  Building  13  on  second  story? 

With  kind  regards. 

Yours  very  truly. 



Eleventh  Annual  Convention  Chicago,  III.  February  9-12,  1915 




Hew  York  City,  January  9,1915. 


w  wm  tie  of  fi 55  as  xmrnss  frce 
TMMSMM  M  ia.  miasm  of 

EDISON  "OOIffAKY.  JANUARY  6th.  1915. 



One  story  with  brick  walls  ana  wood  interior  posts  and 
roof  except  small  area  at  south  end  which  was  three  story  brick 
and  frame. 


Flat  stook  metal  storage,  metal  working  machines. 

Third  floor  of  Bouth  section  was  connected  by  a  stairway  to 
third  floor  of  Building  V  and  by  a  bridge  parallel  to  railroad 
tracks  to  third  floor  of  Building  11.  It  was  used  for  film 



Three  story  reinforced  concrete. 


First  story  —  metal  grinding  machines. 

Second  story  -  tool  manufacturing. 

Third  story  -  film  manufacturing. 


January  9,  1915. 

sniiiDiRS  a. 


One  story  briok  an!  frame. 


Manufacturing  Bbeet  metal  perts. 

srrmiHQ  10. 


One  story  brick  and  frame. 


Painting  ana  finishing  ebeet  metal  parts. 
bu  nanus  ii«- 


Five  story  reinforced  concrete. 


Plrst  story.  -  Rortb  Wing, -packing,  storage,  and  shipping 

Gallery  on  wost  side  for  oabinet  parts,  suob 
as  onstorB,  eto. 

south  Wing.-  Storage  of  round  metal  parts  and 
commercial  stook  of  metal  parts. 
second  Story  -  Sorth  Ulng,-  Drill  maobines. 

south  Wing.-  Automatic  screw  making  machines. 
Third  Story-  Worth  Y/ing.-  Cabinet  and  mechanism  assembling. 

fourth  Story 

Plfth  Story 

South  ffing.-*  Meohanism  assembling. 

-  Hortb  T/ing,-  Metal  cutting  and  finishing. 
south  Wing,-  Plating. 

-  worth  Wing.-  Metal  finishing.  Japanning  ovenB, 
south  Wing,-  Jobbing,  miscellaneous  machine 



January  9,  1916. 

BIIIT.MHS  12  -  i7AX  HOPSB._ 


2no  Btoiy  and  basement  reinforoed  oonorete. 


Basement  -  miscellaneous  storage. 

First  otoiy  -  wax  storage  and  molting. 

Second  story-  wax  storage  and  molting. 


Direotly  east  of  Building  12  and  where  two  frame  ebeds 
which  were  used  for  lumber  storage  and  rough  wood  working  - 
Under  Building  12  next  to  Aldon  Street  there  was  a  pile  of  coal 
UBed  in  wax  melting  fumaoes. 



Five  story  reinforced  concrete  with  south  wing  constructed 
continuous  to  both  Buildings  11  and  16. 


gig*  story  -  Worth  Wing.-  Slim  finishing  and  inspecting. 

snath  Wing,-  Printed  advertising  stock. 
second  Story  -  Antomatio  3orew  Machines. 

-ghird  Story  -  Horth  fflng^-  Mechanism  assembling. 

south  Wing.-  Testing  mechanism. 

Fourth  Story  -Horth  Wing,-  Hardware  storage  and  fitting 
oabinet  hardware. 
south  Wing.-  Lathes. 

Fifth  story  -  worth  Wing.-  Assembling  of  reproducing  machines. 

south  Wing.-  Assembling  film  projecting  machines. 


January  9,  1916 * 

giggsa  i* 

One  story  frame  ana  oorrugatoa  Iren 

02£SSSSi  nntixoly  for  moving  picture  films 

Shie  tuiiaing  ««s  uso  ^  flnlB*0a  films,  ana 

including  etorafte  of  raw  «*».  0 

W1  msmsmumm, 

SSSSS2SH.  HW  -l»»  “““  ”lnB 

Vivo  «  ™ 


nomiKHTSi  •  „  .  ntow, 

— - —  '  _  oHnu  -  Bom  Paotoiy. 

^  "• 

s2"s‘  ZC  ^ 

:01  *«— . — «  ■*■«■  - 

tfnmrth  Bto re¬ 

,000!  ““ 

TmTT.TIIHG-  18i_ 



EBree  atory  steel  and  wood. 

3oo.»il  Storj-  0.M«‘  *’0i 
-Mrt  StOW  "S’'100* 


Janaary  9,  19^6* 

BUILDIHg  19. 


One  Btory  brlok  and  frame. 


East  End  -  Was  Working. 

West  Ena  -  Dryers,  Grinders,  and  Compressor  Plant. 


fDwo  story  brick  ana  steel  v/itb  wood  floors  ana  roof. 


PlrBt  Story  -  Cylinder  Reoord  Storage. 

Seoond  Story  -  Disc  Reoord  Storage. 



five  story  reinforooci  oonorete. 


Blrst  Story  -  West  8nd&  Heoora  Inspection  Room,  contained 
a  stock  of  unused  oelluloid. 
Central  '.Vest  Seotlon,-  Ilatlng  Tats  and 

East  Seotlon,-  fart  storage,  part  unoooupled. 
second  Story-  Disc  Reoord  Manufacture  ana  Inspection. 

Third  Story-  West  End,-  Wax  Storage  (about  BO  tons). 
Reoord  Shaving  Maobinery. 

Central  Seotlon,-  Offices. 

Bast  seotlon,-  Cylinder  Reoord  Inspection. 
Rourth  Story-  Hydraulic  Presses,  Ovens,  ana  llaobines  for 
Ditto  Record  Manufacture. 


l.r.  Charles  h.  '  eolrs,  structural  &  Safety  Engineer, 
State  of  i!ev;  Jersey,  Department  of  Labor, 
fronton,  H.  J. 

i.iy  dear  Ur.  "eohs: 

I  hog  to  acknowledge  your  favor  of  the  9th  inst., 
togethor  with  copy  of  your  report  to  Mr.  H*  E;  Looming,  regarding 
your  inspection  of  the  Offico  Suildlng  and  null  ding  !Io.  24,  at 
this  plant. 

I  have  carefully  noted  all  of  your  suggestions  and  recommend¬ 
ations,  which  are  as  you  outlined  them  to  me  on  your  visit  and 
I  will  endeavor  to  have  your  suggestions  complied  with  in  evoiy 
way  posaiblo.  ^.y’' 

Thanking  you  for  .your  c 

irtesy,  I  remain. 


1‘olU  s 

vs  truly, 

Lord  Electric  Compan' 

new  York,  n.  y.,  January  12,  1915> 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange  ,  li  •  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

tu*.  Uut- 

4  j  „^-- 

(ItruJLT-*'*  ^  .. 

\7e  write  to  ask  if  you  would  consider 
arranging  witli  us  to  do  your  electrical  wiring  re¬ 
quired  for  the  rebuilding  of  your  plant,  on  some 
close  percentage  basis ,  whereby  we  would  agree  1 
employing  as  many  or  all  of  your  old  men  as  you 

We  refer,  by  special  permission,  to  Ur. 

C.  A.  Coffin,  and  also  to  Ur.  Garrison,  who  is  the 
writer's  brother-in-law. 

Yours  very  truly, 




CHIC  AW  ..  A, 

6a  * 

Jan.  12,  1 15. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  ^Edison, 


a>  •H“ 

opportunity  to  BUbmit  a  sample  or  details  in  support  of  c 

the  Laboratory  of  the  National  hoard  of  Fire  Underwriters  and 

are  offered  with  an  unqualified  guarantee  regarding  their  acceptance 

by  those  controlling  insurance  ma 

elieve  wc  can  maice  you  prices  that  should  be  ent: 
,nd  are  confident  we  can  satisfy  you  in  all  partl< 

Just  after  your  fire  the  writer  thought  it  might  be 
advisable  to  call  on  you  personally,  depending  upon  nis  family's 
long  acquantance  with  the  Y/adsy/orths  of  Cleveland  to  secure  an 
interview  with  you.  He  "believes,  however,  that  time  will  be  saved 
you  by  handling  this  matter  through  correspondence  and  trustB 

Yours  very  truly, 

Voigtmann  &  Company.  (o.yy^^-ouCnxdJ^. 

Westinghouse  church  Kerr  &  Co. 


37  WALL  ST..  NEW  YORK 

New  York.  January  12,  1915 

nr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  A  , 

Orange,  If.  J. 

Dear  Ur .  Edison: 

On  Friday  last  at  tlio  laboratory  you  expressed  an  interest 
in  i.iothocls  for  preventing  the  dusting  of  concrete  floors,  and  I 
mentioned  tho  method  which  wo  have  used  in  many  cases  for  years 
past,  which  consists  in  simply  soaking  tho  surface  of  the  floor 
with, linseed  oil  and  wiping  off  the  excess  with  a  cloth  or  mop. 

This  process  has  proved  successful  in  almost  evory  case,  and  although 
we  have  experimented  with  a  large  number  of  special  coatings  on  tho 
market  for  dusty  concroto  floors,  we  have  found  nothing  superior  to 
plain  linseed  oil. 

In  a  few  casos  whore  the  expense  was  warranted  wo  have  boated 
tho  surface  of  the  floor  with  a  hot  iron  to  increase  tho  penetration 
of  the  oil-  The  method  followed  in  these  cases  would  be,  to  coat 
the  Tloor  with  oil,  then  iron  it  in  with  a  tailor's  goose  heated 
by  oloctrieity,  gas  or  gaBoline.  This  method  of  courso  adds  con¬ 
siderable  to  the  oxpense  of  application,  hut  tho  depth  to  which  tho 
oil  penetrates  is  increased  and  to  that  extent  the  durability  of 
tho  coating  is  increased. 

In  eithor  ease;  that  is,  whether  tho  hot  iron  iB  used  or 
not,  ho  excess  oil  should  he  left  on  the  surface  of  tho  concrete 
to  form  a  Ekin  or  paint  coating. 

Thomas  A.  Sdison. 


Floors  treated  in  this  way  may  be  walked  upon  very  noon 
aft  or  treatmont,  although  of  course  the  drying  of  the  oil  in  the 
pores  of  the  concrete  does  not  take  place  for  some  days  or  perhaps 
a  week,  but  as  no  excess  oil  in  left  on  the  surface  no  harm  is  done 
by  walking  over  the  floor.  The  oil  ncod  not  be  boiled.  The  raw 
oil  will  dry  fast  enough. 

While  at  the  laboratory  Friday,  I  had  a  talk  with  General 
Manager  Bob  Bachman  and  Sal  os  Manager  Billie  Bee  about  the  storage 
battery.  After  returning  to  this  office  I  took  occasion  to  inquire 
as  to  the  uses  to  which  oar  company  have  put  storage  batteries,  ar.d 
also  along  what  lines  and  for  what  particular  purposes  the  use  of 
storage  batteries  might  be  developed  in  our  railroad  repair  shop 
and  factory  practice. 

The  very  general  successful  use  of  the  small  storage  battery 
truck  for  handling  baggage  and  express  as  well  as  froight  at  rail¬ 
road  stations  and  in  warehouses  has  led  us  to  consider  the  use  of 
a  largor  size  truck  for  handling  matorial  in  and  about  manufacturing 
plants,  railroad  shops  and  storage  yards,  planing  mills,  foundries, 
etc.  and  the  uso  of  a  storage  battery  locomotive  for  switching 
equipment  into  and  out  of  repair  shops.  Those  have  proved  very 
satisfactory  in  a  number  of  cases- 

We  have  successfully  usod  storage  battery  oars  for  handling 
materials,  hot  metal,  etc. 

In  the  scientific  operation  of  manufacturing  plants  and 
shops  we  are  now  better  able  to  demonstrate  the  economy  of  spend¬ 
ing  money  for  equipment  of  this  kind  to  reduce  the  cost  of  common 
labor • 

<5  1/12/15 

■  Thomas  A.  lidison. 

Tho  olactric  locomotive  with  overhead  trolley  is  now  aeod 
naito  extensively  for  this  Purpose,  tat  there  is  serious  objection 
to  stringing  an  open  trolley  generally  throughout  shop  buildings. 

We  are  no*  considering  for  at  least  two  propositions  a  storage 
battery  locomotive  to  run  on  standard  gauge  truck  to  handle  trailers 
and  to  switch  equipment  through  the  shops. 

The  special  service  for  which  such  motors  are  required  honor- 
ally  necessitates  our  working  up  the  design,  and  adapting  standard 
motors  and  storage  batteries. 

The  present  day  practice  of  electrically  operating  shop  plants 
facilitates  the  ready  charging  of  storage  batteries  at  convenient 
points  about  the  plant  without  curtailing  the  use  of  equipment  while 
charging  batteries. 

When  you  want  to  do  some  construction  work,  even  repairs  or 
rebuilding,  I  hope  you  will  remomher  that  you  can  get  a  complete, 
experienced  engineering  organization  to  do  your  bidding,  and  it 
would  cost  you  no  greater  percent  of  tbe  cost  of  the  work  done  than 
the  service  of  a  single  expert  in  one  particular  line.  Our  buying 
facilities  and  special  discounts  would  materially  reduce  the  cost 

to  you  of  many  classes  of  work.  (  /(  „ 

Open  the  pot  with  even  a” white  chip'  and  we  will  boo  you- 

Always  with  best  wishes. 


Yours  very  truly. 

[able  Appraisal  (Enmpany 


=.1^'  j  "*'*■■  for  All  classes  of  work 

IJVJi  1  j  ft"™* 

"  4r-  -  ^  •  %  \  j  \  j  /  .v\ 

3-  'j— |  Ur  .^TlsLac  J^Eaicon,  \J\^Vy 

5  w  4  V/osi?  Orafego ,  H.J.  \  ^  HS? 

Sir  J  |  \)0U  V 

■J  ^  vf  r*  Having'*: road  in  the  paper  that  you  are  ' 
s>  -  v  £Z  v»  y 

>j  5  -^-cuf  faring some* mis fortune  from  fires,  v<ould  ho 
''"Vj  ^  jj  glai^to  aS^TT  ^jju  if  you  v/ouia  not  permit  ns 

^  ^toQi^t  a^aplwitxahmcnt upon  your  property. 

— - — ^  -d  -jJ  This  is  ono  of  the  safe  guards  which  I 

know  you  would,  he  interested,  i 

r  Broker  for  endorsement 

of  its  value.  c^ou-^^ 

Enclosed  list  of  Brokers. 

Yours  very  truly,  . 


■ftxj  i'tt\ 

:  ,e  /u 



Alberti  &  Cerleton  50  Pine  Street, 

Douglas  X.  Bllire.r.  414  Madison  Avc 

R.O.  Rathbone  S:  Son  80  Maiden  Pane. 

Johnson  f:  Higgins  4S  7/all  Street, 

Pease  &  Elliman  340  Madison  Ave, 

7/ill e ox,  Peek  &  Hughes  3  So.Y/illiamSt. , 

Kneeland,  Ireland  &  Co.  19  Liberty 'St. , 

IT.  Hubbard  Jr.  &  Oo.  80  Maiden  Lane. 

Ueroharv! s  Fire  Assur.Oorp.of  P.Y.  1  Liberty  St., 
Owens  A  Philips  99  ITassau  St., 

Savuel,  Sernv.’all  &  Stevens 

84  Y.’illiara  St, 


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G.  (&6ck  P‘(C 

•7.  f/^Lf<7-t|^  fn?  4<- 1 <  ^ 

. " .  o£v 

Jan.  16,  1915. 

forwarding  to  you  the  papers  relating  to 
building  contents  in  connection  with  the  investigation  of 
the  special  committee  of  the  American  Concrete  Institute. 

It  is  my  understanding  that  you  will  assist  me 

in  no  wording  a  replj  «“>»  th»  l“tor"Qll“  ”* 

for  the  p.rpoeo  which  it  1.  intended  and  for  no  other  pnipoee. 

S.  B.  Humbert. 

Jan.  20,  1915. 

Attention  of  Mr.  E.  J.  Moore.  Secretary  of  Special 
A.  C.  I.  Committee  investigating  Edison  firo. 

My  dear  Mr.  Moore: 

I  take  pleasure  in  returning  to  you  duplicate 
copy  of  your  latter  of  Jan.  11th.  I  have  had  those  notes  gone 
over  vary  carefully  and  corrections  made  on  same  where  it  was 
necessary  to  so  do.  I  hope  that  you  will  find  the  information 
contained  therein  complete  in  every  regard,  hut  if  it  does  not 
fully  answer  your  needs,  feel  at  perfect  liberty  to  make  further 
inquiries  relative  to  same. 

Mr.  Edison  is  very  desirous  that  this  infor¬ 
mation  should  bo  used  only  for  the  furtherance  of  engineering 
knowledge  and  not  for  commercialism.  I  believe  that  both  Mr. 
Humphreys  and  yourself,  as  well  as  the  other  members  of  your 
distinguished  committee,  fully  appreciate  the  necessity  of 
extreme  care  in  this  regard. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Fire  Film 

1  Congress  St., 
Jersey  City,  H. J. 

Efficiency  Engineer. 

Eleventh  Annual  Convention  1915 



11  Broadway,  Hew  York  City, 

January  EE, 19 15. 

Mr.  Stephen  B.  Mambert,  Efficiency  Engineer, 

Edison  laboratory, 

Ihomas  A.  Edison,  Inc., 

Orange,  H.  J. 

lly  dear  Mr.  Mambert: 

Your  favor  of  the  EOtb  received  and  in  behalf  of  the 
Committee  I  beg  to  thank  you  for  the  information  furnished  and 
the  valuable  assistance  you  have  given  the  Committee  in  studying 
the  effect  of  the  unfortunate  fire  in  the  factory  of  your  Company. 
You  may  be  sure  that 

paragraph  of  your  letter,  111  *e  ™et  ^gggo*** 

Yours  very  truly. 


U>.0.  "c fa-tr-  •••*'• 

v\ v  •  1  <r.’.'ip  -0’i!ir :«  ccnfl.  i9ic.  •  -  „ 

::\x : 

Hr.  T/e ominp '•  “ 

;ith  further  reference  to  'mildin,-  ;26,  I  rood 
,  o  thr  :  ttt.ohod  n  mo:  . ,  cm!  ..•opocitlly  .hoi 

th<.  poneJi  o.,  __  .,)Rto  e:.  nu^ooticn  o'  oovorinc 
vL^ntc'ido  of  Sdlihic  #86.  'rtth  corrnr.otc<\  iron,  ninil  r  to  that 
of  •tuilfiinc  ;-80  ri^ht  ne  t  to  it,  f'..;  f  1  Q-  . 

,,’hy  bo  r-ny  no  re  Dion  r.t  £()  taiC 

,  +»...*  rildinrs  niimliorn  f.O  waft  5:8  s.xo  :"rn:.'.o  oiiildingB 

j ron  i>ut  thut  should  not  deter  ua  from 
-•  vnildinf  -'R6,  if  v.t  cr.r-  to  ervo  it  from  destruction,  un- 
ilttilrtinc  is  i'Oinf  to  he  torn  do-m  in  tne  not.r  Cu.u\«.-. 

inasmuch  ns  Komi,.' 

{  58  fire  proi.-'Oti. 
it.  -.7culd in. 

•  is-;  lin'  d  v:i th  cor: 

pornenont  building u 

i  to  Vj.j‘' ‘with  tho  setae  ft: 

/'  3.  Horcc?f 


COPY  EO.IIK.  ’.711.30 II. 

an  -to  strength  details  and  .  especially  as  a  fire  retardent 

our  fire  tests  of  underwriters  labratory  at  Chicago  and  actual 

tests  such  as  Dayton  fire  where  our  sash  saved  part 

of  the  city  have  demonstrated  the  superiority  of  Fenestra  sash 
as  a  fire  retardent  over  all  others  makes  we  urgen 
you  to  sake  a  comparision  and  test  of  our  product 
and  refer  you  to  Ur  Robbinson  Engineer  of  Underwriters*  laboratory 
at  Chioago  for  Complete  fire  test  information  we  would  appreciate 
word  from  you  as  to  your  objections  as  we  realize 
the  national  value  of  your  company  as  a  customer  and 
feel  that  you  should  know  the  importance  and  quality  of 
our  product  before  making  a  final  decision 

Detroit  Steel  Products  Co. 

John  D  Rumney,.  General  U onager. 

f  H  ir  l 

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coinpresaor-''tnat  wili  governlP  you  will  remember  that 

KS?E  rim  required  a 


4».  -rs 

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John  V.  Schaefer;  m.  E. 



914.  SO.  MICHIGAN  AVE.  V 


_  . .  Nicolai ,  r 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  - , 

V/est  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Chicago.  U.  S.  A. 

February  — 

At  our  last  conference  regarding  th. 

r  reinforced  concrete 

»<rrfc  c|i 

m'-o  ■  hf. 

_ _ 

’actory  build-*7'"  * 

P°urVao.^f- ltvi:  ‘Aw{'* 


struction  work  »  ;/““i  ““““  *”  ”T 

ings ,  you  informed  me  of  Nr.  Edison's  decision  uu  peuj 
the  concrete  required  for  tho  ^repair  of  the  beams  and 
girders.  £L/nv«b  t-vTTkx  “|~ 

If  you  are  disregarding  the  opportunities 
offered  you  by  the  Cement-Gun  process,  pouring  is,  of 
course,  the  only  way  left  open  for  you  to  accomplish 
tills  work.  However,  from  an  engineering  standpoint  and 
considering  the  ultimate  efficiency  of  theoemplctea 
structure,  it  is  absolutely  certain  that  the  metuod  of 
pouring  will  not,  and  cannot ,  he  satisfactory  to  you 
for  the  following  reasons. 

1.  The  concrete,  in  order  to  he  poured  and  to  flow 
in  the  forms,  has  to  he  mixed  with  an  excess  amount  of 
water  and  this  will  not  only  result  in  a  weak  and  poious 
concrete  (regardless  of  the  proportion  of  ns  eono«  e 

or  mortar  mixture)  but  the  result  must  he  a  de-mixing  or 
seoarating  of  the  ingredients.  The  heavier  particles 
will  settle  at  the. bottom,  the  cement  and  finer  parts 
over  this  and  the  water  and  scum  on  top. 

mhis  might  he  somewhat  improved  by  thoroughly 
middling  the  mass  hut  this  '"ill  only  reduce  to  a  small 
degree  tho  stratafioation. 

At  the  top  of  tho  girder  where  united  action 
with  the  floor  slab  will  be  necessary  "or  s  .wngtn ,  : 
will  find  no  bond  want  ever  and  no  amount  o.  labor  or  s.till 
can  produce  it  even  if  you  could  nour  the  beams  under 

2.  The  result  of  the  pouring  method  Is  n°t  a 
strengthening  of  the  weakened  beams  but  simplyimpr 

ing  the  appearance  by  adding  a  large  amount  of  dead  weigat 





O.Hloolai  . 

to  the  structure.  All  that  wall  ever  hoia  the  poured 

se  ms:  ?; 

or  form  any  Integral  part  of  the  same . 

3.  The  cost  of  the  pouring  method  will  he  beyond 
all  calculations.  If  you  keen  a  check  system  on  the 
work  including  cost  of  getting  ready,  cost  of  forms 
placing  and  removal  of  the  same,  cost  of  patching  and 
finishing  the  work  and  cost  of  cutting  and  filling  the 
pouring-holes,  you  will  find  that  the  total  cost  is  entire¬ 
ly  out  of  proportion  to  the  results  obtained. 

4.  The  last,  and  surely  an  important,  item  is  the 
time  required  for  the  pouring  process.  The  pouring  itself 
is.  a  small  item,  however,  the  time  required  for  erection 
of  forms  and  removal  of  same  and  the  time  necessary  to 
leave  the  fresh  mass  in  the  forms  will  sum  up  greatly  in 
excess  of  Gun  work. 

By  the  Cement-Gun  process  all  of  these  objection- 
able  features  are  absolutely  removed,  and  not  only  a  groat 
saving  of  cost  and  time,  but  also  a  superior  quality  of 
work  must  result.  As  a  matter  of  fact,  the  Cement -Gun 
nrooess  is  the  only  correct  method  possible  for  your  re¬ 
pair  work,  and  not  only  the  beams  and  girders  but  all 
floors  and  ceilings,  oartitions,  etc.  should  be  repairod 
iii  this  manner.  The  Cement-Gun  process  is  a  "welding 
process;  the  bond  between  the  old  and  new  work  must  be 
perfect,  owing  to  the  force  with  which  the  material  is 
aopliea  and  the  bonding  film  and  self-selecting  action 
which  is  the  natural  and  logical  result  of  this  method  of 
aou'i  i cation.  Gunite  forms  an  inseparable  bond  with  t  no 
old  concrete  and  its  application  will  restore  the  original 
strength  of  the  structures  as  far  as  this  is  oossible  . 

Of  course  it  takes  experienced  operators  to  handle 
Cement-Gun  equipment  to  best  advantage,  and  to  get  the 
desired  results;  even  stood  mechanics  require  as  a  rule 
several  months  of  careful  training  to  become  good  operators. 
This  however,  as  you  know,  is  truo  of  any  tool  or  maanine 
and  nobody  would  oxneet  an  ordinary  workman  to  handle  even 
a  simple  hand  hammer  as  well  as  an  expert. 

You  may  believe  that  you  gave  the  Cement-Gun  a 
fair  trial,  but  after  a  thorough  investigation  of  all  con¬ 
ditions  connected  with  the  Cement-Gun  work  at  your  factory 
I  know  that  this  is  not  the  fact.  I  am  sure  that  you  have 
been  misled  in  every  possible  way  to  believe  that  the  Cement- 
Gun  process  is  slow,  dusty  and  altogether  unsatisfactory. 
V/orst  of  all,  you  may  believe  you  have  seen  tins  with  your 
own  eyes.  Just  one  instance  -  one  day  you  were  looking  at 

0. Nicolai. 

the  Cement-Sun  work  hut  you  could  hardly  see 
anythin,*  and  not  go  near  the  machines  on  account 
of  the  dust  which  almost  filled  the  entire  floor.  Did 
you  then  know  that  the  Guns  were  being  used  as  sandblast¬ 
ing  machines  and  not  for  any  Cement-Gun  work  at  all? 

Why  was  not  a  wet  sandblast  used  if  the  dust  was  objection¬ 
able?  Wet  sandblasting  is  by  far  more  efficient  and  almost 
dustless  and  very  little  duet  is  raised  in  Cement-Cun  work. 

In  order  to  erove  to  you  the  facts  of  these 
statements,  I  have  submitted  to  you  a  proposal  to  do  the 
Cement-Gun  work  on  contract  basis.  Your  acceptance  of  this 
nronosnl  will  secure  for  you  all  the  benefits  to  be  derived 
from  one  of  the  greatest  inventions  ever  Introduced  for 
construction  work.  V/e  have  quoted  you  a  price  for  this 
work  which  will  not  even  cover  our  own  expenses  except  if 
we  secure  practically  all  of  the  reconstruct! on  work  which 
remains  to  be  done  at  your  factories.  V/e  are,  however,  sure 
that  we  will  he  welcome  to  every  bit  of  it  as  soon  as  v/e 
can  orove  to  you  the  quality  of  our  work  and  the  speed  with 
which  it  can  be  done.  V/e  can  place  any  desired  number  of 
Gras  in  operation  if  the  amount  of  work  on  hand  justifies 
the  expenditure . 

V/e  have  quoted  you  the  low  price  for  the  reason 
that  we  cannot  afford  to  have  the  Cement-Gra  abandoned  by 
you  just  because  someone  did  not  know  or  care  how  to  use 
the  machine  properly.  Ehe  fact  that  Cement-Guns  are  used  in 
your  work  has  already  been  advertised  all  over  the  United 
States,  above  Hr.  Hdison's  own  signature  and  wo  need  your 
heartiest  recommendations  on  similar  work  in  the  future. 

In  justice  to  yourself,  to  the  Cement -Gim  and 
to  our  own  business,  you  should  not  fail  to  give  us  the 
chance  which  wo  ne^d  to  convince  you,  especially  as  we 
show  our  willingness  to  shoulder  the  entire  rist  and  burden. 

Please  let  us  have  your  reply  at  your  earliest 
convenience  and  greatly  oblige 


ry  respectfully, 



Orange,  B.  J, ,  Feb.  6,  1915 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
V/est  Orange, 

H.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

In  determining  the  extent  of  the  damage  done  by  the  fire 
of  Deo.  9th  to  the  group  of  reinforced  oonorete  buildings  in  your 
plant  at  V/est  Orange,  H.  J.,  the  appearance  of  the  exposed  surfaces 
of  concrete  lias  been  an  important  factor.  It  is  realised  that 
external  appearanoes  are  only  indicative,  and  not  conclusive  evidence 
of  structural  strength  or  weakness.  Therefore,  except  where  the 
external  appearanoe  is  decidedly  unfavorable,  presenting  spalled 
or  dislodged  concrete,  exposed  reinforcement,  serious  deflections, 
and  shear  and  tension  oraoks,  a  survey  of  the  structures  may  lead 
to  false  conclusions  as  to  the  actual  structural  strength  of  floors. 

Regarding  the  Oolumna.  it  seems  safe  to  conclude  that 
where  the  exterior  oonorete  is  still  sound,  no  injury  has  been 
done,  for  it  is  evident  that  the  corners  of  all  columns,  even  moder¬ 
ately  affected  by  the  fire  spalled  off,  due  to  rapid  expansion  of 
the  exposed  faces.  Therefore,  it  was  at  once  deoided  to  so  repair 
the  injured  columns  that  they  would  be  greatly  strengthened  regard¬ 
less  of  whether  such  strengthening  was  a  structural  necessity  or 

Regarding  the  floor  slabs,  it  is  gratifying  to  reoord  that 
the  under  surfaces  of  these  slabs  seem  to  have  passed  through  the 
ordeal  of  fire  with  scarooly  any  apparent  damage.  This  is  partly 
explained  by  the  fact  that  this  lower  surfaoe  would  naturally  be 

in  tension,  due  to  the  weight  of  slabs  thomsolveB  and  tho  floor  loadB 
supported.  ffho  effeot  of  the  fixe  would  he  to  hoct  tho  alabB  and 
therefore  cause  them  to  expand  laterally.  Against  thio  expansion 
the  only  resistance  offered  would  be  the  stiffness  of  the  columns. 

It  is  dvident  that  the  expansion  of  tho  floor  clahs  would  therefore 
produce  compression,  v/hioh  would  partly  or  wholly  relieve  tho  under 
sides  of  tho  slabs  of  their  initial  tension  aud  tend  uo  put  that 
side  in  a  state  of  halanood  suross.  2ho  slabs  being  relatively 
thin,  would  radiate  the  heat  alone.  We  have  disoovered  no  evidence 
of  tho  slabs  betwoon  booms  being  seriously  injured  except  whore  sub¬ 
jected  to  tho  impaot  of  falling  loads,  as  in  the  portion  of  Building  11 
which  collapsed.  Fortunately,  little  if  any  patching  of  the  conorote 
below  tho  slab  bars  has  been  found  necessary. 

Regarding  floor  beams,  it  has  been  found  that  very  general¬ 
ly  the  firoproofing  below  the  roinforcod  bars  of  the  beams  has  been 
oraoked  and  spallod  similarly  to  the  oomera  of  tho  oolumns  and  pro¬ 
bably  duo  to  the  same  oause,  vis,  rapid  longitudinal  expansion  of 
the  lower  surface  of  the  concrete.  This  section  of  oonoreto  is 
relatively  small,  and  as  the  columns  resisted  bending  to  a  consider¬ 
able  degree,  it  is  reasonable  to  conclude  that  at  an  early  stage 
of  tho  fire,  tho  concrete  fireproofing  under  beam  bars  buokled  and 
spalled  due  to  rapid  expansion,  this  pormitted  the  heat  to  reaoh 
the  roinforoing  bars  more  directly  and  as  they  in  turn  expanded 
their  tension  resistanoe  was  reduced,  greater  oompreBBion  resulting 
in  the  upper  portion  of  eaoh  beam  and  a  corresponding  defleotion 
of  the  beam  resulted.  The  effeot  of  this  has  been  to  produce  diag¬ 
onal  tension  oraeks  (or  more  commonly  oallo.i  shear  oracks).  It  1b 
recognised  that  suoh  oraoks  aro  serious  struotural  dofeotB  in  rein- 
forood  concrete  beams  and  therefore  in  designing  repairs  it  has  been 


ray  purpose  to  provide  a  vory  adequate  reinforcement  to  increase  the 
''shearing"  strength  of  tho  floor  beams. 

Regarding;  the  Girders,  which  support  tho  ends  of  tho  inter¬ 
mediate  floor  beams  between  tho  columns,  much  the  oruno  conditions 
apply  as  in  the  oaso  flf  tho  beams  referred  to  above. 

Hoarding  ffloor  'Jests;  In  order  to  supplement  the  surface 
survey  of  the  beams  sad  girders  ana  if  possible  detox-mine  to  what 
extent  tho  beams  and  girders  have  boon  structurally  woahedod  by 
fire  and  vdiother  tho  damage  has  boon  as  great  or  loss  than  surface 
apnoaranoeo  indloato  oortain  simple  tesus  have  boon  made  and  the  re¬ 
sult  of  these  tostB  are  shown  on  tho  diagram  accompanying  this  re¬ 
port.  ‘fhaao  teats  are  referred  to  as  followB:- 

fesl;  "A"  on  3rd  Floor  of  Building  24 : 

Maximum  load  £00  lbs.  por  square  foot  over  two  panels. 

Maximum  deflection  in  24  has  31/64  inch  «  1/550  span. 

Maximum  deflection  In  72  has  9/16  inch  -  1/500  Span. 

<Shs  oalculatod  nltimata  strength  of  this  floor  construc¬ 
tion  based  upon  the  sizes  of  boama,  girders  and  slab,  and  assuming 
tho  hoama  and  slabs  acting  together  as  designed  is  suoh  as  to  re¬ 
quire  an  ultiraato  load  of  860  pouhds  por  square  foot  in  addition  to 
tho  dead  load  to  destroy  tho  same.  (Soe  paper  by  the  writer  on 
"Strength  of  Roinforood  Ooncrote"  presented  before  tho  Western 
Sooiety  of  Snginoors  in  1908).  STith  a  "factor  of  3afoty"  of  3, 
the  "safe  floor  load"  in  addition  to  the  doad  load  would  be  230 
pounds  por  Bquare  foot.  Consequently  this  floor  should  in  my  opin¬ 
ion  be  oapable  (if  uninjurod  by  fire)  of  oarrylag  a  toat  load  of 
400  pounds  par  square  foot  with  a  maximum  deflootion  after  24  hours 
of  1/1000  th  tho  span  or  say  l/4  inoh. 

It  is  evident  therefore  that  this  floor  has  boon  damaged 


seriously  by  fire,  if  its  strength  was  originally  equal  to  the 
strength  determined  from  the  design.  It  is  interesting  and  import- 
and  to  bear  in  mind  that  this  tost  was  made  on  a  panel  adjacent  to 
panels  which  it  has  not  been  considered  necessary  to  repair  at  all. 
In  fact,  no  repairs  were  made  to  any  part  of  the  3rd  floor  of  build¬ 
ing  24  and  in  my  first  report  to  you  I  recommended  that  while  it 
seemed  at  that  time  advisable  to  tear  down  the  extreme  west  end  tff 
the  4th  and  6th  floors  of  Building  11,  I  considered  that  tho  entire 
3rd  floor  should  bo  saved. 

Test  "B"  was  made  on  the  second  floor  of  Building  11, 
maximum  deflection  l/4  inoh  under  300  pounds  per  square  foot  teat 

This  shows  vary  satisfactory  results  considering  that 
this  floor  has  been  subjected  to  great  heat  from  below.  She 
theoretical  strength  of  this  floor  is  in  fact  some  greater  than 
for  the  oonstruotion  of  Building  24,  therefore  this  floor  if  not 
affected  by  fire  Bhould  be  capable  of  sustaining  a  toot  load  of 
4uo  pounds  per  square  foot  with  a  maximum  deflootion  of  1/lOOOth 
tho  span,  or  l/6  inoh.  Thorofore  it  it:  apparent  that  this  .floor 
panel  lias  boon  damaged  by  fire  although  not  to  the  oxtor.t  of  tho 
panel  tested  in  Tsuilding  24. 

lest  ,!Cn  waB  made  on  the  2nd  floor  of  Building  Ho.  15, 
maximum  dofleotion  of  7/16  inch  under  300  pound  per  sqtaaa  foot 
test  load.  Tho  result  here  indicates  greater  injury  by  firo  than 
in  Building  11  or  weaker  design.  accept  that  those  oonorete  beams 
are  narrower  and  therefore  offer  less  resistance  to  sheer  than  in 
Building  11,  the  strength  of  this  floor  should  be  equal  to  that  of 
Building  11.  My  calculations  have  boon  based  entirely  on  the  re- 


siatanoe  to  tending  movement,  aa  the  resistance  to  shear  is  compli¬ 
cated  by  the  iuestion  of  the  efficiency  of  the  Bhear  roinforcement 
used  and  may  he  considered  equal  for  the  different  buildings.  If 
this  floor  were  in  its  normal  condition  it  should  be  oapable  of 
oarrying  a  tost  load  of  400  pounds  with  a  maximum  deflection  of  l/4 

I  understand  that  while  these  buildings  were  originally 
designed  to  bo  capable  of  carrying  Bafely  loads  of  200  pounds  per 
square  foot  of  floor,  you  consider  that  your  operations  do  not  re¬ 
quire  suoh  loads  and  that  even  half  of  that  working  load  will 
rarely  be  imposed  upon  those  floors.  Therefore,  if  the  floors  may 
be  considered  strong  enough  to  Bafely  oarry  working  loads  of  100 
pounds  per  square  foot  without  repairs  no  serious  condition  will 
result.  Where  repairs  are  undertaken  it  is  good  policy  to  endeavor 
to  secure  as  groat  strength,  or  possibly  greater  strength  than  the 
original  construction. 

It  v/oulci  therefore  seem  dosirablo  to  determine  if  possible 
what  is  -she  resistance  to  load  of  some  floor  that  has  not  been  touched 
by  the  fire,  and  by  malting  a  load  test  there  and  reoordlng  the  de- 
fleotion,  learn  what  suoh  a  test  would  teaoh.  In  Building  13 
there  was  no  fire  in  that  portion  of  the  1st  story  devoted  to  the 
advertising  department,  and  therefore  such  a  teBt  as  suggested  could 
be  made  on  two  panels  of  the  2nd  floor  directly  over  thiB  space 
where  no  fire  ooourred.  I  would  therefore  suggest  that  a  test  on 
panels  between  8B,  80,  IOC  and  10B  (as  shown  on  my  repair  diagrams) 
be  made.  Material  for  Buch  a  test  is  at  present  within  75  feet  of 
this  looation  (on  the  2nd  floor  of  Building  15)  and  henoe  the  expense 
of  test  would  be  very  little. 


Xs  suggested  by  you  last  waok,  any  farther  testing  should 
ho  confined,  to  portions  of  floors  which  i»  tao  judgment  of  Mr.  Uoy«r 
end  myaoif  do  not  require  repairs.  U  soaMxm  Aether  oar  jud&no&t 
baaed  insou  surface  appearances  is  warranted  hy  feats.  Sor  this 
purpoao  X  saseoat  that  a  test  'oo  muds  on  ihn  floor  of  Building  11 
hotwoon  columns  MIS,  306.  J18  and  013,  which  *naol!i  "-vo  directly 
adjacent  to  other  panda  so  injured  by  fire  $S«*  wo  hevo  decided  to 
repair  them.  Erase  panels  being  on  tho  4’th  Hoar,  thoro  is  timo 
to  make  the  test  without  in  any  way  interfering  -Uh  tho  rapid 
pro  groat?  of  tho  work  of  r  op  airing  now  going  on.  I  would  a  iso  lirto 
to  have  another  tost  node  cn  this  fcfc*  floor  and  out  60  foot  away 
from  tho  one  suggested.  teat  in,  bet-. sen  columns  1US.  MIS.  015  and 
013.  My  reason  for  tug, tinging  this  tost  is  that  hero  the  floor 
io  juito  free  -from  apparent  injury  by  fire  tmt  ono  of  the  beams 
novertboloaa  shows  a  shear  oraek,  and  ''bother  or  not  this  beam  should 
bo  repaired  ia  an  open  question.  Jfr.  "oyer  sr>i  T.  ngrooa  that  o 
could  not  bo  sure  how  ouch  this  orach  affected  the  roBiotnnce  of 
thia  born.  It  v/ould  therefore  be  doeirablo  to  tost  and  sos  what 
can  bo  learned  here  regarding  a  atruotuml  defect  duo  either  to 
firo  or  other  cause. 

it  would  oortaialy  bo  doeirablo  if  pocalblo  to  make  a 
couple  of  lead. teats  on  portions  of  floors  that  are  repaired,  in 
order  to  comp are  the  raaultB  with  those  obtained  boforo  repairs. 
Manufacturing  eporauions  may  sake  this  impracticable,  but  too  value 
*6'  tho  relnforoed  concrete  industry  of  the  tc3ta  already  made  and 
those  sugsootad  would  of  course  bo  vary  grout. 

I  had  hoped  to  got  all  the  material  in  shape  this  week 
for  a  complete  report  to  you  to  accompany  my  plans  for  repairs. 

rtioh  «.  00«pl«.a.  Sh«.  nro  a  *w  I  »*■>■  «  >**" 

that  aro  not  jot  In  Ohnpo.  W  I  «““Ior  l” 

t*a«a  to  Chicago  cad  £oxm*&  W  *°port 

and  tomorrow  and  rotu.u  .a  — 

*  yon  «« th«o.  »  *»  »  *•  t0 

.*•  ho»  ooo»oi«.»aW  -  -  —  «*  **  - 

W  oth.z  OBrvloo  that  ,  can  «=«.  -tor*  «.  »*«- 
insa  «  *,=0  notation  ant  nahtne  than  an  ohjoot  la.a.n  to  «U  * 

stoat  rhino  0*  roinftno*  Conor*.  tot  **<*>•■  «4  .--ho, 

.  .  a.  >ti nc  -.Tin  tiioc-ko.  iiaoh  nas  ucon 

•buildiacs  houaine  Aqacitiuit 

•irivtoa  and  puliliohoa  oa  tho  su^oot,  flono  of  v.-ion  i-  tr**®  "‘‘d  °_C° 
a  +.  pvaoli*  to  i’aotu  and  proaont 

fa'lso.  It  will  ho  nty  purpos-s  to  <-o.i-i—  cy-tOJ- 

...  _  .  ■  .  ..yiitcro  v'.'.o'i'O  iajurj-  h£3  oseurred. 


/fc  7". 7a/ feu 

/?#  (3///J.  /  — 

/  //m7c>/  vfataf  70a/  /%\  7&//pectf \ 
;%tf  #'  #  yt/esfaz?  fa  //?<?  Ta/ja/7  77#/? 
fwm/fa  .fa-  /fa  fa#/drfa//  favifa 
far?  :  $ry:  fam/7 wt/w-wt  cptvssfa 
fa  far.  fa>t7frkt/,  /7/fa/fafa 

/fa  fa  Mr  &f.  cfrfafa/fafafa  i  fa 

-77b/  fafa/7  ~  ~ 

T^fa.fafa  /m^fafafak  s/tf#  faptg-  rs/fa/fai/. 
///  7Za  J/bsMy/ib/b  // 
am*,  fa  met#/" r  /7#/7/ew/M?  fa"  fa  - 

&/  fawsMViM  </?&"//  afar  /fa  7777/" 

■  c/  /r 




445-459  WEST  ERIE  STREET 



Ur.  W.  H.  Meadowcroft, 

o/o  Thomas  A.  Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  H.  J. 

Lear  Sir.:-- 

Your  files  will  probably  show  we  wrote  you  on  Jan. 
22nrl  following  a  letter  we  received  from  Hr.  Edison  in  reply 
to  our  inquiry  concerning  the  probability  of  figuring  with  you 
on  metal  windows  necessary  for  your  new  buildings  or  the 
rebuilding  of  the  old  ones. 

Our  Hr.  H.  E.  Shirey  will  be  at  the  Powers  Hotel, 
Rochester,  N.  Y/,  Saturday  of  this  week  and  we  enclose  a 
stamped  envelope  addressed  to  him  there  and .will  Yery  much 

appreciate  your  dropping  him  a  line  saying  if  you  are  now 
ready  to  take  up  the  matter  of  metal  windows  and  whether  you 
would  consider  a  personaly  visit  from  him  of  any  assistance 
to  you.  This  request  is  made,  of  course,  under  the  presumption 
we  will  be  given  a  fair  chance  to  secure  your  business. 

Yours  very  truly,.  ^ 


chp/rc.  I 

^Company.  <> 


The  G.  M.  Parks  Company 

Fitchburg.  Mass. 

February  Eighteenth 
Nineteen  Hundred 


Dear  Sir:- 

Several  weeks  ago  we  wrote  you  regarding 
combined  heat  and  sprinklers  and  it  occurs  to  the  tZZz-t 

writer  that  before  the  heating  season  is  over  you  .  .  /)  -f- 

might  like  to  have  some  member  of  your  organizatiorc^aJ-^* *-C<  1 
in  whose  judgment  you  have  confidence,  inspect  some 
of  the  installations.  Since  but  two  or  three  weeks 
of  possibly  cool  weather  remain,  such  an  inspection 
trip  ought  perhaps  to  be  made  shortly.  irurtU  b-MA-tAw 

If  your  representative  could  reach  Boston  in  the 
evening,  I  could  take  him  to  the  Fore  River  Shipbuild¬ 
ing  Corp.,  at  Quincy,  Mass.,  the  following  morning, 
reaching  Providence  soon  after  noon  where  the  six 
story  concrete  ware  house  building  of  the  Outlet  Com¬ 
pany  could  be  visited,  and  leave  ample  time  to  catch 
the  4:07  train  out  of  Providence  back  to  New  York. 

Assuming  that  this  subject  interests  you  suffi¬ 
ciently  to  investigate  it  as  above  suggested,  I 
would  personally  enjoy  accompanying  your  representa¬ 
tive,  and  will  gladly  keep  any  appointment  that  you 
may  care  to  make. 

I  believe  an  inspection  of  these  two  systems  will 
show  you  all  that  you  would  care  to  take  the  trouble 
to  investigate.  One  is  in  the  New  England  Insurance 
Exchange  and  the  other  in  the  Factory  Insurance  Asso¬ 
ciation,  and  both  have  been  formally  accepted. 

Awaiting  with  interest  your  reply,  we  are. 

Sincerely  yours, 


FWP-H  . 


Mississippi  Wire  Glass  will  not  be  used  for  the  buildings  which  are  now  be¬ 
ing  contracted  for.  In  fact,  none  of  our  distributors  even  had  an  oppor¬ 
tunity  of  figuring  on  the  glass  as  we  were  informed  right  along  that  the 
glass  would  be  contracted  for  with  the  steel  sash. 

After  giving  you  the  good  service  which  we  did  on  Buildings  #24 
and  #25  we  thought  we  were  entitled  to  some  consideration  os  we  did  posi¬ 
tively  give  the  execution  of  the  first  order  precedence  over  everything  at 
our  factory,  in  fact,  the  Syenite  "Wire  Glass"  furnished  for  the  Trussed 
Conorete  Steel  Go.,  in  building  #24  was  out  from  our  stock  at  considerable 
loss  so  that  we  would  not  delay  you  in  getting  this  building  enclosed.  We 
were  handicapped  to  some  extent  by  the  frame  maker  holding  the  order  up 
for  almost  a  week  but  notwithstanding  that, the  order  was  given  precedence 
over  everything  and  we  have  been  complimented  a  number  of  times  on  the 
quality  and  appearance  of  the  installation  whioh  is  evidence  that  it  must 
be  absolutely  satisfactory. 

Knowing  your  fairness  in  this  matter  we  thought  best  to  call  your 
attention  to  the  fact  that  we  did  not  even  have  an  opportunity  through  our 
distributors  to  quote  the  glass  required  separately  instead  of  through  the 
steel  sash  people.  If  we  had  known  this  we  certainly  would  have  been  glad 
to  put  some  of  our  distributors  in  a  position  to  secure  the  contract  in 

Mr.  Thomas  A*  Edison  -  #2  -  2/23/15 


Your  Mr.  Learning  informs  me  that  the  price  submitted  on  our 
glass  is  .02  s  foot  higher  than  the  competitive  material.  The  steel  sash 
man  or  one  of  our  competitors  distributors  may  have  used  this  as  an  ar¬ 
gument  against  our  product  but  whether  it  is  a  fact  is  a  question. 

We  furnish  the  major  portion  of  the  "Wire  Glass"  consumed  in  the 
United  States  and  in  most  instances  large  users  of  Wire  Glass  prefer  Miss¬ 
issippi  product  as  we  introduced  and  perfected  the  art  of  making  "Wire  Glass", 
the  product  which  has  stood  so  well  in  a  number  of  practical  demonstrations 
where  it  has  been  properly  framed  for  use  in  window  openings. 

We  recommended  to  you  Syenite  "Wire  Glass”  which  we  consider  bet¬ 
ter  suited  for  your  work  and  though  it  is  ordinarily  sold  at  a  higher  price 
than  Bibbed  Wire  Glass  we  made  the  price  the  same  for  Buildings  #24  and  #25 
and  figured  on  doing  so  throughout  your  entire  plant.  We  cannot  understand 
why  we  were  not  informed  that  the  glass  would  be  separated  from  the  sash 
contract.  If  so.  we  would  have  been  glad  to  put  a  price  in  through  our  dis¬ 
tributors  which  would  have  undoubtedly  been  low.  If  this  matter  has  not 
gone  too  far  we  should  like  to  have  the  opportunity  of  submitting  a  figure 
through  some  of  our  distributors. 

As  Mr.  leeming  informs  me  there  is  no  great  hurry  for  the  glass 
to  be  used  in  this  part  of  the  work  we,  therefore,  feel  that  it  is  possible 
that  it  is  not  yet  too  late  and  only  fair  to  us  that  new  bids  should  be 
called  for  so  that  we  may  have  an  opportunity  to  figure  the  job  through 
our  distributors. 

Trusting  that  you  will  see  your  way  clear  to  do  this,  we  remain. 
Most  respectfully ^yerffr£, 




Q  iM  ic&Lv  \r<YCcJl  -t Ll, 


fr-^-Ur  l*Z£&  ? ^  ^**f*-~ 

w*-*T£ZX  ^  c*" 


March  3,  1916 

Mir.  Edison: 

Regarding  the  attached  letter  from  the  Mississippi  Wire 
Glass  Company: 

The  Trussed  Concrete  Steel  Co.  Informed  us  that  they  were 
quoted  17  cents  per  sq.  ft.  for  Mississippi  glass.  V.'e  there¬ 
fore  decided  to  split  the  order  and  instead  of  giving  the  steel 
sash  people  the  entire  business  for  sash  and  glass,  we  gave  them 
onlv  the  sash  and  placed  the  order  for  glass  direct  with  the 
Pennsylvania  Glass  Co.  on  a  basis  of  13  cents  per  sq.  ft.,  sav¬ 
ing  §1520. 

Mississippi  glass  is  not  stocked  by  Newark  or  Hew  York  job¬ 
bers  and  even  now  we  are  having  difficulty  in  getting  some  of 
their  glass  for  openings  that  have  to  be  filled. 

Mississippi  glass  is  made  by  rolling  two  hot  plates  of  glass 
with  wire  between  them.  Pennsylvania  glass  is  rolled  in  one 
heat.  Incidentally  it  was  Pennsylvania  glass  that  was  in  our 
fire  test  down  in  the  brick  test-house  and  it  stood  up  in  tine 

You  will  reoall  that  the  President  of  the  Pennsylvania  Glass 
Co.  wrote  to  you  stating  that  he  was  a  fellow  member  of  the  Franklin 
Institute  and  you  referred  the  letter  to  me,  asking  that  we  get 
samples  of  his  glass  and  give  him  an  opportunity  on  a  competitive 
bid.  This  was  done  and  that  is  the  reason  the  Pennsylvania  glass 
was  decided  upon,  as  the  competition  proved  that  their  glass  was 
equal  to  if  not  better  than  the  Mississippi,  and  the  price  was 
very  much  lower.  Incidentally  since  the  Mississippi  glass  people 
know  that  they  are  up  against  this  competition,  they  are  reducing 
their  crice  for  our  further  requirements  to  13  1/2, cents  (against 
Pennsylvania  13  cents  per  sq.  ft.)  although  when  this  competition 
did  not  exist,  in  our  hurry  to  get  24  Bldg,  enclosed,  they  charged 
17  cents. 

The  Pennsylvania  glass  people  got  the  order  for  the  lower 
Works  plant  on  a  six  months'  time  payment  basis. 


H.  T.  leeming 

"lo  ...  ^  'Co 

ce-w-  (s-.w-J.  h^'i'^i . 6-m-c>  Sprue k«/ 

-if-ee  *’  '  -  1  ■" 

. /iwitiee-  .  .  J-V-f  .  (>evyv . 

cSifKi :  tc  j?  ru-!^-i'.  S'-plitn-eo 

Ud"  •OeJ-.  &*£>  Wo-b  °~  ^J*- 

SO  .Hrpkxi  -U-r  i'k« 

. ft"ff«r  c  ■ _ _ •J&e  (3 _ IJv-VW — .et  ,_"A4ivs.J ..  _  . 

-SlS'3yw£'  l^t-s-^-uJ  . . . (..j  Pw  Oo—Ct  Cv 

Mk  t 

tKll  U4v( 

.'^7^  ^ 

jlksJlA  LsLP-lUL  Kir^r^J  ~^.____  _  _ . 



March  15 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

West  Orange,  New  Jersey; 

5  Jl  J915. 


I  am  sending  you  under  separate  cover  a  copy  of  a 
brief  paper  on  fireproof  construction  prepared  by  me  for  the 
American  School  of  Correspondence  in  1911.  This  paper 
contains  records  of  a  number  of  fires  in  reinforced  concrete 
buildings  and  also  the  results  of  tests  on  concrete  and  other 
building  materials  made  by  the  United  States  Geological 
Survey  under  the  direction  of  Mr.  Richard  L.  Humphrey. 

I  also  enclose  a  duplicate  copy  of  this  paper 

B.  V.  EDWARDS.  B.  S.  M.  E. 

(iblAM  ^  V 

.+}«frf«ffi-  4  *«■ <3~w; 

ZuZ}  *#=xru'~t~ 

|  Harch  15,  1915. 

Lower  oft.  #  „^s«" 

Hr.  Vftn'.  H.  lieadowerof  t,  J  ^ 

Thos.  A.  Edison  Co., 

Orange,  II.  J.  ^  j  j 

Uy  dear  Ur.  Headoweroft,  '  V 

I  have  a  note  on  my  calendar  to  write  you  v"— > 
this  morning  in  regard  to  your  letter  of  Janu¬ 
ary  19  th. 

If  your  problems  have  matured  so  tht  you 
are  ready  to  take  up  this  question  at  the  present 
time,  I  should  be  very  glad  to  call  if  you  will 
mention  the  hour  convenient.  I  believe  that  I 
can  offer  you  a  service  viiich  you  will  find  pro¬ 
fitable  to  use. 

V  * 

y  x 

*  \  .  w 





Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

West  Orange,  New  Jersey.  ^0^  U*'*4'  .y 

Dear  Sir: 

The  secretary  of  the  American  Society  of  Civil  Engineers  ^>\ 
has  informed  me  that  I  am  set  down  for  an  illustrated  talk  to  the 
memb&cs  of  the  Society  at  New  York,  on  Wednesday,  April  7th,  on  the 
subject  of  "the  effeots  of  fire  and  the  methods  of  repairing  the 
reinforced  concrete  buildings  of  the  Edison  plant."  I  therefore  plan 
to  spend  Easter  Sunday  in  Washington  city  and  be  in  New  York  the  fol¬ 
lowing  Wednesday. 

I  should  like  very  much  to  be  able  to  include  in  my  presen¬ 
tation  before  the  American  Society  the  results  of  a  floor  test  on  an 
uninjured  panel  of  Building  No.  IS  and  also  a  test  on  the  repaired 
panels  of  Building  No.  15.  which  were  tested  before  repairs  were  made. 
These  are  two  of  the  tests  covered  by  the  recommendation  on  page  5 
of  my  report  to  you  of  Eebruary  27th.  If  this  would  meet  with  your 
approval  I  would  arrange  to  spend  Monday  and  Tuesday  at  your  plant 
superintending  the  making  of  these  two  tests. 

As  you  doubtless  know,  the  question  has  frequently  been 
raised  by  investment  and  insurance  interests  as  to  the  fire  hazard  on 
reinforced  concrete  buildings,  and  the  lack  of  experience  in  the  repair 
Qf  re  info reed  concrete  buildings  injured  by  fire  has  led  investors  and 
insurance  underwriters  to  assume  the  damage  done  by  fire  would  be  of 
such  a  nature  that  buildings,  while  not  destroyed,  would  require  re- 


Mr.  T.  A.  Edison  —  2  3/17/15 

pairs  that  would  involve  great  expense  and  might  almost  be  rated  as 
total  losses,  because  of  the  uncertainty  conoerning  amount  of  damage. 

Eor  this  reason  much  interest  attaches  to  the  repair  of  your  buildings, 
both  as  to  the  cost  of  such  repairs  and  the  efficiency  of  the  repairs 
made.  And  if  it  can  be  demonstrated  that  in  this  case  the  repairs 
have  been  efficient  in  restoring  the  strength  to  floors  that  were  great¬ 
ly  weakened  and  that  the  cost  of  the  repairs  themselves,  while  con¬ 
siderable,  was  still  much  less  than  the  cost  of  complete  renewal, X  feel 
sure  such  information  will  prove  a  great  benefit  to  the  cement  industry 
in  general. 

Since  my  return  to  Chicago  many  inquiries  have  come  to  me 
from  architects,  insurance  men  and  those  who  contemplate  building  addi¬ 
tions  to  their  shops  and  warehouses  with  regard  to  the  results  of  the 
fire  on  your  buildings  and  the  character  and  cost  of  repairs. 

You  will  recall  that  we  had  a  proposal  to  do  the  entire  re¬ 
pair  work  on  floor  beams,  exclusive  of  the  furnishing  of  the  steel 
angles  and  wire  mesh,  but  including  the  erection  of  the  same  a3  well 
as  the  placing  of  the  concrete,  on  the  basis  of  approximately  one  dol¬ 
lar  ($1.00)  per  lineal  foot  of  beams$  and  that  Mr.  Moyer  felt  satisfied 
that  this  cost  could  be  reduced  by  the  method  of  pouring  adopted,  and 
I  trust  that  this  expectation  has  been  realized. 

Will  you  kindly  have  your  Secretary  advise  me. whether  or  not 
you  desire  to  have  me  include  any  information  on  the  subject  of  cost 
as  well  as  results  of  tests  suggested,  in  the  presentation  I  hope  to 

make  of  this  matter  before  the  American  Society  of  Civil  Engineers  on 
April  7th. 

Awaiting  your  advice,  I  remain 

Yours  v^ryj  t, 



77t/y  C/i^A  ^'^M'iP'L 

In  a  test  to  find 

failure  by  crushing  of  the  < 

Ute  d&t  wM  i‘^4S 


foJrl'CSXXuWtAl  ^  V*****-*’-*  ■"“( 

a  Bteef^^ion  wh^^-Would^jcauBe  j 


inforced  slab  with 

fixed  ends,  X  observed  cond  it  ions'7  which  do  not  agree  j/ith  the 
accepted  assumptions  used  in  the  design  of  monoli; 

The  slab  tested  wsb,  as  shown  by  the  phgJrfSg raphe 
deep,  6"  wide  and  5’  clear  span,  and  was  loaded  with  a  con¬ 
centrated  load  of  1800  pounds  at  center  of  span.  A  1:2; 4 
concrete,  one  month  old,  reinforced  with  three  round  rods 
was  used. 

While  loaded  1  cut  more  than  half  the  concrete  from 
compression  side  of  slab  at  supports  and  center  of  span,  throw¬ 
ing  a  compressive  stress  of  about  7000  pounds  per  square  inch 
into  the  concrete  and  there  was  no  indication  of  crushing. 

Tension  cracks,  extending  from  bottom  to  tog,  of  slab,  occured 
at  the  quarter  points  at  1000  pounds  load  arid  did  not  incline 
toward  center  of  span  but  toward,  supports^. 

The  result  of  this  test  clearly  indicates  that  the 
strength  of  continuous  construction,  with  the  reinforcing  properly 
bonded,  depends  entirely  upon  tensile  values,  has  no  relation 
to  simply  supported  conditions  and  that  monolithic  structures 
designed  according  to  the  usual  assumptions  are  supporting  an 
unnecessary  dead  load  of  concrete.. 

March  19th,  191? 

R.  B,  Melvin, 

108ll  Columbia  Ave., 
\  Cleveland,  Ohio. 


h'\  Ct  l  K  ~  3/ 

7.  /  4<n,  thtnu 

/  2.  /  .3  /luiiftincc/c 

"&•  (\<C  Cl/- a  ,  . 

Cc/'fc-!'  Acuciukc  utd  , 


A°r  u 







O-f0r~-  //itti.he'J.c  . 

,  rf  uk/ . 

Uj  f  t  .  fioHc*-  e<n 

t-J  0-i,ir  OCtvt,  ><lcc  /tifi'tic* 

tvc/tl  hlryc ,* 


t  ctcUe. . 

,  3H“' 

h  ... 

ft)  •  //■  ^  Mct'it.-ujc 


,l>'  ^ 



Hr.  il.  I.  Moyer,  r resident, 

Moyer  ynglneering  h-  Construction  Co., 

Brooklyn,  New  York 

Dour  Sir: 

i  have  just  received  a  telegram  from  Mr.  Meadovicroft 
saying  that  Mr.  Edison  has  autiiorizou  you  to  ri aka  two  teata 
sometime  next  week,  und  suggest ing  that  1  communicate  with  you 
aa  to  date.  I  hava/jfcherefore  wired  you  as  pel"  fetielooed  confir¬ 
mation.  A ^ 

I  plan  to  v ivc/Jdh)  informal  talk  before  the  American 
Sooiety  of  Civil  EngindaSrs  on  Wednesday  evening,  April  ?th  on 
tho  aubjeot  of  the  Edison  fij^^lLllustrat ing  tho  talk  with 
several  lantern  slides  showing  the  repairs;  which  you  have  made. 
And  in  connection  with  this  it  woul^sdem  to  me  very  interesting 
and  instructive  if  we  could  give  the  results  cf  testa  on  one  or 
more  panels  of  the  repaired  floors.  I  therefore  wrote  to  Kr. 
Edison  to  that  el’fcot  on  the  17th  inst .  and  suggested  the  desir¬ 
ability  of  a  tost  on  the  aume  panels  of  Building  h'o.  15  as  the 
original  tost  was  made  on,  and  likewise,!  think,  a  tout  on  the 
portion  of  th6  seoond  floor  of  Building  ho.  IS  that  was  not 
injured  by  fire  would  be  most  valuable.  I  would  lihu  to  ace 
the  results  of  a  test  on  tho  panel  of  Building  No.  11  that  was 
tested  before  tho  fire,  and  from  results  of  these  testo  we  could 
see  whether  or  not  the  repairs  have  increased  the  stiffness  of 

the  floor  construction  to  reelst  doflectii 

,  >^^ML°r,ANY 


X  am  having  a  full  aet  of  prints  made  of  my  own 
small  photographs  so  as  to  have  a  complete  aet  for  you  when  I 
see  you  next,  and  also  to  to  otic  to  hand  you  a  copy  of  the 
report  that  I  showed  you  when  I  v;as  last  in  Orange. 

I  will  onrtninly  appreciate  advice  from  you  with 
reference  to  the  progress  of  the  work  since  I  aa.v  you,  as  '.veil 
..a  notice  of  the  time  when  you  plan  to  muko  tr.e  floor  testa. 




I  enclose  herewith  a  copy  of  a  paper  whj 
to  read  before  the  American  Society  of  Civil  Engii 

jer  9th  and  the  repairs  to  the  reinforced  coi 

have  had  made  to  illustrate  the  paper.  I  shall  t 

you  look  this  paper  c 

make  upon  the  same  befori 

publicly  presented.  I  plan  to  be  in  West  Orange  on  Monday  and 
Tuesday  next  and  will  have  these  lantern  slides  with  me  so  that 
should  you  care  to  see  them  you  can  have  them  shown  on  the  screen 
in  your  office.  1  would  call  your  particular  attention  to  the 
introduction  paragraph  as  well  as  the  paragraph  beginning  at  the 
bottom  of  Page  10  and  the  closing  paragraph  on  Page  20,  on  which 
I  have  referred  to  you  personally»  in  order  that  I  may  not  be  in 
error  in  expressing  your  personal  views  and  opinions. 

I  have  a  letter  from  Mr.  Moyer  advising  of  the  progress 
of  the  repair  work  which  apparently  has  been  very  successfully 

Trusting  that  I  may  have  the  pleat 
Monday  next,  I  remain 

TLC  :H 




THE  FIRE  AT  THE  PLANT  OE  THOMAS  A.  EDISON,  INC.  Dec.  9,  1914 
By  T.  I..  Condron,  Mam.  Ain.  Soo.  C.E. 

- 0 - 

On  the  night  of  Deoembor  9,  1914,  a  destructive  fire  swept 
through  the  plant  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino.  at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey, 
Fig.  1  -  and,  although  this  fire  has  been  fully  described  in  the  techni¬ 
cal  press  and  in  various  reports  already  published,  you  will  perhaps  bo 


All  of  the  buildings  in  the  path  of  the  fire  were  totally  de¬ 

stroyed  except  those  built  of  reinforced  oonorote.  The  diagaam  -  Fig.  2- 
shows  clearly  the  number  and  looation  of  the  buildings  swept  by  fire. 

The  lightly  hatched  areas  represent  the  buildings  of  brick  and  frame  con- 
otruotlon,  in  some  oases  with  wood  floors  on  stool  framing,  and  shoot 
iron  roofs  on  steel  or  wooden  trusses.  These  buildings  were  completely 
destroyed.  The  heavily  hatohod  areas  represent  the  reinforced  oonorote 
buildings,  which  were  aloo  swept  by  fire,  but  left  practically  intact. 
After  being  repaired,  as  described  later,  it  iB  boldevod  these  oonorete 
buildings  are  now  in  as  good  or  better  condition  than  they  were  before 



the  fire.  The  photopraphs^-^^^^Jo^-a  and  7-b  inolusivo,  show 
graphically  what  happened  to  buildings  of  different  typea.  The  conorete 
buildings  remained  to  be  photographed,  while  nothing  remained  of  the 
others  but  wreoka  of  charred  timbers,  bent  and  tv/isted  iron  and  Bteel, 

and  crumbling  brick  walls. 

The  lesson  of  this  fire  aeemu  30  plain  that  it  needs  only  to 

be  told  by  these  photographs,  without  elaboration,  to  teach  that  roin- 
foroed  concrete  made  for  itself  a  splendid  showing  and  that  no  other 
buildingsoonet ruction  now  used  in  this  country  favorably  compares  with 
it  in  firo  resisting  properties. 

The  enormous  spread  of  this  cnflagrat ion  was  duo  to  the  highly 
inflammable  nature  of  t^^^^ntents,  the  absence  of  firo  walls  and  stand¬ 
ard  automatically  closing  fire  doors  and  to  large  window  aroas  fitted 
v/ith  wooden  sashes  and  plain  (jj&mra.  Furthermore,  stairway  and  elevator 
shafts  were  either  open  or  enclosed  on*y  with  three  inoh  hollow  cinder 
gypsum  plaster  blocks,  the  openingiioWinE  fitted  with  sub-standard  metal 
covered  wood  doors  carried  on  metal  oovered^t^oden  supports.  In  the 
oase  of  one  reinforoed  concrete  build ing<*Flg.  8  -  a  temporary  wooden 
curtain  wall  five  atoties  high,  closed  one  end  of  the  building  from  the 
weather  but  provided  reudy  means  for  fire  to  spread  from  one  story  to 

Even  when  buildings  are  non-burnable  or  fireproof,  the  combus¬ 
tible  contents  and  fixtures  will  burn.  A  conflagration  will  spread 
through  the  combustible  oontents  until  it  1b  interrupted  by  "firo  stops," 
"put  out"  by  fire  extinguishing  apparatus,  or  until  nothing  more  is  left 
to  burn.  In  this  oase  there  were  no  adequate  fire  stops  nor  fire 
extinguishing  apparatus  and  consequently  the  fire  was  free  to  burn  itself 
out.  The  result  was  utter  destruction  of  everything  that  fire  oould 
destroy;  therefore,  to  the  structural  engineer,  this  tremendous 


fire  test  has  most  un^qS9r^t9OMPANY 


The  evidences  of  temjjWiSASffes  reached  during  this  fire  have 
been  carefully  studied  by  numerous  invest inatdrs  and  are  recorded  in 
the  admirable  report  of  the  National  Fire  Protection  Association  and 
the  National  Board  of  Firo  Underwriters,  prepared  under  the  direction 
of  Mr.  Ira  II.  Woolson,  Mem.  Am.  Soo.  C.  E.  This  report  otatos:-  "The 
heat  attained  in  thi3  fire  was  exceptionally  high  and  continued  from 
one  to  three  hours  owing  to  tho  quantity  of  inflammable  mate  rials  and 
laok  of  water.  Evidences  of  temperatures  ranging  from  2000  to  2500 
and  probably  higher  were  found  in  many  places."  Tho  report  also  re¬ 
cords  ovidenoes  of  fused  concrete  in  the  basement  of  the  Wax  House. 
Regarding  that  feature,  ife^should  be  borne  in  mind  that  in  this  location 
the  fire  reached  the  cWj&Ation  of  a  blast  furnace  and  the  only  wonder  is 
that  anything  there  remained . /JRljtwithstand ing  that  fact,  this  building 
still  stands  without  any  rop(y£rs  having  been  made  to  it  and  the  upper 


portion  is  occupied. 

A  general  survey  of  the'oonorete  buildings  direotly  after  tho 
fire  showed  that  apparently  the  columns  hfl^Suf fered  tho  most  damage, 

ceilings  or  the  under  sides  of  the  floor  slabs  hod  been  scarcely  Injured 
at  all.  The  condition  of  the  columns  -  Figs.  9  to  12  inclusive  -wae 
startling  in  appearunoe  and  so  many  columns  appeared  to  be  seriouely 
injured  if  not  utterly  destroyed,  that  it  Is  not  surprising  some  were 
ready  to  prediot  that  the  buildings  would  have  to  be  entirely  romovod. 

At  first  I  was  startled  by  this  apparent  destruction  of  the  oolumns  and 
■would  not  have  been  surprised  by  a  general  collapse  of  the  north  end  of 
Building  Ho.  11.  Indeed  it  appeared  a  most  hazardous  undertaking  to 
put  in  shores  to  take  the  loads  off  of  the  oolumns. 



This  shoring  woSrJrU-T)!j^|^J$f  E1S ,  15  ana  16  -  was  skillfully 
and  successfully  done  by  Messrs.  Miller,  Daybill  &  Company,  under  the 
dirootldn  of  their  engineer,  Mr.  T.  S.  Griffin,  Ass0o.  Kern.  Am.  Soc.  C.K. 
without  accident  of  any  kind,  and  where  necessary  the  floors  and  spand¬ 
rels  were  raised  to  thoir  original  alignment.  Doubtless  more  shoring 
was  done  than  was  absolutely  necessary,  but  it  was  quite  impossible  to 
determine  the  strength  remaining  in  the  injured  columns  and  the  rule  of 
"safety  first"  was  followed  wherever  appearances  indicated  danger  of 
possible  collapse. 

After  the  shoring  had  been  placed  in  the  most  critical  places 
all  loose  and  injured  concrete  was  removed  from  the  oolumns.  The 
oolunms  in  all  but  one^^^^he  buildings  were  so.uare  with  mitred  corners. 
The  reinforcement  in  the  columns  was  simply  four  or  eight  vertical  rods. 
These  rods  were  set  from  thVgjC'ko  four  inches  in  from  the  surfaoes  of 
the  oolumns.  The  injury  to  columns  .fhon.  the  fire  was  very  general. 

In  fact,  wherever  the  fire  swept  ^h^concrete  oolumns  were  more  or  less 
damaged.  This  is  always  to  be  expected  anu^s  anticipated  by  designers 
and  by  building  ordinances.  It  is  customary  to  provide  a  "fireproofing 
shell"  of  oonorete  on  all  concrete  columns, making  this  shell  from  lb 
to  2 b  inches  thick  outside  of  all  ro inforoement , and  not  oaloulat ing  this 
oholl  to  carry  any  part  of  tho  load.  Modern  praotioe  roqulres  that 
vertioal  reinforcement  shall  be  tied  together  or  handed  by  horiz&ntal 
ties  or  hoops  spaced  at  short  intervals  in  the  length  of  tho  column  or 
surrounded  hy  a  helical  spiral  of  small  pitch  for  the  full  length  of 
the  column.  This  was  not  such  common  praotioe  when  these  buildings  wore 
built  and  neither  hoops  nor  spirals  wero  used  in  those  square  oolumns. 

In  Building  Ho.  7  round  oolumns  were  built  with  hoops  around  the  vortioal 
rods  and  outside  of  the  hoops  a  shell  of  porforatod  metal  -  as  shown  in 



Fig.  .1?.  The  concrete  of  the  agJjygijjGgas  poured  within  this  metal 
shell  whloh  was  left  in  plaoe  and  fireproofed  with  oemont  piaster.  Theae 
oolumns  suffered  no  greater  injury  than  the  general  destruction  o X'  this 
shell  of  cement  plaster  which  was  about  one  inch  thick.  ThlB  plaster 
can  be  readily  removed  add'replaoed  restoring  theue  oolumna  to  their 
original  strength  and  oondition. 

The  square  columns  spalled  as  the  result  of  unequal  expan¬ 
sion  due  to  tho  heat  of  the  fire,  but  in  the  majority  of  cases  the 
spalling  did  not  expose  the  reinforcement.  Assuming  an  average  live 
load  of  135  lbs.  per  square  foot  over  the  4th  and  5th  floors  of  these 
buildings,  the  compression  in  the  3rd  story  oolumns,  which  were  badly 
spalled,  varied  from  380^^2^0  lbs.  per  square  inch  of  gross  aootion, 
or  assuming  a  fireproofing  she  11^2  Inches  thick,  not  carrying  load, 
the  stress  per  square  inch  on  Mp^roitiainlng  section  varied  from  550 
to  720  lbs.  per  square  inch.  This  represents  fairly  the  prob¬ 

able  maximum  load  on  the  remaining  iwafc-fon  of  these  3rd  story  oolumns 
after  the  loose  add|injured  concrete  had  been/papioved.  Inthe  1st  and 
2nd  stories  the  stresses  on  the  remaining  4rect ion  of  the  damaged 
columns  probably  did  not  much  exceed  tho  above  figures,  except  in 
Building  Wo.  15,  for  the  live  load  on  the  floors  could  not  have  averaged 
as  much  as  100  lbs.  per  squaro  foot.  In  Building  Ho.  15  tho  columns 
were  smaller  in  seotion  and  the  stresses  in  the  remaining  oores  in  the 
1st  story  probably  exceeded  1200  lbs.  per  square  inoh.  In  some  places 
it  appears  that  rather  heavy  floor  loads  were  carried,  but  tho  heaviest 
loads  determined  did  not  exaeed  150  lbs.  per  square  foot  of  floor  area. 

The  spalling  of  the  outer  shell  of  oonorete  on  the  oolumns 
produced  vertical  araoks  -  as  seen  in  Fig.  18  -  the  depths  of  whioh  were 
uncertain  until  the  oraokod  concrete  was  xenved  romoved.  Instead  of 
these  araoks  extending  directly  through  the  column  radially,  they  almost 



raoked  oonorete  disclose 

ly  uninjured.  In  faot,  boci 

.  least  60/-'  of  the  column 

:tions  sufficiently  t 

umn,  originally  24  inches  square,  with  the  spiral  hooping  26  inohos 
diameter.  In  a  few  oases  vortical  cracks  were  discovered  extending 

directly  into  the  column  and  order! 
columns  and  replace  them  with  new  < 

failed  completely  due 

'Columns  by  deep  spandrel  walla 

lion  of  the  floors  and 

lequently  of  the  spandrel 

girders,  without  a  corresponding  expanslq^of  the  spandrel  walls,  set 
up  destructive  bending  and  shearing  stresses  in  these  exterior  columns. 
The  columns  tlmt  failed  were  usually  near  the  ends  of  long  buildings. 

Of  course  end  or  corner  oolumns  would  not  be  restrained  by  spandrel 
wall*,  but  would  be  free  to  bend  outward  from  their  foundations  and  so 
not  suffer  the  severe  stresses  whioh  destroyed  adjacent  exterior  columns- 
It  is  worth  v/hile  to  note  the  ewe  with  whioh  a  reinforced 
concrete  column  may  be  repaired,  or  replaced,  provided  the  injury  does 
not  involve  tho  section  to  which  the  girders  and  beams  are  oonneoted. 

In  but  few  oases  was  any  injury  apparent  in  that  region  so  it  was  a 
simple  matter  to  remove  the  damaged  oonorete,  surround  the  sound  oonorete 
core  with  a  spiral  hooping  and  pour  new  oonorete,  or  cement  mortar,  into 



enclosing  sheet  netal  fo rmuR-co^*ah^w  Nf  nR^'lgu .  20  and  21-a, b , c,d .  If 
the  original  columns  were  so  damaged  as  to  require  complete  romova).  it 
was  not  very  difficult  to  cut  away  all  the  concrete  from  the  floor  level 
to  the  under  side  of  the  girders  and  pour  anjentirely  now  concrete  column 
reinforoed  with  vertical  rods  surrounded  by  a  spiral  hooping. 

It  was  first  planned  to  pour  the  now  oonorcte  up  to  within 
a  few  inches  of  the  bottom  of  the  glrdera  and  to  build  up  the  upper 
portion  by  means  of  the  "Cement  Gun,"  and  a  number  of  columns  wore  re¬ 
paired  in  this  way.  This  work  progressed  rather  slowly  and  It  v/ao 
decided  that  it  could  he  done  more  rapidly  und  probably  more  cheaply 
and  quite  as  satisfactorily  by  pouring  the  concrete  entirely  through 
holes  cut  in  the  floor  a^A^/at  foot  of  one  column  and  direotly  over 
the  one  to  be  repaired . Probably  a  slight  void  occurs  between  the  top 
of  the  new  oonoreto  and  the  of  the  girders,  beams  and  slabs  but 

that  was  also  true  when  the  "Cement  Gup"  was  used.  In  the  case  of  the 
entirely  new  columns  such  a  void  w^uleKirean  a  very  slight  settlement 
with  a  corresponding  ovorstress  in  the  vert^Wl  reinforcing  steel  across 
the  plane  of  the  void  when  the  shores  we<n removed.  Suoh  settlement 
oould  do  no  practical  harm.  Where  sound  cores  were  encased  with  non/ 
conorete,  the  original  oore  would  transmit  the  load  aoross  the  plane  of 
the  void  and  if  ovorstresseo  would  permit  settlement  till  the  new  concret 
oame  into  oom.presaion .  The  encasing  concrete  and  the  spiral  hooping, 
togethor  with  the  additional  vertioal  steel  employed,  surely  strengthens 
the  column  against  ovorstress  in  the  main  shaft,  in  the  region  whore 
failure  would  be  most  likely  to  occur  and  whero  failures  did  oocur  in 
those  columns  that  failed. 

It  was  not  deemed  practical  to  repair  the  injured  exterior 
columns  in  the  same  way  as  the  interior  columns,  for  the  original  section 
of  these  columns  had  tc(bo  preserved  for  obvious  reasons.  Hence  instead 


-  8  - 


of  a  all  inf;  for  circular  spiMattcWAtnSfc<yBE1l,K5  diameter  to  go  into  columns 


20  inches  by  24  inches  in  sect  ion,  the  piano  called  for  rectangular 
"spirals"  for  those  columns.  It  should  bo  stated,  by  the  way,  that  wher¬ 
ever  the  vertioal  reinforcing  bars  in  a  column  had  been  exposed  and 
sprung  out  by  heat  or  load,  or  both  -  Pig.  22  -  ouch  bars  -were  cut  by 
moans  of  an  oxy-aootelyno  torch,  leaving  at.  least  Z  feet  of  the  bar  pro¬ 
jecting  into  both  tho  top  add  bottom  of  the  repaired  oolumn.  In  the  case 
of  exterior  columns,  the  plans  called  for  the  rectangular  spiral  tc  go 
outside  the  old  reinforcement  and  to  ho  at  least  1G  inches  by  17  inohes 
so  that  strength  would  bo  given  to  the  repaired  columns  to  better  resist 
another  fire.  Unfortunately,  in  some  instances,  this  plan  was  not  fol¬ 
lowed  but  circular  spirals/^^s  introduced  in  these  exterior  columns. 

In  replacing  the—6olumnj  that  foiled  completely  in  the  1st 
story  of  building  No.  11  somewh^^^^rge r  concrete  sections  were  used 
beoause  larger  ciroular  spirals  were  aet/sup  for  these  columns  -  as  shown 
on  the  plana  for  those  repairs. 

As  stated  above,  I  was  at  first  stalled  by  the  appearance  of 
the  ooncrote  columns,  but  soon  concluded  ti-^&they  were  like  the  cele¬ 
brated  "singed  oat,"  in  that  they  looked  worse  than  they  really  were  and 
that  their  repair  was,  ufter  all,  a  simple  matter.  "Tiile  we  were  repair¬ 
ing  them  it  seemed  advisable  to  restore  them  not  simply  to  their  original 
condition  but  to  make  them  uocord  with  the  best  modern  practice  in  rein¬ 
forced  oonorete  design,  so  that  if  over  subjected  to  another  fire  they 
would  be  able  to  coma  through  with  much  less  injury,  both  aotual  and 
apparent . 

The  real  problem  to  my  mind  was  how  best  to  reinforoo  as  well 
as  to  repair  the  floor  boams.  As  I  have  said, details  of  the  dosign  of 
reinforoed  oonorete  buildings  wore  not  generally  so  well  worked  out  whon 
these  buildings  were  built  as  they  aro,  or  should  be,  to-day.  It  is  true 




-  9  - 

that  some  well  established  dotaif^'S^eign  and  practice  at  the  preccnt 
time  were  advocated  and  used  8  or  10  years  ago,  as  will  be  seen  by  refer- 
ring  to  the  transact iono  of  this  and  other  engineering  societies  and  tc 
the  technical  press  of  that  period.  This  relates  particularly  to  the 
placing  of  reinforcement,  to  resist  negative  moment,  as  olose  to  the 
uper  surface  of  reinforced  concrete  beams  and  slabs,  as  the  reinforce¬ 
ment  for  positive  moment  is  placed  to  the  lower  surface,  and  for  praot  1- 
Bljr  thc  3an,o  reason;  that  is,  to  make  it  most  effective  and  to  reduce 
the  tendency  to  cracks  in  the  oucrete.  likewise .where  floor  slabs  are 
designed  to  furnish  the  oompression  element  of  for  Tee  beams,  which 
are  consequently  heavily  ratopreed  with  tension  steel,  it  is  demanded 
that  such  slabs  and  beam^fll  be  poured  monolithic  and  adequately 
reinforced  to  insure  the  act  ion  upon.  It  was  discovered  in  thee, 

buildings  that  a  very  general^arat ion  of  beams  and  slabs  had  de¬ 
veloped  either  as  a  result  of  the  firp^)  from  other  causes,  and  conse¬ 
quently  the  overstress  of  concrete  in  these  beams  was  very  evident,  as 

fleet  ions  wore  apparent 

s  well  as  injury 

„„„„  don.  t.  .ho  fireproof Ing  .»  «»  .»««„  °<  «*  >»“»  “* 

shown  in  Bigs.  2S  and  24.  Very  pronounced^ 
and^'diagonul  tension  or  shear  cracks  had  developed, 

The  only  plan  of  any  of  the  buildings  that  could  be  found 
after  the  fire  was  a  general  plan  of  Building  No.  24.  This  plan  called 
for  the  beam  and  girder  reinforcement  for  negative  moment  to  be  placed 
below  the  under  sides  of  the  floor  slab,  and  the  slab  reinforcement  to 
be  simply  straight  bars  laid  olose  to  the  under  side  of  the  slab.  The 
amount  of  reinforcing  used  in  the  beams  makes  it  clear  that  the  designer 
figured  the  beams  as  Tee  beams.  The  plan  bears  the  legend  "live  load 




on  floors  200  lbs*  per  square  CtU^AGCffhe  oeotion  ol*  the  flor  hama  beams 
ware  shown  on  the  plan  as  8  inches  by  18  inohas,  but  were  aotually  built 
10  inches  wide  by  1?  inches  deep  below  the  slab.  The  actual  construct¬ 
ion  is  otherwise  as  shown  on  the  plan,  except  that  cinder  filling  and 
wood  floors  were  laid  on  top  of  the  slabs,  but  not  called  for  on  tho 
plana;  and.  the  interior  columns  of  the  1st,  2nd,  5rd  and  4th  stories 
of  this  building  were  all  24  inches  square,  ad  in  tho  5th  Story  8  inch 
round  tally  columns  were  used  instead  of  14  inch  square  concrete  columns. 
The  plan  shows  no  stairways  nor  elevator  shafts  und  makes  no  referenoo 
to  the  pavilion  which  was  built  on  the  south  side  to  ucoommoduto  toilets, 
stairs  and  elevator  shaft?-. 

I  prepared  d^^Kgs  -  ono  of  which  is  Pig.  2b  -  showing  the 
general  design  features  of  the/Rbors  and  columns  of  tho  several 
concrete  buildings.  Owing  t^ifo  position  of  the  beam  re inforoement , 
the  negative  moment  these  beams  oaii/^milop  is  indefinite.  Hence  it 
probably  is  consistent  to  assume  a  negative  moment  of  WI.V40  at  the 
supports  and  a  positive  moment  of  VL Z/X0  center.  Under  the 

assumption  that  the  slab  would  act  as  a  oonbtituont  part  of  the  beam, 
the  stress  in  the  steel  would  be  16000  lbs.  per  oquaro  inch  for  a  load 
on  the  slab  of  200  lbs.  per  square  foot.  If  the  beam,  acts  separately 
from  the  slab,,1  as  it  was  evident  these  did,  only  a  very  low  stress 
would  be  developed  in  the  tension  steel,  without  greatly  overstrossing 
the  concrete  in  compression  and  shear.  Therefore  my  objoot  was  not 

only  to  design  a  mothod  of  repairing  tho  damage  done  to  these  floor 
beams  by  fire,  but  at  the  same  time  to  strengthen  them  for  compression 
and  shear  stresses,  so  that  they  would  bo  able  to  develop  the  tension 
reinforcement  with  whioh  they  wore  bo  amply  supplied.  Of  course  the 
fire  made  more  evident,  this  structural  weakness,  whioh  was  thoro  before 

the  fire  oaourred. 



Had  the  3laba  been  oast  IrSTB^ia^  beams,  the  damage  to  the 


flora  would  not  have  been  oo  aerioua  exoopt  in  the  eases  of  the  moot 
ext  re  mo  temperatures,  as  for  instance,  at  the  west  end  of  the  3rd  story 
of  Building  Ho.  24,  where  about  20  tons  of  wax  are  said  to  have  been 
stored.  There  the  firo  was  so  severe  that  ono  interior  column  was 
completely  destroyed,  and  girders  connecting  to  it  were  practically 
destroyed  -  as  shown  in  Pig.  26. 

In  order  to  strengthen  these  floor  beams  in  compression  the 
plan  first  rcoonmended  and  attempted  is  shown  on  the  drawing  -  Fig.  27, 
dated  Deo.  23,  1914  (On  which  figures  S  to  12,  inc&usive,  appear). 
Attention  is  called  to  the  fact  that  these  sketches  show  the  negative 
moment  cranks  found  quit^g)ne rally  in  the  floor  slabs  over  beams  and 
girders,  for,  as  alreai^xplained,  the  slab  bars  were  in  the  bottom 
of  the  slabs  only.  Fig-  11  drawing  3howa  3tlrrUpa  of  U  shap0 

with  upper  onds  bent  out  lnto&e  This  was  supposed  to  be  cor- 

eot  when  drawn,  hut  as  the  work  pr^^sed  it  was  discovered  that  the 
beam  stirrups  were  L  instead  of  U  shaped  only  extended  an  inch  or 
two  straight  up  into  the  slab  from  the  b^Kstem.  Begardinrr  the  so»eme 
for  repairs  shown  on  this  was  found  impracticable  to  bolt  the 
compression  angles  by  expansion  bolts  in  the  manner  indicated,  but  a 
few  angles  wore  attached  by  drilling  continuous  holes  through  the  beams 
near  the  top  and  passing  holts  ordinary  bolts  through  both  angles.  In- 
stead  of  setting  expansion  bolts  into  the  slab,  holes  were  drilled 
through  the  slab  and  ordinary  bolts  with  plate  washers  used  to  fasten 
the  angles  to  the  slab.  Wire  cloth  with  3/4  inch  square  mssh  of  Ho.  15 
wires  was  used  in  place  of  the  triangular  mesh. shown. 

The  arrangement  finally  adopted  for  reinforcing  these  beams 
l3  3hown  in  sketch  -A-  -  Fig.  88  -  and  this  scheme  was  followed 




throughout  in  Building*  Boa.  MHKW<*nd  lb  and  generally  in  Building 
No.  24.  The  angle*  used  were  3  inch  by  3  inch  by  5/16  inch  except 
for  Building  Mo.  24,  where  the  spans  were  nearly  23  foot,  and  there 
4  inch  by  4  inch  by  5/0  inch  angle*  were  used.  These  angle*  had  13/16 
inch  holes  punched  6  inches  apart  in  both  flanges.  The  method  adopted 
for  doing  this  work  was  to  raise  an  angle  and  strip  of  wire  cloth  into 
position  and  temporarily  bold  them  in  place  by  two  wood  struts  from  the 
working  scaffold  -  as  in  Big.  89.  The  atrip  of  wire  cloth  was  bent 
about  the  steel  angle,  part  of  the  wire  cloth  hanging  down  beside  the 
beam  and  the  other  part  temporarily  held  up  against  the  ceiling.  The 
necessary  holes  were  then^rilled  through  the  concrete  slab,  using  the 
punched  angle  as  a  A*  -on  as  the  angle  was  ,-rpperly  bolted 

to  the  slab,  the  portion  of  ire  cloth  that  had  been  held  up  against 

the  ceiling  was  dropped  dowi(C££  bent  around  the  edge  of  the  angle  and 
carried  to  the  underside  of  the  bea^.'horo  it  was  fastened  to  a  similar 
piece  of  wire  cloth  from  the  othc^e  of  the  beam,  as  in  Bigs.  30  and 


At  first  the  encasing  concrete  was  placed  by  moans  of  a 
"Cement  Gun"  in  accordance  with  the  original  plan,  but,  as  in  the  case 
of  the  column  repairs,  a  change  was  made  to  pouring  a  grout  of  comont 
and  sand  into  forma  through  holes  out  in  the  floor  slab.  As  aliov.n  on 
the  plans  for  repairs  -  Big.  32  -  this  concrete  or  grout  was  poured 
into  the  form  through  four  pouring  holes,  two  on  each  side,  and  vent 
holes  were  drilled  for  air  to  escape  through.  The  four  layers  of  wire 
cloth  the  ful  length  of  the  boom  form  a  very  efficient  shear  reinforce- 
ment.  Great  dependence  has,  of  course,  been  placed  upon  the  bonding  of 
this  oomont  grout  to  the  old  concrete  and  to  the  steel  bars. 

The  sides  of  the  od  beams  were  roughened  by  picking  with  a  cold  chisel 


the  surface  of  course, 

gave  further  chance  for  bond  between  old 



and  where  the  cruohod  concrete  waoHiOKGiwd  froJfltho  soffits  of  the  teams 
:y  rough.  The  projecting  stirrups  also 
»  concrete  ao  that 

altogether  it  is  confidently  expected  that  these  be  r.n  sWill  be  mater¬ 
ially  strengthened  and  made  stiffer  by  this  method  of  reinforcing,  "*ero 
beams  did  not  show  oigna  of  aeparation  from  the  floor  slabs  or  diagonal 
tension  or  shear  cracks,  no  repairs  were  ordered  except  to  replace 
fireproofing  that  had  spalled  off  of  the  aoffita.  In  fact,  all  the 
repairs  neceaaary  after  a  fire  in  a  reinforced  conorote  building  of  this 
typo  should  be  repairs  to  beam  aoffita  and  replacing  column  f ircproSf ing, 
if  the  original  design  and  construct  ion  is  in  accordance  with  the  beat 
modern  practice.  (//> 

Th°  damage  to  girders  throughout  those  build inga  was  generally 
less  than  to  the  floor  beams,  a^j^gh  in  a  number  cf  instances,  whore 
columns  failed,  the  girders  ware  pruoti^y  destroyed.  Many  girders 
wore  discovered  to  have  developed  dia^fel  tension  or  shear  cracks  near 
the  middle  of  their  length  where  the  floor  bc/^fconnected.  It  was 
therefore  dooidod  to  reinforce  this  region  £or  additional  shearing 
strength  and  the  detail  for  "Girder  Class  B«  was  adopted,  as  shown  in 

,  the  original  plan  for  Building  llo.  24  the  stirrups  in  these 

p  the  columns  and  far  apsxt  at 

Pig.  S2 

girders  were  spaced  olooo  together  r 
the  center,  although  with  the  center  loading  the  shear  was  practically 
uniform  in  the  length  of  the  girder.  To  make  up  for  this  deficiency  four 
or  six  holes  were  drilled  in  the  slab  near  the  floor  beam  connection  and 
as  many  5/8  inch  bolts  suspended  through  the  slab  to  support  two  light 
horizontal  angles  which  hung  directly  under  the  two  floor  beams.  These 
bolts  and  angles  formed  two  hangers  or  stirrups  add  with  wire  cloth 
fastened  to  the  bolts,  the  entire  reinforcement  was  encased  inc,onorote. 




This  detail  la  calculated  to  the  shearing  strength  of  the 

girdors  in  this  region.  Where  the  girders  were  practically  destroyed, 
the  detail  on  the  same  drawings  for  "Girders  Clase  A"  was  adopted. 

This  provided  top  and  bottom  angles  the  full  length  of  the  girder, 
connected  together  and  to  the  slab  by  special  bolts  and  covered  with 
wire  cloth,  and  all  encased  in  new  concrete,  or  tho  entire  girder  re¬ 
placed  with  new  concrete.  Up  to  the  time  X  left  We  at  Orango  no  "Class 
A"  girder  repairs  had  been  made,  much  to  my  regret,  au  this  detail, 
like  some  others,  may  have  required  modification  to  make  it  readily 
possible  to  accomplish.  Generally  speaking,  it  v;as  found  that  the 
concrete  was  very  hard  and  therefore  difficult  to  out  and  drill,  so  it 
may  have  been  found  dijp^d^lt  to  cut  away  concrote  girders  that  were 
‘  i  require  complete  removal. 

apparently  wrecked  so  badly  i 

On  the  4th  floor  o^Building:  Ho .  £4  wore  a  numbor  of 
heavy  presses  for  printing  dlso  pha^j^aph  records  and  alsb  heavy 
ovens.  The  loads  from  these  ovens  and  presses  amount  to  approximately 
15,000  lbs.  per  floor  beum  and  the  beaniB/Jxive  spans  of  82  feet.  After 
tho  fire  theso  particular  beams  were  found  to  be  seriously  oraoked 
and  deflected.  Nevertheless  they  continued  to  support  theso  heavy 
loads,  without  apparent  increase  of  deflect  ion,  at  least  a  mofahh  after 
the  fire,  by  which  time  the  work  of  repairing  had  roaohed  this  partio- 
ulr  section.  On  January  12th  I  reported  that  the  apparent  condition 
of  these  beams,  after  tlioir  surfaoes  had  been  cleaned  and  all  loose 
concrete  removed,  was  much  more  serious  than  tho  condition  of  the  beams 
in  other  parts  of  the  building.  It  was  not  intended  to  remove  the 
presses  and  ovens,  so  that  the  method  adopted  for  repairing  beams 




elsewhere  oould  not  he  carried  out  here,  as  that  method  involved  drill¬ 
ing  many  hole  a  through  the  floor  slab  for  bolta.  The  bod  plate a  lor 
the  pro ssoa  and  ovena  wade  thia  drilling  impossible.  Moreover,  with 
the  beams  badly  deflected  and  crackod  and  at  ill  supporting  such  heavy 
loads  it  was  ovident  the  tension  reinforcement  v:aa  under  very  great 
stress.  Therefore  the  use  of  otruoturol  stool  ohunnola  ana  boans  was 
adopted  to  reinforce  the  concrete  floor  beams  and  girders  and  a  com¬ 
plete  plan  for  this  reinforcement,  made.  This  plan  provided  for  the 
structural  steel  as  shown  in  Pip;.  ZZ,  except,  instead  of  the  hangers 
supporting  these  members  from  above,  it  was  planned  to  support  then  on 
steel  posts  and  brackets  u^id  against  the  concrete  columns  in  order 
to  avoid  cutting  holes  ifcf&c  4th  floor.  One  reason  for  doing  thiB 
was  to  avoid  all  interference  ^^)preparat ions  for  resuming  manufact¬ 
uring  operations  on  the  floor  Wove.  Later  it  was  decided  to. substi¬ 
tute  hangers  for  the  posts  and  brae’^^nd  holes  were  cut  in  the  4th 
floor  for  hangers  at  eaoh  end  of  enoh  beam  an*  girder.  It  will  be 
soon  that  these  steel  channels  and  beams  i^fiforced  the  concrete  mem¬ 
bers  in  bending  only.  The  reactions  are  developed  entirely  by  the 
shearing  strength  of  the  concrete  sections.  These  structural  steel 
repairs  were  of  necessity  expensive  and  only  warranted  by  the  unusual 
conditions  met  in  this  particular  location,  where,  by  incurring  this 
oxpense,  the  cost  of  moving  machinery  add  the  consequent  delay  to 
manufacturing  operations  was  saved. 

So  far  X  have  not  referred  to  any  flosr  tests  beoause  up  to 
this  stage  of  the  work  no  teats  were  made,  except  one  made  on  a  single 
panolof  floor  in  Building  No.  24.  Only  about  140  lbs.  per  square 
foot  was  put  on  this  panel  with  an  accompanying  deflect  ion  of  5/16  inch. 
A  rocommendat ion  was  mado  to  test  two  panels  of  the  fourth  floor 
at  the  west  end  of  Building  Ho.  24  to  their  ultimate  capacity, as 



at  the  time 

However,  that  ooheme  was  not  kb  carried  out  and  on  January  22nd,  a 
teat  was  started  on  the  3rd  floor  of  the  weat  end  of  Building  No. 24. 

It  is  interesting  to  note  that  no  repairs  were  made  eaat  of  the  loca¬ 
tion  of  this  test,  on  this  particular  floor,  indicating  that  this  teat 
wao  not  made  where  the  injury  appeared  to  be  as  great  ao  in  some  other 
locations.  The  result  of  thia  test,  which  is  designated  aa  test  "A," 
is  shown  on  a  diagram  v/ith  the  results  of  tests  "B"  and  "C." 

Pig.  34  shov/s  the  test  load  "C"  in  place  and  Pig.  35  shows 
the  ceiling  directly  under  toot  "C",  while  Pig.  56  is  the  diagram  of 
tost  results.  The  diagram-shows  the  teoults  so  olearly  as  to  need  no 
description.  Prom  it  viMtlie  seen  that  tests  "A"  and  "C"  showed  the 
floors  to  be  much  weaker  than  sjj®s  construction  should  be  under  normal 
conditions.  I  oannot  say  def^^tely  how  much  the  floor  had  been  weak¬ 
ened  by  the  fire,  aa  no  floor  toots  made  °n  uninjured  floors. 

Records  of  tests  on  floors  of  similar  design  and  span, where  slabs  and 
beams  were  poured  monolithio,  show  dcflc vXj/lfZi  of  l/l6  inch  to  1/8  inoh. 
for  loads  aa  great  as  400  to  600  lbs.  per  square  foot  instead  of 
1/4  inoh  to  1/2  inoh  recorded  for  these  test  loads  of  200  to  300  lbs. 
por  square  foot.  It  is  not  assent,  ialjthat  reinforced  concrete  floor 
construction  should  show  such  small  defleotiono  aa  is  usually  tho  case. 
Structural  steel  beams  and  girders  give  inuoh  groater  dofleotions  under 
test  loada  than  are  recorded  for  oonorote  beams.  On  these  diagrams  I 
have  shown  lines  indicating  <Tefleotions  1/800  and  1/500  of  the  span, 
ao  many  specifications  state  that  defleotions  under  tost  loads  equal 
to  twice  the  working  loads  shall  not  exceed  1/800  of  the  Bpan/  In 
save ral  .ic it  lo a  auoh  testa  are  always  required  and  the  teat  load  is 
made  to  equal  twice  the  live  load  plus  a  loadjequal  to  the  weight  of 



fort  earn  construction  is  usually  well  inuide  of  the  1/800  limit,  which 
deflection  is  generally  not  exceeded  evor.  in  flat  slab  construction. 
The  increase  in  deflection  with  tiwo  is  clearly  shown  on  the  diagrams, 
also  how,  when  part  of  the  load  was  removed  on  one  or  two  panels,  the 
adjoining  pane  lido  Hooted  more,  'without  its  load  being  increased.  The 
number  of  houre  the  several  load  tests  were  on  is  shown  by  the  figures 
in  oirolee.  It  is  expected  to  make  additional  toots  on  thooe  1 loors 
showing  whether  or  not  the  ro pairs  have  increased  their  strength,  and 
the  results  of  these  teats  will  be  interesting  and  instructive  in 
oonneotion  with  ones  here  rooorded. 

Siga.  37  and  3»/^)d lagrama  showing  the  repairs  ordered  for 
all  stories  of  Building  Koi  24  and  for  the  first  story  of  Buildings 
lios.  11,  13  and  15.  Similar  d'jE&Jrams  were  ade  made  for  the  other 
stories  of  these  buildings.  These  diaw&r.a  not  only  served  as  working 
plans  but  furnished  a  record  of  the  done . 

The  appearanoo  of  the  repairs  nude  shown  in  Pigs.  .*■9  to 
i  t&kej^mjfore  the  concrete  was 

43  inclusive, 

These  photographs  v 

Notwithstanding  the  great  extont  of  this  fire  and  the  tre¬ 
mendous  heat  generated  by  it,  with  the  utter  destruction  of  so  much 
property  in  buildings  and  contents,  the  roinforoed  oonorate  buildings 
remained  standing  after  the  conflagration  was  o/ver,  oxoopt  for  a 
relatively  small  portion  of  Building  No.  IX.  At  the  south  east  corner 
of  this  building  a  portion  of  the  roof  and  fifth  and  fourth  floors 
collapsed,  falling  upon  the  third  floor  which  remained  standing  with 
this  enormous  increase  to  its  load.  What  cauaed  this  portion  to 
collapse  is  largely  a  matter  of  conjecture.  It  seems  certain  that 




contrary  to  early  reports  there  dtflfcA'ati  an  explosion  hero, hut  rather 
that  the  collapoo  was  due  to  excessive  heat  from  the  fire  add  possibly 
ohemioal  actions,  due  to  the  bursting  of  tanks  containing  aoids  and 
the  boiling  of  these  acids.  Ho  doubt  expansion  stresses  played  an 
important  part  and  prhabl  probably  the  loads  on  some  columns  was  exces¬ 
sive.  I  am  inolineu  to  think  that  sinoe  the  column  D-20  of  JJuilding 
No.  11  show*  on  the  diagram  -  Pig.  56  -  is  the  only  column  that  failed 

in  the  1st  and  2nd  stories  under  the  collapsed  portion  of  the  building. 


this  column  in  some  -way  may  be  responsible  fa  the  collapao.  In  the  1st 
story  the  vertical  reinforcing  bars  in  this  column  did  not  extend  throug 
tho  2nd  floor  into  the  column  above,  as  was  ordinarily  the  case,  but  the 
reinforcing  bars  of  the  /aw^tory  column  projected  down  into  tho  1st 
story  column.  This  oolumns  failed,  about  midway  of  its  height,  tho  aides 
bursting  out  nnd  tho  upper  poW^/h  forming  a  well  defined  inverted 
pyramid  or  wedge .  Several  of  the  reiw^roing  rods  sprung  out  at  the  top 
leaving  their  upper  ends  entirely  iYeoT  Was  the  failure  of  this  column 
the  oauae  or  tho  effeot  of  the  general  college? 

The  eollupsed  portion  of  this  bwilding  is  shown  in  Fig. 42, 
while  in  Figs.  45  and  44  are  shown  photographs  token  after  the  collapsed 
portion  was  completely  removed  and  ohows  where  the  wrecked  portion  was 
out  away  from  tho  root  of  the  building.  Fig.  47  shows  a  plan  and 
seotion  roooranortded  for  the  rebuilding  of  this  collapsed  portion,  and 
Fig. 46  is  a  photograph  of  suoh  construction,  with  round  columns  and 
a  flat,  beamless  floor  slab  which  is  believed  to  represent  the  best  fire 
resisting  type  of  reinforoed  conorote  oonotruotion. 

Kr.  Edison* o  wonderful  energy  and  resourcefulness  is  oertainly 

inspiring.  While  the  firemen  were  still  at  w«k  extinguishing  the  fire 
ho  began  planning  the  restoration  of  his  plant  and  entered  upon  the 



It  was  intorest- 
booku  and  cameras, 

and  impressive  exhibition  of  the  value  of  reinforoed  concrete  construct¬ 
ion,  and  that  was  the  first  thine  *•  said  when  X  met  him  the  second  day 
after  the  fire.  He  invited  everyone  to  oome  and  study  for  themselves 
the  lessons  taught  and,  of  course,  ^Tv.ere  aealous  to  discover  that 
reinforced  concrete  had  been  tried  and  found  wanting 
ing  and  almost  pathot  io  to  see  some  who  came  with  no 
anxious  to  record  every  possible  defeot  or  failure  oi  concrete  and 
equally  anxious  to  find  other  material  that  hod  escaped  destruction. 
Certainly,  except  for  those  of  open  mind  or  those  who  had  interest  in 
aeo ing  reinforced  concrete  survive,  there  was  little  of  comiort.  Uuny 
improvements  have  been  ma^.  **«*6«»  “**  instruction  methods  since 
these  buildings  were  ereS^d  and  much  may  be  learned  from  this  fire, 
but  the  principal  lesson  has  t^^/v/ith  means  of  preventing  the  spread 
of  a  fire,  once  it  is  started. 

In  oonolusion  I  present  a<^illustrutiona  of  the  progress 
in  the  restoration.  fig.  46  1s  a  view  tnken^ur  weeks  aftor  the  fire 
and  shows  Building  Ho.  24  almost  completeitf^nclosed  with  rolled  steel 
sashos  glased  with  wire  glass.  Manufacturing  operations  at  that  time 
were  going  on  on  these  floors.  The  two  temporary  one-story  corrugated 
iron  covered  buildings  had  been  erected  and  equipped  with  machinery. 

tfig.  60  is  a  view  of  the  5th  story  of  Building  Ho.  24  right 
after  the  fire,  which  destroyed  the  wood  floors  and  oven  tho  wooden 
nailing  strips  that  were  embedded  in  the  cinder  concrete  filling  beneath 
the  flooring,  and  Big.  61  is  the  same  place  four  weeks  later.  The  «  inch 

Bally  columns  after  the  fire  wero  more  < 

,  bent,  their  steel  aholls 

blistered  and  crinkled  in  places,  but  they  continue  to  carry  the  roof 
with  an  uncertain  factor  of  safety.  Pig.  63  is  a  view  of  tho  3rd  story 
of  Building  Ho.  24  with  all  repairs  made  and  tho  concrete  painted  with 
cold  water  paint. 




Pig.  &3  ahov.'a  the  office  building  two  weeks  after  the  fire 
with  a  large  percentage  of  the  window  openings  fitted  with  now  hollow 
metal  sashes. 

I  have  not  attempted  to  desoribe  the  reconstruction  of 
partitions,  etc.  Mr.  Edison's  instructions  were  to  make  those  rein¬ 
forced  concrete  buildings  oornply  in  every  way  with  the  best  modern 
practice  in  factory  construction,  equipping  them  with  metal  window 
sashes  and  wire  glass,  automat io  fire  doors  and  rireproof  partitions. 
Brick  curtain  walls  replaced  the  combust iblo  ends  on  the  buildings, 
and  approved  stair  and  elevator  enclosures  wero  built  of  hollow  tile 
or  a  special  form  of  o conoreto  blocks.  There  wooden  frame  build¬ 
ings  were  put  up  qulckly^to  provide  for  immediate  needs,  the  woodwork 
wua  painted  with  a  fire  reta^^^^  paint  manufactured  on  a  speoial 
formula  issued  by  Mr.  Edison,  after  ext e naive  experiments  ftad  been 
made  by  him  to  arrive  at  a  aatisf^ri&ry  article.  In  the  same  way 
itr.  Edison  gave  his  personal  attention  to  i&l  details  of  the  work  until 
he  was  satisfied  that  it  was  well  under and  could  be  safely  in¬ 
trusted  to  others  to  be  carried  forward  to  completion.  The  engineering 
profession  now  owes  another  debt  of  gratitude  to  Hr •  Edison  for  the 
courage  of  his  oonviotiona  that  concrete  is  the  best  of  all  building 
materials  and  his  determination  to  show  that  oven  a  great  fire  oannot 
overwhelm  a  man  of  courage  nor  a  building^  of  reinforced  concrete. 

that  all  of  you  are  likely  to  (jet  sorao  hif;  orders  in  the  nosr  future  vihioh 
will  deplete  your  proeont  stocks  and  moke  it  nooossary  for  you  to  largely 
incroaa^your^shipping  orders  for  Hay  and  June  «  tho.e  lQ 

at  a  tine  whan  Brothor  looming  is  moving  tho  factory  tnoro  will  ho  some  doi 
in  filling  thorn. 

If  ovory  Jobber  will  sit  right  down  and  figure  out  his  raquiro- 
lat  of  July  and  let  us  have  ordoro  now  for  shipment  in  Hay 
^d  the  oL5  p«t  of  Jmo,  wo  aro  euro  that  we  can  got  tho  Hanuf aotur  ng 
Department  to  postpone  moving  until  ovorybody  is  taken  care  of,  but  thoy 
have  tho  idoa  nor/,  considering  their  presont  big  production  and  tho  or  dors 
that  we  havo  on  file  at  present  for  Hay  and  Juno  shipmon.,  ^at  thoy  oan 
oloan  everything  up  in  the  very  near  future  and  be  in  a  position  to  novo 
at  their  loisuro.  We,  however,  realising  the  now  buoinoas  that  aotivo 

Page  #2 

S”  25  s  r^rrs  s-rsr-” ... 


The  record  production  of  ooureo  hao  a  cort^nJ'°1^i“ 
5o|tc^oatorOthm0itawLrb“ore  tho°firo  -  and  it  is  rapidly  increasing. 

Yourn  very  truly, 




McHSonouoiei  On®®  and  Mikiko  Co. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  BiiBon, 

Orange,  II.  J. 

\jOii  1 

VM.  ^  3  5 

b  fe-iK_ 

Bear  Sir: 

V/e  have  read  with  much  interest  your' open"  letter 
to  the  Editor  of  the  Age  Herald,  Birmingham,  Alabama,  re¬ 
garding  the  relative  fire  resistance  offered  hy  buildings 
constructed  of  brick  and  reinforced  concrete  in  the  fir- 
which  destroyed  a  large  part  of  your  plant  at  Orange,  ’ 

We  own  and  operate  a  large  quarry  of  limestone 
and  our  principal  business  is  furnishing  crushed  lime  rock 
for  reinforced  concrete  construction,  W»1  would  appreciate 
it  if  you  would  let  us  know  v/hat  was  the  aggregate  UBed  in 
the  reinforced  concrete  in  the  construction  of  the  buildings 
mentioned  in  your  letter,  whether  it  was  gravel  or  llmestpne. 
Also  what  were  the  proportions  of  the  mixture. 


Thanking  you  in  advance  for  this  information,  we 

Yours  very  truly, 


AW-L  Secretary. 

P.  S.  -  We  have  the  privilege  of  furnishing  stone  being 
used  in  the  construction  of  your  benaol  plant  at  Woodward, 


— “Z.  ..... 


aswngton^c."0  May  25,  1915.! 



LAA-  <fc'rtl*,fcf  d^Xc»JX 

The  Trussed  Concrete  Steel  ( 

licji.  are  3endii 
te  t**4» 

to  the  trade  a  re-print  of  tie  Detroit  Free  Press  of  April  30, ,1915)' 
Bitfcvrt-MA*  t“'Yvs.«'kiS.  <2.^fewwv%  Cvx«>~<. 
showing  your  letter  of  April  2B,  1915  to  the  Editor^f  the  Free 
a/'ua  / 

Press  and  referring  to  the  terrible  fire  in  your  plant |^n  December 
9,  1914.  We  have  for  years  made  a  specialty  of  reinforced  concrete, 
having  our  work  in  many  of  the  best  Government  and  private  buildings 
in  Washington.  We  used  the  last  large  shipment,  before  the  plant 
closed  down,  of  Edison  cement,  to  place  three  acres  of  floors  and 
fireproof  five  miles  of  structural  shapes  in  the  Old  Post  Office 
Building  here  for  the  Union  Garage  Co. 

We  are  at  present  estimating  for  what  will  probably  be  the 
richest  finished  building  of  its  class  here,  the  Truesdell  Apartments, 
and  are  endeavoring  to  have  reinforced  concrete  substituted  for  steel 
and  tile.  The  Architect,  Mr.  A.  B.  Hoaton,  doubts  the  genuineness 
of  the  Detroit  Free  Press  article  and  it  would  be  a  great  help  to  us 
if  you  could  find  time  to  write  us  an  endorsement  of  the  article, 
which  we  assume  was  published  with  your  approval. 

Assuring  you  that  your  letter  will  not  be  used  for  public 

and  are  endeavoring  t 

Very  respectfully, 

DavisjCm  tro(%n>Co , ..  liifc 

i  UJ't+d-tl  &aJ<&  c\  d*l.i 

U*Z&A  $  JxteMJ  llut.  ^fc*  €k&«J*An  font*** 


t  t  fios.  A.  Edii 

v  S  4 

(Prenton,  II*  J* ,  June  17,  1915* 

3  ^  ^  o/o  Thos*  A.  Edison,  Inc#, 

9~  3  Orange,  H.  J. 

3  <“ 

r~sa£  «  £  My  dear  Sir: 

!  <  J  •;  ; 

"*<J  H  jcLj— r  I  have  your  communication  of  the  9th 

|  |  |  \§  inst.  hearing  on  the  subject  of/  fire  alarm 

4*  ^  S  •  j  equipment  and  I  appreciate  the /purpose  of  your 

1  $  'v7~  desire  for  an  extension  of  tin®  in  which  to 

/] comply  with  the  terms  of  the  |aw/  and  I  will 
^  glad  to  take  this  matter  under  considera- 

^  ^  ^  ^  tion,  if  you  will  advise  me  definitely  as  to 

j,  T  |  the  amount  of  time  you  require/  to  whip  this 
!  |jnatter  into  satisfactory  shape,  file  the  ne- 
^V^oessary  plans  and  spe  cif icJtibns  with  this 
j  £  *-4of  fice  and  commence  the  work./'- 
*®j  S  I  assure  you  it /is  my  desire  to  fully 

Jr  i  J  co-operato  with  you  in  so/ for  as  the  duties  of 

£-u  - 

0 ->  T  nnr 

office  will  permit. 

Yours  respectfully. 

/&/-,*-&  AJO)  —*Z£ZCO/ZD 
C3uy cf  niyj 

The  Mould  Vault  was  tho  first  permanent  building  built  after  the 
big  fire  in  Deoembor  1914. 

It  is  divided  into  six  sections  -  three  on  each  floor  - 
Each  section  holds  7*00  Moulds.  43,200  total  capacity. 

It  is  absolutely  fire  proof  and  is  provided  with  a  system  oi 
ventilation  which  keeps  it  bone  dry  at  all  times. 

-  A  Y/orlcing  Mould  is  shown  - 

The  blank  Department  was  entirely  burned  out  on  tho  night  oi  - 
Tho  Roof  was  burned  off  and  machinery  badly  damaged  in  the  Powder  drying 
and  Moulding  departments  and  the  two  story  building  containing  the  grinding 
mills  and  the  screens  was  entirely  destroyed. 

Ton  days  after  the  fire  we  had  the  moulding  and  drying  departments 
rebuilt  and  part  of  the  plant  running  across  tho  streot  to  grind  and  screon 
the  nowder. 

The  screons  are  now  arranged  in  two  long  narrow  buildings  to  aiiora 
ample  ventilation;  tho  grinding  mills  are  placed  two  in  a  building  and  the 
motors  which  drive  the  mills  are  in  a  separate  building  from  the  mills to 
protect  them  from  the  dust.  There  will  bo  eight  separate  buildings  when 
the  last  mill  building  is  complete.  Vo  are  not  only  insured  against  a  possible 
recurrence  of  a  fire  to  interrupt  our  rooord  manufacture  but  the  new  arrange- 
ment  pives  far  better  working  conditions  for  tho  men.  rno  men  in  tno  x<x 
Donartmont  make  over  $4.00  per  day.  They  have  shower  baths  and  each  man  has 
a  steel  locker;  you  may  have  observed  that  they  need  some  kind  oi  baths. 

Tho  ton  floor  of  this  building  (Pointing  to  <-4)  in  occupied  by  the 
Cylinder  Record  -  Tho  fourth  floor  is  whore  the  hard  condensite  surface  is  put 
on  the-  blanks  before  thoy  are  printed.  .  - 

On  the  third  floor  the  moulds  are-  turned  up  and  mounted  in  their  sttei 
holders  in  which  they  go  to  tho  presses  to  print  the  records. 

The  records  are  numbered,  inspected,  and  put  into  envelopes  on  the 
third  floor.  She  rocords  are  printed  on  tho  second  floor.  Our  first  largo 
elating  department  for  making  the  moulds  Is  on  the  ground  floor.  It  will 
probably  not  be  very  long  before  this  building  is  extended  to  Va-ley  Road  o 
accommodate  increased  production.  ,  . 

Entering  Valley  Road  date  point  out  Foundry for  Casting  Anodes. 

Tho  Cylinder  Mould  Vault  tho  samo  size  as  the  Disc  Vault  with  capacity 
for  60,000  Cylinder  Moulds. 

It  is  a  surprising  thli 

than  3ullding  being  erected  v/hich  will  bo  in  operation 

early  in  August. 

22  Building  contains  c 

3  that  tho  Cylinder  Moulds  occupy  leo3  space 

p  second  large  plating  plant  built  this  Spring. 




5  and  G  nt  ’.Test  Orange  Itow  Jersey  I  beg  to  advise  you  that  the  A.G. 
Richter  Oomnnny  of  this  city  have  render od  me  invoice  in  fall  for  the 

structural  steel  door  bucks  etc.  and  I  would  respectfully  request  that 
yon  advise  me  whether  the  work  performed  by  A.G.  Richter  has  been 
satisfactory  and  also  ask  that  you  send  mo  a  formal  approval. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  courtesy, 

I  beg  to  remain 


HSRHAHtl  FOl'Gir® 



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us«e<Si  gfe<=«-| 

;  I 

1915.  Visitors  (E-1 5-80) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  with  individuals  planning  to  meet 
with  Edison,  arranging  for  others  to  meet  him,  or  thanking  Edison  for  a  recent 
visit.  Among  the  documents  for  1915  are  items  referring  to  visits  by 
Uruguayan  diplomat  Juan  Carlos  Blanco,  Russian  scholar  Marayan  Krishna, 
and  the  Chinese  Industrial  Commission.  At  the  end  of  the  folder  is  an  undated 
telegram  in  Edison's  hand  in  regard  to  a  meeting  with  Willis  R.  Whitney  of  the 
General  Electric  Co.  The  correspondents  include  John  Barrett  of  the  Pan 
American  Union,  mineralogist  George  F.  Kunz,  longtime  Edison  associate  T. 
Commerford  Martin,  U.S.  Senator  James  E.  Martine  of  New  Jersey,  and 
spiritualist  Bert  Reese. 

Approximately  25  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 
Requests  for  appointments  that  were  declined  by  Edison  and  letters  that 
received  no  reply  have  not  been  selected. 



25  Broad  Street, 

New  York,  Jan.  5,  19X5. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 
Llewellyn  Park, 

West  Orange,  N.  J. 

Lear  Sir: 

Will  you  kindly  let  me  know  when  and  where  it  will  b< 
possible  for  me  to  see  you  in  connection  with  some  matters  whu 
I  have  under  investigation  for  the  Government? 

Respectfully  yours, 

7*v^  /  _ 

Special  Assistant  to  the 
Attorney  General. 

My  dear  Sir:- 

Our  Directors  have  requested 
me  to  ask  you  when  it  will  best  suit  your 
convenience  to  'let  our  Managing  Director 
have  a  few  minutes  with  you  relative  to  a 
business  matter  of  mutual  importance. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Llewellyn  Park, 

West  Orange,  N.  J. 

Veryrespectfully  yours. 



February  3,  1915. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

The  object  of  the  present  is  to  introduce  the  bearer  Mr. 
Alfredo  M.  Salazar,  a  member  of  the  staff  of  this  Consulate, 
who  is  desirous  of  bringing  a  matter  of  interest  to  him  to  your 
attention . 

Anticipating  my  thanks  for  whatever  attention  you  may  oare 
to  pay  to  Mr.  Salazar,  I  have  the  honor  to  remain, 

Respectfully  yours, 

Vice  Consul  in  charge. 

I'r.  T-A.  Edison. 
Orange, II.  J* 

Job ,  6 ,1.915 



I  extent  to  be  in  the  East  during  the  coming 
Spring  and  Sumer  and  -rould  lilce  very  much  to  have  tne 
honor  of  seeing  you.  -ill  you  he  in  He-  Jersey  during 
the  month  of  Kay?  If  so, could  I  have  the  pleasure  of 
meeting  you  for  a  fe—  moments? 

A-aiting  your  ans-er.I  am 

'•Jl'mleii  States  i&enrtti*, 

I  enolose  a  copy  of  a  letter  of  introduction 
which  I  have  today  given  to  my  nephew,  Walter  R.  Paine, 
who  is  connected  with  the  Rand  Company  of  Buffalo,  H.  Y, 

Could  you  let  me  know  how  soon  you  expect  to 
get  into  your  new  offices ,  as  I  should  like  very  much  to 
have  thiE  young  man  call  upon  you?  It  will  he  a  great 
honor  for  him  to  meet  you  and  I  think  it  will  be  a  pleasure 
on  your  part  as  he  is  a  bright  young  fellow  and  the  concern 
whioh  he  represents  is  a  first  olass  one  in  every  respect. 

I  have  been  promising  myself  the  pleasure  of  call¬ 
ing  on  you  at  your  laboratory  but  I  go  to  Hew  York  so  seldom 
that  my  time  has  been  fully  oooupied  eaoh  time  I  have  been 
there.  I  sincerely  truBt  however  that  I  may  see  you  in  the 
near  future  and  have  an  opportunity  to  talk  over  the  changes 
in  things  eleotrio  whioh  have  taken  plaoe  during  the  paBt 
twenty  years.  I  believe  you  will  be  interested  in  the  work 
to  whioh  I  have  been  devoting  my  entire  time,  and  should  like 
to  show  you  some  photographs  of  motor  applications  whioh  we 
have  been  making  in  textile  mills.  ™e  are  figuring  on  a  new 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

February  23,  1915 

mill  at  present,  which  will  require  about  6,000  horsepower, 
and  the  average  size  of  the  motors  will  be  less  than  l£  horse¬ 
power.  There  will  be  3,000  loomB  in  this  building,  each  one 
of  which  will  be  driven  by  its  own  individual  motor.  This 
illustrates  the  extent  to  which  Bub-division  is  being  oarriod 
in  the  textile  mill  work. 

I  will  try  to  see  you  the  next  time  I  am  in  New  York. 

YourB  very  sinoerely. 


11  Power  Department 








*T  T/ 7 





Telegram  received^  8:25.  P.  M.  --  3/1/15* 
Washington,  D.  C* 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Llewellyn  Park 
If.  Orange,  N.  J. 

In  matter  of  visit  of  Dr.  Blanco,  special  envoy  of 
Uruguay,  to  you  Friday  kindly  wire  me  what  hour  most 
agreeable  to  you  and  also  please  ask  your  seoratery 
mail  me  here  memorandum  as  to  exact  place  meeting  you 
and  best  trains  reach  there  from  New  York.  Sfcall  leave 
heie  Thursday  afternoon.  Stopping  Hotel  Vanderbilt. 

(Signed)  John  Barrett. 

Director  Jteneral  (jpantyltf-Amer  ioan  Union. 

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Everybody's ^j\(agcrAioQ 

JieuXfork  “  10.  1915. 

Ur.  H.  F.  Uillsay, 
Thos.  A.  Edison. 
Orange,  H.  J. 

I  was  very  glad  to  hear  in  your  letter 
of  March  8th  that  Ur.  Edison  would  he  glad  to  talK 
with  Dr.  Krishna. 

If  convenient  for  Ur.  Edison,  I  shall 
bring  Dr.  Krishna  to  Orange  next  V/ednesdey  afternoon, 
the  17th,  arriving  at  about  3  o'clock.  K  there  will 
he  any  uncertainty  about  finding  Ur.  Edison  in,  I 
shall  telephone,  as  you  suggest. 


Columbia  Intberoitp 
in  tl)c€itp  of  3trto$ovU 


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Vf.  K.  lieadowcroft,  Esq., 
Edison  testing  Laboratories; 
Orange,  M.  J. 

lly  dear  Lieadowcroft: 


As  things  are  now  arranged,  President 
Soott  and  I  will  come  out  on  Satruday  af ternoon^to  the 
Laboratory  to  have  the  pleasure  of  seeing  Ur.  Edison,  and 
v/e  have  been  wondering  whether  to  come  out  and  have  lunch 
at  the  Musuem  restaurant  on  Main  Street  or  to  get  lunch 
first  and  come  out  after.  I  prefer  the  former  plan,  and 
would  be  glad  if  you  could  join  us  at  lunch  when  we  could 
all  go  up  to  the  Laboratory  together.  ^  eo  please  let  us 
know  your  wishes  together  with  the  convenient  time. 

Thanking  you  in  advance,  and  hoping  soon  to  see  you 


321  Macon  St.,  BROOKLYN,  N.  Y., . April  -2-7-, . 1!)1  * 

Mr.  Thomas  A  Edison,. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  should  like  to  call  as  soon  as  possible  and 
have  a  short  talk  with  you,  if  you  would  kindly  let  me  know  when 
it  would  be  oonvenient  for  you  to  see  me. 

Awaiting  your  reply  and  thanking  you  in  advance, 

I  remain 

Yours  sincerely, 


NEW  YORK,  May  3,  1915. 

Mr.  Wm.  H.  Headowcrof t,  [) 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orango,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

This  office  takes  pleasure  in  herewith  introducing 
to  you  Senior  Jose  Gorostizaga,  of  Madrid,  a  mining  engineer 
who  is  in  this  country  on  behalf  of  the  Spanish  Government 
to  investigate  engineering  and  other  projects  and  general  busi¬ 
ness  conditions  with  the  view  of  increasing  trade  between  thio 
country  and  Spain.  Senior  Gorostizaga  is  anxious  to  shake  hands 
with  Mr.  Edison  and  to  bo  able  to  report  that  he  haB  seen  your 

Any  courtesy  you  may  be  able  to  show  Senior  Gorostizaga 

will  be  greatly  appreciated  by  thi3  office. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Columbia  Stnibcroitp 
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Electro-Mechanical  laboratories 


Newark.  n.j.,  u.s.a. 

■  Ilo.lBishop  St.  MONTREAL  !.Iay  22r.d.l915- 

i,Ir.  '.V . H . .Mead owcrof t 

Edison  Laboratory 

Orange  H . J . 

Lear  Ur.  Ueadowcroft . 

Our  !.!r. Larin 

about  ten  days,  and  I  will  give  him 
end  that  he  nay  have  an  opportunity 
interesting  place  the  "LAB".  He  is 
a  very  bright  young  man.  Of  course 
audience  with  the  Uaestro,  as  Uc. Cowan  called  Ur.  Edison. 

I  am  in  excellent  health,  and  have  no 
doubt  you  can  say  the  same  of  yourself.  In  case  there  is  any 
real  need  of  home  defence, I  feel  almost  fit  to  shoulder  a  gun 
I  understand  my  old''college  chump"  Sig.  Bergman  is  making  bul 



Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  11  ^  ^  \  ^ 

~r- -  - 

At  a  meeting  of  the  Mayor's  Committee^  <fe  3egjf 
ception  to  the  Chinese  Commercial  Commissioners  iielfl^^erda^  sy 
your  courteous  invitation  extended  throu-h  this  Cf&nDer^T  ,'^V 
receive  the  Commissioners  and  their  escorts  at  lurpjitfon  upL 
Orange  on  Tuesday,  June  8th .  and  to  give  them  thV  pr^lege^y 
of  viewing  the  great  plant  made  possible  by  your  genius^d  (  ,y 
.rt.rpri...  ™.  cordially  aooopl.d  »d  too  -««,W  / 

ments  are  accordingly  being  made.  £-> 

The  Special  Committee  having  charge  of  arrangements 
will  communicate  with  you  shortly  as  to  the  details. 

It  is  understood  by  this  office  that  the  party  is 

not  to  exceed  forty  in  number. 

Assuring  you  of  our  deop  appreciation  of  your  cour- 

Yours  very  truly, 




72.  SIum/iM. 

C^J\/^^A-lA/&Qstri^  : -  -  / 

"5-  cua.<l  ttvyy^uiJUrr  fa fann  s£ti^ 
fa bll'hfa  k^lUL,  c/)/K — •  . 

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7faL#An^  cUl  Mrfa 

/W\  JCl  h?ouy  fay"  cma  IwrtA^s  ry  Sc/  , 

yy^A.  j\i  hTtfaj)  zFaa7uu§__  h.  </kfafa~~ 

June  5,  1915. 

Messrs.  H.  P.  [filler,  Bachman,  Wilson,  Maxwell,  Charles 
Edison,  Meadowcroft ,  H.  G.  Thompson,  Bee,  Stevens, 
Learning,  Rogers: 

At  10.30  A.  M.  Tuesday,  June  8th,  a  special  train  of  the 
Erie  will  detrain  forty  members  of  the  Chinese  Industrial 
Commission,  in  the  Phonograph  Works  Yard. 

Please  meet  the  train  at  the  above  point,  and  escort  the 
Commission  to  the  library,  to  meet  with  Mr.  Edison.  Immed¬ 
iately  after  shaking  hands  with  Mr.  Edison,  the  party  will 
go  to  the  Storage  Battery  Works. 

Mr.  Bachman  has  arranged  to  provide  six  guides  to  shov  the 
party  through  the  Storage  Battery  Works  and  Phonograph 
Works  manufacture  in  the  Battery  Company's  Works. 

At  twelve  o'clock,  the  party  will  assemble  on  the  fourth 
floor  of  the  battery  company  building  for  lunch.  All  the 
above  named  gentlemen,  including  the  guides,  will  please 
participate  in  the  lunch. 

Directly  after  lunch,  such  of  the  party  as  have  not  seen 
the  entire  building,  will  proceed  with  their  guides  to 
finish  up  the  inspection,  which  we  estimate  can  be  done 
by  2.00  P.  M. 

At  2.00  P.  U. ,  the  guides  will  please  have  the  party  cn  the 
top  floor  of  the  Executive  Bldg,  to  witness  a  talking 
picture  show  and  phonograph  demonstration,  for  one  and 
one -half  hours. 

At  3.30,  the  party  will  be  conducted  up  to  and  through  the 
Laboratory  by  the  Officers  mentioned  abive.  Mr.  Edison' 
expects  to  join  the  party  at  3.30. 

At  4.0(9  P.  M. ,  the  Officers  will  please  have  the  party 
at  the  point  they  detrained,  put  them  on  the  train,  and 
remain  until  the  train  pulls  out. 

Mr.  Edison  does  not  wish  the  party  shown  through  any  part 
of  Building  24. 


Copy  to  Mr.  EdiBon. 



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— ■6-^-^KaejL  .  fl/XOCc'c*^'  r^w> — ’ 

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£~e.  <2X 

two  boxes  containing  the  literature  of  Edison  batteries,  ;Rdcord 
supply  and  25  pictures  of  your  own  respectively. 

It  is  a  great  honor  to  me  to  have  the  opportunity  to 
express  to  you,  in  behalf  of  the  Commission,  our  profound  apprecia¬ 
tion  of  the  courtesies  that  you  so  kindly  extended  to  the  Commission 
during  its  visit  to  your  great  Works. 

It  is  the  sincere  hope  of  the  Commission  that  through  this 
personal  meeting  and  contact  the  commercial  relation  betv/een  the 
two  Republics  may  be  from  now  on  greatly  extended. 

In  conclusion,  I  desire  to  say  that  all  the  above  mentioned 
articles  have  already  been  forwarded  to  the  Commission  and  that  I 
was  directed  to  write  you  this  note  of  thanks  in  its  behalf. 

With  renewed  thanks, 

I  am, 

Respectfully  yours, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the 
17th  instant  together,  under  separate  cover,  with  two  sets  of 
photographes,  25  each,  of  the  viBit  of  the  Commission  to  Edison 
Works.  They  have  already  been  forwarded  to  the  Commission.  In 
the  meantime  I  wish  to  take  this  opportunity  to  express  to  you, 
in  behalf  of  the  Commission,  our  profound  appreciation  of  the 
courtesies  that  Mr.  Edison  and  yourself  so  generously  extended 
during  its  visit  to  Edison  Works. 

Thanking  you  very., much  again  for  your  kindness,  I  remain, 
Very  sincerely  yours, 




July  V,  1915. 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  em  enclosing  herewith  letter 

from  Doctor  Kunz  to  you,  ana  also  copy 
of  letter  of  introduction  to  Hr.  Edison 
therein  referred  to. 

Doctor  Kunz  suggests  that  I 
call  you  on  the  telephone  after  your  re¬ 
ceipt  of  the  enclosed,  which  I  will  do 
some  time  tomorrow,  Thursday,  morning  so 
as  to  arrange  definitely  for  an  appoint¬ 
ment  at  a  time  that  will  he  agreeable  to 
Hr.  Edison. 

Yours  truly, 




401  -  5th  Avenue , 
now  Tori'.  City,  July  7,  1915. 

71111am  II.  IJoadavcroft,  Asq. , 

Ad is on  laboratories, 

I  am  handing  a  copy  of  tlis  enclosed  to  Ad.vard  I-'ardiJVY,  A 
a  most  serious  man,  and  I  shall  greatly  appreciate  it  if  you  can  a 
rajige  to  have  Cion  iroot  ;ir.  Adis  on  for  a  short  time. 

r0S3ibly,  they  may  be  interested  in  meeting  ;.!r.  John  Alo 
and  to  loiov;  moro  about  the  storage  batteries.  I  have  already  s. 


Uhomas  A.  Auisoll,  Asq., 

Orange,  if.  J. 

Hr.  Henry  Harrison  Bupleo  and  Hr.  Adward  Harding. 

Hr.  Suploe  v/a a  recently  a  member  of  the 
Council  of  the  jenorican  Sooiaty  of  Mechanical  Mngineers. 

Hr.  Harding  is  a  partner  in  tiio  law  firm  of 
Campbell,  Harding  £•  fratt  and  is  a  napliov,’  of  the  late 
George  Harding,  the  eminent  patent  lav/yer  of  Philadelphia 

Both  gentlemen  are  deeply  interested  in  the 
latost  developments  Both  here  and  abroad  of  electricity 
as  applied  to  motive  power,  especially  in  relation  to 
automobiles  end  flying  machines. 

1’hoy  are  desirous  of  having  a  short  talk  with 
you  and  if  you  can  give  tlien  a  little  time ,  I  nr.i  sure  tlia 
you  will  find  thorn  nos  t  serious  . 

Any  attention  you  may  show  them,  they  will  groa 

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July  22nd.  1915 . 

Philip  Bannyan, 

115  Bast  24th  Street, 

Hew  York  City. 

Mr.  Slison  will  see  you  this  afternoon. 

H.  P.  MILIEU . 



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district  (Court 

Upper  Montclair,  IT.  J. 

Aug.  30,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  U. 

Bear  Sir:- 



Enjoying  a  vacation  visit  with  a  daughter  and  three 
fine  grand-children  at  Upper  Montclair,  am  booked  to  leave  for 
Denver  Wednesday  evoning. 

To  oee  you  for  a  minute  and  shake  hando  with  you 
any  hour  Tuesday  or  Wednesday  would  greatly  please  me. 

By  telephoning  may  son-in-law,  Ur.  Frederick  T. 
Rubidge,  491  Broad,  I  would  be  sure  to  gat  the  message. 


Respectfully  yours. 

130  if  & 

Hew  York,  September  Hintb, 
nineteen  fifteen. 

wouia  like  very  much  to  bring  to  you  Hr.  William 
j.  Eobinson,  Hr.  Robert  C.  Mayer  and  Thomas  C. 
Meadows ,  who  have  the  most  interesting  and  un¬ 
usual  proposition  I  have  ever  seen  in  the  motion 
picture  business.  I  feel  that  it  is  most  im¬ 
portant  that  you  meet  those  people  as  the  propo¬ 
sition  is  sufficiently  unusual  to  attract  your 
immediate  attention. 

Hill  you  kindly  let  me 

know  as  soon  as  possible  what  day.  after  Tuesday 
of  next  week  it  will  be  convenient  for  me  to  bring 
.these  gentlemen  to  see  you. 


(JVfj?  CfUvf 

Sapt.  10th.  1915. 

Ur.  A.  G.  Whyte, 

To  Whyte's  Uotion  Picture  Enterprises  Ino., 

110  West  40th  Otreet, 

IJev7  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

Your  favor  of  the  second  instant  to 
Hr.  Edison  was  received.  He  has  been  exceed¬ 
ingly  busy  day  and  night  at  his  chemical  plant 
a  few  miles  away  from  here,  hence  the  delay  in 

Mr.  Edison  says  that  you  can  come 
over  at  anytime  and  he  will  see  you.  I  would 
suggest  that  you  call  me  on  the  telephone  in 
advance  of  your  coming.  Lot  me  also  add  that 
ho  expoots  to  he  away  on  Wednesday  of  next  week. 
Yours  very  truly. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Llewellyn  Park, 

Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

while  I  am  in  this  part  ol  the  world,  it  has  occurred 
to  me  that  nothing  could  possibly  give  me  more  pleasure  than  to 
see  you,  and  so  X  wired  you,  to-day,  asking  for  an  appointment. 

Xi  you  will  be  good  enough  to  let  me  know  where  and 
when,  after  the  receipt  of  this,  I  can  see  you,  I  shall  be  very 
much  indebted  to  you. 

VA-W,  etc  (6*1 *~Wl\ 

Cl  WaJu)  * 

«.  6-fc.  |a.Cja.v“ 

{■xa-e'j*  c^c  a-o 

u,  Cr-iyt*t~*'-si **2Ljrtx.  tx  wJul  *3 — {>c£*-«~«X(. 
kfcf/A-*— -V  ^ 

Oot.  4th.  1915. 

Mr.  Keufel, 

$  Keufel  &  Esser, 

300  Adams  Street, 

Hoboken,  JJ.  J. 

Bear  Mr.  Keufel: 

I  spoke  to  lir.  Edison  in  regard  to  the  proposed 
visit  of  yourselve  and  your  two  son^to  our  plant.  He  wishes 
me  to  say  to  you  that  after  the  fire  we  placed  our  machinery  in 
various  shops,  and  that  while  we  are  working  in  some  of  the  build¬ 
ings,.  much  of  the  machinery  ie  still  scattered  about  in  different 
plaoes.  He  expects,  however,  that  by  Christmas,  wo  will  be  in 
our  newly  renovated  concrete  buildings,  and  then  he  would  be  glad 
to  have  you  go  through,  as  the  shop  is  organised  on  a  new  and  en¬ 
tirely  different  basis  from  other  shops,  and  ho  is  sure  you  will 

be  pleased. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr*  Edison. 

at-Orange.N.J.  30m9  time  before  November  9th.  If  such  a  visit  is  possible 
will  you  kindly  advise  me.  You  will  also  note  that  it  is  the  intention  of 
the  Club  to  carry  out  a  strickly  iraerlcen  programm  throughout  the  year, in 
keeping  with  the  spirit  of  Neutrality. 

Some  years  ago, I  think  1898,1-  as  a  youngster  had  the 
pleasure  of  meeting  your  youngest  Son  at  Chautaugua.N.I.  where  we  spent 
many  happy  hours  ae  playmates  in  Miller  Park, sailing  boats  in  the  miniature 
lakes  in  Pnlistine. 

you  that  it 
the  Club. 

If  you  are  in  a  position  to  give  me  assistance  I  assure 
will  be  appreciated  not  only  by  me  but  by  the  other  members  of 

Yours  very  Sincerely, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  &  W  _  H'  ,  fl, 

sr-ri*,.  ly/  ^ 

My  dear  Mr.  I-de-sun:  Tas  we  always  pronounce  your  name  in  Chin£ 

I  am  just  in  from  five  years  of  fascinating  lecture 
work  in  China.  This  was  preceded  by  eight  years  of  investigation 
and  experiments  in  the  use  of  science  lectures  as  a  "leans  of 
reaching  the  leaders  of  the  Empire,  and  more  oken 

Republic.  Single  individuals  on  our  lecture  staff  have  spoken 
to  ten  thousand  people  per  week  for  ten  weeks  in  succession. 

This  marked  appreciation  on  the  part  of  such  Sreat_numbers 
has  been  a  great  encouragement,  but  not  more  so  than  the  ex 
pressions  of  appreciation  and  co-operation  from  the  officials 
of  the  National  government  and  from  the  governors  and  other 
officials  of  the  provinces.  President  Yuan  Shi-Kai  has  for 
several  years  contributed,  and  Vice-President  *;i  *uen  Hj"f 
is  one  of  our  very  enthusiastic  boosters.  Just  before  I  left 
Shanghai^ the redeems  a  bunch  of  letters  ‘‘•I81"0” 

in  acknowledgment  of  a  little  memento  we  in 

recognition  of  their  fine  co-operation  in  a  nation  wide 
lecture  campaign.  In  these  letters  are  many  interesting  things, 
and  I  quote  this  from  His  Excellency  T'an  Hsiang  Ming,  at 

(From  the  Military  Governor  of  Hunan  to 

Messrs.  G.  8.  Eddy  and  C.  H. .  Robertson) 

'•I  most  respectfully  write  this  letter  in  answer 
to  yours,  the  contents  of  which  I  was  exceedingly  pleased 
to  read.  That  you  should  have  come  from  your  Sreat 
opportunities  to  our  humble  place  to  conduct  these  meet¬ 
ings,  with  the  result  that  very  many  of  our  scholars 
and  literary  men  have  cane  to  see  and  know  you.  1  with 
them  greatly  endorse  and  appreciate  what  you  ^avedoneu 
And  although  the  pressure  of  official  duties  interfered 
with  my  having  been  a  better  host,  I  am  constantly  in 

Thomas  A.  Edison 


remembrance  of  you.  Nov/  on  receipt  of  this  book 
of  beautiful  pictures  I  opened  and  looked  at  it, 
and  recognize  the  earnestness  with  which  you  two 
princely  men  work  for  the  progress  of  the  world, 
both  by  exhorting  men  and  regardless  of  the  toil 
and  exposure.  As  the  breezes  of  spring  make  all 
the  earth  to  blossom  with  life,  so  the  places  to 
which  you  go  change  as  the  blossoms  change  the 
mountain  sides.  As  I  look  back  upon  the  days  of 
your  visit  X  still  think  of  them  with  astonishment 
and  look  forward  with  the  hope  that  we  shall  meet 

"Although  you  are  separated  far  from  me,  I 
trust  you  will  not  forget  and  that  sometime  I  may 
have  a  letter  of  exhortation  from  you.  So  I 
specially  write  this  letter  to  thank  you  and  wish 
for  you  a  virtuous  peace." 

I  am  in  America  for  a  year,  most  of  which  will  be 
spent  at  the  University  of  California  in  scientific  research 
work  and  in  digging  up  ideas  and  equipment  for  my  associates 
«,v,n  nn  the  road  in  various  partB  of  China  to-day. 

I  have  spoken  so  often  of  you  to  the  people  of  China 
and  with  such  appreciated  hearing  that  it  is  my  earnest  desire 
as  I  go  back  to  carry  with  me  a  more  intimate  knowledge  oi 
your  work  and,  if  possible,  to  be  prepared  to  extend  your 
influence  by  a  more  accurate  and  stirring  presentation  of  your 
creative  woric .  One  of  the  greatest  sorrows  of  my  thirteen  years 
of  life  there  has  been  to  observe  the  loss  that  all  the  world 
suffers  because  of  its  failing  to  receive  the  results  of  the 
undeveloped  genius  of  China.  I  tell  them  that  if  America 
produces  one  Edison,  China  ought  to  have  four,  and  I  believe  th/t 
the  future  holds  for  us  even  such  a  wonderful  pro bo ect. 

Lectures  on  Wha-shJng^un  and  Lin-kun  have  been  per¬ 
fectly  remarkable  in  their  influence  upon  Chinese  audiences. 

Y/hen  X  go  again  I  should  like  to  take  a  really  effective  one 
on  I-de-sun  also.  To  this  end  I  would  appreciate  it  greatly 
if  I  might  have  an  opportunity  to  meet  you  and  to  observe  some  - 

Thomas  A.  Edison  -3-  12/7/15 

thing  of  the  wonderful  work  that  gathers  around  your  personality. 
I  expect  to  be  in  New  York  in  the  spring,  probably  in  February 
or  March,  at  which  time  I  will  communicate  with  you  and  find  _  ^ 
if  it  will  be  convenient  for  you  to  grant  this  privilege 

Very  sincerely  yours, 



Dec .  13th.  1915. 

Mr6.  MS.  Beckett, 

Bolton,  Mass . 

My  dear  Mrs.  Haekett: 

It  would  not  he  polite  in  writing  o  letter  to  a  lady 
to  ref or  to  "old  times",  but  I  am  certainly  glossed  o  have  a 
noto  from  you  after  the  little  while  has  elapsed  since  we  last 
met.  There  are  some  things  we  cannot  discuss,  and  one  of  them 
is  the  index  finger  of  Old  Father  Time  when  he  points  to  the 
children.  I  am  a  'Noting  "grand-pop"  to  two  promising  youngsters. 

1  am  glad  to  learn  that  you  are  such  a  flourishing 
fruit  grower.  It  is  better  than  passing  your  life  fussing  with 
a  lot  of  papers  and  the  other  things  incident  thereto.  I  am 
still  in  the  vortexv  and  this  year  has  been  the  busiest  of  them 

If  your  son  will  come  over  to  the  Laboratory  and  see 
me  some  day  when  he  is  in  the  vicinity,  I  think  I  can  make  the 
promise  that  we  will  let  him  see  something  of  what  is  roing  on 
around  here,  and  try  to  make  it  pleasant  for  him.  All  the  boys 
who  have  uny  red  blood  like  to  see  "the  wheels  go  round". 

fir.  Edison  is  very  well.  He  certainly  seems  to  have 
the  secret  of  perpetual  youth,  and  energy,  -  especially  energy. 

It  is  undiminished. 

with  kind  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Mr.C .H .Robertson, 

San  Franoisoo.Cal. 

Dear  Sir:  — 

I  am  in  receipt  of 

your  favor  of  the  7th  inst.,  which  I  have  read 
with  much  interest,  let  me  say  in  reply  that 
if  you  will  call  at  the  laboratory  when  you  come 
East  in  the  Spring,  1  shall  be  glad  to  see  you. 

You  had  better  tele¬ 
phone  to  the  laboratory  from  Hew  York  when  you 
arrive  there,  so  as  to  make  sure  I  am  available. 
Yours  very  truly^" 


My  dear  Mr.  Edison:- 

I  have  a  grand-son  about  eleven  years  old, 
who  lives  In  Birmingham,  Ala.  His  father  and  mother  were  origi¬ 
nally  from  East  Orange,  where  I  live  myself.  This  boy  has  for  a 
long  time  expressed  a  desire  to  meet  and  shake  the  hand  of  Mr. 
Edison,  and  asked  if  that  wish  could  not  be  gratified  when  he  came 
on  with  his  parents  to  spend  the  holidays  at  my  house  in  East 

Now,  my  dear  sir,  I  ask  you  if  it  would  be  possible 
to  gratify  that  boy's  wish,  that  he  may  shake  your  hand.  If  you 
will  please  drop  me  a  line  to  the  above  address,  and  let  me  know 
when  it  will  be  convenient  simply  to  see  the  boy,  X  would  esteem 
i t  a  wonderful  personal  favor,  and  thank  you  very  much  therefor, 

I  recognize  that  you  are  a  very,  very  busy  man,  but,  my  dear  sir, 
that  is  my  boy  --  I  ask  the  privilege  for  him. 

Incidentally  I  would  say,  that  I  lived  in  Metuchen 
when  you  were  working  out  thd  Electric  scheme  at  Menlo  Park,  N,  J, 
and  at  that  time  I  used  to  be  around  your,  wprks  very  much  watch¬ 

ing  it. 

In  the  hopes  that  you  may  gratify  this  boy's  wish, 



I  am, 

Very  truly  yours. 

Dec.  Slst.  1915. 

Mr.  Daniel  Pierson,  Jr., 

827  Broad  Street, 

Newark,  H.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Pierson: 

Your  favor  of  the  18th  instant 
to  Mr.  JEdison  was  received.  He  requests  mo  to 
say  in  reply  that  if  he  is  here  at  the  Lab¬ 
oratory  when  your  grandson  calls,  he  will  be 
glad  to  shake  hands  with  him.  Mr.  Edison  will 
be  away  from  the  laboratory  on  Thursday  of  this 
week,  but  I  expect  he  will  be  here  Friday  and 
also  Monday  and  Tuesday  of  next  week.  Please 
ask  for  me  when  you  call. 

Yours.'.very  truly, 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

•t.  ifcvi 

Jx-vv{~  (,(ic.4.  L<UsvJ  jL^^t\ 


IU  1-1.CS  J.d  c 

Edison  General  File  Series 

1915.  Warren  County  Warehouse  Company  [not  selected]  (E-15-81) 

This  folder  contains  routine  documents  pertaining  to  the  Warren  County 
Warehouse  Co.,  a  subsidiary  of  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.  Among  the 
items  for  1915  is  a  notice  of  the  annual  stockholders  meeting. 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  West  Orange  Laboratory  (E-15-82) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
operations  at  the  West  Orange  laboratory.  Included  are  notes,  memoranda, 
and  interoffice  communications  by  Edison,  personal  assistant  William  H. 
Meadowcroft,  chief  engineer  Miller  Reese  Hutchison,  efficiency  engineer 
Stephen  B.  Mambert,  and  members  of  the  technical  and  experimental  staff. 
Some  of  the  documents  pertain  to  Charles  Edison's  work  at  the  laboratory. 
Among  the  items  for  1915  is  a  list  of  members  of  the  Edison  Laboratory  Fire 
Department,  which  was  reorganized  in  October  1915  with  employee  John  J. 
Allen  as  chief.  There  are  also  documents  regarding  the  water  supply  for  the 
laboratory,  the  concerns  of  local  residents  about  pollution  from  Edison's 
factories,  the  paving  of  Main  Street  and  Lakeside  Avenue,  the  observation  of 
Decoration  Day  (May  31)  and  Flag  Day  (June  14),  and  a  dispute  between 
employees  William  W.  Dinwiddie  and  H.  Grimes.  A  series  of  undated  notes 
and  drawings  entitled  "War  Experiments"  appears  at  the  end  of  the  folder .  The 
correspondents  include  West  Orange  Mayor  Farnham  Yardley,  one  of 
Edison's  neighbors  in  the  private  residential  community  of  Llewellyn  Park. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
items  not  selected  relate  primarily  to  billing,  shipments,  and  other  routine 
administrative  matters. 


Pure  Spring  Water 

■ps/The  Famous  Rock  Spring 
st.  Cloud,  West  Orange,  N.  J. 



Recommended  highly  by  physicians  and  uni¬ 
versally  known  throughout  the  country. 

Analysis  shows  this  water  to  be  a  table  water 
of  exceedingly  high  standard. 

Direct  from  the  Spring  to  you 
bottled  as  follows: 

Crate  containing  six  6  pint  bottles,  $.50 
Crate  of  one  5  gallon  demijohn,  .50 
Deposit  required  on  all  bottles 

Delivery  Frc 

4<^  i  <? 



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— G3/i^J< 

Kay  21,  1915. 

X  ^€.Ct*vri.  VA  OK*»CfCct  LVO.^cK 
West  Orange,  H.  J,  p^^'1‘L^*''  lU~^ 

.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Dear  Sir:- 

0^3-W  Vft«  ^ 

'  We  would  like  to  eallVour  attention  to  the  J 

matter  of  the  -proposed  improvement  of  main  btreet  ana f 
Valley  Poad  in  West  Orange. 

As  no  doubt  you  know  the  Town  Council  of  W. 
Orange  have  passed  an  ordinance  on  first  reading  to have 
this  Street  repaved  and  the  cost  to  be  charged  tp  the 
City  at  Large.  The  medium  mentioned  in  the  ordinance 
is  Granite  block,  but  the  council  are  not  in  duty  bound 
to  use  this  material.  We  would  call  your  attention  to 
Creosoted  Wood  Block  for  tMs  improvement  a?d  we  believe 
t^at  it  will  be  found  to  be  the  most  desiraole  material 
in  point  of  cost,  durability,  noiselessness  and  sani¬ 

To  the  end  of  haviag  wood  block  adopted  we 
are  circulating  a  petition  soliciting  signatures  of  prop¬ 
erty  owners  on' the  thoroughfare  requesting  the  council 
that  this  course  be  taken  and  we  will  ta=ce  t^e  liberty 
of  calling  upon  you  m  the  near  future  andJ™st  that 
you  will  Se  able  to  sign  the  paper  as  representing  your 

e  sending  you  under  separate,  cover  liter¬ 
ature  treating  on  wood  block  pavements,  and  if  aSneeablet0 
you  will  be  glad  to  arrange  for  an  interview  to  answer  any 
questions  or  give  further  information  regarding-our  project. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison. 

At  the  council  meeting  of  May  18th  they  presented 
an  ordinance  for  the  improvement  of  Lakeside  Avenue,  also 
mentioning  granite  block  as  the  material  to  be  used.  If 
the  noiseless  feature  of  a  wood  block  pavement  will  be  of 
benefit  to  your  property  we  feel  that  the  mere  request  from 
you  to  the  council  to  have  this  material  adopted  will  receive 
prompt  approval,  and  as  we  mentioned  before  our  material  can 
be  laid  for  a  less  cost  than  granite. 

Offering  this  as  a  suggestion  and  hoping  this 
matter  will  receive  your  consideration,  we  remain. 

Very  resepct fully  yours, 


bkls.  snt. 

(/j*-*-*-'--"’  May  27thj  1915. 

“•  Mls“:  a®4- 

Monday  we  will  observe  Decoration  Day.  I  hevejposted 
notices  that  the  factory  will  shut  down  from  Saturday  noo/until 
Tuesday  morning.  I  expect  to  go  to  Trenton  tomorrow JS#f&  and 
he  in  Philadelphia  Saturday.  If  you  have  nothing  specialffi-r  me, 
I  will  leave  here  about  4  o'clock  tomorrow  afternoon^^^tried  to 
see  you  this  morning  hut  you  were  not  in.  <_ 


June  11,  1916 

All  Works  an!  Inc.  Foremen: 

In  these  days  of  disorder  in  most  every  part  of  the  world, 
we  are  all  glad  that  we  are  living  under  the  Stars  and  Stripes, 
Monday,  June  14  is  Flag  Day  and  it  will  ke  observed  at  this 
plant  by  the  raising  of  the  American  Flag  on. the  laboratory  Flag 
Pole  at  12:05  noon,  next  Monday,  the  14th  inst. 

You  are  accordingly  instructed  to  notify  all  the  employees 
under  your  jurisdiction  to  leave  the  plant  promptly  at  12  O'clock 
and  proceed  to  the  Valley  Hoad  entrance  of  the  laboratory,  so 
that  the  Flag  may  be  raised  in  the  presence  of  our  operatives. 

H.  I.  Deeming 


Copies  to  All  Division  Managers 

Copies  to  Messrs.  Ed^Tchas.  Edison,  Meadowcroft,  Bachman, 
Vfilson,  Harry  Miller,  Hutchison 


,  \  June  so. 


(Attention  rfo.  H.  Meadowcroft) 

Thomas  A.  fedison,  \  y 

Orange,  11  ■  J-  ^ - ^ 

Dear  Sir: 

We  have  sent  you  information  relative  to  the 
eoollnG  .f  600  sail...  of  .«  *«•  a  .a»J  P»*. 

140° S',  to  67°!?,  with  70°F  air. 

Vie  would  litre  to  know  if  our  suggested  plan 
raouireraents  -  If  1.  aoftains  farther 

than  we  can  do  in  this  matter. 

Trusting  we  oan  serve  you,  we  are 

Yours  very  truly, 


President . 

'  IV  S  yc.  - 


OHIENTB  “*2>YC  U£* 



“  t—  pr**^  — •=•- 

“““  /\j^u  New  York,  August  18th, 1915. 

V/e  noticed  recently  in  the  New  York,,,--—-  ( 

papers  that  you  have  done  away  with  the  very  loud ^  f; ^ 
whistle  that  you  had  at  your  plant  at  West  Orange, 
replaoing  same  by  a  softer  one.  As  we  have  been 
looking  around  for  a  very  powerful  whistle  for  our  J  ^  (J,^ 
plant  in  Cuba  we  take  this  liberty  of  writing  to 
you  to  ascertain  if  you  would  "be  willing  to  dispose  0 

of  the  one  you  have  discarded.  If  so,  will  you  aCuivtf 
kindly  let  us  have  full  particulars  as  to  size  and  ^ 

also  the  price  at  which  you  would  Bell  this  whistle. 

Yours  very  truly,  / 






7tfr,  Mmh; 

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Jntmtatumal  ®tmr  SUrnrMttg  (jkmtpatuj 

of  (flauaim  tDiititteii 

Toronto.  September  10  th,  1915. 

Ltr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 
West  Orange,  H.J. 

u^°  ) 

photographs  of‘your  esteemed  self,  that  appeared 
in  "Every  Week",  publisned  Argus  i. 

One  photograph  showed  you  at  the  hall 
came  and  the  other  showed  7 cur  time  card,  w 
'■^had  been  used  through  one  of  our  time  recorders. 

We  would  very  much  relish  the  privilege 
of  showing  these  in  some  of  our _  advertising  aa^er, 
as  we  believe  it  would  be  a  gooa.  wiing  not  onlj 

do.  Would  you  have  any  objection  to  us  doinQ 

Allow  us,  as  students  of  time  to  con.i^o.uUl*Atc 
vou  on  being  able  tc  show  such  a  time  °ard,  and  at 
the  same  time  crowd  in  sufficient  time  for 
recreation  at  the  good  old  bull  game. 

we  remain, 

rusting  we  may  he  favored  with 

1  reply, 

Diet,  hy 

Hr.  E.  E.  Hutton, 
Gen.  manager. 

September  I4th. 


Mr.  GrlraeBj- 

It  should  he  understood  by  your  help 
in  the  flew  Plating  Room,  that  any  defects  found  in 
the  Equipment  should  he  reported  to  you,  and  no 
repairs  should  be  made  by  anyone  in  your  Department 
until  this  room  has  been  turned  over  to  the  Mfg. 
Division  by  the  Laboratory  Engineer  in  charge. 

By  this,  I  do  not  mean  that  you  should  not 
endeavor  to  prevent  damage  caused  by  any  accident 
that  might  occur  during  the  Day  or  Right. 

I  propose  to  hold  the  Engineer  responsible 
for  the  quality  of  the  product  of  these  Baths,- 
until  they  are  turned  over  to  the  Mfg.  Division. 

Please  report  to  me,  any  defects  found  in’ 
this  Equipment  and  I  will  report  same  to  the  Engineer 
in  writing. 

A.M.  HIRD. 

y:  y 





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iZtP'&T^’h  / 


First  Ward  Local  Interest  Club  of  East  Orange 

'■  Avenue  /TPfar  . 

Son.  Thomas  A.  Edison 

^  «  Ceptember  20th,  1915. 


b-w  «-  *2.  ,  _ 

\  >\iL-fcje  <0*=*^  To  ^  f 

to -you  a  few  Aonths  ago  statiek  our  interest 

\  te"  qaT  yt  J  **+  Hv-u-c e>^u-a~i^d 

i  the  par ijlcatlion  of  the] water  of  the  stream 

:  your  Storage  Battery  and  PhonograpljiaHrSrVs, 
:ourteous  reply/Nind  stating  your/intention 

I  have  observed  since  1 

s  factory  pipes  which  lead  to  the  gutter 

'treet  and  V.’atchung  Avenue  and  i 

where  along  the  brook  s 

hearty  cooperation  in  this 

and  that  you  may  be  able 

Yours  respectfully, 

/ J - 

Chairman  Complaint  Committe) 

Sept.  21st.  1915. 

Mr.  Edison:-  / 

Replying  to  attained;  It  1b  true  that  I 
gave  instructions  to  Grimes/that  no  repairs  were  to  he 
made  by  any  of  his  men  (  dbpy  of  instructions  attached  hereto) 
until  this  Room  was  turned  over  to  the  Mfg.  Department. 

In  regard  to  the  "starting  up”  of  the 
2nd.  Dynamo,  the  man  referred  to,  was  Instructed  by  Grimes 
to  start  up  same,  under  the  Engineer's  direction. 

I  believe  this  friction  could  be  avoided, 
if  the  Engineer  was  requested  to  give  instructions  to  either 
Grimes  or  myself  instead  of  any  of  his  men,  as  I  hold 
it  is  not  good  practice  for  a  man  to  take  orders  from  two 
persons  in  authority. 

In  connection  with  this  matter,  I  am  glad  to 
advise  you  that  the  product  from  the  flew  Plating  Room  is  O.K. 
in  every  respect. 




7-  I  V  j 

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OOiO.  —  UA<?X~-  v 
/=?/?£:  £>£ 

Edison  Laboratory  Eire  Department. 

Reorganized  October  6,  1915. 

Chief  -  John  J.  Allen. 

Assistant  Chief  -  A.  H.  Kennedy. 

Foreman  -  Fred  P.  Ott. 

Assistant  Eoreman  -  Wm.  Almquist. 

Active  Eiremen 
C.  B.  Hayes  -  Captain 
Jos.  Wheelan  -  Lieutenant 
JameB  Burns 
John  Francis 
H.  Barnes 
Chas.  Harper 
Geo.  Ott 
E.  Klenz 
Jos.  Zlemba 
A.  Foroe 
H.  Coppel 
J.  ChriBtiansen 
j,  Patton 
Robt.  Burns 
j,.  James 

Firemen  will  respond  to  calls  from  Box  ?17,  and  64 ' 
Practise  drill  every  Monday  at  2  P.  M. 

DIVISION  IN  QUESTION-  laboratory  of  Thomas  ---•  Idison.-erconaiPATE-  act. 22,1915. 
SUBJECT-  Saint! 4S  of  -a □  oratory  Buildings. 

result  wanted  by- 

pt.ib» he  CO-OPERATE  WITH-  'Oho  writer. 

think.  possibly  it  is  a  good  one,  cnat.' 
Building  is  very  badly  i*i  neeu .01  navi: 
v/or1’'  noihted  and  sainted  at  unis  time. 

I  bolUve  originated  with  tne  men  who  ; 
etecl  ’windows,  for  I  understand  that  ii 
their  work,  they  found  that  in  many  eases 
they  put  into  "  — ■**  *“*•  +n‘'  mv 

L  :j  au.-gestion 
installing  the 
nnection  with 

. _ . I  the  grout  wiiioh 

w  ,JUU  walls ” ran  out  of"  the  building  at 

noin t 3  a  considerable  distance  away,  thereby  indicating 
the  necessity  of '  the  pointing  aoove  recommended.  i  ao 
not  know  whether  or  not  thio  memorandum  13  in  oraei,  01 
whether'!  am  referring  same  to  the  proper  party 
attention,  out  I  feel  confident  tnat  in  any  s  r 
will  refer  the  nutter  to  the  proper  party,  «.o  base 
action  if  necessary. 


ant  yo 

iffioianc y  Bngi a 

>-'-■/ Z--H 

RESULT  ACCEPTED _ _ _ _ 191 - 



Torn  1203. 

December  16th.  1915. 

Ur.  Edison  -  Ur.  Wilson:-  \ 

This  is  to  announce  that  Ur.  S.  G.  Warner  will  l 
of  the  experimental  and  developing  work  of  the  ThomasVA.  Edison  Inc., 
Engineering  Department  for  all  moving  picture  machine  manufacture. 

Ur.  Warner  will  keep  in  close  touch  with  the  progress  of  the 
manufacture  of  all  moving  picture  machines,  and  will  make  necessary 
experiments,  and  approve  all  changes  or  design  or  manufacture  after 
consultation  with.  Ur.  Gall  and  Ur.  Constable.  This  is  especially  neces¬ 
sary  at  this  time  because  of  the  now  model  Supor-Kinetoscope  which  is 
beginning  to  come  through  the  factory,  and  constant  supervision,  and 
experiments  are  needed  to  bring  this  to  the  proper  state  of  manufacturing 

Ur.  Warner  will  consequently  devote  his  entire  time  or  as  much  of 
his  time  as  is  necessary  to  tho  supervision  of  manufacture  and  will 
report  to  Ur.  Constable,  and  Mr.  Gall. 



C.C  to  Messrs.  IJambert,  Learning,  L.  W.  UcChesnoy,  Bachman, 

S.  C.  Warner,  Wetzel,  Waterman,  Gall,  Hutchinson,  file. 

The  Western  Union  Telegraph  Company 


ORANGE  NJ  DEC  22  1915 






Grain  Alcohol  can  ho  used  for  cleaning  the  glass  slabs  on  which  the 
paper  is  varnished. 

Please  he  sure  that  no  Denatured  Alcohol  is  used  on  any  stagOB  of  process 
that  may  effect  the  Diaphragm. 


JFC:USH  Assistant  Chief  Engineer. 

G.C  to  Messrs.  Jjfliafla .  Deeming,  V/ilson,  Bachman,  and  file. 

2-  StcU  £Ua.Ji  <fn-_J 


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Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  World  War  I  (E-15-83) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  concerning 
Edison’s  attitude  toward  World  War  I  and  other  war-related  matters.  Included 
are  remarks  by  Edison  about  preparedness,  the  munitions  trade  with 
Germany,  and  his  preference  for  a  republican  form  of  government  in  that 
country.  The  correspondents  include  longtime  associate  Etienne  de  Fodor, 
who  writes  from  Hungary  that  he  shares  Edison's  "fear  that  the  present  war 
will  last  long." 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
material  not  selected  consists  primarily  of  unsolicited  correspondence  without 
a  substantive  reply  from  Edison. 


Kmyt  2ftmtral  flf  Amoita 


Thomas  A.Edi 


:erning  the  unpreparedness  of  the  United  States  in  event  oi 
.  The  whole  trend  of  the  times  eeems  to  he  toward  war. 

As  a  scientist,  what  do  you  think  of  the  expression, 
r  la  a  biological  necessity^?) 

Would  not  disarmament  of  the  nations  at  the  present 
too  radical  a  move? 

I  shall  very  greatly  appreciate  a  brief  personal  reply 
Very  truly  yours, 


\  /.  *  pc*, 

'  ^  Vfealfc. 

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Telephone,  10M  MornlngelJe. 


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SUrgOnyozim:  EGYENARAM. 
TELEFON  3-62,  3.63,  3-64. 

VII,  Kazinczy-utcza  19. 

Hungary . 

Bud  ape  s  t ,  Mar  ch  SObh.1915 

Mr. Thomas  A. Edison, 

Orange, ^ew  Jersey, 

United  States  of  America. 

My  dear  Mr .Edison:- 

It  is  with  great  pleasure  that  I  acknowledge 
the  reception  of  your  cordial  letter  of  the  18th. inst. 
and  from  its  contents  I  am  very  happy  to  find  that  you 
and  your  dear  family  are  all  doing  we 1 1  and  enjoying 
good  health.  Please  tender  them  my  sincerest  regards 
and  greetings. 

You  fear  that  the  present  war  will  last  long. 
This  too  is  the  opinion  that  we  entertain  here  in  Europe, 
and  it  is  a  far  crying  disgrace  that  so  much  hlood  is 
spilt  in  such  an  useless  manner.The  present  strife  has 
ruptured  and  demolished  all  the  notions  of  the  rights 
of  men, civilization  and  culture , and  thus  it  is  not  only 
the  material  damage  but  also  the  spiritual  and  intellec¬ 
tual  loss  that  the  world  will  have  to  mourn  and  deplore. 

Specially  regarding  us  here  in  Hungary, I  may 
say  that  Russia  thought, that  with  her  first  ingress, she 
would  flood  and  deluge  our  country  with  her  hords, spread¬ 
ing  devastation  everywhere s .  Eight  months  have  passed 
since  this  dreadful  conflict  has  broken  out, and  the  Rus¬ 
sian  intentions  have  been  frustrated  everywhere s  here 

in  Hungary, and  our  country  practically  has  bean  happily 
s pared  from  the  horrors  of  war. 

In  the  same  manner  as  the  Hussian  intentions 
have  been  paralysed  by  Hungary, so  are  all  the  exertions 
that  Prance  and  England  have  undertaken  against  Germany 

The  day  ought  soon  arrive  in  which  our  enemies, 
after  these  eight  months  of  persistent  yet  fruitless 
struggles, should  come  to  the  conclusion  that  all  their 
exertions  to  crush  us  to  pieces  are  useless  and  unavail¬ 
ing.  Unfortunately  this  day  has  been  pushed  in  the  far 
future  through  some  people  in  the  United  States  of  America. 

There  is  no  doubt  that  the  Russians  are  at 
present  lacking  guns  and  ammunition, and  the  same  need 
would  also  exist  in  Prance, because  there, Germany  has 
occupied  all  the  regions  where  the  french  matallurgic 
industries  existed.  It  is  alone  some  people  in  the 
United  States  that  deliver  to  our  enemies  arms , ammunit¬ 
ion,  aeroplanes  and  other  sorts  of  war  material , that 
amount  to  billions  in  money;  their  deliveries  prolong 
this  dreadful  strife  and  is  through  their 
fault  that  further  on  streams  of  blood  are  flowing 
here  in  Europe, and  further  hundreds  of  thousands  of 
families  are  deprived  of  their  supporters , of  their 
husbands  and  sons. 

Thus, I  will  request  you, you  whose  opinion 
is  listened  to  in  the  United  States, to  endeavour  and 
strive  to  induce  those  of  your  countrymen  to  remain 
strictly  neutral, and  abstain  from  exporting  war  material 
to  Europe.  Should  your  endeavours  in  this  direction  be 
crowned  with  success, then  will  not  only  your  fame  glitter 
in  the  annals  of  Technics  end  Arts, but  it  shall  receive 
an  additional  iUBtre  in  the  history  of  Humanity,  and  the 

blessings  of  mankind.  It  was  always  you  that  detested 
and  had  such  an  abhorrence  of  war , and  thus  let  those  of 
your  countrymen  hear  your  protest  against  the  same, and 
try  to  prevent  them  from  delivering  material  that  only 
inflames  this  terrible  combat  the  more. 

Tell  those  people  how  they  burden  themselves 
with  an  awful  moral  responsibility  when  they  persist  in 
prolonging  this  fight  through  their  deliveries  of  war 
material, and  how  they  thus  set  up  a  barriei’  that  obstructs 
the  road  to  peace, thereby  prolonging  its  realization  to 
an  indefinate  time  in  the  future. 

Regarding  the  other  part  of  your  letter, I  am 
most  happy  to  note  that  since  your  big  fire, you  have  had 
the  time  of  your  young  life  again, and  I  know  too  that 
with  a  man  of  your  calibre  this  rejuvenescence  is  a 
lasting  one.  One  of  our  best  Hungarian  authors  has  said, 
a  man  is  as  old  as  ha  feels, and  that  an  aged  man  need 
not  be  an  old  man.  It  Is  simply  stupendous  to  think  that 
after  the  destruction  of  your  works, you  were  in  running 
order  again  after  twenty-two  days.  Let  us  call  that 
phenomenal  energy  and  push. 

In  conclusion  I  send  you  my  sincerest  com¬ 
pliments  and  the  kindest  of  wishes, remaining  thereby, 

Budapest, VII. ICazinczy  utca  19. 

Ever  truly  yours,  ( 

d'OtllTi  , 

Director  general.  /' 


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S  ^UL  /Z5  cr-CefC  — 

Ur.  John  Pedbank, 

San  Diego,  Cal . 

Dear  P.edbank: 

I  have  received  your  favor ,  which  T 
have  taken  the  tire  to  read  carefully. 

Let  me  say  in  reply  that  to  my  own 
knowledge  manufacturers  in  the  United  States 
have  sold  Germany  immense  quantities  of  things 
for  war  purposes  up  to  within  two  months  ago, 
through  Italy  and  through  Sweden. 

At  the  Hague  Tribunal  nearly  all  na¬ 
tions  agreed  not  to  sell  arms  to  belligerents, 
but  Germany  would  not  agree  to  it ,  as  Krupp 
furnish'd  immense  quantities  of  war  munitions  to 
all  nations  .  How  Germany  sees  what  an  error 
she  made . 

T  understand  your  feelings  and  do  not 
blame  you,  but  you  should  try  and  Bee  both  sides 
of  the  question. 



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14tk  1915. 


Effective^ July  15th  1915.;  the  Postal  Telegraph  Cable 
Ceispany  will  aooei/t  and  send  messages  te  Germany;  Austria  Hungary; 
Turkey  sad  nen -belligerent  countries  via  the  wirelesB  station  at 
Sayyille  H  Y.  The  rate  will  be  fifty  oents  a  word  beyond  Sayville  to 
Germany  and  fifty  eight  cents  a  word  to  Austria  Hungary;  Turkey  and 
non  belligerent  countries.  Te  this  will  be  added  a  charge  of  four 
cents  per  word  from  Orange  te  Sayville. 

The  messages  must  be  written  in  plain  English  or  plain 
German  and  must  be  accepted  at  the  senders  risk.  All  messages  are  te 
be  subjeot  te  censorship  regulations. 

Postal  Telegraph  Cable  Co 



October  25,  1915. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edisor 

I  am  encloslr*  you  a  very  nice  editorial 
which  appeared  in  otir  /aily  Capital,  expressing  the 
belief  that  you  at  le/st  were  in  favor  of  a_reasoii-_ 
able  amount  of  propa/edness  rather  than  the  extreme , 
which,  in  my  judgment,  is  the  sentiment  of  a  majority 
of  your  fellow  citizens,  particularly  so  of. 

|  p»Urs  truly,  f 

^  T  '  .  .  04  »** 


■rT  v  ^  T  ^  ^r  V 
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Deoember  4,  1915. 

I  enolose  clipping  from  the 
London  and  Liverpool  "Journal  of  Commerce" 
containing  paper  read  before  the  Belfast 
Association  of  Engineers  by  my  nephew,  Mr. 
John  W.  Kempster,  Chairman  of  the  Board  of 
Directors  of  Messrs.  Harland  and  Wolff, 
Belfast,  Ireland,  entitled  "Aspects  of  the 
Great  War."  I  think  you  will  find  it  a 
"striking  review  of  the  Engineering,  Indus¬ 
trial  and  Financial  Consideration"  ana  that 
it  will  be  interesting. 


Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  General  File  Series 
1915.  X-Rays  (E-1 5-84) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  the  development  of  x- 
rays.  The  two  selected  documents  are  an  exchange  between  Irwin  W.  Howell 
of  the  Edison  Lamp  Works  and  William  H.  Meadowcroft,  Edison's  personal 
assistant,  regarding  treatment  for  burns  suffered  by  Meadowcroft  on  account 
of  exposure  to  radiation. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  of  routine  requests  and  unsolicited 
correspondence  seeking  advice  or  information  about  x-rays. 



HARRISON,  N.  J.  Hov.  3,  1515. 

Mr.  W.  H.  lieadov, 'croft , 

Biison  Laboratories, 

West  Orange,  U.  J. 

My  dear  Ur.  Lleadowcroft : 

You  may  remember  v/hen  I  had  the  pleasure 
of  seeing  you  a  few  days  ago  that  I  told  you  I  would  send  you 
the  name  of  tho  Doctor  in  Hew  York  who  had  treated  with  radium 
Dr.  Leroy  Satierloo,  Jr.'s  X-Ray  burns. 

Tho  dootor  in  question  .is  Robert  Abbe, 

11  Wost  50th  St.,  and  Sattorloe  tolls  me  that  whilo  his  hands 
are  somevihat  improved  yet  they  are  not  cured,  but  his  case  v/as 
a  very  aggravated  and  advanced  ono. 

In  case  you  would  liko  to  talk  with  Dr. 
Sattorlee  it  v;ould  give  me  much  pleasure  to  bring  him  out  to 
Orango  some  afternoon  so  that  you  could  talk  with  him  person¬ 
ally  about  it  in  case  you  think  seriously  of  going  to  see 
Dr.  Abbe. 

Very  truly  yours. 



6th.  1916. 

Mr.  Irwin  Howell, 

J.  Edison  lamp  Works, 

General  Electric  Co., 

Harrison,  H.  J. 

My  dear  Irwin: 

Many  thanks  for  your  favor  of  tho  third  instant,  which 
displays  kind  thoughtfulness  and  solicitude  for  my  welfare.  Be¬ 
lieve  me,  it  is  very  much  appreciated. 

Just  now  I  think  I  will  have  to  wait  a  while  on  the 
itadium  matter  in  connection  v/ith  my  X-Eay  burns.  We  are  so  ex¬ 
ceedingly  busy  that  I* cannot  give  logical  attention  to  much  elBe 
than  business  matters  for  a  while  yet.  If  the  burns  were  of  re¬ 
cent  origin  that  would  be  different,  but  as  I  have  had  them  14 
years,  I  look  at  them  very  often  with  affectionate  regard,  and 
think  to  myself  that  they  have  not  changed  much  except  to  cover 
a  trifle  more  space  on  my  person. 

Shanks,  old  man,  for  your  kindness.  Some  day  when  I 
am  ready  to  go  into  it  thoroughly  I  will  call  upon  you. 

Yours  very  truly, 


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A  Note  on  the  Sources 
The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


We  thankfully  acknowledge  the  vision  and  support  of  Rutgers  University  and  the 
Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers  Board  of  Sponsors. 

This  edition  was  made  possible  by  grant  funds  provided  from  the  New  Jersey  Historical 
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from  many  other  individuals,  as  well  as  an  anonymous  donor;  the  Association  of  Edison 
Illuminating  Companies;  and  the  Edison  Electric  Institute.  For  the  assistance  of  all  these 
organizations  and  individuals,  as  well  as  for  the  indispensable  aid  of  archivists,  librarians, 
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Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  in  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National 
Historic  Site  at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  978-0-88692-887-2 



Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Senior  Editor 

Brian  C.  Shipley 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Linda  E.  Endersby 

David  A.  Ranzan 
Indexing  Editor 

Janette  Pardo 
Richard  Mizelle 
Peter  Mikulas 

Paul  B.  Israel 
Director  and  General  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

A  UPA  Collection  from 


7500  Old  Georgetown  Road  •  Betliesda,  MD  20814-6126 
Edison  signature  used  with  permission  ol'McGraw-Edison  Company 


Compilation  ©  2007  LexisNexis  Academic  &  Library  Solutions, 
a  division  of  Reed  Elsevier  Inc.  All  rights  reserved.